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Encyclopedia > Netherlands (terminology)

The Netherlands is known under various terms both in English and other languages. These are used to describe the different overlapping geographical, linguistic and political areas of the Netherlands. This is often a source of confusion for people from other parts of the world. In English the country is called 'the Netherlands' (or frequently 'Holland'), while the people and the language are called 'Dutch'. Note that in Dutch the official (and predominate) terms for these are 'Nederland', 'Nederlanders' and 'Nederlands', although they are occasionally (colloquially) called 'Holland', 'Hollanders' and 'Hollands'. Image File history File links Circle-contradict. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

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The Netherlands

"Netherlands" literally means "low countries" or "lowlands". It is the conventional short form used to describe the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Formally, this encompasses the European part of the Netherlands and its overseas dependencies, although usually it is used to describe solely the European part. The current Dutch dependencies are the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba. Historically Suriname and Indonesia were also part of Kingdom of the Netherlands. Motto (French) Ik zal handhaven(Dutch) I shall stand fast1 Anthem Het Wilhelmus Netherlands() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() [] Capital (and largest city) Amsterdam2 Official languages Dutch3 Ethnic groups  80. ...


The Netherlands is among a small number of countries which have a singular name for their country, while the English language uses a plural form. This plural convention is actually an archaic term, referring to the period 1581 to 1795 when the Dutch republic was a loose confederation of seven provinces. The name in the Dutch language is Nederland (low country) while the Dutch republic is often referred to as "Nederlanden" (low countries). Events January 16 - English Parliament outlaws Roman Catholicism April 4 - Francis Drake completes a circumnavigation of the world and is knighted by Elizabeth I. July 26 - The Northern Netherlands proclaim their independence from Spain in the Oath of Abjuration. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ...


The origins of the name Netherlands are Germanic. Between 1348 and 1566 the Netherlands were part of Burgundy (as the Burgundian Netherlands) and later the Habsburg empire (as the Seventeen Provinces). région of Bourgogne, see Bourgogne. ... In the history of the Low Countries, the Burgundian Netherlands refers to the period when the dukes of Burgundy ruled the area, as well as Luxembourg and northern France from 1384 to 1477. ... Habsburg (sometimes spelled Hapsburg, but never so in official use) was one of the major ruling houses of Europe. ... Flag of the Seventeen Provinces The Seventeen Provinces were a personal union of states in the Low Countries in the 15th century and 16th century, roughly covering the current Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, a good part of the North of France (Artois, Nord) and a small part of the West of...


Holland

Position of Holland within the Netherlands
Position of Holland within the Netherlands

In languages other than Dutch, including English, Holland is commonly and incorrectly used as a synonym for the Netherlands as a whole, while actually it just refers to the central-western part of the country. This part consists of two of the country's twelve provinces, namely North Holland and South Holland. This confusion between a part and its whole (pars pro toto) also exists with the names of other countries, such as Russia for the Soviet Union or England for the UK (see also British Isles terminology). Image File history File links Holland_position. ... Image File history File links Holland_position. ... Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with a population of 6. ... Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with a population of 6. ... Capital Haarlem Queens Commissioner Mr. ... South Holland (Dutch Zuid-Holland) is a province of the Netherlands, located in the west of the country on the North Sea coast. ... Pars pro toto is Latin for (taking) a part for the whole; it is a kind of synecdoche. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... . For the disagreement and different views on using the term British Isles, particularly in relation to Ireland, see British Isles naming dispute. ...


Historically Holland was the most powerful province of the Netherlands: the counts of Holland were also counts of Hainaut, Flanders and Zeeland between the 1200s and 1400s; during the period of the Dutch Republic the stadholder of Holland was the most powerful politician in the Netherlands, who often also was stadholder in other provinces; the cities in Holland were important trading cities, for instance of the six cities that made up the Dutch East India Company, five were in Holland. The two provinces making up Holland still remain demographically dominant - they house 37% of the Dutch population. The Counts of Holland ruled over the county of Holland in the Low Countries between the 10th and the 16th century. ... The virtually independent county of Hainaut emerged from chaotic conditions at the end of the 9th century as a semi-independent state, at first a vassal of the crown of Lotharingia. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ... Map of Dutch Republic by Joannes Janssonius United Netherlands redirects here. ... A stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder meaning representative, a literal translation of the French lieutenant or the Latin locum tenans) was the person who ruled an area in the name of the land owner, in the Netherlands (which includes present-day Belgium) from the 15th to the 18th century. ... A stadtholder (Dutch: stadhouder meaning representative, a literal translation of the French lieutenant or the Latin locum tenans) was the person who ruled an area in the name of the land owner, in the Netherlands (which includes present-day Belgium) from the 15th to the 18th century. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Map of the Netherlands, with provinces and capital cities See also Provinces of the Netherlands. ...


