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Encyclopedia > Neotropic

The Neotropic ecozone is a terrestrial ecoregion which includes South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. It has distinct fauna and flora from the Nearctic because its long separation from the northern continent. Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ... Ecoregions are defined by World Wildlife Fund as relatively large units of land or water containing a distinct assemblage of natural communities and species, with boundaries that approximate the original extent of natural communities prior to major land-use change. Terrestrial ecoregions are land ecoregions, as distinct from freshwater ecoregions... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... Central America is the region of North America located between the southern border of Mexico and the northwest border of Colombia, in South America. ... ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ...

The Neotropic Ecozone
The Neotropic Ecozone

This ecozone includes South and Central America, the Mexican lowlands, the Caribbean islands, and southern Florida, because these regions share a large number of plant and animal groups. It is sometimes used as a synonym for the tropical area of South America, although the ecozone also includes temperate southern South America. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Neotropic Ecozone - redrawn from French wiki by MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1096x744, 47 KB)Neotropic Ecozone - redrawn from French wiki by MPF File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ... State nickname: Sunshine State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Official languages English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ...


The Neotropic includes more tropical rain forest (tropical moist broadleaf forest) than any other ecozone, extending from southern Mexico through Central America and northern South America to southern Brazil, including the vast Amazon Rainforest. These rainforest ecoregions are one of the most important reserves of biodiversity on Earth. Extensive deforestation in the late 20th century has reduced this diversity to a degree. A river in the Amazon rainforest The Amazon is a rainforest in South America. ... Biodiversity or biological diversity is the diversity of and in living nature. ... Earth, also known as the Earth, Terra, and (mostly in the 19th century) Tellus, is the third-closest planet to the Sun. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


These rainforests also include the last Stone Age humans to have evaded contact with the rest of human modern civilization, and are a vast reservoir of human diversity as well; South America has over 400 indigenous languages in 37 distinct language families and over a dozen unique language isolates. Many of these languages and their cultures are also endangered. Accordingly, conservation in the Neotropic zone is a hot political concern, and raises many arguments about development versus aboriginal versus ecological rights to exist. Stone Age fishing hook. ... A civilization or civilisation has a variety of meanings related to human society. ... Most languages are known to belong to language families (families hereforth). ... A language isolate is a natural language with no demonstrable genetic relationship with other living languages; that is, one that has not been proven to descend from a common ancestor to any other language. ...


The temperate forest ecoregions of southwestern South America, including the temperate rain forests of the Valdivian temperate rain forests and Magellanic subpolar forests ecoregions, and the Juan Fernandez Islands and Desventuradas Islands, are a refuge for the ancient Antarctic flora, which includes trees like the southern beech (Nothofagus), podocarps, the alerce (Fitzroya cupressoides), and Araucaria pines like the monkey-puzzle tree (Araucaria araucana). These magnificent rainforests are endangered by extensive logging and their replacement by fast-growing non-native pines and eucalyptus. Temperate rain forests are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the mid-latitudes in areas of high rainfall. ... The Valdivian temperate rain forests are a terrestrial ecoregion located on the west coast of southern South America, in Chile and extending into a small part of Argentina. ... The Magellanic subpolar forests are a terrestrial ecoregion of southernmost South America, covering parts of southern Chile and Argentina, and is part of the Neotropic ecozone. ... Map of Isla Más Afuera / Selkirk Map of Isla Más a Tierra / Crusoe The Juan Fernández archipelago is located 670 km off the coast of Chile, and is composed of the volcanic islands Robinson Crusoe, located closest to the mainland at 33º 13 S, 78º 50 W... The Desventuradas Islands (Unfortunate Islands) are relatively small oceanic islands, located approximately 850 km off the coast of Chile, part of Valparaíso region. ... Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale... Species   Nothofagus alpina - Rauli Beech   Nothofagus antarctica - Antarctic Beech   Nothofagus betuloides - Magallanes Beech   Nothofagus cunninghamii - Myrtle Beech   Nothofagus dombeyi - Coigüe Beech   Nothofagus fusca - Red Beech   Nothofagus gunnii - Tanglefoot Beech   Nothofagus menziesii - Silver Beech   Nothofagus moorei - Negrohead Beech   Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech   Nothofagus pumilio - Lenga Beech   Nothofagus solanderi - Black Beech... Genera Acmopyle Afrocarpus Dacrycarpus Dacrydium Falcatifolium Halocarpus Lagarostrobos Lepidothamnus Manoao Microcachrys Microstrobos Nageia Parasitaxus Phyllocladus Podocarpus Prumnopitys Retrophyllum Saxegothaea Sundacarpus A large family of mainly Southern Hemisphere conifers, with 18-19 genera and about 170-200 species of evergreen trees and shrubs. ... Binomial name Fitzroya cupressoides Alerce (Fitzroya cupressoides), also known as Patagonian Cypress, is a large tree in the cypress family (Cupressaceae) of conifers. ... Species See text Araucaria is a genus of coniferous trees in the family Araucariaceae. ... Species About 600; for a full list, see Wikispecies:Eucalyptus Eucalyptus is a diverse genus of trees (rarely shrubs), the members of which dominate the tree flora of Australia. ...


