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Encyclopedia > Neath
Neath
Welsh: Castell-nedd

Neath shown within the United Kingdom
Population 47,020
OS grid reference SS745975
Principal area Neath Port Talbot
Ceremonial county West Glamorgan
Constituent country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEATH
Postcode district SA10-11
Dialling code 01639
Police South Wales
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
European Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Neath
Welsh Assembly Neath
List of places: UKWalesNeath Port Talbot

Coordinates: 51°40′N 3°49′W / 51.66, -3.81 Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... For local government purposes, Wales is divided into 22 unitary authorities. ... Neath Port Talbot (Welsh: ) is a county borough in Glamorgan, south Wales. ... The Preserved counties of Wales are the current areas used in Wales for ceremonial purposes such as Lieutenancy. ... West Glamorgan as a preserved county since 2003. ... // Constituent country is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a historical, currently non-legally officially recognised country makes up a part of a larger entity or grouping. ... This article is about the country. ... This list of sovereign states, alphabetically arranged, gives an overview of states around the world with information on the extent of their sovereignty. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The SA postcode area, also known as the Swansea postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Aberaeron, Ammanford, Boncath, Burry Port, Cardigan, Carmarthen, Clarbeston Road, Clynderwen, Crymych, Ferryside, Fishguard, Glogue, Goodwick, Haverfordwest, Kidwelly, Kilgetty, Lampeter, Llanarth, Llandeilo, Llandovery, Llandysul, Llanelli, Llanfyrnach, Llangadog, Llanwrda, Llanybydder, Milford Haven, Narberth... +44 redirects here. ... There are a number of policing agencies in the United Kingdom. ... South Wales Police (Welsh: ) is one of the four Home Office police forces in Wales. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Mid and West Wales Fire and Rescue Service (Welsh Gwasanaeth Tân ac Achub Canolbarth a Gorllewin Cymru) is the fire and rescue service covering the Welsh principal areas of Carmarthenshire, Ceredigion, Neath Port Talbot, Pembrokeshire, Powys and Swansea. ... The Welsh Ambulance Service (also called the Welsh Ambulance Services NHS Trust or Ymddiriedolaeth GIG Gwasanaethau Ambiwlans Cymru) was established on April 1, 1998 and has 2,500 staff providing ambulance and related services to the 2. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... Wales is a constituency of the European Parliament. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Creation 1918 MP Peter Hain Party Labour Type House of Commons County West Glamorgan EP constituency Wales Neath is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... The National Assembly for Wales (NAW or NAfW) (Welsh: ) is a devolved assembly with power to make legislation in Wales. ... Neath is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in Wales Lists of places within principal areas List of places in Anglesey List of places in Blaenau Gwent List of places in Bridgend List of places in Caerphilly List of places in Cardiff List of places in Carmarthenshire List... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the principal area of Neath Port Talbot, Wales. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Neath (Welsh: Castell-nedd) is a town and community in South Wales with a population of approximately 45,898 in 2001.[1] It is located on the river of the same name. Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, United States, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... A Community (welsh Cymuned) is the lowest level of Local Government structure in Wales, corresponding to a civil parish in England. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ... River Neath (Afon Nedd in Welsh) is a river in south Wales running south west from its source to its confluence with Swansea Bay below Briton Ferry. ...

Contents

History

Historically, Neath was the crossing place of the River Neath and has existed as a settlement since at least Roman times, following the Roman invasion of Britannia in the 1st century AD. The Roman writer Tacitus, in his Histories, only names three places in Wales, one of them being Neath. River Neath (Afon Nedd in Welsh) is a river in south Wales running south west from its source to its confluence with Swansea Bay below Briton Ferry. ... Roman Britain refers to those parts of the island of Great Britain controlled by the Roman Empire between 43 and 410. ... For other uses, see Britannia (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tacitus (disambiguation). ...


There is evidence of undated settlements on the hills surrounding the town, which were probably Celtic. Human remains were discovered 25 miles (40 km) away at Paviland Cave[2] on the Gower peninsula dated 24,000 BC proving that humans lived in the region during the last Ice Age. Once known as the "Red Lady of Paviland", the remains are those of a man[3]. Neath was on the southern edge of the ice sheet with the Vale of Neath being a glaciated valley. Vegetation and animal life migrated to the area following the recession of the ice around 15,000 years ago. This article is about the European people. ... Gower redirects here. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... The Red Lady of Paviland was a fairly complete human skeleton dyed in red ochre that was discovered in 1826 by Rev. ... A glaciated valley is one formed by the process of glaciation. ... Aerial view of mixed aspen-spruce forest in Alaska Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover life forms, structure, spatial extent or any other specific botanical or geographic characteristics. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ...


The Romans used the name Celt (outsiders) for the unfederated European tribes outside of their empire and the inhabitants of the Neath area prior and during the Roman occupation were members of the Celtic Silures tribe. Nidum is the name of the Roman fort discovered close to a housing state, known as Roman Way, on the west side of the River Neath whereas Neath town is on the east side of the river. The fort covered a large area which now lies under the playing fields of Dŵr-y-Felin Comprehensive School.[4] For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Silures were a powerful and warlike tribe of ancient Britain, occupying approximately the counties of Monmouth, Brecon and Glamorgan. ... Nidum is a Roman fort found near the town of Neath, south Wales. ... Basic ideal plan of a Roman castrum. ... River Neath (Afon Nedd in Welsh) is a river in south Wales running south west from its source to its confluence with Swansea Bay below Briton Ferry. ...


