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Encyclopedia > Negationism

Negationism is the denial of historic crimes. The word is derived from the French term négationnisme, which refers to Holocaust denial. Holocaust denial is illegal in France and several other countries. Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ...


Negationism is not necessarily a form of revisionism, which originally derives from certain socialists, such as Karl Kautsky and Eduard Bernstein who wanted to "revise" the fundamental principles of Marxism. It is a type of historical revisionism, developed following the Second World War, with the claim that Holocaust denial was a re-examination of the facts concerning the death camps and final solution of the Nazi regime. Revisionism is a word which has several meanings. ... For information on mainstream political parties using the term Socialist, see Social democracy and Democratic socialism, For the governments of the USSR, the PRC, and others, see: Communist state, Other variants of Socialism include Marxism, Communism, and Libertarian Socialism. ... Karl Kautsky Karl Kautsky (October 18, 1854 - October 17, 1938) was a leading theoretician of social democracy. ... Eduard Bernstein Eduard Bernstein (January 6, 1850 - December 18, 1932) was a German social democratic theoretician and politician, member of the SPD; and founder of evolutionary socialism or reformism. ... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century German philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... In Parson Weems Fable (1939) Grant Wood takes a sly poke at a traditional hagiographical account of George Washington Historical revisionism is the reexamination of the accepted facts and interpretations of history, with an eye towards updating it with newly discovered, more accurate, and less biased information. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Richard Harwoods Did Six Million Really Die? Holocaust denial is the claim that the mainstream historical version of the Holocaust is either highly exaggerated or completely falsified. ... The Final Solution of the Jewish Question (German Endlösung der Judenfrage) refers to the German Nazis plan to address the Jewish problem by means of genocidal extermination during World War II. The term was coined by Adolf Eichmann, a top Nazi official who supervised the genocidal campaign. ... The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism. ...


Ultra-Left Negationism was a political current including such people as Pierre Guillaume (who was involved in the bookshop La Vieille Taupe during the 1960s); La Guerre Sociale, Jeune Taupe and Revolution Sociale were all Ultra-left negationists. Some people claim that Auschwitz ou le grande alibi, written by Amadeo Bordiga in 1960, is the source of ultra-left negationism. They claim that this booklet was available at La Vieille Taupe in the sixties, and that by the eighties La Vielle Taupe had become a major source of holocaust denial material. Defenders of Bordiga say that he should not be judged by the idiosyncratic career of Pierre Guillaume, and a few other associates who deny the existence of the gas chambers at Auschwitz. They argue with Bordiga that the culpability for the Holocaust is the capitalist system, rather than Nazism and situate the six million Jewish dead within the context of 50 million human beings during the Second World War. Vigorous critics of Stalinism, they argue that American, British and USSR forces all committed atrocities during and after the Second World War. La Veille Taupe is a bookshop in Paris. ... Amadeo Bordiga (1889 - 1970) was a prominent Italian socialist. ... 1960 was a leap year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gas chamber at San Quentin State Prison A gas chamber is a means of execution whereby a poisonous gas is introduced into a hermetically sealed chamber. ... Auschwitz, in English, commonly refers to the Auschwitz concentration camp complex built near the town of Oświęcim, by Nazi Germany during World War II. Rarely, it may refer to the Polish town of Oświęcim (called by the Germans Auschwitz) itself. ... Concentration camp inmates during the Holocaust The Holocaust was Nazi Germanys systematic genocide (ethnic cleansing) of various ethnic, religious, national, and secular groups during World War II. Early elements include the Kristallnacht pogrom and the T-4 Euthanasia Program established by Hitler that killed some 200,000 people. ... Capitalism has been defined in various ways (see Capitalism in Wikiquote). ... The term National Socialism has been used in self-description by a number of different political groups and ideologies, some of which have no connection with the Nazis; see National socialism. ... Stalinism is a brand of political theory, and the political and economic system implemented by Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union. ...