South America was originally part of the supercontinent of Gondwana, which included Africa, Australia, India, New Zealand, and Antarctica, and the Neotropic shares many plant and animal lineages with these other continents, including Marsupial mammals and the Antarctic flora. After the final breakup of the Gondwana, South America drifted north and west, and was later joined with North America by the formation of the Isthmus of Panama, which allowed a biotic exchange between the two continents, the Great American Interchange. South American species like the ancestors of the Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) and the armadillo moved into North America, and North Americans like the ancestors of South America's camelids, including the llama (Lama glama), moved south. The long-term effect of the exchange was the extinction of many South American species, mostly by outcompetion by northern species. Pangea broke into the two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland) included most of the landmasses which make up todays continents of the southern hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America, Africa, Madagascar, India, Arabia, Australia-New Guinea and New Zealand. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest continent and second most populous after Asia. ... Orders Superorder Ameridelphia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Superorder Australidelphia Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Marsupials are mammals in which the female typically has a pouch (called the marsupium, from which the name Marsupial derives) in which it rears its young through early infancy. ... Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale Minke whale... The Great American Interchange was a very important paleozoogeographic event in which land and freshwater animal faunas migrated from Central America to South America and vice versa, during the collision of both continents. ... Binomial name Didelphis virginiana (Kerr, 1792) The Virginia Opossum (Didelphis virginiana) is the only marsupial found in North America. ... Genera Chlamyphorus Cabassous Chaetophractus Dasypus Euphractus Priodontes Tolypeutes Zaedyus Armadillos are any of several small mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama guanicoe  Vicugna vicugna  Camelus dromedarius  Camelus bactrianus The four llamas and two camels are camelids: members of the biological family Camelidae, the only family in the suborder Tylopoda. ... Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid native to South America. ...


31 bird families are endemic to the Neotropic ecozone, over twice the number of any other ecozone. They include rheas, tinamous, currasows, toucans. Orders Many - see section below. ... Species  Rhea americana  Rhea pennata Rheas, also known as ñandú (pronounced ) are large flightless birds native to South America. ... Genera The Tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird, members of a South American bird family of about 47 species in 9 genera. ... Genera Aulacorhynchus Pteroglossus Baillonius Andigena Selenidera Ramphastos Toucans (in Portuguese: Tucano, Spanish: Tucán) are tropical near passerine birds from South America. ...


Animal families originally unique to the Neotropic include:

