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Encyclopedia > Netscape Communications Corporation

Netscape Communications Corporation was the publisher of the Netscape Navigator web browser as well as many other internet and intranet client and server software products. This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... The logo of Netscape Navigator, as well as of Netscape Communications Corporation. ... A web browser is a software package that enables a user to display and interact with documents hosted by web servers. ... An intranet is a local area network (LAN) used internally in an organization to facilitate communication and access to information that is sometimes access restricted. ...

Contents

Early Years

The company was founded as Mosaic Communications Corporation on April 4, 1994 by Marc Andreessen and Jim Clark, and was the first company to attempt to capitalize on the nascent World Wide Web. It released a web browser called Mosaic Netscape 0.9 on October 13, 1994. This browser was subsequently renamed Netscape Navigator, and the company took on the 'Netscape' name on November 14, 1994 [1] (http://www.holgermetzger.de/netscape/NetscapeCommunicationsNewsRelease.htm) to avoid trademark ownership problems with NCSA, where the initial Netscape employees had previously created the NCSA Mosaic web browser. (The Mosaic Netscape web browser shared no code with NCSA Mosaic.) Mosaic Communications logo. ... April 4 is the 94th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (95th in leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... Marc Andreessen (born July 9, 1971) is the chair of Opsware, a software company. ... Dr. James H. Clark (born 1944) first became famous for technological advancement but later became known as one of the most famous entrepreneurs in economic history. ... Graphic representation of the world wide web around Wikipedia The World Wide Web (WWW, or simply Web) is an information space in which the items of interest, referred to as resources, are identified by global identifiers called Uniform Resource Identifiers (URI). ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1994 was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International year of the Family. ... The logo of Netscape Navigator, as well as of Netscape Communications Corporation. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... Categories: Organization stubs ... Mosaic is a web browser (client) for the World Wide Web written at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). ...


Netscape had a successful IPO on August 9, 1995. The stock was to be offered at $14 per share; a last-minute decision doubled the initial offering to $28 per share; the stock's value reached $75 on the first day of trading, which was nearly a record for a stock's first-day gain. The company's revenues doubled every quarter in 1995 [2] (http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/8.08/loudcloud.html?pg=4). Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... August 9 is the 221st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (222nd in leap years), with 144 days remaining. ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


One of Netscape's stated goals was to "level the playing field" among operating systems by providing a consistent web browsing experience across them. The Netscape web browser interface was identical on any client computer, and Netscape later experimented with prototypes of a web-based system which would allow a user to access and edit his files anywhere across a network, no matter what computer or operating system he happened to be using. This did not escape the attention of Microsoft, which viewed the commoditization of operating systems as a direct threat to its bottom line. Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT) headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA, was founded in 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen. ...


Several Microsoft executives are reported to have visited the Netscape campus in June 1995 to propose dividing the market, which would have allowed Microsoft to produce web browser software on Windows while leaving other operating systems to Netscape. [3] (http://www.pub.umich.edu/daily/1998/oct/10-20-98/news/news14.html) Netscape refused.


Microsoft released version 1.0 of Internet Explorer as a part of the Windows 95 Plus Pack add-on. According to former Spyglass developer Eric Sink, Internet Explorer was based on a version of Mosaic developed at Spyglass and not NCSA Mosaic as commonly believed. [4] (http://biztech.ericsink.com/Browser_Wars.html) Microsoft quickly released several successive versions of Internet Explorer, bundling them with Windows, never charging for them, financing their development and marketing with revenues from other areas of the company. This period of time became known as the browser wars, in which Netscape Communicator and Internet Explorer added lots of new features (not always working correctly) and went through lots of version numbers (not always in a logical fashion) in attempts to outdo each other. But Internet Explorer had the upper hand, as the amount of manpower and capital dedicated to it eventually surpassed the resources available in Netscape's entire business. By version 3.0, IE was roughly a feature-for-feature equivalent of Netscape Communicator, and by version 4.0, it was generally considered to be more stable. Microsoft also targeted other Netscape products with free workalikes, such as the Internet Information Server (IIS), a web server which was bundled with Windows NT. Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE, is a web browser made by Microsoft and currently available as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Spyglass, Inc. ... Browser wars is the name given to the competition between web browsers for dominance in the marketplace. ... IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Services or Server) is a set of Internet based services for Windows machines. ...


Netscape could not compete with this strategy. Meanwhile, it faced increasing criticism for the bugs in its products; critics claimed that the company suffered from 'featuritis' - putting a higher priority on adding new features than on making them work properly. The tide of public opinion, having once lauded Netscape as the David to Microsoft's Goliath, steadily turned negative, especially when Netscape experienced its first bad quarter at the end of 1997 and underwent a large round of layoffs in January 1998. Michelangelos David This page is about the Biblical king David. ... The young Hebrew David hoists the head of the Philistine Goliath This page is about a Biblical figure. ...


