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Encyclopedia > Nelson, New Zealand
Nelson
Whakatū (Māori)
Population:
(June 2006 estimate)
60,500
(urban)
46,400

[2]
(unitary) Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Urban Area
Extent: from Glenduan to
the Wairoa River
Unitary authority
Name: Nelson City
Mayor: Kerry Marshall
Extent: from Rai Saddle to
Stoke
Land Area: 444 km²

The city of Nelson is close to the centre of New Zealand. It lies at the shore of Tasman Bay, at the northern end of the South Island, and is the administrative centre of the Nelson region. Tasman Bay is a large V-shaped bay at the north end of New Zealands South Island. ... For other uses, see South Island (disambiguation). ...


Nelson is a centre for arts and crafts, and each year hosts popular events such as the Nelson Arts Festival. The annual Wearable Art Awards began near Nelson and a museum is now housed close to Airport showcasing winning designs. The World of Wearable Art (WOW) is a museum devoted to wearable art and classic cars located in Nelson, New Zealand. ...


Brightwater, near Nelson is the birthplace of Lord Rutherford, the Nobel Prize-winning physicist whose image appears on New Zealand's $100 banknote, the largest denomination in circulation in New Zealand. Brightwater is a town 20 kilometres southwest of Nelson in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Ernest Rutherford, 1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson OM PC FRS (30 August 1871 – 19 October 1937), widely referred to as Lord Rutherford, was a chemist (B.Sc. ... The Nobel Prize (Swedish: ) was established in Alfred Nobels will in 1895, and it was first awarded in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace in 1901. ... Not to be confused with physician, a person who practices medicine. ... A £20 Bank of England banknote. ...


Nelson received its name in honour of the Admiral of the Fleet 1st Viscount Nelson who defeated both the French and Spanish fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Many of the roads and public areas around the city are named after people and ships associated with that battle and Trafalgar Street is the main shopping axis of the city. Inhabitants of Nelson are referred to as Nelsonians. Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... Combatants United Kingdom First French Empire Kingdom of Spain Commanders Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson † Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve Strength 27 ships of the line and 6 others. ...


Nelson's Māori name, Whakatū,[1] means 'build', 'raise', or 'establish'. This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ...

Contents

History

Early settlement

A view of Nelson from the "Centre of New Zealand"
A view of Nelson from the "Centre of New Zealand"

Settlement of Nelson began about 1100 years ago by Māori. There is evidence the earliest settlements in New Zealand are around the Nelson-Marlborough regions. The earliest recorded iwi in the Nelson district are the Ngāti Kuia, Ngāti Tumatakokiri, Ngāti Apa and Rangitane tribes. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1531 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nelson, New Zealand Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2816x2112, 1531 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Nelson, New Zealand Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Iwi (pronounced ee-wee) are the largest everyday social units in Māori society. ...


Raids from northern tribes in the 1820s, led by Te Rauparaha and his Ngāti Toa, soon decimated the local population and quickly displaced them. Te Rauparaha (1760s?-1849) was a Maori Chief and War Leader of the Ngati Toa tribe who took a leading part in the Musket Wars. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


New Zealand Company

Christ Church Cathedral on Church Hill, central Nelson
Christ Church Cathedral on Church Hill, central Nelson

The New Zealand Company in London planned the settlement of Nelson. They intended to buy cheaply from the Māori some 200,000 acres (800 km²) which they planned to divide into one thousand lots and sell (at a considerable profit) to intending settlers. The Company earmarked future profits to finance the free passage of artisans and labourers and their families, and for the construction of public works. However by September 1841 only about one third of the lots had sold. Despite this the Colony pushed ahead. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 975 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1704 × 2272 pixel, file size: 975 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Arms of the Diocese of Nelson The Diocese of Nelson is one of seven dioceses of the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia. ... The New Zealand Company formed in 1839 to promote the colonisation of New Zealand. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ...