The name 'Holland' for the Netherlands is also used colloquially by the Dutch themselves, especially in relation to football (soccer), where the national team is sometimes cheered on with "Holland!". The term is also used for promotional purposes, because the name 'Holland' is better known worldwide. A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ...


In some provinces, especially Friesland, Groningen and Limburg, the word Hollander is only used in pejorative sense, to refer to the supposedly arrogant inhabitants of North and South Holland. People from these provinces usually do not appreciate being called Hollander. In Flanders as well, the word Hollander is used in this pejorative sense. Capital Leeuwarden Queens Commissioner drs. ... The flag of Groningen Groningen is the northeast province of the Netherlands with a typical dialect (Gronings) with regional nuances. ... Capital Maastricht Queens Commissioner L.J.P.M. (Leon) Frissen Religion (1999) Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 3% Area  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water   2,153 km² (9th) 56 km² Population (2006)  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Density 1,131,938 (6th) 526/km² (4th) Inclusion 1839 Anthem In t Bronsgroen Eikenhout ISO NL-LI Official website... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ...


The name Holland ultimately stems from "holt land" ("wooded land"). A popular, but incorrect, false etymology holds that it is derived from "hol land" ("hollow land"), inspired by the low-lying geography of the region. A false etymology is an assumed or postulated etymology which is incorrect from the perspective of modern scholarly work in historical linguistics. ...


Dutch

Dutch is the term used to describe both the inhabitants of the Netherlands as well as its language. Dutch is not only spoken in the Netherlands, but also in Flanders, parts of northern France (around Dunkirk), Suriname, and the Dutch Antilles. Its southern dialects are sometimes called Flemish. The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ... Dutch (  ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 21 million people, mainly in the Netherlands, Belgium and Suriname, but also by smaller groups of speakers in parts of France, Germany and several former Dutch colonies. ... Flanders (Dutch: ) is a large historical region overlapping Belgium, France and the Netherlands. ... For other uses of Dunkirk or Dunkerque, see Dunkirk (disambiguation). ... Flemish (Vlaams in Dutch), as the general adjective relating to Flanders, can refer to the speech of the Flemings, inhabitants of Flanders, though for the Flemish Community[1], Algemeen Nederlands (Common Dutch) is the official name of the standard language hence in English referred to as standard Dutch. ...


The English word "Dutch" is a cognate to the Dutch word dietsch and the German word Deutsch. All these words have the same etymological origin. Both these terms derive from what in Common West Germanic was known as theodisca, which meant "(language) of the (common) people". During the early Middle Ages, the elite mostly used Latin and the common people used their local languages. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Dietsch (Diets in modern Dutch) is a colloquial word for the Middle Dutch language. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...


Fascists in the 1930s who sought to "re-unite" the Dutch language area called it Dietsland. Dietsland refers to the Greater Netherlands, including The Netherlands and Flanders, and sometimes (mostly in more extreme groups) French Flanders and sometimes even the Boer communities of South Africa, in other words, all areas where Dutch is spoken. ...


In the United States, the term "Dutch" has in the past sometimes been used instead of "Deutsch" to indicate German origin - e.g. Dutch Schultz, Honus Wagner (The Flying Dutchman), the Pennsylvania Dutch, and so forth. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Johannes Peter Honus Wagner (February 24, 1874 - December 6, 1955), nicknamed The Flying Dutchman, was an American baseball player who played during the 1890s until the 1910s. ... The Pennsylvania Dutch (perhaps more strictly Pennsylvania Deitsch or Pennsylvanian German) are the descendants of German immigrants who came to Pennsylvania prior to 1800. ...


