FACTOID # 2: Puerto Rico has roughly the same gross state product as Montana, Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Negrito" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Negrito
Ati woman
Ati woman

Negrito refers a dwindling ethnic group which is now restricted to parts of Southeast Asia. Possibly originating in Africa, they once occupied parts of India and Sri Lanka, and all of Sundaland during the Stone Age. Their current populations include the Aeta, Ati and at least 25 other tribes of the Philippines, the Semang of the Malay peninsula, the Mani of Thailand and 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Ati are an indigenous tribe of Negritos on the island of Panay in the Philippines. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Sundaland is a biogeographical region of Southeast Asia that comprises the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo, and surrounding smaller islands. ... The Aeta are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the Philippines. ... The Ati are an indigenous tribe of Negritos on the island of Panay in the Philippines. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Malay Peninsula (Malay: Semenanjung Tanah Melayu) is a major peninsula located in Southeast Asia. ... The Mani are an ethnic group of Thailand. ... Comparative map showing the distributions of the various Andamanese peoples in the Andaman Islands- early 1800s versus present-day (2004). ... Andaman Islands The Andaman Islands are a group of islands in the Bay of Bengal, and are part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands Union Territory of India. ...

Contents

Etymology

The term "Negrito" is the Spanish diminutive of Negro, i.e. "little black person", referring to their small stature, and was coined by early European invaders and explorers who assumed that the Negritos were from Africa. Occasionally, some Negrito are referred to as pygmies, bundling them with peoples of similar physical stature in Central Africa. For an island of the Philippines, see Negros. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


According to James J.Y. Liu, a professor of Chinese and comparative literature, the Chinese term for negrito is Kun-lun (Traditional Chinese: 崑崙).[1] Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ...


Origins

Negrito Woman

Being among the least-known of all living human groups, the origins of the Negrito people is a much debated topic. The Malay term for them is orang asli, or original people. They are likely descendants of the indigenous populations of the Sunda landmass and New Guinea, predating the Mongoloid peoples who later entered Southeast Asia from the north. [2] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Malay language (; Jawi script: ‎), is an Austronesian language spoken by the Malay people who reside in the Malay Peninsula, southern Thailand, the Philippines, Singapore, central eastern Sumatra, the Riau islands, parts of the coast of Borneo, Cocos and Christmas Islands in Australia, and even in the Netherlands[1]. It... Orang Asli is a general term used for any indigenous groups that are found in Peninsular Malaysia. ... Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... Sundaland is a biogeographical region of Southeast Asia that comprises the Malay Peninsula and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra, Java, Bali, Borneo, and surrounding smaller islands. ...


Dark skin and woolly hair would seem to suggest an African origin, especially in the Andamanese Islanders who have been isolated from incoming waves of Asiatic peoples. Genetic testing, however, allies them only occasionally with African Negroids. Cranial tests place Negritos in the Australo-Melanesian branch of humanity that later arrived from the Asian mainland. [3] However, this can largely be attributed to a level of interbreeding between the two anatomically distinct populations, and is not necessarily an indication of ancestry. Comparative map showing the distributions of the various Andamanese peoples in the Andaman Islands- early 1800s versus present-day (2004). ... Negroid has many different meanings. ... The Austronesian people are a population group in Oceania and Southeast Asia who speak or had ancestors who spoke one of the Austronesian languages. ...


Their origins may lie in India and Sri Lanka where Paleolithic hominid remains of a diminutive stature have been uncovered. It would appear that a population of proto-Negritos existing in the tropical jungles of the subcontinent were later overlain by waves of Caucasoid peoples from the north-west. [4] A likely line of descent for the Indian homunculi could theoretically be traced to the Pygmies of Central Africa as much as 60,000 years ago.


The Negrito peoples have one of the purest genetic pools of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) among anyone in humankind so their mtDNA serves as a baseline in studying Genetic Drift.[5] Mitochondrial DNA (some captions in German) Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is the DNA located in organelles called mitochondria. ... In population genetics, genetic drift is the statistical effect that results from the influence that chance has on the success of alleles (variants of a gene). ...


Culture

Due to their relative isolation on the islands of Southeast Asia, Negritos maintained their semi-nomadic hunting lifestyles up until recent times.


The Negritos of the Philippines could make fire, whereas the Andamanese could not. [citation needed]. The Semang are recorded to have made clothing of pounded tree bark, and to have lived in both caves and leaf-covered shelters. Comparative map showing the distributions of the various Andamanese peoples in the Andaman Islands- early 1800s versus present-day (2004). ...


In the 1212 there was a purchase of rights by some Malay peoples to settle on the island of Panay from the chief of the Negritos there.


Further Reading

  • Evans, Ivor Hugh Norman. The Negritos of Malaya. Cambridge [Eng.]: University Press, 1937.
  • Garvan, John M., and Hermann Hochegger. The Negritos of the Philippines. Wiener Beitrage zur Kulturgeschichte und Linguistik, Bd. 14. Horn: F. Berger, 1964.
  • Hurst Gallery. Art of the Negritos. Cambridge, Mass: Hurst Gallery, 1987.
  • Khadizan bin Abdullah, and Abdul Razak Yaacob. Pasir Lenggi, a Bateq Negrito Resettlement Area in Ulu Kelantan. Pulau Pinang: Social Anthropology Section, School of Comparative Social Sciences, Universití Sains Malaysia, 1974.
  • Schebesta, P., & Schütze, F. (1970). The Negritos of Asia. Human relations area files, 1-2. New Haven, Conn: Human Relations Area Files.
  • Snow, Philip. The Star Raft: China's Encounter With Africa. Cornell Univ. Press, 1989 (ISBN 0801495830)

See also

Kunlun Nu (Traditional Chinese: - The K’un-lun Slave) was a wuxia romance written by P’ei Hsing (Traditional Chinese: ) (c. ...

Notes

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

  1. ^ Liu, James J.Y. The Chinese Knight Errant. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1967 (ISBN 0-2264-8688-5)
  2. ^ [Getting Here: The Story of Human Evolution, William Howells, Compass Press, 1993]
  3. ^ [Getting Here: The Story of Human Evolution, William Howells, Compass Press, 1993]
  4. ^ [The Masks of God: Primitive Mythology, Joseph Campbell, Penguin Books, 1959]
  5. ^ nytimes on Early human migration

External links

  • The Negrito of Thailand
  • Negritos in the Philippines A detailed book written by an American at the turn of the previous century holistically describing the Negrito culture. Online document processed by Filipiniana.net
  • Africans and Asians: Historiography and the Long View of Global Interaction

  Results from FactBites:
 
Negrito - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (293 words)
The Negritos include the Ati, the Aeta and at least 4 other tribes of the Philippines, the Semang of the Malay peninsula, and 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands.
The Negrito peoples have one of the purest genetic pools of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) among anyone in humankind so their mtDNA serves as a baseline in studying Genetic Drift.
The Negritos are believed to be the aborigines of the Philippines.
Negrito - definition of Negrito in Encyclopedia (584 words)
The Negritos include the Atis, and at least 5 other tribes of the Philippines, the Semang of the Malay peninsula, and 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands.
For the Negritos themselves the term has no meaning since they know themselves only by their local tribal names and are not (yet) aware that they may belong to a people called "Negrito".
Others think that until the Negritos themselves are aware of their situation and in a position to decide the matter for themselves, the term should not be changed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m