Three ships sailed from London under the command of Captain Arthur Wakefield. Arriving in New Zealand, they discovered that the new Governor of the colony, William Hobson would not give them a free hand to secure vast areas of land from the Māori or indeed to decide where to site the colony. However, after some delay, Hobson allowed the Company to investigate the Tasman Bay area at the north end of the South Island. The Company selected the site now occupied by Nelson City because it had the best harbour in the area. But it had a major drawback: it lacked suitable arable land; Nelson City stands right on the edge of a mountain range while the nearby Waimea Plains amount to only about 60,000 acres (243 km²), less than one third of the area required by the Company plans. Captain Arthur Wakefield (1799–1843) was the second brother of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, founder of the New Zealand Company. ... William Hobson (September 26, 1792 - September 10, 1842), was the first Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


The Company secured a vague and undetermined area from the Māori for £800 that included Nelson, Waimea, Motueka, Riwaka and Whakapuaka. This allowed the settlement to begin, but the lack of definition would prove the source of much future conflict. The three colony ships sailed into Nelson Haven during the first week of November 1841. When the four first immigrant ships arrived three months later they found the town already laid out with streets, some wooden houses, tents and rough sheds. These ships were the Fifeshire, the Mary-Ann, the Lord Auckland and the Lloyds. Within 18 months the Company had sent out 18 ships with 1052 men, 872 women and 1384 children. However, fewer than ninety of the settlers had the capital to start as landowners. Motueka is a town in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Riwaka is a small town in the north of New Zealands South Island. ...


Notably, the early settlement of Nelson province included a proportion of German immigrants, who arrived on the ship Sankt Pauli and formed the nucleus of the villages of Sarau (Upper Moutere) and Neudorf. These were mostly Lutheran Protestants with a small number of Bavarian Catholics. Upper Moutere (originally called Sarau by its founding German settlers) is a locality in the Tasman District near Nelson at the top of New Zealands South Island. ...


After a brief initial period of prosperity, the lack of land and of capital caught up with the settlement and it entered a prolonged period of relative depression. Organised immigration ceased until the 1850s and the labourers had to accept a cut in their wages by a third. By the end of 1843 artisans and labourers began leaving Nelson and by 1846 some twenty five percent of the immigrants had moved away.


The pressure to find more arable land became intense. To the south-east of Nelson lay the wide and fertile plains of the Wairau Valley. The New Zealand Company tried to claim that they had purchased the land. The Māori owners stated adamantly that the Wairau Valley had not formed part of the original land sale and made it clear they would resist any attempts by the settlers to occupy the area. The Nelson settlers led by Arthur Wakefield and Henry Thompson attempted to do just that. This resulted in the Wairau Affray, where 22 settlers died. The subsequent Government enquiry exonerated the Māori and found that the Nelson settlers had no legitimate claim to any land outside Tasman Bay. In New Zealand history, the Wairau Affray on June 17, 1843, also known as the Wairau Massacre in most older texts, was the first serious clash of arms between the Maori natives and the British settlers after the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. ...


Nelson Province

From 1853 until 1876, when provincial governments were abolished, Nelson was the capital of Nelson Province. The provincial anniversary date for Nelson Province is 1 February and a public holiday is celebrated on the nearest Monday. [2] (For the current top-level subdivision of Nelson in New Zealand, see Nelson, New Zealand) The Nelson Province was a province of New Zealand from 1853 until the abolition of provincial government in 1876. ... An anniversary (from the Latin anniversarius, from the words for year and to turn, meaning (re)turning yearly; known in English since c. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The word holiday has related but different meanings in English-speaking countries, with the exception of the United States where usage differs greatly. ...


Geography

Christ Church, Nelson
Christ Church, Nelson

The Nelson Tasman or "Top of the South" region is administered as two unitary authorities by Nelson City Council and the (much larger in geographical area) adjoining Tasman District Council, headquartered in Richmond 15 kilometres to the south west. It is between Marlborough, another unitary authority, to the east, and the West Coast Regional Council to the west. A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Nelson City Council is the Territorial Local Authority for part of the Top of the South or Nelson Tasman region of New Zealand. ... Tasman District Council is the Territorial Local Authority for the Tasman District of New Zealand. ... Richmond is the seat of the Tasman District Council, located 13km south of Nelson in the South Island of New Zealand, close to the southern extremity of Tasman Bay. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ...


For somewhile, there has been talk about amalgamating[3] [4] [5] the two authorities in order to streamline and render more financially economical the existing co-operation between the two councils, exemplified[6] by Nelson Tasman Tourism, their jointly owned tourist promotion body.


Nelson has beaches and a sheltered harbour. The harbour entrance is protected by a Boulder Bank, a natural, 13km bank of rocks transported south from Mackay Bluff via longshore drift. The bank creates a perfect natural harbour which enticed the first settlers although the entrance was narrow. The wreck of the Fifeshire on Arrow Rock (now sometimes called Fifeshire Rock in memory of this disaster) in 1842 proved this [3]. A 'cut' was made in the bank in 1906 which is now essential to allow deeper berthed ships to the port. Longshore drift (sometimes known as shore drift, LSD or littoral drift) is a geological process by which sediments such as sand or other materials, move along a beach shore. ...