Low Countries

The term the Low Countries is often used to refer to the Netherlands, while it actually refers to the historical region de Nederlanden: those principalities located on and around the mostly low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse rivers. This area very roughly corresponds to the countries of the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg. This region was called Greater Netherlands by irredentists who sought to unite it. This historical region also was referred to as "The Netherlands" in English.[citation needed] Between 1579 and 1794 the area comprising present Belgium, Luxembourg and parts of northern France was called the Southern Netherlands (or the Spanish Netherlands between 1579 and 1713, the Austrian Netherlands after 1713, after the main possession of their Habsburg lord). The Low Countries, the historical region of de Nederlanden, are the countries (see Country) on low-lying land around the delta of the Rhine, Scheldt, and Meuse (Maas) rivers. ... Nile River delta, as seen from Earth orbit. ... It has been suggested that River Rhine Pollution: November 1986 be merged into this article or section. ... The Scheldt (Dutch: Schelde, French Escaut) is a 350 km[1] long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands. ... The Meuse (Maas) at Maastricht Meuse near Grave The Meuse (Dutch & German Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea. ... Most common view of the concept: A political union between Flanders and The Netherlands The Greater Netherlands (Dutch Groot-Nederland) is an irredentist ideal, at present usually referring to a union of the Netherlands and Flanders, and implying the break-up of Belgium. ... irredentism is position advocating annexation of territories administered by another state on the grounds of common ethnicity and/or prior historical possession, actual or alleged. ... The Southern Netherlands were a part of the Low Countries controlled by Spain (Spanish Netherlands, 1579-1713), Austria (Austrian Netherlands, 1713-1794) and France (1794-1815). ...


This region was united three times, in the Seventeen Provinces as a personal union during the 16th century, in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands between 1815 and 1830 under King William I, and as the BeNeLux customs union founded in 1944. Flag of the Seventeen Provinces The Seventeen Provinces were a personal union of states in the Low Countries in the 15th century and 16th century, roughly covering the current Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, a good part of the North of France (Artois, Nord) and a small part of the West of... It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Map of the kingdom United Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815 - 1830) (1839) (Dutch: Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden, French: Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas and German: Vereinigte Königreich der Niederlande) were the unofficial names used to refer to a new unified European state created during the Congress of Vienna in... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Liberty Leading the People by Eugène Delacroix commemorates the July Revolution 1830 (MDCCCXXX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... King William I of the Netherlands, born William Frederik of Orange-Nassau (The Hague, 24 August 1772 - Berlin, 12 December 1843), was the second King of the Netherlands (the first king was Louis I Napoleon Bonaparte). ... Location of Benelux in Europe Official languages Dutch and French Membership  Belgium  Netherlands  Luxembourg Website http://www. ...


Other languages

In most languages, the name for the country literally means 'low lands' or is a transliteration of 'Nederland' or 'Holland'.


The name "Holland", or derivations of it, is commonly used for the Netherlands in many languages. Sometimes it is even the official name of the country, e.g., Holland (הולנד) (Hebrew), Hélán (荷兰) (Chinese), and Oranda (オランダ) (Japanese), Holandia (Polish), Holandsko (Slovak), Olanda (Romanian) or Belanda (Indonesian), Hollanda (Turkish), Ollandia (Ολλανδία) (Greek), Holanda (Spanish), Olanda (Italian). This failure to distinguish between "Holland" and "the Netherlands" leads to difficulty when contrasting "Holland" with other parts of "the Netherlands" in these languages. Holland is a region in the central-western part of the Netherlands with a population of 6. ... “Hebrew” redirects here. ...


Other countries use a literal translation of "the Netherlands". This often becomes indistinguishable from "the Low Countries", e.g., les Pays-Bas (French), Los Países Bajos (Spanish), I Paesi Bassi (Italian), Os Países Baixos (Portuguese), Nizozemska (Slovenian), Yr Iseldiroedd (Welsh). Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ...


In Finnish, German, and Czech both names are used. In German, the country is called either die Niederlande or Holland, in Finnish the country is called either Hollanti or Alankomaat, which is a translation of "the Netherlands". In the Czech Republic, the country is called either Nizozemsko which is a translation of "the Netherlands" or inofficially Holandsko.


Netherlands-related naming issues

New Zealand was named after the Dutch province of Zeeland by the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman, who also lent his name to the island of Tasmania. He also assigned the name New Holland to the continent now known as Australia, a name it retained for 150 years until the UK renamed it in 1824. Capital Middelburg Queens Commissioner drs. ... Portrait of Tasman (detail from the family portrait) The only evidence to support this claim is a library catalogue entry Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 - October 10, 1659), was a Dutch seafarer, explorer and then merchant, born in Lutjegast, a village in the province of Groningen, best known for his voyages... Capital Hobart Government Constitutional monarchy Governor William Cox Premier Paul Lennon (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 5  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $16,114 (7th)  - Product per capita  $33,243/person (8th) Population (End of September 2006)  - Population  489,600 (6th)  - Density  7. ... Map of a part of New Holland made by William Dampier in 1699 New Holland is a historic name for the island continent of Australia. ...