Plant species originally unique to the Neotropic include: Families Myrmecophagidae Megalonychidae Bradypodidae Dasypodidae The order Xenarthra is a group of placental mammals, extant today only in the Americas. ... Genera Myrmecophaga Tamandua Cyclopes Anteaters are mammals of the order Xenarthra and the family Myrmecophagidae, commonly known for eating ants and termites. ... This article refers to the South American mammal. ... Genera Chlamyphorus Cabassous Chaetophractus Dasypus Euphractus Priodontes Tolypeutes Zaedyus Armadillos are any of several small mammals of the family Dasypodidae, mostly known for having a bony armor shell. ... Families Cebidae Nyctipithecidae Pitheciidae Atelidae The New World monkeys or Platyrrhines are the four families of primates that are found in Central and South America, the Cebidae, Nyctipithecidae, Pitheciidae and Atelidae. ... Caviomorpha is an infraorder of hystricognath rodents. ... Families See Classification Section The order Rodentia is the most numerous of all the branches on the mammal family tree. ... Binomial name Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) The capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) is the largest of living rodents (the long extinct rodent Phoberomys pattersoni was significantly bigger. ... Species Cavia porcellus Cavia aperea Cavia tschudii Cavia guianae Cavia anolaimae Cavia nana Cavia fulgida Cavia magna Guinea pigs (also called cavies) are rodents belonging to the family Caviidae and the genus Cavia. ... Genera  Chinchilla  Lagidium  Lagostomus Chinchillas and their relatives viscachas are small, nocturnal mammals native to the Andes mountains in South America and belonging to the family Chinchillidae. ... Genera Several; see text Opposum fur is quite soft, and was once commonly used in coats. ... Genera  Caenolestes  Lestoros  Rhyncholestes The biological order Paucituberculata contains the five surviving species of shrew opossum: small, shrew-like marsupials which are confined to the Andes mountains of South America. ... Genera Many, see text. ...

Binomial name Solanum tuberosum L. The potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a perennial plant of the Solanaceae, or nightshade, family, grown for its starchy tuber. ... Binomial name Theobroma cacao L. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is a small (4-8 m tall) evergreen tree in the family Malvaceae (formerly Sterculiaceae), native to tropical South America, but now cultivated throughout the tropics. ... Cocoa may refer to either the dried and partially fermented fatty seeds of the cacao tree, which are used to make chocolate; or, more usually in the United States, to cocoa powder, the dry powder made by grinding the seeds and removing the cocoa butter. ... Chocolate comes in dark, light, and white varieties with cocoa solids contributing to the brown coloration. ...