The creation of Rocks Road around the waterfront area after the Tahunanui slump[4] in 1929 increased the effects of the tide on Nelson city's beach, Tahunanui, and removed sediment. This meant the popular beach and adjoining car park was being eroded (plus the sand dunes) so a project to replace these sands was put in place and has so far proved a success. This article is about the sand formations, for other meanings see Dune (disambiguation) Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ...


National Parks

Nelson is surrounded by mountains on three sides with Tasman Bay on the other and the region is the gateway to Abel Tasman National Park, Kahurangi National Park, Lakes Rotoiti and Rotoroa in the Nelson Lakes National Park. It is a centre for both ecotourism and adventure tourism and has a high reputation among caving enthusiasts due to several prominent cave systems around Takaka Hill and Mounts Owen and Arthur, which hold the largest and deepest explored caverns in the southern hemisphere. Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | National parks of New Zealand | Nelson, New Zealand ... Kahurangi National Park is a National Park in the northwest of the South Island of New Zealand. ... For the lake in the North Island, see Lake Rotoiti, Bay of Plenty. ... Nelson Lakes National Park is located in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Tapanti National Park in Costa Rica Ecotourism, also known as ecological tourism, is a form of tourism that appeals to the ecologically and socially conscious individuals. ... Adventure tourism is a type of niche tourism involving exploration or travel to remote areas, where the traveler should expect the unexpected. ... For other uses, see Cave (disambiguation). ... Takaka Hill is located in the northwest of the South Island of New Zealand. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nettlebed Cave (or simply Nettlebed) is New Zealands deepest cave system, dropping to 889 metres below the surface. ...


Climate

Many people believe Nelson has the best climate in New Zealand, as it regularly tops the national statistics for sunshine hours, with an annual average total of over 2400 hours.[5]

Weather averages for Nelson
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.4 (72) 22.4 (72) 20.8 (69) 18.1 (65) 15.2 (59) 12.9 (55) 12.4 (54) 13.1 (56) 14.9 (59) 16.8 (62) 18.7 (66) 20.5 (69) 17.4 (63)
Average low °C (°F) 13 (55) 12.9 (55) 11.4 (53) 8.2 (47) 4.9 (41) 2.4 (36) 1.6 (35) 3.1 (38) 5.4 (42) 7.9 (46) 9.8 (50) 11.8 (53) 7.8 (46)
Precipitation mm (inches) 72 (2.8) 57 (2.2) 78 (3.1) 86 (3.4) 77 (3) 85 (3.3) 86 (3.4) 90 (3.5) 73 (2.9) 92 (3.6) 82 (3.2) 75 (3) 970 (38.2)
Source: NIWA Climate Data[6] 1971 – 2000
Weather averages for Nelson, New Zealand
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F 74 75 70 66 60 56 54 56 63 64 68 71 65
Average low °F 54 54 51 48 42 39 37 38 42 43 48 52 46
Precipitation inches 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.1 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.0 3.0 37.9
Average high °C 23 22 21 18 15 13 12 13 17 17 20 21 18
Average low °C 12 12 10 8 5 3 2 3 5 6 8 11 7
Precipitation cm 7 7 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 7 7 96
Source: Weatherbase[7] Aug 2007

Centre of New Zealand?

The marker at the "Centre of New Zealand"

The geographical "Centre of New Zealand" allegedly lies in Nelson;[8] on a hilltop near the centre of the city. However, this supposed "centre" was simply the convenient starting point for the original trigonometrical surveys of the South Island. The true geographical centre lies in a patch of unremarkable dense scrub in a forest in Spooners Range near Tapawera, 35 kilometres south-west of Nelson.[9] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (660x991, 108 KB) Summary Photograph by James Shook, who retains copyright and releases the image under the license shown below. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (660x991, 108 KB) Summary Photograph by James Shook, who retains copyright and releases the image under the license shown below. ... Scrubland is plant community characterized by scrub vegetation. ... Tapawera is a small town in New Zealands South Island. ...


