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Encyclopedia > Nellie Kim
Olympic medal record
Women's Artistic Gymnastics
Competitor for Flag of the Soviet Union Soviet Union
Gold 1976 Montreal Team competition
Gold 1976 Montreal Vault
Gold 1976 Montreal Floor exercise
Gold 1980 Moscow Team competition
Gold 1980 Moscow Floor exercise
Silver 1976 Montreal All-around

Nellie Vladimirovna Kim (Russian: Нелли Владимировна Ким; b. July 29, 1957) is a retired Soviet gymnast who won three gold medals and a silver medal at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal, and two gold medals at the 1980 Summer Olympics. She was the first woman in Olympic history to earn a perfect 10 score on the vault and the first to earn it on the floor exercise, rivaling Nadia Comaneci, Ludmilla Tourischeva, and other strong competitors of the 1970s. Nellie Kim worked for a long time as a coach, training several national teams, and judged many major international competitions. As President of the Women's Artistic Gymnastics Technical Committee, she coordinates the introduction of new rules in women's gymnastics, as provided by the new Code of Points, developed by the FIG in 2004–2005 and in effect since 2006. Gymnastics has been contested at every Summer Olympic Games since the birth of the modern Olympic movement at the 1896 Summer Olympics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... CCCP redirects here. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - Total 365. ... Gymnastics at the 1980 Summer Olympics was represented by 14 events: 6 for women and 8 for men. ... The vault, formerly known as vaulting horse, is an artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... A Canadian gymnast trains on a floor. ... Nadia Elena Comaneci (originally Comăneci ) (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian gymnast, winner of five Olympic gold medals, and the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. ... Ludmilla Ivanovna Turischeva (Russian: Людмила Ивановна Турищева alternate spellings: Lyudmilla Turischeva, Ludmilla Tourischeva, born July 10, 1952 in Grozny) is a former Russian gymnast and a nine-time Olympic medalist for the Soviet Union. ... The Code of Points is a document that regulates scoring of artistic gymnastics. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese...

Contents

Early life

Nellie Kim was born in Shurab, Tajik SSR, the daughter of a Soviet Korean father, Vladimir Kim, who worked in the Chimkent slate factory, and a Tatar mother, Alfiya. At age 9, she entered the Spartak Sports Society school in Chimkent, Kazakh SSR. Two other children in the family, her younger brother Alexander and her sister Irina, also entered a gymnastics school and trained for some time. Alexander was harassed by his classmates in the secondary school for his small stature and retired from gymnastics in favor of boxing. Irina, whom Nellie Kim considered more talented than she herself was, retired because of the demands of the frequent training sessions.[1] Shurab is a town in Isfara district of the Sughd province, Tajikistan. ... State motto: Пролетарҳои ҳамаи мамлакатҳо, як шавед! Official language None. ... Koryo-saram (Russian: Корё сарам; Koryo-mar: 고려사람; Standard Korean: 고려인, Hanja: 高麗人) is the name which ethnic Koreans in the Post-Soviet states use to refer to themselves. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... Spartak (Russian: ; English:Spartacus) was the first and the largest All-Union Voluntary Sports Society of workers of state trade, producers cooperation, light industry, civil aviation, education, culture, health service etc. ... Shymkent (Шымкент) or Chimkent, is a city and the capital of Ongtustik Qazaqstan (South Kazakhstan) Province, in Kazakhstan. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ...


Kim's trainers were Vladimir Baidin and his wife, Galina Barkova. Initially, she did not have sufficient flexibility as compared with many of her fellow gymnasts, but she was soon able to compensate with superior technique and the difficulty of her exercises.


One of Kim's earliest successes was her victory in the republican Spartak's competition, held in Chimkent in 1969. Nevertheless, a year later she was said to "have no future" by celebrated gymnastLarissa Latynina.[2] After that verdict, Kim was close to leaving gymnastics but persevered with support from Baidin. At the 1971 Junior USSR Championships, her first national competition, she placed fifth in the all-around. The national junior success, as well as senior national and international debuts followed two years later. Kim won the all-around title and two more gold medals at the All-Union Youth Sports Games, placed 8th in the all-around and 1st on the uneven bars at the USSR Cup and won the prestigious Chunichi Cup in Japan. After a second-place finish at the USSR Cup in August 1974, she was added to the team roster for the World Championships, held in October, where Kim earned the gold medal in the team competition. Afterwards, and until 1980, she successfully competed in many top-level international events. Larisa Semyonovna Latynina (Russian: Лариса Семёновна Латынина; born December 27, 1934 in Kherson, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.) was a Soviet gymnast. ... The uneven bars or asymmetric bars is a artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... The 18th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Varna, Bulgaria, in 1974. ...