In 1984 Klaus Barbie was put on trial for crimes committed whilst he was in charge of the Gestapo in Lyons between 1942 and 1944. As the trial opened Philip Potter, a Caribbean pastor, described Barbie as the last product of the Enlightenment, which, he claimed, had produced four things: the Industrial Revolution which subordinated man to machine; the founding of the United States, based on the application of liberty and equality to all men - except African Americans and Native Americans; the French Revolution where liberty and equality were claimed by the bourgeoisie; and imperialism based on racism. 1984 is a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Klaus Barbie Klaus Barbie (October 25, 1913 – September 25, 1991) was a Hauptsturmführer in the German SS and the Gestapo (secret police) during the Nazi regime. ... The Gestapo was the official secret police force of Nazi Germany. ... Lyons), see Lyons (disambiguation). ... This article is about the year. ... 1944 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Age of Enlightenment refers to the 18th century in European philosophy, and is often thought of as part of a larger period which includes the Age of Reason. ... The Industrial Revolution was the major technological, socioeconomic and cultural change in the late 18th and early 19th century resulting from the replacement of an economy based on manual labor to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. ... African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. ... A Sioux in traditional dress including war bonnet, circa 1908. ... During the French Revolution (1789–1799) democracy and republicanism overthrew the absolute monarchy in France, and the French portion of the Roman Catholic Church was forced to undergo radical restructuring. ... A cartoon portraying the British Empire as an octopus, reaching into foreign lands A cartoon showing the U.S. growing up and growing girth. ... A Black person drinks out of a water foutain designated for black people in 1939 at a streetcar terminal. ...


At the trial Barbie received support not only from Nazi apologists like François Genoud, but also from Jacques Vergès, a half-Vietnamese leftist lawyer. He had a reputation for attacking the French political system, particularly in French colonial territories. In 1960 he extracted a confession of torture from Paul Teitgen, secretary general of the police in Algiers. Vergès' strategy at the trial was to use the trial to expose war crimes committed by France since 1945. Indeed, many of the charges against Barbie were dropped, thanks to legislation that had protected people accused of crimes under the Vichy regime and in French Algeria. Jacques Vergès (born March 5, 1925) is a French lawyer and former Free French Forces guerrilla noted for defending unpopular figures. ... 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Vichy France (French: now called Régime de Vichy or Vichy; called itself at the time État Français, or French State) was the French state of 1940-1944 which was a puppet government under Nazi influence, as opposed to the Free French Forces, based first in London and later in Algiers. ...


Vergès argued that the Nazi crimes were no different in nature from those committed by French imperialism, and thus the French courts were in no position to try Barbie. Nabil Bouaita, an Algerian lawyer, and Jean-Martin M'Bemba, a Congolese lawyer, joined the defense team. "Does crime against humanity only force emotion or merit commemoration if it hurt Europeans?" Vergès asked. B'Memba gave an account of how 8,000 Africans died building 140 kilometres of railway in French colonial Africa. Bouaita discussed Sabra and Chatila. Sabra צבר is the word used to describe a Jew born in the Holy Land. ...


In the end Barbie was found guilty, but Vergès' defense had changed the terms of debate about crimes against humanity. This has led to the term New World Negationism to describe the denial or trivialisation of crimes against humanity such as genocide and slavery that were perpetrated by Europeans in the New World (i.e. North and South America). A related term is Black Holocaust, but this is restricted to the enslavement of Africans. This article is in need of attention. ... Look up Genocide in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Most generally, Genocide is the deliberate destruction of a social identity. ... A monument celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, erected in Victoria Tower Gardens, Millbank, Westminster, London Look up Slavery in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Enslaved redirects here. ... This article is about the continent. ... Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, c. ... Slavery in Colonial British America was introduced in imitation of labor practices used by the Spanish and Portuguese in their South American colonies. ...


It is sometimes argued that New World Negationism remains the official policy of the United States and British governments.

See also Historical revisionism
In Parson Weems Fable (1939) Grant Wood takes a sly poke at a traditional hagiographical account of George Washington Historical revisionism is the reexamination of the accepted facts and interpretations of history, with an eye towards updating it with newly discovered, more accurate, and less biased information. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Negationism (559 words)
Negationism is not necessarily a form of revisionism, which originally derives from certain socialists, such as Karl Kautsky[?] and Eduard Bernstein[?] who wanted to "revise" the fundamental principles of Marxism.
Ultra-Left Negationism was a political current including such people as Pierre Guillaume[?] (who was involved in the bookshop La Vielle Taupe during the 1960s), La Guerre Sociale[?], Jeune Taupe[?] and Revolution Sociale[?] were all Ultra-left negationists.
It is sometimes argued that New World Negationism remains the official policy of the United States and British governments.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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