Population

Nelson's total population rose from 41,568 in 2001 to 42,888 in 2006, while Tasman district's rose from 41,352 to 44,625, to exceed that of Nelson for the first time.[10]


Figures released on 23 April 2007 by Statistics New Zealand showed that 3,774 people born in the United Kingdom and Ireland lived in the Nelson City Council area and made up 9.1% of its population [7] - the highest proportion of residents from the United Kingdom and Ireland in New Zealand - with another 9.5% born overseas. Although Statistics New Zealand no longer keeps statistics for numbers of residents born in the German-speaking countries, the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Wellington has stated that a greater proportion of German speakers live in the Nelson and Bays area than anywhere else in New Zealand. There was a 23.7% rise in the number of Asians living in Nelson and a 35.4%rise in Tasman district. is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Culture and the arts

As the major regional centre, the city offers many lodgings, restaurants, and unique speciality shopping such as at the Goldsmiths where "The One Ring" in The Lord of the Rings film trilogy was designed.[11] A goldsmith creating a new ring A goldsmith is a metalworker who specializes in working with precious metals, usually to make jewelry. ... This article is about the Peter Jackson film trilogy. ...

  • Nelson has a vibrant local music and arts scene and is known nationwide for its culturally idiosyncratic craftsmen and women. These include Potters, Glass Blowers (such as Flamedaisy Glass Design and Höglund Art Glass Studio & Gallery),Fibre Spectrum Handweavers & Fibre Artists' Studio[12] and dozens of Wood carvers using native New Zealand macrocarpa and Southern beech.
  • Nelson is a popular visitor destination and year-round attracts both New Zealanders and international tourists. [13]
  • The Saturday Nelson Market is well known and you can buy direct from local artists.[14]
  • Art organizations include the Suter Gallery[15] and Nelson Arts Festival. [16]

The first rugby match in New Zealand took place at the Botanic Reserve in Nelson on May 14, 1870, between the Nelson Football Club and Nelson College, and an informative commemorative plaque was renovated at the western edge of the grassed area by Nelson City Council in 2006. Pottery on display in Dilli Haat, Delhi, India. ... Glassblowing is the process of forming glass into useful shapes while the glass is in a molten, semi-liquid state. ... Carved wooden cranes Wood carving is a form of working wood by means of a cutting tool held in the hand (this may be a power tool), resulting in a wooden figure or figurine (this may be abstract in nature) or in the ornamentation of a wooden object. ... Binomial name Hartw. ... Species   Nothofagus alpina - Rauli Beech   Nothofagus antarctica - Antarctic Beech   Nothofagus betuloides - Magallanes Beech   Nothofagus cunninghamii - Myrtle Beech   Nothofagus dombeyi - Coigüe Beech   Nothofagus fusca - Red Beech   Nothofagus gunnii - Tanglefoot Beech   Nothofagus menziesii - Silver Beech   Nothofagus moorei - Negrohead Beech   Nothofagus obliqua - Roble Beech   Nothofagus pumilio - Lenga Beech   Nothofagus solanderi - Black Beech... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1870 (MDCCCLXX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wikinews has news related to: New Zealand boarding school closed due to gastro-enteritis outbreak Nelson College is a boys-only state secondary school in Nelson, New Zealand. ... Nelson City Council is the Territorial Local Authority for part of the Top of the South or Nelson Tasman region of New Zealand. ...


Festivals

Music lovers may attend the biennial Nelson School of Music Winter Music Festival, the Adam New Zealand Festival of Chamber Music [8] and the annual Jazz Festival.


The Taste Nelson festival at Founders Park highlights this region's gastronomy, the Festival of Possibilities features well-being and wonderment, while the Suter International Film Festival screens 20 non-Hollywood films in late May to June every year.


The Nelson Kite Festival takes advantage of the reliable sea breezes that blow inland from Tasman Bay across Neale Park each afternoon with kite lovers arriving from around New Zealand and from overseas.

A panorama over Nelson City
A panorama over Nelson City

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 195 pixelsFull resolution (5581 × 1361 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 195 pixelsFull resolution (5581 × 1361 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Architecture

Unlike many towns and cities in New Zealand, Nelson has retained many Victorian buildings in its historic centre and a whole street has been designated as having heritage value: South Street Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


Surviving historic buildings

Christ Church Cathedral, Nelson
Amber House
Broadgreen House
Cabragh House
Chez Eelco
Founders Park Windmill
Isel House
Melrose House
Nelson Central School Renwick House
South Street Cottages
Victorian Rose Pub 1897 Amber House. ... Cabragh House (school and residence) is considered an historic site for exemplarising late Victorian furnishings and provincial New Zealand vernacular architecture. ... Nelson Central School is a state primary contributing school located in Nelson city three blocks east of the cathedral. ...


