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Encyclopedia > Nelson A. Miles
Nelson Appleton Miles
Born August 8, 1839
Westminster, Massachusetts, USA
Died May 15, 1925

Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. Download high resolution version (1605x2000, 798 KB)TITLE: Gen. ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Westminster is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Senators Edward Kennedy (D) John Kerry (D) Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 8 is the 220th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (221st in leap years), with 145 days remaining. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... 1925 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... The American Civil War (1861 - 1865) was fought in North America within the United States of America – twenty-three mostly northern states of the Union – and the Confederate States of America, a coalition of eleven southern states that declared their independence and claimed the right of secession from the Union... The Indian Wars were a series of conflicts between the United States and Native American peoples (Indians) of North America. ... The Spanish-American War took place in 1898, and resulted in the United States of America gaining control over the former colonies of Spain in the Caribbean and Pacific. ...

He was born near Westminster, Massachusetts on his family's farm. Miles worked in Boston and attended night school, read military history, and mastered military principles and techniques. Westminster is a town located in Worcester County, Massachusetts. ... State nickname: Bay State Other U.S. States Capital Boston Largest city Boston Governor Mitt Romney (R) Senators Edward Kennedy (D) John Kerry (D) Official languages English Area 27,360 km² (44th)  - Land 20,317 km²  - Water 7,043 km² (25. ... Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th-century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ...

Miles worked as a crockery store clerk when the Civil War broke out. He entered the Union Army on September 9, 1861 as a volunteer and fought in many crucial battles. He became a Lieutenant in the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry and was commissioned Lieutenant-Colonel of the 61st New York Volunteers on May 31, 1862. He was promoted to Colonel after the Battle of Antietam. Several other battles he participated in included Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and the Appomattox campaign. Wounded four times in battle, he received a Brevet of Brigadier-General of Volunteers and was awarded the Medal of Honor for gallantry, both in recognition for his actions at Chancellorsville. He was advanced to full rank on May 12, 1864 for the Battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Courthouse, eventually becoming a Major General of Volunteers at age 26. The 21st Michigan Infantry, a company of Shermans veterans. ... The Battle of Antietam (known as the Battle of Sharpsburg in the South), fought on September 17, 1862, near Sharpsburg, Maryland, part of the Maryland Campaign, was the first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. ... Battle of Fredericksburg Conflict American Civil War Date December 11–15, 1862 Place Spotsylvania County and Fredericksburg Result Confederate victory The Battle of Fredericksburg, fought on December 13, 1862 between General Robert E. Lees Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac commanded by Maj. ... The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War in 1863. ... Appomattox is a town located in Appomattox County, Virginia. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... This article is about the Battle of the Wilderness in the American Civil War. ... Battle of Spotsylvania Court House Conflict American Civil War Date May 8–21, 1864 Place Spotsylvania County Result Inconclusive (Grant continued his offensive) The Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, sometimes simply referred to as the Battle of Spotsylvania, was the second battle in Lieut. ...

In July 1866 Miles was appointed Colonel in the regular Army, and in March 1869 became Commander of the 5th U.S. Infantry. On June 30, 1868, he married Mary Hoyt Sherman.

After the Civil War, Miles played a leading role in nearly every phase of the Army's campaign against the tribes of the Great Plains. In 1874-1875, he was a field commander in the force that defeated the Kiowa, Comanche, and the Southern Cheyenne along the Red River. Between 1876 and 1877 he participated in the campaign that scoured the Northern Plains after General Custer's defeat at the Battle of Little Big Horn, forcing the Lakota and their allies onto reservations. In the winter of 1877, he drove his troops on a forced march across Montana and intercepted the Nez Perce band led by Chief Joseph that had defeated and/or eluded every unit sent against it over a 1500 mile stretch from Oregon to the Canadian border. For the rest of Miles' career, he quarreled with General Oliver Howard over the credit for Joseph's capture. Original territory of the Kiowa Tribe The Kiowa are a nation of Native Americans who lived mostly in the plains of west Texas, Oklahoma and eastern New Mexico at the time of the arrival of Europeans. ... Quanah Parker, the last major chief of the Comanche Indians Comanche territory Flag The Comanche Nation is a Native American group of approximately 10,000 members, about half of whom live in Oklahoma with the remainder concentrated in Texas, California, and New Mexico. ... George Armstrong Custer George Armstrong Custer (December 5, 1839 - June 25, 1876) was an American cavalry commander in the Civil War and the Indian Wars who is best remembered for his defeat and death at the Battle of the Little Bighorn against a coalition of Native American tribes, led by... The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also called Custers Last Stand, was an engagement between a Lakota-Cheyenne combined force and the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army that took place on June 25, 1876 near the Little Bighorn River in the eastern Montana Territory. ... Eddie Plenty Holes, a Sioux Indian photographed about 1899. ... Reservation is something reserved. ... The western one-third of the state is primarily mountainous terrain, while the eastern two-third is part of the northern Great Plains. ... Nez Perce photographed in the 19th century The Nez Perce or Nez Percé (pronounced /n3z pVrs/, or /ne perse/ as in French) are a tribe of Native Americans who inhabited the Pacific Northwest region of North America and adjoining regions at the time of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. ... Chief Joseph (1840 - September 21, 1904) was a Nez Perce Chief, humanitarian, and peacemaker, best known for his principled resistance to the U.S. governments attempts to force the Nez Perce onto a reservation. ... State nickname: Beaver State Other U.S. States Capital Salem Largest city Portland Governor Ted Kulongoski (D) Senators {{{Senators}}} Official languages None Area 255,026 km² (9th)  - Land 248,849 km²  - Water 6,177 km² (2. ... Portrait of Oliver O. Howard by Mathew Brady, ca. ...