Open source

Enlarge
The logo of Netscape Communications Corporation for most of its history.

January 1998 was also the month that Netscape started the open source Mozilla project. Knowing that Internet Explorer had become by far the dominant web browser in the marketplace, Netscape tried a Hail Mary play by publicly releasing the source code of Netscape Communicator 4.0 in the hopes that it would become a popular open source project. It placed this code under the Netscape Public License, which was similar to the GNU General Public License but allowed Netscape to continue to publish proprietary work containing the publicly-released code. However, after having released the Communicator 4.0 code this way, Netscape proceeded to work on Communicator 4.5 which was focused on improving email and enterprise functionality. It eventually became clear that the Communicator 4.0 browser was too difficult to develop on and open source development was halted on this codebase. Instead open source development shifted to a next generation browser which was based on the Gecko layout engine. This browser had a much more modular architecture than Communicator 4.0 and was therefore easier to develop with a large number of programmers. It also included an XML user interface language (XUL) that allowed single development of a user interface that ran on Windows, Macintosh, and Linux. Netscape Navigator Logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Netscape Navigator Logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Mozilla (a. ... In American football, a Hail Mary pass is a forward pass made in desperation, with only a very small chance of success. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... The Netscape Public License (NPL) is an open-source license, one of the licenses under which Mozilla is distributed. ... The GNU logo The GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or simply GPL) is a free software license, originally written by Richard Stallman for the GNU project (a project to create a complete free software operating system). ... Gecko is the open-source web browser layout engine used in Mozilla, later Netscape releases and several other products. ... XUL stands for XML-based User-interface Language. ...


The United States Department of Justice filed an antitrust case against Microsoft in May 1998. Netscape was not a plaintiff in the case, though its executives were subpoenaed and it contributed much material to the case, including the entire contents of the 'Bad Attitude' internal discussion forum. [5] (http://www.wired.com/news/politics/0,1283,14743,00.html) The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans. ... United States v. ...


In October 1998, Netscape acquired Newhoo for the sum of $1 million, renamed it the Open Directory Project, and released its database under an open content license. The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as DMoz (for Directory. ... Open content, coined by analogy with open source, (though technically it is actually share-alike) describes any kind of creative work including articles, pictures, audio, and video that is published in a format that explicitly allows the copying of the information. ...


Acquisition by America Online

America Online on November 24, 1998 announced it would acquire Netscape Communications in a tax-free stock-swap valued at US$4.2 billion at the time of the announcement. This merger was ridiculed by many who believed that the two corporate cultures could not possibly mesh; one of its most prominent critics was longtime Netscape developer Jamie Zawinski. [6] (http://www.jwz.org/gruntle/aol.html) [7] (http://www.jwz.org/gruntle/aoltw.html) The acquisition was seen as a way for AOL to gain a bargaining chip against Microsoft, to let it become less dependent on the Internet Explorer web browser. Others believed that AOL was interested in Netcenter, or Netscape's web properties, which drew some of the highest traffic worldwide. America Online, or AOL for short, is a corporate online service provider and Internet service provider. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Jamie W. Zawinski (born 1970 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania), commonly known as jwz, is a computer programmer, responsible for significant contributions to the free software projects Mozilla and XEmacs, as well as early versions of the commercial Netscape Navigator. ... America Online, or AOL for short, is a corporate online service provider and Internet service provider (ISP). ...


On November 14, 2000, AOL released Netscape 6, based on the Mozilla 0.6 source code. (Version number 5 was skipped.) Unfortunately, Mozilla 0.6 was far from being stable yet, and so the effect of Netscape 6 was to further drive people away from the Netscape brand. It wasn't until August 2001 that Netscape 6.1 appeared, based on Mozilla 0.9.2 which was significantly more robust; and then a year later came Netscape 7.0 (which was released a few days after a Netscape Communicator 4.8 maintenance release, thereby illustrating how the efforts of the Netscape developers were still being divided). November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After the Microsoft antitrust case found Microsoft guilty of having abused its monopoly power, AOL filed suit against it for damages. [8] (http://news.com.com/2100-1001-820227.html) This suit was settled in May 2001 when Microsoft paid US$750 million to AOL and agreed to share some technologies, including granting AOL a license to use and distribute Internet Explorer royalty-free for seven years. [9] (http://news.com.com/2100-1032-1011296.html) [10] (http://news.com.com/2100-1032_3-1011356.html) This was considered to be the "death knell for Netscape."