Museums

Nelson Provincial Museum

The Literary and Scientific Institute of Nelson (1842) was the first museum in New Zealand[17][18] and in October 2005 returned to its original Town Acre 445 site, at the corner of Hardy and Trafalgar Streets. It is open at 10:00 every day of the year, except Good Friday and Christmas Day. Pupuri Taonga O Te Tai Ao (in Māori) showcases the Nelson region's history, from geological origins to the stories of individuals and families.[19] Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 393 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 393 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... 1897 Amber House. ... For other uses, see Museum (disambiguation). ... Good Friday, also called Holy Friday or Great Friday, is the Friday preceding Easter Sunday. ... Joseph and Mary with baby Jesus, at the first Christmas Christmas (literally, the Mass of Christ) is a holiday in the Christian calendar, usually observed on December 25, which celebrates the birth of Jesus. ... Māori or Te Reo Māori,[1] commonly shortened to Te Reo (literally the language) functions as one of the official languages of New Zealand. ...


This museum holds over 1.4 million treasures collected during the past 160 years in a NZ$5 million modern building funded by the regional communities of Nelson and Tasman.


Collections include:

  • Kingdon-Tomlinson family silver collection dating from 1594–1800 and consisting of over 140 pieces. It was gifted by Deed of Trust to the people of Nelson and the surrounding region by Julie Annie Tomlinson in 1959.
  • Bett Collection (the nucleus of an extensive and growing historical library and archives). Dr Francis Arnot Blackader Bett (1873–1957) passionately collected books, photographs, maps, documents, sketches and paintings relating to the Nelson province.)
  • Marsden Collection. A rare and beautiful collection of eighteenth and nineteenth century antique furniture, plate, glassware and porcelain - including Sevres, Dresden and Worcester. This has been consolidated from an original bequest together with separate holdings held by the Cawthron Institute and the Anglican Diocese of Nelson The Marsden Book Collection is also held at the museum dating from 1773 to the early 1920s and relates to natural history, discovery and exploration of the Pacific.
  • Tyree Studio Collection of more than 105,000 photographic negatives is one of the most comprehensive social history collections in New Zealand. William Tyree (1855–1924) and Frederick Tyree (1867–1924) were the sons of a master boot-maker from Surrey, England. In 1871, the Tyrees arrived in New Zealand. By 1878, William had established the Tyree Studio in Trafalgar Street, Nelson, and by 1884 his younger brother, Frederick, and Rosaline Frank were working as his assistants. Their Aunt's Victorian decorative tiled fireplace is installed in Amber House nearby.
Until 1895, William Tyree methodically documented and recorded the social history of the region and from 1910, when he moved to Sydney, Rosaline Frank managed the Tyree Studio. Frederick Tyree established his own photographic business in Takaka, Golden Bay, and continued his interest in photography until his death in 1924. The Tyree Studio continued to operate until 1947 under the ownership of Rosaline Frank.
  • The Nelson Mail Photographic Collection of images from 1979 to 1994. More than 205,000 individual negatives and growing.
  • Other collections: Geoffrey C Wood Collection, F N Jones Collection, Manson Collection, Prouse Collection, Nelson College Collection, Jenkins Collection, F G Gibbs Collection, Greenwood Collection, Knapp Collection, W E Brown Collection, Ellis Dudgeon Collection, Reg & Hugh Kingsford Collection, The Nelson Evening Mail Newspaper Collection, The Examiner, The Colonist.

A trust instrument (also sometimes called a deed of trust, where executed by way of deed) is an instrument in writing executed by a settlor used to constitute a trust. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... A stone grinder for turning quartz, feldspar, kaolin and other stones into fine powder for making ceramic paste Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Manufacture nationale de Sèvres The Manufacture nationale de Sèvres is a porcelain factory located in Sèvres, France. ... “Fine China” redirects here. ... The Royal Worcester Porcelain Factory was established in 1751 and manufactures fine china and in particular porcelain in Worcester, England. ... The text or formatting below is generated by a template which has been proposed for deletion. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Arms of the Diocese of Nelson The Diocese of Nelson is one of seven dioceses of the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia. ... Color, positive picture (A) and negative (B), monochrome positive picture (C) and negative (D) In photography, a negative may refer to 3 different things, although they are all related. ... This article is about the English county. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Family (disambiguation). ... Dante Gabriel Rossettis drawing room at No. ... Mission, or barrel, roof tiles A tile is a manufactured piece of hard-wearing material such as ceramic, stone, porcelain, metal or even glass. ... Winter (fireplace), tacuinum sanitatis casanatensis (XIV century) A fireplace is an architectural element consisting of a space designed to contain a fire, generally for heating but sometimes also for cooking. ... 1897 Amber House. ... Takaka is a small town situated at the southeastern end of Golden Bay, at the northern end of New Zealands South Island. ... Golden Bay is the name of a bay and a district at the northern end of New Zealands South Island. ... -1... Wikinews has news related to: New Zealand boarding school closed due to gastro-enteritis outbreak Nelson College is a boys-only state secondary school in Nelson, New Zealand. ... The Examiner can refer to: Irish Examiner in Cork, Ireland The Examiner (Tasmania) in Launceston, Tasmania, Australia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Parks and zoo

