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Encyclopedia > Nebettawy
in hieroglyphs

Nebettawy (“Lady of the Two Lands”) was an Ancient Egyptian princess and queen, the fifth daughter and one of the eight Great Royal Wives of Pharaoh Ramesses II. It has been suggested that Hieroglyph (French Wiki article) be merged into this article or section. ... Khafres Pyramid (4th dynasty) and Great Sphinx of Giza (c. ... Great Royal Wife (or ḥmt nswt wrt) is the term used to refer to the chief wife of an Egyptian pharaoh on the day of his coronation. ... Pharaoh is a title used to refer to any ruler, usually male, of the Egyptian kingdom in the pre-Christian, pre-Islamic period. ... Usermaatre-setepenre The Justice of Re is Powerful, Chosen of Re Nomen Ramesses (meryamun) Born of Re, (Beloved of Amun) Horus name Kanakht Merymaa Nebty name Mekkemetwafkhasut Golden Horus Userrenput-aanehktu Consort(s) Isetnofret, Nefertari Maathorneferure Issues Bintanath, Khaemweset, Merneptah, Amun-her-khepsef, Meritamen see also: List of children of...

Nebettawy may have been the daughter of Ramesses' most beloved wife, Nefertari, but this is by no means certain. She is shown in the greater Abu Simbel temple. On the second southern colossus in front of the temple Nebettawy is depicted in the regalia of a queen. Nebettawy shown with a cap wig, a fairly simple modius and the double plumes. Bint-Anath (also dressed as a queen) stands by the left leg of the second southern colossus, Nebettawy by the right leg, and an unknown princess stands in front of the colossus. Nebettawy is not shown on the smaller temple of Abu Simbel. Nefertari is shown with Meytamen and Henuttawy on the facade of this temple.[1] A picture of Nefertari taken in her Abu Simbel temple. ... Model showing the relative positions of the Abu Simbel temples before and after relocation Categories: Ancient Egypt stubs | Wonders of the World ...

After Bintanath and Meritamen, she was the third of Ramesses' daughters to become her father's wife (possibly after the death of Meritamen).[2] She held the titles Lady of The Two Lands (nbt-t3wy), Great King’s Wife (hmt-niswt-wrt), Mistress of Upper and Lower Egypt (hnwt-Shm’w -mhw), King’s Daughter (s3t-niswt), King’s Daughter of his body, his beloved (s3t-niswt-nt-kht.f-mryt.f) Bintanath (or Bentanath) was the firstborn daughter and Great Royal Wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh, Ramesses II. She was born possibly when her father was still a co-regent with his father, Sethi I. Her mother was Isetnofret, one of the two most prominent wives of Ramesses. ... Meritamen (also spelled Meritamun, Merytamen, Meryt-Amen; Ancient Egyptian: Beloved of Amun) was a daughter and later Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Ramesses the Great. ...

She was buried in the tomb QV60.[3] The tomb was robbed already i antiquity and was later used as a Christian chapel.[4]In one of the scenes in the tomb, Nebettawy wears a rather special headdress: a vulture crown with uraeus, topped by a modius and supporting a number of flowers. This specific headdress is only attested for Queen Nebettawy, Queen Isis (QV51 - time of Ramesses III-IV) and Queen Tyti (QV52 - 20th dynasty). It is not known what the precise meaning of this piece of regalia was. An earlier version of this crown was worn by Princess-Queen Sitamen, the daughter-wife of Amenhotep III. Hence it could be a reference to her position as Princess-Queen. [5]


  1. ^ Kitchen, K.A., Rammeside Inscriptions, Translated & Annotated, Translations, Volume II, Blackwell Publishers, 1996
  2. ^ Joyce Tyldesley: Ramesses, Egypt's Greatest Pharaoh
  3. ^ Dodson & Hilton, op. cit., p.172
  4. ^ Tyldesley, op.cit.
  5. ^ van Sicklen: A Ramesside Ostracon of Queen Isis; Journal of Near Eastern Studies 1974

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