Neotropic Terrestrial Ecoregions

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Araucaria moist forests(Argentina, Brazil)
Atlantic Coast restingas(Brazil)
Bahia coastal forests(Brazil)
Bahia interior forests(Brazil)
Bolivian Yungas(Bolivia, Peru)
Caatinga Enclaves moist forests(Brazil)
Caqueta moist forests(Brazil, Colombia)
Catatumbo moist forests(Venezuela)
Cauca Valley montane forests(Colombia)
Cayos Miskitos-San Andrés and Providencia moist forests(Colombia, Nicaragua)
Central American Atlantic moist forests(Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama)
Central American montane forests(El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua)
Chiapas montane forests(Mexico)
Chimalapas montane forests(Mexico)
Chocó-Darién Moist Forests(Colombia, Ecuador, Panama)
Cocos Island moist forests(Costa Rica)
Cordillera La Costa montane forests(Venezuela)
Cordillera Oriental montane forests(Colombia, Venezuela)
Costa Rican seasonal moist forests(Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
Cuban moist forests(Cuba)
Eastern Cordillera real montane forests(Colombia, Ecuador, Peru)
Eastern Panamanian montane forests(Colombia, Panama)
Fernanda de Noronha-Atol das Rocas moist forests(Brazil)
Guayanan highlands forests(Brazil, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Guianan moist forests(Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Gurupa varzea(Brazil)
Hispaniolan moist forests(Dominican Republic, Haiti)
Iquitos varzea(Bolivia, Brazil, Peru)
Isthmian-Atlantic moist forests(Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama)
Isthmian-Pacific moist forests(Costa Rica, Panama)
Jamaican moist forests(Jamaica)
Japurá-Solimoes-Negro moist forests(Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela)
Juruá-Purus moist forests(Brazil)
Leeward Islands moist forests(Antigua, British Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, Nevis, Saint Kitts, British Virgin Islands)
Madeira-Tapajós moist forests(Bolivia, Brazil)
Magdalena Valley montane forests(Colombia)
Magdalena-Urabá moist forests(Colombia)
Marajó varzea(Brazil)
Maranhão Babaçu forests(Brazil)
Mato Grosso tropical dry forests(Brazil)
Monte Alegre varzea(Brazil)
Napo Moist Forests(Colombia, Ecuador, Peru)
Negro-Branco moist forests(Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela)
Northeastern Brazil restingas(Brazil)
Northwestern Andean montane forests(Colombia, Ecuador)
Oaxacan montane forests(Mexico)
Orinoco Delta swamp forests(Guyana, Venezuela)
Pantanos de Centla(Mexico)
Paramaribo swamp forests(Guyana, Suriname)
Parañá-Paraíba interior forests(Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
Pernambuco coastal forests(Brazil)
Pernambuco interior forests(Brazil)
Peruvian Yungas(Peru)
Petén-Veracruz moist forests(Mexico)
Puerto Rican moist forests(Puerto Rico)
Purus varzea(Brazil)
Purus-Madeira moist forests(Brazil)
Rio Negro campinarana(Brazil, Colombia)
Santa Marta montane forests(Colombia)
Serra do Mar coastal forests(Brazil)
Sierra de los Tuxtlas(Mexico)
Sierra Madre de Chiapas moist forest(El Salvador, Guatemala, Mexico)
Solimões-Japurá moist forest(Brazil, Colombia, Peru)
South Florida rocklands(United States)
Southern Andean Yungas(Argentina, Brazil)
Southwest Amazon moist forests(Bolivia, Brazil, Peru)
Talamancan montane forests(Costa Rica, Panama)
Tapajós-Xingu moist forests(Brazil)
Tepuis(Brazil, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Tocantins-Araguaia-Maranhão moist forests(Brazil)
Trinidad and Tobago moist forests(Trinidad and Tobago)
Trinidade-Martin Vaz Islands tropical forests(Brazil)
Uatuma-Trombetas moist forests(Brazil, Guyana, Suriname)
Ucayali moist forests(Peru)
Venezuelan Andes montane forests(Colombia, Venezuela)
Veracruz moist forest(Mexico)
Veracruz montane forests(Mexico)
Western Ecuador moist forests(Colombia, Ecuador)
Windward Islands moist forests(Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Xingu-Tocantins-Araguaia moist forests(Brazil)
Yucatán moist forests(Belize, Guatemala, Mexico)
Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests
Apure-Villavicencio dry forests(Venezuela)
Atlantic Dry Forests(Brazil)
Bahamian dry forests(Bahamas)
Bajío dry forests(Mexico)
Balsas dry forests(Mexico)
Bolivian montane dry forests(Bolivia)
Cauca Valley dry forests(Colombia)
Cayman Islands dry forests(Cayman Islands)
Central American dry forests(Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua)