Nelson has a large number and variety of public parks and reserves maintained at public expense by Nelson City Council[20]. For other uses, see Park (disambiguation). ...


The compact Natureland Zoological Park close to Tahunanui Beach is popular with young children, where they can closely approach wallabies, monkeys, meerkats, llamas and alpacas, Kune Kune pigs, otters, and peacocks. There are also turtles, tropical fish and a walk through aviary.[21] However, due to lack of funding Natureland is due to be shut down at the end of March 2008[22] For the Australian national Rugby Union team, nicknamed the Wallabies, see Australia national rugby union team. ... For the TV show Monkey see Monkey (TV series) Cynomolgus Monkey at Batu Caves, Malaysia A monkey is any member of two of the three groupings of simian primates. ... Binomial name Suricata suricatta (Schreber, 1776) The Meerkat (Afrikaans: lit. ... Binomial name Lama glama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Llama (Lama glama) is a large camelid native to South America. ... Binomial name Lama pacos (Linnaeus, 1758) The Alpaca is one of two domesticated breeds of South American camel-like ungulates, derived from the wild guanaco. ... The name, which means chubby, is variably spelt as Kunekune, Kune kune or Kune-kune, and pronounced koonay koonay A small distinctive breed of domestic pig from New Zealand. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Peacock re-directs here; for alternate uses see Peacock (disambiguation). ... Turtles and terapins may mean: plural of turtle Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles The Turtles band Turtles band Turtles Music stores See also: Turtle (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Tropical fish include fish found in tropical environments around the world, including both fresh water and salt water species. ... An aviary is a large enclosure for confining birds. ...


Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Miyazu (宮津市; -shi) is a city located in Kyoto, Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Huangshi (simplified Chinese: 黄石; pinyin: Huangshi) is a prefecture-level city in Chinas Hubei province. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Motto: Eureka! - (I have found it!) Eureka shown within Humboldt County in the State of California Coordinates: , Country State County Humboldt Founded May 13, 1850 (settlement) Incorporated April 18, 1856 (town) Re-incorporated February 19, 1874 (city) Government  - Type Mayor-council  - Mayor Virginia Bass  - City manager David Tyson Area  - Total...

Footnotes

  1. ^ NZ government Māori Language Commission (English). Retrieved on Aug 25, 2007.
  2. ^ Department of Labour - NZ public holiday dates 2006–2009
  3. ^ [Nelson - the early years http://www.nzine.co.nz/features/nelson_city_history.html]
  4. ^ Paul C Denton, Mike R Johnston, Soils & Foundations Ltd, Nelson (12 May 2002). Housing Development on a Large, Active Landslide: The Tahunanui Slump Story, Nelson, New Zealand. Geo-Logic Ltd.
  5. ^ Mean Monthly Sunshine. NIWA. Retrieved on 2007-11-02.
  6. ^ Climate Data. NIWA. Retrieved on November 2, 2007.
  7. ^ Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Nelson, New Zealand (English). Retrieved on Aug 21, 2007.
  8. ^ The earliest version of this article first appeared in NZ Science Teacher 71 21-23 1992 (English). Retrieved on Aug 27, 2007.
  9. ^ Nelson City Council website: graviational centre (English). Retrieved on Aug 27, 2007.
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Are you lord of the rings obsessed? Own the Movie Ring by Jens Hansen
  12. ^ Fibre Spectrum.
  13. ^ Nelson Tasman Tourism - Visitor Information
  14. ^ The Nelson Market
  15. ^ The Suter Gallery home page (English). Retrieved on Aug 25, 2007.
  16. ^ Nelson Arts Festival (English). Retrieved on Aug 25, 2007.
  17. ^ National Register of Archives and Manuscripts - Nelson Institute
  18. ^ http://www.museumnp.org.nz/history.html
  19. ^ The Nelson Provincial Museum
  20. ^ Nelson City Council - Reserves and Parks
  21. ^ Natureland Zoo, Nelson, New Zealand
  22. ^ "Protesters storm council meeting in support of local zoo", TV3, 6 March 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-03-08. 

is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... TV3 is a commercial television station in New Zealand. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 67th day of the year (68th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

  • Nelson Airport

Nelson Airport (IATA: NSN, ICAO: NZNS) is an airport in Nelson, New Zealand. ...