Another Dutch colony town, New Amsterdam, was renamed New York after the United Kingdom took it over. A nearby Dutch settlement, New Haarlem, was incorporated into the new city of New York to become the Harlem neighborhood. New York City's borough Brooklyn is named after the Dutch village of Breukelen, Flushing is named after the Dutch town of Vlissingen and Staten Island after the Dutch parliament. The Canadian city Vancouver was named after George Vancouver, whose name is most likely to be derived from "van Coevorden", meaning "from Coevorden", a city in the northeast of the Netherlands. New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) was the name of the 17th century town which grew outside of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island in the New Netherland territory (1614–1674) which was situated between 38 and 42 degrees latitude as a provincial extension of the Dutch Republic since 1624. ... NY redirects here. ... Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province North Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 32. ... The Apollo Theater on 125th Street; the Hotel Theresa is visible in the background. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Breukelen is a municipality and town in the Netherlands, in the province of Utrecht. ... Flushing (Dutch Vlissingen) is a municipality and a city in the southwestern Netherlands on the former island of Walcheren. ... Staten Island (IPA: ) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter... A life sized statue covered in gold of George Vancouver on top of the British Columbia Parliament Buildings Captain George Vancouver RN (June 22, 1757 – May 12, 1798) was an officer of the Royal Navy, best known for his exploration of North America, including the Pacific coast along the Canadian... Coevorden ( (help· info)) is a municipality and a city in the northeastern Netherlands. ...


Many cities in the southern regions of Africa also still have Dutch names, after periods of colonization and/or settlement by the Netherlands. Among them are the South African cities of Bloemfontein ("Flower Fountain", or better: "Flower's Well") and Johannesburg ("Fort of John"), the Namibian capital Windhoek ("Windy Corner", but derived from Winterhoek: "Winter's Corner") and the city of Walvisbaai ("Whale Bay"). Bloemfontein at night Bloemfontein (IPA: , Afrikaans and Dutch for fountain of Bloem (bloom) or flower fountain is the capital city of the Free State Province of South Africa. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... --193. ...


The city Jakarta in the former Dutch colony Indonesia was renamed Batavia in 1619, a Latin name for the Rhine delta (after the Batavi, a local tribe). There are still several cities named Batavia, in Suriname, and 4 in the US, in the states Illinois, Iowa, New York and Ohio. New Amsterdam is also still the name of many small towns and islands around the globe. Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... Events May 13 - Dutch statesman Johan van Oldenbarnevelt is executed in The Hague after having been accused of treason. ... The Batavians by Rembrandt van Rijn The Batavians (also known by Batavii, or Batavi) were a Germanic tribe, originally part of the Chatti, reported by Tacitus to have lived around the Rhine delta, in the area that is currently the Netherlands, an uninhabited district on the extremity of the coast... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (149,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Capital Des Moines Largest city Des Moines Area  Ranked 26th  - Total 56,272 sq mi (145,743 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 199 miles (320 km)  - % water 0. ... NY redirects here. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... New Amsterdam (Dutch: Nieuw Amsterdam) was the name of the 17th century town which grew outside of Fort Amsterdam on Manhattan Island in the New Netherland territory (1614–1674) which was situated between 38 and 42 degrees latitude as a provincial extension of the Dutch Republic since 1624. ...


The Dutch raised numerous new towns in Dutch Guiana (now Suriname), many of whom where named after cities in the home land - such as Wageningen and Groningen - or given Dutch names - such as Lelydorp and Nieuw Amsterdam. Guiana (also known as the Guiana highlands or the Guiana shield) forms a portion of the northern coast of South America. ... Wageningen is a municipality and a historical town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland. ... Groningen is a capital town of Saramacca District, Suriname. ... New Amsterdam may refer to: New Amsterdam, the colonial settlement in the New Netherland colony that became New York City New Amsterdam, Indiana New Amsterdam, Guyana Nieuw Amsterdam, Netherlands, in the Dutch municipality of Emmen Nieuw Amsterdam, Suriname Suriname New Amsterdam Brewing Company in New York City This is a...


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