On July 15, 2003, Time Warner (formerly AOL Time Warner, formerly AOL) disbanded Netscape. Most of the programmers were laid-off, and the Netscape logo was removed from the building. Netscape exists now only as a brand name under which AOL offers a low cost ISP. [11] (https://register.isp.netscape.com/) However, the Netscape 7.2 web browser, likely engineered by a contracted third-party vendor, was released by AOL on August 18, 2004. [12] (http://www.pcpro.co.uk/news/news_story.php?id=62001) July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. ... 2003 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time Warner Inc. ... An Internet service provider (ISP) is a business or organization that offers users access to the Internet and related services. ... America Online, or AOL for short, is a corporate online service provider and Internet service provider (ISP). ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Red Hat announced that it had acquired large portions of the Netscape Enterprise Suite on September 30, 2004, and is planning to convert them into an open-source product bundled with Red Hat Enterprise Linux. [13] (http://slashdot.org/article.pl?sid=04/09/30/169253) For the corporation that produces Red Hat Enterprise Linux, see Red Hat. ... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 92 days remaining, as the final day of September. ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Open source refers to a basis case where sources of information, code, pictures, maps, authors, anything likewise, and everything related are all publicly viewable and openly modifiable. ... Red Hat Enterprise Linux (often abbreviated to RHEL) is a Linux distribution created by Red Hat and targeted toward the business market. ...


On October 12, 2004, the popular developer website Netscape DevEdge was shut down by AOL. DevEdge was an important resource for Internet-related technologies, maintaining definitive documentation on the Netscape browser, documentation on associated technologies like HTML and JavaScript, and popular articles written by industry and technology leaders such as Danny Goodman. Some content from DevEdge has been republished at the Mozilla website. October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Danny Goodman is a computer programmer, technology consultant, and a well known award-winning author of over three dozen books and hundreds of magazine articles on computer-related topics. ... Mozilla (a. ...


Currently, AOL has hired the Canadian company Mercurial Communications (http://www.mcomi.com/) to develop Netscape Browser 8, based on Mozilla Firefox. To accompany the new browser, a brand new design of the Netscape.com website was introduced on February 17, 2005 ([14] (http://netcenter.netscape.com)), which is still in the beta stage. Netscape Browser 8's first public beta was originally also scheduled for this date but, due to unfixed bugs, its release was delayed to March 3, 2005. Netscape Browser is the name of a Windows web browser published by AOL, but developed by Mercurial Communications. ... Mozilla Firefox (originally known as Phoenix and briefly as Mozilla Firebird) is a free, cross-platform, graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation and hundreds of volunteers [1]. Before its 1. ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ...


Products

Netscape's initial product line consisted of:

  • Netscape Navigator web browser for Windows, Macintosh, Unix, and Linux
  • Netsite Communications web server, with a web-based configuration interface
  • Netsite Commerce web server, identical to the Communications server with SSL (https) added
  • Netscape Proxy Server

Later Netscape products included: The logo of Netscape Navigator, as well as of Netscape Communications Corporation. ... Microsoft Windows is a range of closed source proprietary commercial operating environments for personal computers and servers. ... Macintosh, also known as Mac, is a family of personal computers manufactured by Apple Computer, Inc. ... UNIX is a portable, multi-tasking and multi-user computer operating system originally developed by a group of AT&T Bell Labs employees including Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and Douglas McIlroy. ... Tux, a lovable and cuddly penguin sitting down after having gorged itself on herring, is the official Linux mascot. ...

  • Netscape Personal Edition (the browser along with PPP software and an account creation wizard to sign up with an ISP)
  • Netscape Communicator (a suite which included Navigator along with tools for mail, news, calendar, and composing web pages, and was bundled with AOL Instant Messenger and RealAudio)
  • Netscape FastTrack and Enterprise web servers
  • Netscape Collabra Server, a NNTP news server acquired in a purchase of Collabra Software, Inc.
  • Netscape Directory Server, an LDAP server
  • Netscape Messaging Server, an IMAP and POP mail server
  • Netscape Certificate Server, for issuing SSL certificates
  • Netscape Calendar Server, for group scheduling
  • Netscape Compass Server, a search engine and spider
  • Netscape Application Server, for designing web applications
  • Netscape Publishing System, for running a commercial site with news articles and charging users per access
  • Netscape Xpert Servers
    • ECxpert - a server for EDI message exchange
    • SellerXpert - B to B Commerce Engine
    • BuyerXpert - eProcurement Engine
    • BillerXpert - Online Bill Paying Engine
    • TradingXpert - HTML EDI transaction frontend
    • CommerceXpert - Online Retail Store engine

