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Encyclopedia > Necropolis
Look up necropolis in
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View of the Etruscan necropolis of Banditaccia, in Cerveteri, Italy.
View of the Etruscan necropolis of Banditaccia, in Cerveteri, Italy.
Necropolis - athlete tomb (Taranto), Italy.
Nepasa necropolis in Algeria.
Nepasa necropolis in Algeria.
Radimlja necropolis of stećak in Bosnia and Herzegovina

A necropolis (plural: necropolises or necropoleis) is a large cemetery or burial place (from Greek nekropolis "city of the dead"). Apart from the occasional application of the word to modern cemeteries outside large towns, the term is chiefly used of burial grounds near the sites of the centers of ancient civilizations. Necropolis Records was a record label founded in 1993, providing to be one of the sole American homes for extreme black metal at that time. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... It has been suggested that French Wiktionary be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links Banditaccia1. ... Image File history File links Banditaccia1. ... Map showing the extent of the Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... A small town located approximately 60 miles N of Rome. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nekropole_(Taranto)_-_Via_Crispi. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Nekropole_(Taranto)_-_Via_Crispi. ... Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (822x796, 440 KB)from Il Modulo encyclopedia, 1976 Images of uncertain copyright status ^ 17 U.S.C. §104A File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (822x796, 440 KB)from Il Modulo encyclopedia, 1976 Images of uncertain copyright status ^ 17 U.S.C. §104A File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Stećak. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Stećak. ... Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ...

Contents

History and purpose

The oldest necropolis in the world is probably the Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni in Paola, Malta which dates back to 2500 BC. The Holy of Holies, Hypogeum, Malta The Hypogeum in Ħal-Saflieni, Paola, Malta, is an subterranean structure excavated c. ... Paola, (or old name Pawla), is a town in the south of Malta. ... (Redirected from 2500 BC) (26th century BC - 25th century BC - 24th century BC - other centuries) (4th millennium BC - 3rd millennium BC - 2nd millennium BC) Events 2900 - 2334 BC -- Mesopotamian wars of the Early Dynastic period 2494 BC -- End of Fourth Dynasty, start of Fifth Dynasty in Egypt. ...


Necropolises were built for many reasons. Sometimes their origin was purely religious: the Valley of the Kings in Egypt is a prime example. Other cultures created necropolises in response to prohibitions on burials within city limits: especially noteworthy and rich of artpieces are those from the Etruscan civilization found in southern Tuscany and northern Lazio regions of Italy. In the Roman Empire, roads immediately outside towns therefore came to be lined with funerary monuments. Examples of this kind of necropolis can be found on the Appian Way just outside Rome and at the Alyscamps in Arles, France. Location of the valley in the Theban Hills, West of the Nile, October 1988 (red box shows location) The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el-Muluk; Gates of the King)[1] is a valley in Egypt where for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to... Map showing the extent of the Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Lazio (Latium in Latin) is a regione of central Italy, bordered by Tuscany, Umbria, Abruzzo, Marche, Molise, Campania and the Tyrrhenian Sea. ... Motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent, c. ... The path of the Via Appia and of the Via Appia Traiana. ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban... The Alyscamps, Arles, France The Alyscamps is a large Roman necropolis a short distance outside the walls of the old town of Arles, France. ... Coordinates Administration Country France Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti  (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m...


During the 19th century, necropolises enjoyed a revival spurred by the Victorian fashion for large, elaborate memorials. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The term Victorian fashion refers to fashion in clothing in the Victorian era, or the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). ...


A modern-day example of a necropolis may be Colma, California. This suburb of San Francisco has been used for decades to bury the dead of San Francisco, as well as those of other nearby towns. The citizens had felt it necessary to bury the dead outside of city limits, and perhaps out of sight as well. Colma recently has become more of a working-class suburb, but the dead still outnumber the living in this small town. Colma is a small town in San Mateo County, California, at the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula next to Daly City and South San Francisco. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


The word is often used with a different connotation in fantasy literature; for instance, it might refer to a city populated by zombies or other undead creatures. Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... This article is about the undead. ... Undead is a collective name for mythological beings that are deceased yet behave as if alive. ...