External links

  • Nelson travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Nelson City Council
  • Nelson Tasman Tourism
  • The Harlequin Guide to Nelson

Coordinates: 41°17′S, 173°17′E Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ... Region is the formal term for the top tier of local government in New Zealand. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The Northland Region (Māori: ), one of the 16 regions of New Zealand, is, as the name suggests, the northernmost of New Zealands administrative regions. ... The Auckland Region is one of the sixteen regions of New Zealand, named for Auckland City, the large city at its heart. ... Waikato is the name of a region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Bay of Plenty, often abbreviated to BoP, is a region in the North Island of New Zealand situated around the body of water of the same name. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Hawkes Bay is a region of New Zealand. ... View of Mount Taranaki or Mount Egmont from Stratford, facing west. ... Manawatu-Wanganui is a region situated in the lower half of the North Island of New Zealand, around the city of Palmerston North and the central city of Wanganui. ... The Wellington region of New Zealand occupies the southern end of the North Island. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... For other uses, see South Island (disambiguation). ... Tasman District is a region of New Zealand. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... The West Coast is one of the administrative regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island, and is one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. ... The New Zealand region of Canterbury is mainly composed of the Canterbury Plains and the surrounding mountains. ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Territorial authorities is the formal term for the second tier of local government in New Zealand, below regional councils. ... North Shore City (orange). ... Waitakere City is in the west of metropolitan Auckland, New Zealands most populous urban area. ... This article is about the City of Auckland. ... Manukau City (orange). ... Hamilton (Kirikiriroa in Māori) is the centre of New Zealands fourth largest urban area, and is the countrys seventh largest city. ... Tauranga (population 109,100 — 2006 census) is the largest city of the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The T & G Building (Atkin & Mitchell, Wellington, 1936) Napier (Ahuriri in Māori) is an important port city in Hawkes Bay, New Zealand. ... Palmerston North (Māori: ) is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Porirua is a city in New Zealand, 20 km north of Wellington. ... Upper Hutt is New Zealands smallest city by population, the second largest by land area and is located in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Lower Hutt is a city in the lower North Island of the country of New Zealand. ... Wellington city is the area of New Zealand administered by the Wellington City Council, one of several territorial authorities in the Greater Wellington region. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ... Dunedin (ÅŒtepoti in Maori) is the second-largest city in the South Island of New Zealand, and the principal city of the region of Otago. ... Cnr of Esk and Dee Streets, looking up Esk st, one of the main shopping streets of Invercargill. ... North Island The North Island is one of the two main islands of New Zealand, the other being the South Island. ... The Far North District of New Zealand, as its name suggests, is the northernmost district within New Zealand, consisting of the northern tip of the North Island. ... Whangarei, pronounced [] in Maori and [] in English (fang-a-ray; the initial consonant is pronounced /f/ in English), is the northernmost city in New Zealand and the regional capital of Northland Region. ... The Kaipara District is located in the Northland Region in northern New Zealand. ... The Rodney District of New Zealand is the northernmost area in New Zealands Auckland region, created in 1989 from the amalgamation of Helensville Borough and Rodney County. ... Papakura is the name of a city and a district to the south of Auckland in New Zealands North Island. ... A true-colour image showing the Auckland area. ... The Thames-Coromandel District Council in the North Island of New Zealand is seated in the town of Thames. ... The Hauraki District Council is a municipality in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Waikato District is the municipality in the northern Waikato region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Matamata-Piako District is a local government area in the Waikato region of New Zealand. ... Waipa District Council in the Waikato region of New Zealand is a municipality that covers Te Awamutu, Cambridge and several small towns. ... The South Waikato district is a municipality located between the cities of Hamilton and Rotorua in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Otorohanga is a town at the southern end of the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Rotorua Museum today. ... Waitomo is a district-type municipality in the southwest of the Waikato region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Taupo District covers 6,350 km2 of land, as well as a further 610 km2 of lake area, both in Lake Taupo, the countrys largest lake, and also in the smaller Lake Rotoaira. ... The Western Bay