Netscape created the JavaScript web page scripting language. It also pioneered the development of "push technology," which effectively allowed web sites to send regular updates of information (weather, stock updates, package tracking, etc.) directly to a user's desktop (aka "webtop"); Netscape's implementation of this was named Netcaster. [15] (http://www.catdancers.com/webmags/webrevu/1997/04_18/developers/04_18_97_2.html) Unfortunately, businesses quickly recognized the use of push technology to deliver ads to users, and annoyed users turned off the feature, so Netcaster was short-lived. In computing, the Point-to-Point Protocol, or PPP, is commonly used to establish a direct connection between two nodes. ... Netscape Communicator was the proper brand name of an Internet suite produced by Netscape Communications Corporation in the late 1990s. ... The AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) is an ad-supported instant messaging and presence computer program, published by AOL, which uses the OSCAR instant messaging protocol and the TOC protocol. ... RealAudio is a proprietary audio codec developed by RealNetworks. ... The term web server can mean one of two things: a computer responsible for serving web pages, mostly HTML documents, via the HTTP protocol to clients, mostly web browsers; a software program that is working as a daemon serving web documents. ... The Network News Transport Protocol or NNTP is an Internet application protocol used primarily for reading and posting Usenet articles, as well as transferring news among servers. ... Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) is a protocol for accessing on-line directory services. ... The Internet Message Access Protocol (commonly known as IMAP, and previously called Interactive Mail Access Protocol) is an application layer Internet protocol used for accessing email on a remote server from a local client. ... Post Office Protocol version 3 (POP3) is an application layer Internet standard protocol used to retrieve email from a remote server to a local client over a TCP/IP connection. ... Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS), its successor, are cryptographic protocols which provide secure communications on the Internet. ... The success of the Google search engine was mainly due to its powerful PageRank algorithm and its simple, easy-to-use interface. ... See WebCrawler for the specific search engine of that name. ... In software engineering, a web application is an application delivered to users from a web server over a network such as the World Wide Web or an intranet. ... Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) is the computer-to-computer exchange of structured information, by agreed message standards, from one computer application to another by electronic means and with a minimum of human intervention. ... Business-to-business electronic commerce (B2B) typically takes the form of automated processes between trading partners and is performed in much higher volumes than business-to-consumer (B2C) applications. ... JavaScript, in its more modern form, is an object-based scripting programming language based on the concept of prototypes. ...


Netscape was notable for its cross-platform efforts. Its client software continued to be made available for Windows (3.1, 95, 98, NT), Macintosh, Linux, OS/2, BeOS, and many versions of Unix including DEC, Sun Solaris, BSDI, IRIX, AIX, and HP-UX. Its server software generally was only available for Unix and Windows NT, though some of its servers were made available on Linux, and a version of Netscape FastTrack Server was made available for Windows 95/98. A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... A typical Windows 3. ... Windows 95 (codename Chicago) is a hybrid 16-bit/32-bit graphical operating system released on August 24, 1995 by the Microsoft Corporation. ... Windows 98 Desktop Windows 98SE with the Jungle theme, and a couple of the programs from Microsoft Office 4. ... Windows NT is an operating system produced by Microsoft. ... Version 2. ... Screenshot of a BeOS system running several multimedia applications simultaneously; a CPU meter shows load spread across two processors as well as a sound mix is running with each object representing a audio track. ... Digital Equipment Corporation was a pioneering company in the American computer industry. ... The Solaris Operating Environment is a computer operating system, based on the proprietary UNIX variant SunOS developed by Sun Microsystems. ... Berkely Software Design Inc. ... IRIX is the System V-based Unix Operating System with BSD extensions developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run natively on their 32 and 64-bit MIPS architecture workstations and servers. ... AIX is the brand name of IBMs proprietary UNIX operating system. ... HP-UX is Hewlett-Packards proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Netscape Communications Corporation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1763 words)
Netscape later experimented with prototypes of a web-based system which would allow a user to access and edit his files anywhere across a network, no matter what computer or operating system he happened to be using.
Netscape was not a plaintiff in the case, though its executives were subpoenaed and it contributed much material to the case, including the entire contents of the 'Bad Attitude' internal discussion forum.
Netscape Browser 8's first public beta was originally also scheduled for this date but, due to unfixed bugs, its release was delayed to March 3, 2005.
Netscape Navigator - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1399 words)
Netscape Navigator was developed by the team who had created the Mosaic web browser at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications.
Netscape, according to critics, was more interested in bending the web to its own de facto "standards" (bypassing standards committees and thus marginalizing the commercial competition) than it was in fixing bugs in its products.
Netscape began to experiment with prototypes of a web-based system, known internally as "Constellation", which would allow a user to access and edit his files anywhere across a network no matter what computer or operating system he happened to be using.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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