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Encyclopedia > Neighbourhood

A neighbourhood or neighborhood (see spelling differences) is a geographically localised community located within a larger city, town or suburb. The residents of a given neighbourhood are called neighbours (or neighbors), although this term may also be used across much larger distances in rural areas. The differences in the spellings of British English and American English are as follows: Spelling differences between U.S. usage on one side and British and Commonwealth usage on the other are generally more conspicuous than spelling differences within the Commonwealth. ... A community usually refers to a sociological group in a large place or collections of plant or animal organisms sharing an environment. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China An artists rendering of an aerial view of the Maryland countryside: Jane Frank (Jane Schenthal Frank, 1918-1986), Aerial Series: Ploughed Fields, Maryland, 1974, acrylic and mixed materials on apertured double canvas, 52...


Traditionally, a neighbourhood is small enough that the neighbours are all able to know each other. However in practice, neighbours may not know one another very well at all. Villages aren't divided into neighbourhoods, because they are already small enough that the villagers can all know each other. Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ...

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North America

In Canada and the United States, neighbourhoods are often given official or semi-official status through neighbourhood associations, neighbourhood watches, or block watches. These may regulate such matters as lawn care and fence height, and they may provide such services as block parties, neighbourhood parks, and community security. In some other places the equivalent organisation is the parish, though a parish may have several neighbourhoods within it depending on the area. A Community Development Corporation (CDC) is a non-profit group accountable to local residents that engages in a wide range of physical, economic and human development activities. ... A neighborhood watch is a citizens organization devoted to crime and vandalism prevention within a neighborhood. ... It has been suggested that Citizen Observer be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Lawn (disambiguation). ... A fence in Westtown Township, Pennsylvania A fence is a freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. ... A block party is a large informal public celebration in which many members of a single neighborhood congregate to observe a positive event of some importance. ... For the Korean family name Park, see Korean name. ... This page covers security in the sense of protection from hostile action. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


In localities where neighbourhoods do not have an official status, questions can arise as to where one neighbourhood begins and another ends, such as in the city of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Many cities may use districts and wards as official divisions of the city, rather than traditional neighbourhood boundaries. Nickname: City of Brotherly Love, Philly, the Quaker City Motto: Philadelphia maneto (Let brotherly love continue) Location in Pennsylvania Coordinates: Country United States State Pennsylvania County Philadelphia Founded October 27, 1682 Incorporated October 25, 1701 Mayor John F. Street (D) Area    - City 369. ...


In sociological studies neighbourhood boundaries have been decided by the people them-selves. The people have decided who belongs and who does not. The people do not think of political boundaries but of who makes the cut or who can relate to their situation.


Balkan States and Ottoman Empire

Main article: Komshi

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

China

In the mainland of the People's Republic of China, the term is generally used for the urban administrative unit usually found immediately below the district level, although an intermediate, subdistrict level exists in some cities. They are also called streets (administrative terminology may vary from city to city). Neighbourhoods encompass 2,000 to 10,000 families. Within neighbourhoods, families are grouped into smaller residential units or quarters of 100 to 600 families and supervised by a residents' committee; these are subdivided into residents' small groups of fifteen to forty families. In most urban areas of China, neighbourhood, community, residential community, residential unit, residential quarter have the same meaning: 社区 or 小区 or 居民区 or 居住区, and is the direct sublevel of a subdistrict (街道办事处), which is the direct sublevel of a district (区), which is the direct sublevel of a city (市). (See Political divisions of China) ... A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ... A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ... A residential community is a community, usually a small town or city, that is composed mostly of residents, as opposed to commercial businesses and/or industrial facilities, all three of which are considered to be the three main types of occupants of the typical community. ... The Subdistrict is one of the smallest Political_divisions_of_China. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ... The city of Chicago, as seen from the sky A city is an urban area that is differentiated from a town, village, or hamlet by size, population density, importance, or legal status. ... Due to Chinas large population and area, the political divisions of China have always consisted of several levels since ancient times. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to the Neighbourhood Policing Programme website (318 words)
Neighbourhood policing is the police services commitment to improving your quality of life by working together with partners, targeting the issues that you identify as those that matter.
Neighbourhood Policing is based on local priorities identified by local people as the issues that need to be dealt with in their area and Police and partners will work together to tackle them.
Neighbourhood Policing means you will know who your neighbourhood officer is, how to contact them and what they are doing to address your local crime and disorder priorities.
Neighbourhood (mathematics) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (689 words)
In topology and related areas of mathematics, a neighbourhood (or neighborhood) is one of the basic concepts in a topological space.
Intuitively speaking, a neighbourhood of a point is a set containing the point where you can "wiggle" or "move" the point a bit without leaving the set.
Neighbourhoods in more than one dimension are generally chosen equivalent to Euclidean metrics for their symmetry and readability.
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