Recent Uncovering

Three years ago, workers excavating for a parking garage discovered a necropolis in Vatican City. Once it was discovered, work on the parking garage stopped and efforts to restore the site started. As of October 9, 2006, it is now open to the public. Visitors can use a catwalk to view the necropolis from a building built over the ruins. [1] [2] October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in Leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


List of necropoleis

Algeria

  • Nepasa

Austria

An ornament of the sarcophagus of Emperor Karl VI: a deaths head with the crown of the Holy Roman Empire Tomb of Franz Josef I, flanked by wife Elisabeth and son Rudolf. ... Vienna (German: , see also other names) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ...

Australia

Frazer Mausoleum, Rookwood. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... The Waverley Cemetery opened in 1877 and is a major cemetery at Bronte in the eastern suburbs of Sydney. ... The Sydney Opera House on Sydney Harbour Sydney (pronounced ) is the most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of over 4. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Brisbane (pronounced ) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Queensland, as well as the third largest city in Australia, with a greater metropolitan population of just under two million. ... Karrakatta Cemetery is a metropolitan cemetery in the suburb of Karrakatta in Perth, Western Australia. ... The Perth skyline viewed from the Swan River This article is about the urban area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Melbournes CBD has grown to straddle the Yarra River in three major precincts. ... Melbourne General Cemetery The Melbourne General Cemetery is a large (43 hectare) necropolis located 2 km (1. ... Melbournes CBD has grown to straddle the Yarra River in three major precincts. ...

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • Radimlja

Bulgaria

The Varna Necropolis (Bulgarian: ) is a burial site in the western industrial zone of Varna (approximately half a kilometre from Lake Varna and 4 km from the city centre), Bulgaria. ...

China

The Terracotta Army (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; pinyin: ; literally soldier and horse funerary statues) or Terracotta Warriors and Horses is a collection of 8,099 life-size terra cotta figures of warriors and horses located near the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor (Chinese: ; pinyin: ). The figures were discovered in... Standing in the Spirit Way at the Ming Tombs looking back towards the entry gate. ...

Croatia

Stara Novalja on the map of Croatia Stara Novalja is a village in the cove of the same name in the north-eastern part of the island of Pag, 5 kilometers north of Novalja in Croatia. ...

Cyprus

Amathus was one of the most ancient royal cities of Cyprus, on the southern coast, about 24 miles west of Larnaka and 6 miles east of Limassol. ...

Egypt

Nickname: Al Qahirah (The Triumphant City) Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 210 km²  (81. ... The Great Pyramid is the oldest and the largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa ( ). The oldest and only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World, it is believed to have been constructed over a 20 year period... Memphis, coordiates , , was the ancient capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt, and of the Old Kingdom of Egypt from its foundation until around 1300 BC. Its Ancient Egyptian name was Ineb Hedj (The White Walls). The name Memphis is the Greek deformation of the Egyptian name of Pepi... Saqqara (Arabic: سقارة) is a vast, ancient burial ground in Egypt, featuring the worlds oldest standing step pyramid. ... The Siwa Oasis is an oasis in Egypt, located between the Qattara Depression and the Egyptian Sand Sea in the Libyan Desert. ...

France

The Alyscamps, Arles, France The Alyscamps is a large Roman necropolis a short distance outside the walls of the old town of Arles, France. ... Coordinates Administration Country France Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (Subprefecture) Arrondissement Arles Canton Chief town of 2 cantons: Arles-Est and Arles-Ouest Intercommunality Agglomeration community of Arles-Crau-Camargue-Montagnette Mayor Hervé Schiavetti  (PS) (2001-2008) Statistics Altitude 0 m–57 m... The Panthéon The Panthéon is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris, France. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) Paris Eiffel tower as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... West façade of Saint Denis Depiction of the Trinity over the main entrance The Basilica of Saint Denis (French: Basilique de Saint-Denis, or simply Basilique Saint-Denis) is the famous burial site of the French monarchs, comparable to Westminster Abbey in England. ... Saint Denis can refer to: a Christian saint: see Denis Seine-Saint-Denis a département of France Several communes in France: Saint-Denis,in the Aude département Saint-Denis, in the Gard département Saint-Denis, in the Seine-Saint-Denis département, home of Saint Denis Basilica...

