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Encyclopedia > Negeri Sembilan

States and Territories of Malaysia
نڬري سمبيلن دار الخصوص
Negeri Sembilan Darul Khusus
Flag of Negeri Sembilan Coat of arms of Negeri Sembilan
Flag Coat of arms
State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan
Location of Negeri Sembilan
Capital Seremban
Royal capital Seri Menanti
Ruling party Barisan Nasional
 - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar
 - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan
History  
 - Federated into FMS 1895 
 - Japanese occupation 1942 
 - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948 
Area
 - Total 6,645 km²
Population
 - 2007 estimate 1,004,807
 - Density 137.4/km²
HDI  (2000) 0.795 (medium)
National calling code 06
National postal code 70xxx to 73xxx
License plate prefix N
Website: http://www.sukns.gov.my/

Negeri Sembilan (also Negri Sembilan, Jawi: نڬري سمبيلن), meaning "nine states" in Malay, is a state of Malaysia. It is located on the western coast of Peninsular Malaysia, just south of Kuala Lumpur and is bordered in the north by Selangor, in the east by Pahang and in the south by Malacca and Johor. Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Negeri_Sembilan. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Negeri_Sembilan. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... This article needs translation. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 273 pixelsFull resolution (3000 × 1025 pixels, file size: 118 KB, MIME type: image/png) Modified from Image:Malaysia states blank (color scheme). ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Seri Menanti is the royal capital of the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... General elections were held in Malaysia on March 21, 2004. ... Barisan Nasional (National Front or BN) is a political coalition in Malaysia. ... Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman (born July 19, 1922) in Klang, Selangor was the tenth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from April 26, 1994 to April 25, 1999 and fourth Yang di-Pertuan Besar of modern Negeri Sembilan. ... Literally, big minister in Malay, a Menteri Besar is a Chief Executive of the state governments of Perlis, Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan in Malaysia—that is, all states with royal rulers. ... Mohamad Hassan is the current Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan. ... The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four states on the Malay Peninsula - Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Negeri Sembilan - established by the British government in 1895, and lasted until 1946, when they together with the Straits Settlements and the Unfederated Malay States formed the Malayan Union. ... Throughout much of the Second World War, British Malaya, North Borneo and Sarawak were under Japanese occupation. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2006). ... Telephone numbering in Malaysia is regulated by the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission (MCMC). ... The postal codes used in Malaysia is a 5 digit code. ... Malaysian vehicle license plates are the license plates displayed on all motorized road vehicles in Malaysia, as required by law. ... Jawi may refer to: Jawi peoplevery good Jawi language (Australian Aboriginal) Jawi script (Arabic based for writing Malay) Category: ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (or Semenanjung Malaysia in the Malay language) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... Nickname: Motto: Maju dan makmur (English: Progress and Prosper) Location in Malaysia Coordinates: , Country State Establishment 1857 Granted city status 1974 Government  - Mayor (Datuk Bandar) Datuk Abdul Hakim Borhan From 14 December 2006 Area  - Total 243. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984...


The name is believed to derive from the nine districts or nagari (now known as luak) settled by the Minangkabau, a people originally from West Sumatra (present-day Indonesia). Minangkabau features are still visible today in traditional architecture and the dialect of Malay spoken. Unlike the hereditary monarchs of the other royal Malay states, the ruler of Negeri Sembilan - known as Yang di-Pertuan Besar - is selected by the council of Undangs who lead the four biggest districts of Sungai Ujong, Jelebu, Johol, and Rembau. Languages Minangkabau, Indonesian and Malay. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... The Malay states are a group of nine states of Malaysia (all located in West Malaysia) which have hereditary Rulers. ... In Malay, Yang di-Pertuan Besar is literally He Who Is Made Great or This is a royal tile used by: The elected monarch of the state of Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. ... An Undang is a ruling chief of the state of Negeri Sembilan, in Malaysia. ... State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan Capital Seremban Royal capital Seri Menanti Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar  - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 6,645 km² Population  - 2007... Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilans largest districts, consisting more than 100,000 in population to the greater county. ... Johol is a small town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... Rembau is a town within a district that shares the same name in the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ...