Chaco(Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay)
Chiapas Depression dry forests(Guatemala, Mexico)
Chiquitano dry forests(Bolivia, Brazil)
Cuban dry forests(Cuba)
Ecuadorian dry forests(Ecuador)
Hispaniolan dry forests(Dominican Republic, Haiti)
Jalisco dry forests(Mexico)
Jamaican dry forests(Jamaica)
Lara-Falcón dry forests(Venezuela)
Leeward Islands dry forests(Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Netherlands Antilles)
Magdalena Valley dry forests(Colombia)
Maracaibo dry forests(Venezuela)
Marañón dry forests(Peru)
Panamanian dry forests(Panama)
Patía Valley dry forests(Colombia)
Puerto Rican dry forests(Puerto Rico)
Revillagigedo Islandsdry forests (Mexico)
Sierra de la Laguna dry forests(Mexico)
Sinaloan dry forests(Mexico)
Sinu Valley dry forests(Colombia)
Southern Pacific dry forests(Mexico)
Trinidad and Tobago dry forests(Trinidad and Tobago)
Tumbes-Piura dry forests(Colombia, Ecuador, Peru)
Veracruz dry forests(Mexico)
Windward Islands dry forests(Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Yucatán dry forests(Mexico)
Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests
Bahamian pine forests(Bahamas)
Belizian pine forests(Belize)
Central American pine-oak forests(El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua)
Cuban pine forests(Cuba)
Hispaniolan pine forests(Dominican Republic, Haiti)
Miskito pine forests(Honduras, Nicaragua)
Sierra de la Laguna pine-oak forests(Mexico)
Sierra Madre de Oaxaca pine-oak forests(Mexico)
Sierra Madre del Sur pine-oak forests(Mexico)
Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine-oak forests(Mexico)
Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests
Juan Fernandez Islandstemperate forests (Chile)
Magellanic subpolar forests(Argentina, Chile)
San Felix-San Ambrosio Islands temperate forests (Desventuradas Islands) (Chile)
Valdivian temperate rain forests(Argentina, Chile)
Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Arid Chaco(Argentina)
Beni savanna(Bolivia)
Campos Rupestres montane savanna(Brazil)
Cerrado(Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)
Clipperton Islandshrub and grasslands (Clipperton Island is an overseas territory of France)
Córdoba montane savanna(Argentina)
Guyanan savanna(Brazil, Guyana, Venezuela)
Humid Chaco(Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
Llanos(Colombia, Venezuela)
Uruguayan savanna(Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay)
Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands
Argentine Espinal(Argentina)
Argentine Monte(Argentina)
Humid Pampas(Argentina)
Patagoniangrasslands (Argentina, Chile)
Patagoniansteppe (Argentina, Chile)
Semi-arid Pampas(Argentina)
Flooded grasslands and savannas
Central Mexican wetlands(Mexico)
Cuban wetlands(Cuba)
Enriquillo wetlands(Dominican Republic, Haiti)
Everglades(United States)
Guayaquil flooded grasslands(Ecuador)
Orinoco wetlands(Venezuela)
Pantanal(Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)
Paraná flooded savanna(Argentina)
Southern Cone Mesopotamian savanna(Argentina)
Montane grasslands and shrublands
Central Andean dry puna(Argentina, Bolivia, Chile)
Central Andean puna(Argentina, Bolivia, Peru)
Central Andean wet puna(Bolivia, Peru)
Cordillera Central páramo(Ecuador, Peru)
Cordillera de Merida páramo(Venezuela)
Northern Andean páramo(Colombia, Ecuador)
Santa Marta páramo(Colombia)
Southern Andean steppe(Argentina, Chile)
Zacatonal(Mexico)
Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub
Chilean Matorral(Chile)
Deserts and xeric shrublands
Araya and Paria xeric scrub(Venezuela)
Aruba-Curaçao-Bonaire cactus scrub(Aruba, Bonaire, Curaçao)
Atacama desert(Chile, Peru)
Caatinga(Brazil)
Cayman Islands xeric scrub(Cayman Islands)
Cuban cactus scrub(Cuba)
Galápagos Islandsxeric scrub (Ecuador)
Guajira-Barranquilla xeric scrub(Colombia, Venezuela)
La Costa xeric shrublands(Venezuela)
Leeward Islands xeric scrub(Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, British Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Saint Martin, Saint Barthelemy, Saba, US Virgin Islands)
Malpelo Island xeric scrub(Colombia)
Motagua Valley thornscrub(Guatemala)
Paraguana xeric scrub(Venezuela)
San Lucan xeric scrub(Mexico)
Sechura desert(Peru)
Tehuacán Valley matorral(Mexico)
Windward Islands xeric scrub(Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Martinique, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines)
Saint Peter and Saint Paul rocks(Brazil)
Mangrove