Nellie Kim's nickname among USSR teammates and team coaches was "Kimanellie," which she earned, when a trainer Vladislav Rastorotsky called her very quickly: "Kim, Nellie, to the phone!"[1] Vladislav Stepanovich Rastorotsky (Russian: Владислав Степанович Растороцкий) (born June 14, 1933 in Liski, Russian SFSR) is a Russian (and former Soviet) artistic gymnastics coach, Honoured Trainer of the USSR, who trained in Dynamo sports society. ...

==Olympics and World Championships== idont think so Nellie Kim became one of the main medal prospects for the upcoming Olympics and actual leader of the Soviet team after the 1975 Canadian Pre-Olympics Test competition. At the Test she placed second in the all-around to Nadia Comaneci, but won three golds in the event finals (vault, balance beam, floor exercise), while Comaneci managed to win only the remaining one on bars.[3] Larissa Latynina, who had already changed her opinion about Kim earlier, described her gymnastics style as sparkling and cheerful. She also cited a comment by Canadian newspapers about Kim's performance, as compared to Comaneci's one: "There are moments, when a natural smile is more worth, than triumph". However, although Nellie Kim also won the 1976 USSR Cup, beating such famous her compatriots as Olga Korbut and Ludmilla Tourischeva, they were still considered leaders by the media. Even the Coach Council of the Soviet team failed to define her as the leader. That was a mistake recognized by Soviet experts later.[1] Image File history File links Nellie_Kim_USSR_1980_Summer_Olympics_floor_exercise. ... Image File history File links Nellie_Kim_USSR_1980_Summer_Olympics_floor_exercise. ... Badge, released in the USSR The 1980 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXII Olympiad, were held in Moscow in the Soviet Union. ... Getty Images, Inc. ... Nadia Elena Comaneci (originally Comăneci ) (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian gymnast, winner of five Olympic gold medals, and the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. ... Larisa Semyonovna Latynina (Russian: Лариса Семёновна Латынина; born December 27, 1934 in Kherson, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.) was a Soviet gymnast. ... Olga Valentinovna Korbut (Belarusian: Вольга Валянцінаўна Корбут, Volha Valyantsinawna Korbut; Russian: Ольга Валентиновна Корбут) (b. ... Ludmilla Ivanovna Turischeva (Russian: Людмила Ивановна Турищева alternate spellings: Lyudmilla Turischeva, Ludmilla Tourischeva, born July 10, 1952 in Grozny) is a former Russian gymnast and a nine-time Olympic medalist for the Soviet Union. ...


At the 1976 Summer Olympics the rivalry between Nellie Kim and Nadia Comaneci became the focal point of the women's gymnastics competition. Kim's teammates Ludmilla Tourischeva and Olga Korbut, the Olympic champions of Munich, were overcome by the two rising stars in the battle for the gold. Nellie Kim won three gold medals, one in the team competition and two in the event finals: on the vault and floor exercise. Music for her floor routine, choreographed by Valentina Kosolapova, was the fiery Samba, and one of the elements was the double back salto, performed for the first time in Olympic women's events. Kim also won a silver medal in the all-around, receiving the perfect 10 for the Tsukahara vault with the full twist, which was also performed for the first time in Olympic history. She was praised for her feminine beauty and the flamboyant, graceful and intense style.[2] Comaneci won the gold in the all-around, on bars and balance beam. On the vault she performed only a simple Tsukahara. The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The 1972 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XX Olympiad, were held in Munich, West Germany, from 26 August to 11 September 1972. ... For other uses, see Samba (disambiguation). ... Mitsuo Tsukahara (塚原 光男 Tsukahara Mitsuo, born Dec. ... The Balance Beam is a artistic gymnastics apparatus. ...