The capital of Negeri Sembilan is Seremban. The royal capital is Seri Menanti in Kuala Pilah district. Other important towns are Port Dickson and Nilai. This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Seri Menanti is the royal capital of the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... Kuala Pilah is a main town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia ... Map of Port Dickson Port Dickson or PD to locals is a beach and holiday destination situated about 32 km from Seremban and 60 km from Kuala Lumpur. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ...


The Arabic honorific of the state is Darul Khusus ("the Special Abode").


The ethnic composition in 2005 was: Malay (497,896 or 54.96%), Chinese (220,141 or 24.3%), Indian (137,588), Other (50,267). // Tunku Abdul Rahman - First Prime Minister of Malaysia Abdul Razak - Second Prime Minister of Malaysia Abdullah Ahmad Badawi - Fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia Leftenan Adnan - military Hussein Onn - Third Prime Minister of Malaysia Mahathir bin Mohamad - Fourth Prime Minister of Malaysia Najib Tun Razak - Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia Parameswara...

Contents

History

Seremban is the capital of the state of Negeri Sembilan.
Seremban is the capital of the state of Negeri Sembilan.

The Minangkabau from Sumatra settled in Negeri Sembilan in the 15th century under the protection of the Melaka Sultanate, and later under the protection of its successor, the Sultanate of Johor. As Johor weakened in the 18th century, attacks by the Bugis forced the Minangkabaus to seek protection from a prince of their homeland. The Minangkabau ruler, Sultan Abdul Jalil, obliged by sending his near relative, Raja Melewar. Arriving to find that a certain Raja Khatib had already established himself as ruler, Melewar was forced to compromise with the lesser chiefs in order to secure his position. He defeated Raja Khatib with their help, receiving Seri Menanti as his personal domain. The Sultan of Johor, confirmed his position by granting the title Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan (He Who is Highest Lord of the Nine States) in 1773. After Raja Melewar's death, a series of disputes arose over the succession. For a considerable period, the local nobles applied to the Minangkabau ruler in Sumatra for a ruler. However, competing interests supported different candidates, often resulting in instability and civil war. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (864x238, 162 KB) digital art by Daniel Lee I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (864x238, 162 KB) digital art by Daniel Lee I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Languages Minangkabau, Indonesian and Malay. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ... State motto: Bersatu Teguh (Malay, United We Stand) Capital Malacca Town Governor Tun Datuk Seri Utama Mohd Khalil Yaakob Chief Minister Datuk Seri Haji Mohd Ali Mohd Rustam Area 1,650 km² Population  - Estimated 648,500 State anthem Melaka Maju Jaya This article is about a state in Malaysia. ... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984... The Bugis are the most numerous of the three major linguistic and ethnic groups of South Sulawesi, the southwestern province of Sulawesi, Indonesias third largest island. ... Seri Menanti is the royal capital of the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... In Malay, Yang di-Pertuan Besar is literally He Who Is Made Great or This is a royal tile used by: The elected monarch of the state of Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. ... Year 1773 (MDCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1873, the British intervened militarily in a civil war in Sungai Ujong to preserve British economic interests, and placed the country under the control of a British Resident. Jelebu followed in 1886, and the remaining states in 1895. In 1897, when the Federated Malay States (FMS) was established, Sungai Ujong and Jelebu were reunited to the confederation of small states and the whole, under the old name of the Negeri Sembilan, was placed under a single Resident and became a member of the FMS. 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan Capital Seremban Royal capital Seri Menanti Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar  - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 6,645 km² Population  - 2007... A British Resident or British Resident Minister was a British colonial official who lived and worked in smaller self-governing colonies or protectorates as a political advisor to the leader and as an ambassador of the British Government. ... Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilans largest districts, consisting more than 100,000 in population to the greater county. ... 1897 (MDCCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The Federated Malay States (FMS) was a federation of four states on the Malay Peninsula - Pahang, Perak, Selangor, and Negeri Sembilan - established by the British government in 1895, and lasted until 1946, when they together with the Straits Settlements and the Unfederated Malay States formed the Malayan Union. ...


