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Encyclopedia > Nestor Kukolnik

Nestor Vasilievich Kukolnik (1809-1868) was a Russian playwright and prose writer. Immensely popular during the early part of his career, his works were subsequently dismissed as sententious and sentimental. Today, he is best remembered for having contributed libretto of the first Russian opera, A Life for the Tsar by Mikhail Glinka. 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A libretto is the body of words used in an extended musical work such as an opera, operetta, oratorio, or musical. ... The foyer of Charles Garniers Opéra, Paris, opened 1875 Opera is an art form consisting of a dramatic stage performance set to music. ... A Life for the Tsar (Жизнь за царя in Russian), sometimes known as Ivan Susanin (Иван Сусанин), is an opera by Mikhail Glinka. ... Mikhail Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Михаи́л Ива́нович Гли́нка) (June 1, 1804 – February 15, 1857) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition inside his own country, and is often regarded as the father of Russian classical music. ...

Nestor Kukolnik - portrait by Karl Briullov.
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Nestor Kukolnik - portrait by Karl Briullov.

Nestor Kukolnik was born in 1809 in the city of Saint Petersburg in the family of a professor lecturing at the Saint Petersburg Teacher’s College. He studied at the Nizhyn Gymnasium of Higher Sciences (present-day Ukraine), founded earlier by Nestor’s father. Nikolai Gogol studied at the same institution and they both played at the school theater. Kukolnik’s literature activity started in gymnasium, where he wrote his first verses and dramas. After graduating from Nizhyn Gymnasium in 1829, he gave lessons at Vilna (present-day Vilnius, Lithuania) Gymnasium, and later served at the Ministry of Finance in Saint Petersburg. Karl Briullov (born 1799) was a Russian painter, best known for The Last Day of Pompeii. ... 1809 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Nizhyn (Ukrainian: ), sometimes referred to by its Russian name Nezhin (Russian: ), is a city and the local capital of Nizhyn Raion (district) in Chernihiv Oblast in the north of Ukraine. ... Nikolai Vasilevich Gogol (Russian: ) (March 31, 1809 - March 4, 1852) was a Ukrainian-born Russian writer. ... Nizhyn (Ukrainian: ), sometimes referred to by its Russian name Nezhin (Russian: ), is a city and the local capital of Nizhyn Raion (district) in Chernihiv Oblast in the north of Ukraine. ... 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Vilnius Old Town Vilnius (sometimes Vilna; Polish Wilno, Belarusian Вільня, Russian Вильнюс, see also Cities alternative names) is the capital city of Lithuania. ... The Three Crosses monument in Vilnius. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland...


In 1833 Kukolnik’s first play “Tortini” was published by Faddei Bulgarin, soon followed by fantasy drama “Torcuato Tasso”, which resulted in his reputation as a legendary playwright in the capital. The turning point in his literary career came in 1834, after demonstration of patriotic drama "Ruka Vsevishnego Otechestvo Spasla" (The God’s Hand Saved The Motherland), applauded by the Russian Emperor Nicolas I at the play’s premiere. Inspired by this success, the writer produces historical plays “Prince Mikhail Vasilievich Skopin-Shuysky” 1833 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Nicholas I Pavlovich (Russian: Николай I Павлович, July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (February 18, Old Style), 1855) was the Emperor of Russia and king of Poland from 1825 until his death in 1855. ...


Kukolnik's oeuvre is diverse. He experimented with multiple genres and formats: novels, historical tales, criticism, poetry and even music. He was a friend of Mikhail Glinka, who to set some of Kukolnik's verses (Hesitation, Skylark, and Passing Song, among others) to music. Dizzy from his success, he proclaimed that there were only three geniuses in Russia - himself as a writer, Mikhail Glinka as a composer, and Karl Briullov as a painter. Mikhail Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Михаи́л Ива́нович Гли́нка) (June 1, 1804 – February 15, 1857) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition inside his own country, and is often regarded as the father of Russian classical music. ... Mikhail Glinka Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka (Михаи́л Ива́нович Гли́нка) (June 1, 1804 – February 15, 1857) was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition inside his own country, and is often regarded as the father of Russian classical music. ... Karl Briullov (born 1799) was a Russian painter, best known for The Last Day of Pompeii. ...


In 1857 Nestor Kukolnik resigned and settled in Taganrog. There he continued his literaty activity, but the public work played the key role of his life in that period. Nestor Vasilievich did a lot of work for education of Taganrog's society. It had an influence on the destiny of the city, making it into the centre of education in the South of Russia. 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ...


Nestor Kukolnik was the first to prove the need of university education on the Don River region and on Azov Sea. His offer to open a university in Taganrog was not successful, but later it proved to be an important foundation for opening the Novorossiya University in Odessa (1865). Kukolnik also proved necessity of local newspapers. It was one of the reasons to open newspaper-publishing houses not only in Taganrog, but also in Odessa and Rostov on Don. Since 1865 Nestor Kukolnik led the workgroup that proved necessity of a railroad line from Kharkov to Taganrog. This work was a success and the Tsar Alexander II of Russia approved the project in 1868. He also was the first to raise the issue of environmental protection of the Gulf of Taganrog. But the related project encountered strong resistance from regional leadership and was not realized. Nestor Vasilievich assisted in opening the county court in Taganrog, open soon after his death in 1869. Kukolnik passed away unexpectedly in Taganrog in December 1868. There are at several rivers named Don: Don River, Russia Don River, Toronto River Don, England River Don, Aberdeenshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The shallow Sea of Azov is clearly distinguished from the deeper Black Sea. ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... Novorossiya (Russian: , literally New Russia) is a historic area now mostly located in southern Ukraine, and partially in southern Russia. ... Odessa (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a city in the southwestern Ukraine, major port on the Black Sea and the administrative center of countrys Odessa Oblast (province). ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... Odessa (Ukrainian: ; Russian: ) is a city in the southwestern Ukraine, major port on the Black Sea and the administrative center of countrys Odessa Oblast (province). ... Bolshaya Sadovaya Street in 1903. ... 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Kharkov (rus: Ха́рьков) or Kharkiv (ukr: Ха́рків) is the second largest city in Ukraine, a center of Kharkivska oblast. It is situated in the northeast of the country and has a population of two million. ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... Alexander II (1818-1881) Alexander (Aleksandr) II (Russian: Александр II Николаевич) (April 17, 1818–March 13, 1881) was the Emperor (tsar) of Russia from March 2, 1855 until his assassination. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... 1869 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Alferaki Palace © TaganrogCity. ... 1868 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


 
 

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