Alvarado mangroves (Mexico)
Amapa mangroves (Brazil)
Bahamian mangroves (Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands)
Bahia mangroves (Brazil)
Belizean Coast mangroves (Belize)
Belizean Reef mangroves (Belize)
Bocas del Toro-San Bastimentos Island-San Blas mangroves (Costa Rica, Panama)
Coastal Venezuelan mangroves (Venezuela)
Esmeraldes-Pacific Colombia mangroves (Colombia, Ecuador)
Greater Antilles mangroves (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico)
Guianan mangroves (French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
Gulf of Fonseca mangroves (El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua)
Gulf of Guayaquil-Tumbes mangroves (Ecuador, Peru)
Gulf of Panama mangroves (Panama)
Ilha Grande mangroves (Brazil)
Lesser Antilles mangroves (Lesser Antilles)
Magdalena-Santa Marta mangroves (Colombia)
Manabí mangroves (Ecuador)
Maranhao mangroves (Brazil)
Marismas Nacionales-San Blas mangroves (Mexico)
Mayan Corridor mangroves (Mexico)
Mexican South Pacific Coast mangroves (Mexico)
Moist Pacific Coast mangroves (Costa Rica, Panama)
Mosquitia-Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast mangroves (Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua)
Northern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves (El Salvador, Guatemala)
Northern Honduras mangroves (Guatemala, Honduras)
Pará mangroves (Brazil)
Petenes mangroves (Mexico)
Piura mangroves (Peru)
Ría Lagartos mangroves (Mexico)
Rio Negro-Rio San Sun mangroves (Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
Rio Piranhas mangroves (Brazil)
Rio São Francisco mangroves (Brazil)
Southern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves (Costa Rica, Nicaragua)
Tehuantepec-El Manchon mangroves (Mexico)
Trinidad mangroves (Trinidad and Tobago)
Usumacinta mangroves (Mexico)
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical rain forests, are a tropical and subtropical biome. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Nevis is an island in the Caribbean, whose name is derived from an original Spanish name given by Christopher Columbus. ... Saint Kitts (also/previously known as Saint Christopher) is an island in the Caribbean. ... The Tepuis are table-like mountains found only in the Guiana highlands. ... The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... There are things that have the name Chaco: South America: Gran Chaco, a region in South America Chaco Province, Argentina in the northeastern part of the country Chaco, a region in Paraguay Chaco Department, historical in Paraguay and proposed in Bolivia Gran Chaco Province, Bolivia (in Tarija Department) Chaco War... Puerto Rican dry forests are a subset of tropical and subtropical broadleaf dry forests. ... The Revillagigedo Islands (or Revillagigedo Archipelago), not to be confused with Revillagigedo Island of Alaska, are a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean at approximately 18° N 112° W. They are part of Manzanillo municipality of the Mexican state of Colima and lie 386 km southwest of Cabo San... Trinidad and Tobago dry forests are tropical dry forests located primarily in western and southern parts of the island of Trinidad, in southern parts of the island of Tobago and on smaller offshore islands including Chacachacare, Monos, Huevos, Gaspar Grande, Little Tobago and St. ... Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... The Hispaniolan pine forests are a tropical coniferous forest ecoregion found on the Caribbean island of Hispaniola. ... Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. ... Map of Isla Más Afuera / Selkirk Map of Isla Más a Tierra / Crusoe The Juan Fernández archipelago is located 670 km off the coast of Chile, and is composed of the volcanic islands Robinson Crusoe, located closest to the mainland at 33º 13 S, 78º 50 W... The Magellanic subpolar forests are a terrestrial ecoregion of southernmost South America, covering parts of southern Chile and Argentina, and is part of the Neotropic ecozone. ... The Desventuradas Islands (Unfortunate Islands) are relatively small oceanic islands, located approximately 850 km off the coast of Chile, part of Valparaíso region. ... The Valdivian temperate rain forests are a terrestrial ecoregion located on the west coast of southern South America, in Chile and extending into a small part of Argentina. ... Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes. ... Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is an arid, sparsely populated, very hot, semi-desertic, lowland region of the River Plate basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in Brazil called... The cerrado (Portuguese: thick, dense) is a vast area of savanna-like grasslands in Brazil. ... Landscape in the Gran Chaco, Paraguay The Gran Chaco (Quechua chaqu, hunting land), dubbed by some as the last South American frontier, is an arid, sparsely populated, very hot, semi-desertic, lowland region of the River Plate basin, divided between Bolivia, Paraguay, Argentina and a small portion in Brazil called... Los Llanos (meaning the flat plains) is a vast tropical grassland plain situated at the east of the Andes in northwestern South America (Colombia and Venezuela). ... Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a group of biomes in which the climate is temperate to semi-arid. ... The Pampas (from Quechua, meaning plain) are the fertile South American lowlands that include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, and Córdoba, most of Uruguay, and the southernmost end of Brazil, covering more than 750,000 km² (290,000 square miles). ... // For the town, see Patagonia, Arizona. ... // For the town, see Patagonia, Arizona. ... The Pampas (from Quechua, meaning plain) are the fertile South American lowlands that include the Argentine provinces of Buenos Aires, La Pampa, Santa Fe, and Córdoba, most of Uruguay, and the southernmost end of Brazil, covering more than 750,000 km² (290,000 square miles). ... Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... An Anhinga perched on the boardwalk railing The Florida Everglades is a subtropical marshland located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, specifically in parts of Monroe, Collier, Palm Beach, Miami-Dade, and Broward counties. ... The Pantanal is a vast wetland area covering portions of Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ... Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. ... The Chilean Matorral is a terrestrial ecoregion of central Chile, located on the west coast of South America. ... Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by a dry climate. ... Bonaire Island from space, March 1996 Bonaire (pop. ... Curaçao and Bonaire are two Caribbean islands This article is about an island in the Caribbean Sea. ... The Atacama desert of Chile is a virtually rainless plateau made up of salt basins (salares), sand, and lava flows, extending from the Andes mountains to the Pacific Ocean. ... Caatinga is in the northeastern part of Brazil. ... Orthographic projection centred over the Galapagos For the novel Galapagos by Kurt Vonnegut, see: Galápagos (book) The Galápagos Islands are an archipelago of some 13 volcanic islands and associated islets and rocks located in the Pacific Ocean about 1,000 kilometers west of the coast of South America. ... St. ... Saint-Barthélemy is a French island located in the Caribbean at 17°54N 62°50W . ... View of Saba from the sea Iguana - Booby Hill Storm coming - view from Booby Hill Saba (pronounced SAY-ba) is a small (13 sq. ... The Sechura desert is a desert ecoregion of coastal Peru. ... The Saint Peter and Paul Rocks lie near the middle of the Atlantic Narrows. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangrove are woody trees or shrubs that grow in coastal habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999), for which the term mangrove swamp also would apply. ... The Gulf of Guayaquil-Tumbes mangroves are an ecoregion located in the Gulf of Guayaquil in South America, in northern Peru and southern Ecuador. ... The Lesser Antilles are part of the Antilles, which together with the Greater Antilles form the West Indies. ...