The number of states within Negeri Sembilan has fluctuated over the years, the federation now consists of six states and a number of sub-states under their suzerainty. The former state of Naning was annexed by Malacca, Kelang by Selangor, and Segamat by Johor. Suzerainty (pronounced or ) is a situation in which a region or people is a tributary to a more powerful entity which allows the tributary some limited domestic autonomy to control its foreign affairs. ... Naning is an area in modern day Malacca, Malaysia and was founded in 1641. ... Motto: Perpaduan Sendi Kekuatan Country Malaysia State Selangor Establishment 1643 Granted Municipal Status 1977, January 1st Government  - Administered by Majlis Perbandaran Klang (Klang Municipal Council)  - Yang diPertua (Councillor) Y. Bhg. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ...


Negeri Sembilan endured Japanese occupation in World War II between 1941 and 1945, and joined the Federation of Malaya in 1948, and became a state of Malaysia in 1963. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The Federation of Malaya, or in Malay Persekutuan Tanah Melayu, was formed in 1948 from the British settlements of Penang and Malacca and the nine Malay states and replaced the Malayan Union. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Government and Politics

Constitution

The Constitution of Negeri Sembilan came into force on March 26 1959. It is divided into the following two sections;

  • THE FIRST PART OF THE LAWS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF NEGERI SEMBILAN.
  • THE SECOND PART OF THE LAWS OF THE CONSTITUTION OF NEGERI SEMBILAN.

The constitution establishes that the state's form of government is Constitutional Monarchy.


The Ruler

The official constitutional title of the Ruler of the state is His Royal Highness the Yang Di-Pertuan Besar and he holds office for life. The state's constitution proclaims the Yang Di-Pertuan Besar is vested with the Executive Power of the state, is the Head of the Religion of Islam in the state and is the fountain of all honor and dignity for the state. The current Yang di-Pertuan Besar is His Royal Highness Tuanku Jaafar ibni Almarhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman, born 1922, who was elected in 1967.


Unlike Malaysia's eight other Royal Malay states, the Ruler of Negeri Sembilan is elected to his office by the territorial chiefs of the state. These chiefs are titled Undang. Only four of the Undangs have the right to vote in the election for the Ruler of the State. They are: An Undang is a ruling chief of the state of Negeri Sembilan, in Malaysia. ...

  • The Undang of Sungei Ujong.
  • The Undang of Jelebu.
  • The Undang of Johol.
  • The Undang of Rembau.

The Undangs themselves cannot stand for election and their choice of ruler is limited to a male Muslim who is Malay and also a "lawfully begotten descendant of Raja Radin ibni Raja Lenggang".


State Executive Council

The State Executive Council is established by the 1959 constitution. It consists of the Menteri Besar, who is its Chairman, and ten other members. The Menteri Besar and the other members of the council are appointed by the Yang Di-Pertuan Besar from the members of the State Assembly. The current Menteri Besar or Chief Minister of the state is YAB Dato' Seri Utama Mohamad Haji Hassan. Literally, big minister in Malay, a Menteri Besar is a Chief Executive of the state governments of Perlis, Kedah, Perak, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Selangor, Pahang, Terengganu and Kelantan in Malaysia—that is, all states with royal rulers. ... Mohamad Hassan is the current Menteri Besar of Negeri Sembilan. ...


Economy

Negeri Sembilan is mainly an agricultural state. However, the establishment of several industrial estates enhanced the manufacturing sector as a major contributor towards the state economy.