Israel

  • Beit Shaarim

Italy

A small town located approximately 60 miles N of Rome. ... Lipari Castle above the town of Lipari. ... The Aeolian Islands. ... Locri Epizephyri (epi-Zephyros, under the West wind; see also List of traditional Greek place names) was founded about 680 BC on the Italian shores of the Ionian Sea, near modern Capo Zefirio, by the Locrians, apparently by Opuntii (East Locrians) from the city of Opus, but including Ozolae (West... The Necropolis of Pantalica is a large necropolis in Sicily with about 5000 tombs dating from the 13th to the 7th centuries BC. Pantalica is situated in the valleys of the rivers Anapo and Calcinara, between the towns of Ferla and Sortino in south-eastern Sicily. ... Taranto is a coastal city in Apulia, southern Italy. ...

Malaysia

Nirvana Memorial Park is a public memorial park in Semenyih, Selangor, Malaysia. ...

Malta

  • Hypogeum of Ħal-Saflieni

The Holy of Holies, Hypogeum, Malta The Hypogeum in Ħal-Saflieni, Paola, Malta, is an subterranean structure excavated c. ...

Morocco

The Necropolis of Chellah or Chella is a complex of ancient and medieval ruins that lie on the outskirts of the Rabat, Morocco’s Ville Nouvelle, or modern section. ...

Pakistan

Thatta, or Tatta, is a historic town of 22,000 inhabitants in the Sindh province of Pakistan. ...

Peru

A piece of a Paracas Textil, Ica, Peru The Paracas culture was an important Andean society between approximately 750 BCE and 100 CE that developed in the Paracas Peninsula, located in what today is the Paracas District of the Pisco Province in the Ica Region. ...

Russia

Kremlin Wall Necropolis The Kremlin Wall Necropolis (Некрополь у Кремлёвской стены in Russian) is a part of the Kremlin Wall, which surrounds the Moscow Kremlin and overlooks the Red Square. ...

United Kingdom

World War I Brookwood American Cemetery and Memorial, within the ground of Brookwood Cemetery Brookwood Cemetery is a burial ground in Brookwood, Surrey, England. ... The London Necropolis railway station was a special railway station constructed by the London Necropolis Company for funeral trains, specifically to serve their Brookwood Cemetery. ... The London Necropolis Company, also London Necropolis & National Mausoleum Company, was set up in 1850, and established by Act of Parliament in 1852. ... Monuments on the summit of the Glasgow Necropolis hill The Glasgow Necropolis is a Victorian cemetery in Glasgow. ...

United States

Colma is a small town in San Mateo County, California, at the northern end of the San Francisco Peninsula next to Daly City and South San Francisco. ...

Vatican City

See also

Graves at Green-Wood Cemetery, Brooklyn, New York A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... Catacombs Paris Catacombs Rome - entrance Catacombs Rome - entrance (detail) The original catacombs are a network of underground burial galleries near San Sebastiano fuori le mura, in Rome. ... Crypt is also a commonly used name of water trumpets, aquatic plants. ...

References and footnotes

  1. ^ D'Emilio, Frances. "Newly unveiled necropolis at Vatican", Associated Press via MSNBC, 2006-10-09. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.
  2. ^ McMahon, Barbara. "Ancient Roman treasures found under Vatican car park", The Guardian, 2006-10-10. Retrieved on 2007-03-27.
  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Necropolis by Night - Chapter 2 (773 words)
The Missouri Pacific Railroad reached Necropolis in 1865, and in 1869 the Hannibal Bridge became the first bridge to span the Missouri River, and was opened to traffic.
Old Necropolis, west of the Kaw River in the state of Kansas was platted in 1868, and incorporated into the Wyandotte community in 1872.
Necropolis is not known as the "City of Fountains" for nothing - there are over 125 of them in the city proper.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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