After the 1976 Summer Olympics Nellie Kim moved to Byelorussian SSR (joining the Armed Forces sports society in Minsk) and represented her new home on the USSR team. Two years later Kim successfully competed at the World Championships. She won gold medals on the vault, floor exercise and in the team competition, and placed second in the all-around to Elena Mukhina, overcoming Nadia Comaneci, who fell from the uneven bars, among others. The greatest success came at the 1979 World Championships, where Nellie Kim became the all-around champion, beating Maxi Gnauck, Melita Ruhn and her teammate Maria Filatova.[4] Her floor exercise routine, choreographed by Galina Savarina, was accompanied by a new piece of music, House of the Rising Sun by Santa Esmeralda, which would also be used one year later at the Olympics.[1] State motto: Belarusian: Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! Translation: Workers of the world, unite! Capital Minsk Official language Belarusian, Russian Established In the USSR:  - Since  - Until January 1, 1919 December 30, 1922 August 25, 1991 Area  - Total  - Water (%) Ranked 6th in the USSR 207,600 km² negligible Population  - Total   - Density Ranked 5th in the USSR... Location of Minsk, shown within the Minsk Voblast Coordinates: Country Subdivision Belarus Minsk Founded 1067 Government  - Mayor Mikhail Pavlov Area  - City 305. ... The 19th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Strasbourg, France, in 1978. ... Elena Mukhina Elena Vyacheslavovna Mukhina (Russian:Елена Вячеславовна Мухина) (June 1, 1960-December 22, 2006) was born in Moscow, Russian SFSR) is a former Soviet gymnast who won the All-Around title at the 1978 World Championships at Strasbourg, France. ... The 20th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Fort Worth, USA, in 1979. ... Maxi Gnauck (born October 10th, 1964 in Berlin, Germany) was an East German Artistic Gymnast. ... Maria Evgenievna Filatova (Russian:Мария Евгеньевна Филатова) (born July 19, 1961, Leninsk-Kuznetsky, Siberia) is a retired Soviet gymnast who competed at the 1976 and 1980 Olympics. ... The House of the Rising Sun is a United States folk song. ... Santa Esmeralda was a disco group formed in the 70s, which spawned a club hit with a cover version of The Animals song Dont Let Me Be Misunderstood. Leroy Gomez Jean-Claude Petit Jimmy Goings Entry on All Music Guide Category: ...


In 1980 she won the all-around title at the USSR Championships and successfully competed in the Moscow Olympics, her last competitive performance. She tied for the gold medal on the floor with Nadia Comaneci, after scoring 9.95 in that event finals, and won gold in the team competition.[5]


Her gymnastic appearances are remembered for "her strong feminine, temperamental and charismatic appeal".[6]


==Later life== wasn't ok After Nellie Kim's competitive career was over she worked as a coach and a judge. She coached the South Korean, Italian and Belarus national teams. In 1984 Kim became the International Brevet Judge and judged many international competitions, including European Championships, World Championships and Olympic Games. Her judging license was suspended by the FIG for a while only once – after the 1990 World Cup, she was judging again in Barcelona. Since 1983 she has been the President of the Judging Committee in Artistic Gymnastics of the Republic of Belarus. For Korea as a whole, see Korea. ... The 92 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXV Olympiad, were held in 1992 in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. ...


In 1996 Kim was elected to the Women's Artistic Gymnastics Technical Committee of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), and moved to the U.S.A. soon afterwards, where she lives with her daughter Nellie. The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) or International Federation of Gymnastics (IFG) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


At the FIG Congress held on October 22, 2004 in Antalya, Nellie Kim was elected President of the Women's Artistic Gymnastics Technical Committee.[7] She helped design the 2006 alteration in the Code of Points, which will end the use of the perfect 10 and introduce uncapped scoring for gymnasts. Some of the main causes for the change were judging scandals at the 2004 Summer Olympics, with Alexei Nemov and other gymnasts involved. FIG officials, including Nellie Kim and Bruno Grandi, believed that one of the possible ways to prevent such scandal in the future and make the clean execution and artistry the main priorities, was a radical change of the old Code. is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is mostly about the Antalya City; for the province, see Antalya Province. ... The Code of Points is a document that regulates scoring of artistic gymnastics. ... Scandals of the 2004 Summer Olympics // Drugs and Doping The most prominent scandals have involved banned steroid use and drug testing. ... The ceremony for the lighting of the flame is arranged as a pagan pageant, with priestesses dancing. ... Alexei Yurievich Nemov (Russian: Алексей Юрьевич Немов; born May 28, 1976, Barashevo) is a famous gymnast from Russia. ... Bruno Grandi (born May 9, 1934) is an Italian sportsman, currently president of the FIG (Federation Internationale de Gymnastique) since 1996 and a member of the International Olympic Committee since 2000. ...