Agricultural activity includes rubber and oil palm plantations, livestock, fruit orchards and vegetable farming. About 3,099 square kilometres are used for rubber and oil palm plantations. This does not cite any references or sources. ... Species Elaeis guineensis Elaeis oleifera The oil palms (Elaeis) coomprise two species of the Arecaceae, or palm family. ...


Manufacturing activity includes electrical and electronics, textiles, furniture, chemicals, machinery, metalworks and rubber products. The main industrial areas are Senawang, Sungai Gadut, Tuanku Jaafar Industrial Park, Nilai and Tanah Merah in Port Dickson. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Map of Port Dickson Port Dickson or PD to locals is a beach and holiday destination situated about 32 km from Seremban and 60 km from Kuala Lumpur. ...


Current states (luak/luhak) and sub-states of Negeri Sembilan

+ States electing the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilans largest districts, consisting more than 100,000 in population to the greater county. ... Jempol is the largest district in the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan. ... Johol is a small town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... Rembau is a town within a district that shares the same name in the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan Capital Seremban Royal capital Seri Menanti Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar  - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 6,645 km² Population  - 2007... Tampin is both a town and a district in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia and is located near the Malacca-Negeri Sembilan border. ... In Malay, Yang di-Pertuan Besar is literally He Who Is Made Great or This is a royal tile used by: The elected monarch of the state of Negeri Sembilan in Malaysia. ...


Original states (luak/luhak) of Negeri Sembilan

  • Jelai (Inas)
  • Jelebu
  • Johol
  • Kelang (Klang) (now Selangor State)
  • Nanaing (Naning) (now mostly in Malacca State)
  • Rembau
  • Segamat and Pasir Besar (Segamat is now in Johor State and Pasir Besar is in Tampin)
  • Sungai Ujong (Sungei Ujong)
  • Ulu Pahan (now divided between Jelebu and Pahang State)

Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilans largest districts, consisting more than 100,000 in population to the greater county. ... Johol is a small town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... Motto: Perpaduan Sendi Kekuatan Country Malaysia State Selangor Establishment 1643 Granted Municipal Status 1977, January 1st Government  - Administered by Majlis Perbandaran Klang (Klang Municipal Council)  - Yang diPertua (Councillor) Y. Bhg. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... This article is about the state in Malaysia. ... Rembau is a town within a district that shares the same name in the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... Segamat (昔加末)is a town and district located in the north of the state of Johor in Malaysia, bordering two other states of Malaysia (Negeri Sembilan on the west and Pahang on the north). ... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984... State anthem: Berkatlah Yang DiPertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan Capital Seremban Royal capital Seri Menanti Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Yang di-Pertuan Besar Tuanku Jaafar  - Menteri Besar Mohamad Haji Hassan History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 6,645 km² Population  - 2007... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ...

Current administrative districts of Negeri Sembilan

Jelebu is one of Negeri Sembilans largest districts, consisting more than 100,000 in population to the greater county. ... Jempol is the largest district in the Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan. ... Kuala Pilah is a main town in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia ... Map of Port Dickson Port Dickson or PD to locals is a beach and holiday destination situated about 32 km from Seremban and 60 km from Kuala Lumpur. ... Rembau is a town within a district that shares the same name in the state of Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. ... This article does not adequately cite its references. ... Tampin is both a town and a district in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia and is located near the Malacca-Negeri Sembilan border. ...

External links

  • Official site of Negeri Sembilan State Government
  • Collection of Negeri Sembilan maps
  • Banyan Curve Resort in Port Dickson

  Results from FactBites:
 
Malaysia / Negeri Sembilan (87 words)
Negeri Sembilan translated literally means "Nine States," so named because it comprises a federation of nine states.
Seremban, the capital of Negeri Sembilan, is 64 km south of Kuala Lumpur.
Negeri Sembilan is noted for its Minangkabau-styled architecture, reflecting the influence of the State's first inhabitants from Sumatra.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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