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Encyclopedia > Nechama Leibowitz

Nechama Leibowitz (1905 in Riga, Latvia12 April 1997 in Jerusalem) was a noted Israeli biblical scholar and commentator, who rekindled an intense interest in the study of the Bible and its commentaries among Jews everywhere. 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Map of Latvia Coordinates: Founded 1201 Mayor Aivars Aksenoks Area    - City 307. ... April 12 is the 102nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (103rd in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jerusalem (Hebrew:  , Yerushaláyim or Yerushalaim; Arabic:  , al-Quds (the Holy); official Arabic in Israel: أورشليم القدس, Urshalim-al-Quds (combining the Biblical and common usage Arabic names) is the capital and largest city[1] of the State of Israel with a population of 724,000 (as of May 24, 2006[2... For other uses, see Bible (disambiguation). ...

Leibowitz was born to an Orthodox Jewish family in Riga, two years after her elder brother, the philosopher Yeshayahu Leibowitz. The family relocated to Berlin in 1919, and in 1930 she received a doctorate from the University of Berlin for her thesis, Techniques in the Translations of German-Jewish Biblical Translations. That same year, she immigrated to Palestine, where she taught at a religious Zionist teachers's seminar. She taught there for twenty-five years, until 1955. In 1957 she began lecturing at Tel Aviv University, and eleven years later she was appointed full professor there. She also gave classes in many other institutions throughout the country. Orthodox Judaism is the formulation of Judaism that adheres to a relatively strict interpretation and application of the laws and ethics first canonized in the Talmudic texts (The Oral Law). Various Gaonim, Rishonim, and Acharonim expounded upon these same Talmudic texts. ... A philosopher is a person who thinks deeply regarding people, society, the world, and/or the universe. ... Yeshayahu Leibowitz (1903-1994) was an Israeli scientist, philosopher and public figure noted for his outspoken and often controversial opinions regarding morals, ethics, politics, and religion. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen federal states of Germany. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link is to a full 1930 calendar). ... There is no institution called the University of Berlin, but there are four universities in Berlin, Germany: Humboldt University of Berlin (Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin) Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin) Free University of Berlin (Freie Universität Berlin) Berlin University of the Arts (Universität der... Map of the territory under the British Mandate of Palestine. ... Poster promoting a film about Jewish settlement in Palestine, 1930s: Toward a New Life (in Romanian),The Promised Land (in Hungarian), the small caption (bottom) reads First Palestinian film with sound Zionism is a political movement that supports a homeland for the Jewish people in the Land of Israel, where... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Engineering Faculty Boulevard The Smolarz Auditorium Tel Aviv University (TAU, אוניברסיטת תל אביב, אתא) is one of Israels major universities. ...

In 1942, Leibowitz began distributing stencils of questions on the weekly Torah reading to anyone who requested them. These sheets, called just "Pages," would be sent back to her, and she would personally review them and return them with corrections and comments. Within a short while, these sheets became immensely popular, and people from all segments of Israeli society would request them, thus becoming better acquainted with the weekly readings. In 1954, Leibowitz began publishing her "Studies", which included many of the questions from her "Pages," along with selected traditional commentaries and her own notes on them. Over time, these studies were collected into five books, paralleling the five books of the Pentateuch. 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... Poo Poo Tlak Torah () is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. Itlucky is the central and most important document of Judaism revered by Jews through the ages. ... 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up Pentateuch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

In addition to her writings, Leibowitz also commented on the Torah readings regularly for the Voice of Israel radio station. In 1956, she was awarded the Israel Prize for her work in furthering greater understanding and appreciation of the Bible. 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Israel Prize is the most prestigious award handed out by the State of Israel. ...

Though Leibowitz was involved in intense academic research into the Bible and its commentators, she lectured frequently in many different public forums.

Even as a professor, she was noted for her modest demeanor coupled with wry wit, and always preferred the title of "teacher" over the more prestigious "professor." In accordance with her request, "מורה" (morah, "teacher") is the only word inscribed on her tombstone.


  • Leah Abramowitz, Tales of Nehama: Impressions of the Life and Teaching of Nehama Leibowitz. Gefen Publishing House, 2003. ISBN 965-229-295-8.
  • Shmuel Peerless, To Study and to Teach: The Methodology of Nechama Leibowitz. Urim Publications, 2005. ISBN 965-7108-55-1.


  • Biography of Nechama Leibowitz by the Jewish Agency
  • Nechama Leibowitz's insights on the parsha - discussions on the weekly Torah portion
  • Israelbooks.com Gefen Publishing House: Tales of Nehama: Impressions of the life and teachings of Nehama Leibowitz

  Results from FactBites:
Nechama Leibowitz, master Torah teacher more than 60 years, died on Shabbat, 5 Nisan, Jerusalem.
While on Sabbatical in Jerusalem, I asked Nechama, z''l, for permission to attend one of her classes.
Unassuming and unpretentious (she answered her phone with a s i m p I e "Nechama"), she was awarded the Israel Prize in 1957 for her "gilyonot" (pamphlets) which revolutionized Torah study.
Nahama Leibowitz - Mile Chai Jewish Books and Judaica (2530 words)
The editors, former students of Leibowitz, who died in 1997 and was one of the outstanding Torah teachers of this generation, drew the more than 100 questions from her study sheets and other writings as well as from personal conversations; they also added a few questions to fill in gaps.
Nechama Leibowitz was one of the most beloved, most revered, most widely influential Torah scholars and teachers of the past century.
Nechama Leibowitz (1905-97) used unique instructional methods and her approach was based on active learning.
  More results at FactBites »



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