This move has been controversial among fans and athletes alike. Kim and other FIG officials, pointed out, that this alteration was designed with the help and advice from FIG member federations and many judges, as have all previous codes. They also underlined that this system will be tested on major international events before final adoption.


In her 2005 interview Nellie Kim said that unlike her predecessor in the post of the President of the WAG TC, Jackie K. Fie, she does not receive any salary from the federation of the country, represented by her in the FIG. And therefore she works for the FIG on the basis of pure enthusiasm.[8]


In 1999 she was inducted into the International Gymnastics Hall of Fame.[9] Logo The International Gymnastics Hall of Fame, located in Oklahoma City, USA, is a Hall of Fame dedicated to honoring the achievements and contributions of the worlds most greatest competitors, coaches and authorities in artistic gymnastics. ...


Despite the Cold War, a documentary film about Nellie Kim was filmed in the USSR by the Americans in the mid-70s before the Olympics and was aired in Canada in 1978. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ...


Achievements (non-Olympic)

Year Event AA Team VT UB BB FX
1973 USSR Championships 1st
1974 World Championships 1st 3rd
USSR Cup 2nd
USSR Championships 3rd 2nd 2nd
1975 European Championships 2nd 3rd 3rd 2nd 1st
USSR Cup 2nd
USSR Championships 1st 2nd 1st 1st 1st
1976 USSR Cup 1st
USSR Championships 1st 2nd 1st
1977 European Championships 3rd 1st 2nd 3rd
1978 World Championships 2nd 1st 1st 1st
USSR Championships 2nd
1979 World Championships 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd 2nd
World Cup 2nd 3rd 3rd
USSR Championships 2nd 2nd 1st
1980 USSR Championships 1st

The vault, formerly known as vaulting horse, is an artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... The uneven bars or asymmetric bars is a artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... The Balance Beam is a artistic gymnastics apparatus. ... A Canadian gymnast trains on a floor. ... The 18th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Varna, Bulgaria, in 1974. ... The 19th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Strasbourg, France, in 1978. ... The 20th Artistic Gymnastics World Championships were held in Fort Worth, USA, in 1979. ...

Miscellaneous

The Portuguese-Canadian singer Nelly Furtado (full name Nelly Kim Furtado) was named after Nellie Kim. Nelly Kim Furtado (born December 2, 1978) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, record producer, and instrumentalist, who also holds Portuguese citizenship. ...


The Japanese Butoh dancer Kim Itoh was named after Nellie Kim.


References

  1. ^ a b c d (Russian) Kim, Nellie (1985). Schastlivyy pomost (Lucky Gymnastics Platform). Moscow: Molodaya Gvardiya. 
  2. ^ a b Whatever Happened to Nelli Kim?. GymnasticGreats.com. Retrieved on April 13, 2006.
  3. ^ 1975 Pre-Olympic Test Event. Gymn-Forum. Retrieved on July 20, 2006.
  4. ^ Hulbert, Dan. "Miss Kim Captures Laurels", New York Times, 1979-12-09, p. S4. 
  5. ^ "Deprived of the all-around title", Boston Globe, 1980-07-26, p. 1. 
  6. ^ Nellie Kim. International Federation of Gymnastics. Retrieved on April 17, 2006.
  7. ^ "Grandi, Stoica Re-Elected", International Gymnast Online, 2004-10-22. Retrieved on 2006-03-26. 
  8. ^ (Russian) "I will command the parade!", Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 2005-09-03. Retrieved on 2006-03-26. 
  9. ^ NELLI KIM. International Gymnastics Hall of Fame. Retrieved on May 12, 2007.

is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is an internationally known daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed in the United States and many other nations worldwide. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG) or International Federation of Gymnastics (IFG) is the governing body of competitive gymnastics. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 132nd day of the year (133rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Memorable Olympic Moments: Nadia Comaneci (455 words)
Comaneci was supposed to contend with the Russian juggernaut but no one, including coach Bela Karolyi (who later coached Mary Lou Retton in 1984 and the Kerri Strug-led American women's team in 1996) could have imagined what was to come.
The final gold came in the all-around competition, with the Soviet juggernaut chomping at her heels.
In the end, the Russians wouldn't be denied as Kim won the vault and the floor exercises (with two perfect scores of her own) and then led her squad to the all-around team gold medal.
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