Terrestrial biomes
Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forests | Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests | Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests | Temperate coniferous forests | Boreal forests/taiga | Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands | Flooded grasslands and savannas | Montane grasslands and shrublands | Tundra | Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub | Deserts and xeric shrublands | Mangrove
Ecozones
Afrotropic | Antarctic | Australasia | Indomalaya | Nearctic | Neotropic | Oceania | Palearctic

In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities well adapted to the regions physical environment. ... Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests, also known as tropical rain forests, are a tropical and subtropical biome. ... The tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forest biome is located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Tropical and subtropical coniferous forests are a biome located at tropical and subtropical latitudes. ... Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests are a temperate and humid biome. ... Temperate coniferous forests are a terrestrial biome found in temperate regions of the world with warm summers and cool winters and adequate rainfall to sustain a forest. ... Taiga (pronounced , from Russian тайга́) is a biome characterized by its coniferous forests. ... Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublands are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes. ... Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublands is a group of biomes in which the climate is temperate to semi-arid. ... Flooded grasslands and savannas are a biome, generally located at subtropical and tropical latitudes, where flooding is very frequent. ... Montane grasslands and shrublands is biome defined by the World Wildlife Fund. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrub is a temperate biome, characterized by hot-dry summers and mild and rainy winters. ... Deserts and xeric shrublands is a biome characterized by a dry climate. ... Above and below water view at the edge of the mangal Mangrove are woody trees or shrubs that grow in coastal habitats or mangal (Hogarth, 1999), for which the term mangrove swamp also would apply. ... Ecozone is a classification system of the world first proposed by Miklos Udvardy under the name biogeographical realms for conservation purposes. ... The Afrotropic Ecozone is Africa south of the Sahara Desert. ... Antarctica is one of eight terrestrial ecozones. ... The Australasian ecozone includes Australia, the island of New Guinea (including Papua New Guinea and the Indonesian province of Papua), and the eastern part of the Indonesian archipelago, including the island of Sulawesi, the Moluccan islands (the Indonesian provinces of Maluku and North Maluku) and islands of Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba... The Indomalaya Ecozone was previously called the Oriental region. ... The Nearctic is one of the eight terrestrial ecozones dividing the Earths land surface. ... Oceania is the smallest of the worlds terrestrial ecozones, and unique in not including any continental land mass. ... The Palearctic or Palaearctic is one of the eight ecozones dividing the Earth surface (see map). ...

External link

  • Map of the ecozones

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