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Encyclopedia > Neoptera
Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Subkingdom: Metazoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Subclass: Pterygota
Infraclass: Neoptera

    Blattodea (cockroaches)
    Mantodea (mantids)
    Isoptera (termites)
    Dermaptera (earwigs)
    Plecoptera (stoneflies)
    Orthoptera (grasshoppers, crickets, katydids)
    Phasmatodea (walking sticks, timemas)
    Embioptera (webspinners)
    Mantophasmatodea (gladiators)
   Superorder Hemipterodea
    Psocoptera (booklice, barklice)
    Phthiraptera (lice)
    Hemiptera (true bugs)
    Thysanoptera (thrips)
   Superorder Endopterygota
    Miomoptera - extinct
    Megaloptera (alderflies, etc.)
    Raphidioptera (snakeflies)
    Neuroptera (net-veined insects)
    Coleoptera (beetles)
    Strepsiptera (twisted-winged parasites)
    Mecoptera (scorpionflies, etc.)
    Siphonaptera (fleas)
    Protodiptera extinct
    Diptera (true flies)
    Trichoptera (caddisflies)
    Lepidoptera (butterflies, moths)
    Hymenoptera (ants, bees, wasps, etc.)

Neoptera is a classification group that includes almost all the winged insects, specifically those that can flex their wings over their abdomens (in contrast to Paleoptera). This was in contrast with the more ancient orders of winged insects, which are unable to flex their wings in this way.

ITIS treats Neoptera as a superorder; other authorities treat it, as here, as in infraclass, and recognise several superorders within it.

The insect orders (non-extinct) currently recognised within the neopteran group include the following:

Grylloblattaria -- rock crawlers.
Phasmida -- walking sticks.
Orthoptera -- grasshoppers and crickets.
Mantodea -- mantids.
Blattaria -- cockroaches.
Isoptera -- termites.
Dermaptera -- earwigs.
Embioptera -- webspinners.
Plecoptera -- stoneflies.
Zoraptera -- zorapterans.
Psocoptera -- psocids, book lice.
Phthiraptera -- lice.
Hemiptera -- bugs.
Homoptera -- cicadas, hoppers, aphids, scale insects.
Thysanoptera -- thrips.
Neuroptera -- lace wings, ant lions, dobsonflies.
Coleoptera -- beetles.
Strepsiptera -- twisted wing parasites.
Mecoptera -- scorpionflies.
Siphonaptera -- fleas.
Diptera -- flies and mosquitoes.
Tricoptera -- caddisflies.
Lepidoptera -- butterflies, moths, skippers.
Hymenoptera -- bees, wasps, ants.

  Results from FactBites:
Neoptera (841 words)
The "lower Neoptera" include the Plecoptera, Embidiina, Zoraptera, and the "orthopteroid" orders (all the remaining living orders shown in the tree above).
Neuroanatomy and neurochemistry: implications for the phylogeny of the lower Neoptera.
Dermaptera hindwing structure and folding: New evidence for familial, ordinal and superordinal relationships within Neoptera (Insecta).
  More results at FactBites »



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