of Plenty District Council is a municipality in the Bay of Plenty Region of New Zealand. ... Whakatane is a town in the North Island of New Zealand. ... Kawerau is a town in the Bay of Plenty region of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Opotiki is a town in the eastern Bay of Plenty in the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses of Gisborne see Gisborne (disambiguation). ... Wairoa is a town in New Zealands North Island. ... Hastings is a large urban area in Hawkes Bay, close to the east coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Central Hawkes Bay District is a region of North Island, New Zealand. ... New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Stratford is the main town of the central Taranaki region, aptly named as the Stratford District. Situated directly inland from Mount Taranaki, Stratford is a rural service centre with a 2001 population of 5225. ... South Taranaki is political district on the west coast of New Zealands North Island that contains the towns of Hawera, Manaia, Opunake, Patea, Eltham, and Waverley. ... Ruapehu is political district on New Zealands North Island with an area of 6,700 square kilometers and a population of 14,295 as of 2004. ... Wanganui is an urban area and district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... Rangitikei River near Bulls. ... Manawatu is a district in the Manawatu-Wanganui region in the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Tararua District lies near the south-east corner of New Zealands North Island. ... Horowhenua is a district on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ... The Kapiti Coast District is the name of a local government district in the north-west corner of the Wellington Region, New Zealand. ... Masterton is a town (and local government district) in the Wellington region of New Zealand. ... Carterton is a small town in a farming area of the Wairarapa district in New Zealand’s North Island. ... The South Wairarapa District Council controls the south-east tip of the North Island of New Zealand. ... For other uses, see South Island (disambiguation). ... Tasman district is a region at the northern tip of New Zealands largest island, the South Island. ... Marlborough is one of the regions of New Zealand, located in the northeast of the South Island. ... Tasman, New Zealand ... Greymouth is the largest town in the West Coast region on the South Island of New Zealand, and the seat of the Grey District Council. ... The West Coast is one of the Administrative Regions of New Zealand, located on the west coast of the South Island. ... A view of the bay in Kaikoura showing the mountains. ... The Hurunui District is a political district on the east coast of New Zealands South Island, north of Christchurch, New Zealand. ... Waimakariri District is a political district on New Zealands South Island. ... The Selwyn district is a predominantly rural area in central Canterbury, on the east coast of New Zealands South Island. ... Ashburton is a town and district in the Canterbury region on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... Categories: New Zealand geography stubs | Canterbury, New Zealand | Cities and towns in New Zealand ... For the former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories, see District of Mackenzie. ... Panorama of the view from the White Horse overlooking Waimate township. ... The Waitaki district straddles the border of the Canterbury and Otago regions of New Zealand, the traditional border of which is the Waitaki River. ... The view from the Skyline Gondola, looking south across Queenstown Bay. ... The area known as Central Otago in Otago, New Zealand, includes the middle of the region but generally also most of the north-western portion (the Queenstown-Lakes District). ... South Otago (pop. ... Gore is a town and surrounding borough in the South Island of New Zealand. ... Southland is the name of New Zealands southernmost region and is also the name of a district within that region. ... The Chatham Islands from space. ... Political status Dependency of New Zealand Governor Anand Satyanand Area   – Total  450 000 km² (174 000 mi²) Population Scott Base: 10-80 seasonally McMurdo Station: 200-1000 seasonally Currency New Zealand dollar The Ross Dependency comprises an area of Antarctica (and other land masses in the Southern Ocean) claimed by... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nelson New Zealand Virtual Tour - Travel & Tourism for Nelson NZ (706 words)
Nelson, the geographical centre of New Zealand, is a region renowned for warm sunshine, fine beaches, lakes, mountains and native forests.
It is New Zealand's largest fishing port and the gateway to a major forestry and horticulture industry.
Nelson, blessed by nature as a destination which offers almost everything, is not to be missed in any tour of New Zealand.
Encyclopedia4U - Nelson, New Zealand - Encyclopedia Article (850 words)
Nelson is located on the eastern side of Tasman Bay at the northern end of the South Island of New Zealand.
Nelson is the birthplace of Ernest Rutherford, and he attended Nelson College.
Arriving in New Zealand they discovered that the new Governor of the colony, William Hobson was not prepared to give them a free hand to purchase vast areas of land from the Maori or indeed to decide where the colony would be situated.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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