In 1886, he replaced General George Crook as Army Commander against Geronimo in Arizona. Crook relied heavily on Apache scouts in his efforts to capture the Chiricahua leader, but Miles replaced them with white troops who eventually traveled 3000 miles trailing Geronimo through the torturous Sierra Madre Mountains. He finally succeeded in negotiating a surrender, under the terms of which Geronimo and his followers were exiled to confinement on a Florida reservation. Portrait of George Crook George Crook (September 8, 1828 – March 21, 1890) was a career U.S. Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... Geronimo Geronimo (Chiricahua Goyaałé One Who Yawns; often spelled Goyathlay in English), (June 16, 1829–February 17, 1909) was a prominent Native American leader of the Chiricahua Apache who long warred against the encroachment of settlers of European descent on tribal lands. ... State nickname: The Grand Canyon State, The Copper State Other U.S. States Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Governor Janet Napolitano (D) Senators John McCain (R) Jon Kyl (R) Official languages English Only State Area 295,254 km² (6th)  - Land 294,312 km²  - Water 942 km² (0. ... Bands According to Opler (1941) the Chiricahuas consisted of three bands: Chíhéne Red Paint People (a. ... State nickname: Sunshine State Other U.S. States Capital Tallahassee Largest city Jacksonville Governor Jeb Bush (R) Senators Bill Nelson (D) Mel Martinez (R) Official languages English Area 170,451 km² (22nd)  - Land 137,374 km²  - Water 30,486 km² (17. ...

In 1890, the last uprising of the Sioux, known as the Ghost Dance, on the Lakota reservations brought Miles back into the field once more. His effort to restore peace throughout the area led to Sitting Bull's death and the massacre of 200 Sioux, which included women and children at Wounded Knee on December 29, 1890. Miles reacted to these developments by asserting U.S. authority over the Indians, believing that all Lakota should be placed under military control. Alternative meaning: Lakota, Côte dIvoire is a département of Côte dIvoire. ... This article deals with the Native American spiritual movement known as the Ghost Dance. ... Sitting Bull Sitting Bull (Sioux: Tatanka Iyotake or Tatanka Iyotanka orTa-Tanka I-Yotank, born Hunkesni, Slow), (c. ... The Wounded Knee massacre or the Battle of Wounded Knee was the last armed conflict between the Great Sioux Nation and the United States of America. ...

In 1894, Miles commanded the troops mobilized to put down the Pullman strike riots. He was named Commanding General of the U.S. Army in 1895, a post he held during the Spanish-American War. Miles commanded forces at Cuban sites such as Siboney, and after the surrender of Santiago de Cuba by the Spanish, he personally led the invasion of Puerto Rico, landing in Guánica. He served as the first head of the military government established on the island, acting as both head of the army of occupation and administrator of civil affairs. He achieved the rank of Lieutenant General in 1900 based on his performance in the war. Called a "brave peacock" by President Theodore Roosevelt, Miles retired from the service in 1903. He died at age 85 from a heart attack while taking his grandchildren to the circus. He was later buried at Arlington National Cemetery. Pullman Strike began on May 11, 1894. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Santiago de Cuba is the capital city of Santiago de Cuba Province in eastern Cuba. ... Theodore Roosevelt (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was the 26th (1901–09) President of the United States. ... Arlington Cemetery Arlington National Cemetery, in Arlington, Virginia, is an American military cemetery established during the American Civil War on the grounds of Robert E. Lees home. ...

Preceded by:
John M. Schofield
Commanding General of the United States Army
Succeeded by:
Samuel B.M. Young
(Chief of Staff of the United States Army

For John Schofield, the recipient of a Victoria Cross see John Schofield (VC). ... Prior to the institution of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army in 1903, there was generally a single senior-most officer in the army. ... Samuel Baldwin Marks Young (1840 - 1924) was a U.S. general. ... The Flag of the Chief of Staff of the United States Army The Chief of Staff of the United States Army (CSA) is the professional head of the United States Army who is responsible for insuring readiness of the Army. ...


  • Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925. Personal recollections and observations of General Nelson A. Miles embracing a brief view of the Civil War, or, From New England to the Golden Gate : and the story of his Indian campaigns, with comments on the exploration, development and progress of our great western empire. http://digital.library.wisc.edu/1711.dl/History.Miles



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