The Roman occupation of Britain ended in the 5th century AD and at that time Christianity was spreading from the east. St Illtyd[5][6][7] ], a prominent Celtic warrior and Celtic saint who became a Christian was a major force in establishing Christianity within Wales having taught St David, the patron saint of Wales. Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Illtud (Illtyd, Eltut, Hildutus) (d. ... Saints redirects here. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Preaching Prayer Ecumenism Relation to other religions Movements Music Liturgy Calendar Symbols Art Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... This article is about the country. ... Saint David (c. ... Saint Quentin is the patron saint of locksmiths and is also invoked against coughs and sneezes. ... This article is about the country. ...

Neath Castle
Neath Castle

St Illtyd visited the Neath area and established a settlement in what is now known as Llantwit on the northern edge of the town. The church of St. Illtyd[8] was built at this settlement and was enlarged in Norman times. The Norman and pre Norman church structure remains intact and active to day within the Church in Wales.[9] The Welsh language name for Neath is Castell-nedd, referring to the Norman Neath Castle,[10] which is close to the shopping centre. The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to it. ... The nave of Durham Cathedral demonstrates the characteristic round arched style, though use of shallow pointed arches above the nave is a forerunner of the Gothic style. ... Welsh redirects here, and this article describes the Welsh language. ... Norman conquests in red. ...


Neath was a market town that expanded with the arrival of the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century with new manufacturing industries of iron, steel and tinplate. The Mackworth family, who owned the Gnoll Estate[11] were prominent in the town's industrial development. Coal was mined extensively in the surrounding valleys and the construction of canals and railways made Neath a major transportation centre and the Evans & Bevan family were major in the local coal mining community as well as owning the Vale of Neath Brewery.[12] Silica was mined in the Craig-y-Dinas area of Pontneddfechan, after Quaker entrepreneur William Weston Young invented the blast-furnace silica firebrick, later moving brick production from the works at Pontwalby to The Green in Neath. The town continued as a market trading centre with a municipal cattle market run by W.B.Trick. Industrial development continued throughout the 20th century with the construction by British Petroleum of a new petroleum refinery at Llandarcy. The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... A Watt steam engine, the steam engine that propelled the Industrial Revolution in Britain and the world. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Fe redirects here. ... For other uses, see Steel (disambiguation). ... Tinplate is sheet steel covered with a thin layer of tin. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For other uses, see Canal (disambiguation). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Surface coal mining in Wyoming in the United States of America. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... Pontneddfechan(meaning bridge over the lesser river neath) is a village in South Wales in the valley of the River Neath. ... The Religious Society of Friends, commonly known as Quakers, or Friends, is a religious community founded in England in the 17th century. ... The only known image of William Weston Young, in the Quaker silhouette style. ... The chemical compound silicon dioxide, also known as silica, is the oxide of silicon, chemical formula SiO2. ... A small hardware firewall device. ... This article is about the corporation known as BP. See also BP (disambiguation) BP (formerly British Petroleum and briefly known as BP Amoco) (NYSE: BP) is a petroleum company headquartered in London, United Kingdom. ... Llandarcy is a village in Neath, Wales. ...


The River Neath is a navigable estuary and Neath was a river port until recent times. The heavy industries are no more with the town being a commercial and tourism centre. Attractions for visitors are the ruins of the Cistercian Neath Abbey and the Gnoll Park.[13] River Neath (Afon Nedd in Welsh) is a river in south Wales running south west from its source to its confluence with Swansea Bay below Briton Ferry. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... The Order of Cistercians (OCist) (Latin Cistercenses), otherwise Gimey or White Monks (from the colour of the habit, over which is worn a black scapular or apron) are a Catholic order of monks. ... Neath Abbey was a Cistercian monastery, located near the present-day town of Neath. ...


The Wales Yearbook (2000) states that 55,525 people live in Neath.


Culture, media and sport

FHM or For Him Magazine is an international monthly lads mag. ... The Welsh Rugby Union (WRU) (Welsh: ) is the governing body of rugby union in Wales, recognised by the International Rugby Board. ... Official website www. ... The Gnoll in Neath, south Wales is a joint rugby union and cricket venue. ... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... This article is about the town. ... The Royal Marines (RM) are the marines and amphibious infantry of the United Kingdom and, along with the Royal Navy and Royal Fleet Auxiliary, form the Naval Service [2]. They are also the United Kingdoms amphibious force and specialists in mountain and Arctic warfare. ... For other ships of the same name, see HMS Victory (disambiguation). ... Combatants United Kingdom First French Empire Kingdom of Spain Commanders Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson † Pierre Charles Silvestre de Villeneuve Strength 27 ships of the line and 6 others. ... ... For other persons named Richard Burton, see Richard Burton (disambiguation). ... Pontrhydyfen is a village in south Wales. ... Ray Milland (January 3, 1905 or 1907 – March 10, 1986) was an Oscar-winning Welsh actor and director who worked primarily in the United States. ... Since the 1970s, Michael Bogdanov has established himself as one of Britains leading theatre directors, from new works to modern reinterpretations of Shakespeare. ... Ivor Emmanuel Born 1927 in Pontrhydyfen, Port Talbot Opera star who led the rendition of Men of Harlech in the film Zulu Ivor used to carry a wind-up gramophone up nearby mountains to listen to records of Enrico Caruso. ... Rebecca Evans is a Welsh soprano from the village of Pontrhydyfen near Neath. ... Katherine Jenkins (born 29 June 1980 in Neath, Wales[1]) is an award-winning Welsh mezzo-soprano. ... Bonnie Tyler (born June 8, 1951 in Skewen, Wales, United Kingdom) is a Welsh rock singer. ... Andrew Matthews-Owen is a Welsh pianist, song accompanist. ... Peter Shreeves (born November 30, 1940) is an English former football player, manager and coach. ... Spurs, a plural of spur, may also refer to Spurs, the abbreviated name for Tottenham Hotspur, an association football team from North London, England. ... Sheffield Wednesday are a football club in the English Football League. ... Clayton Graham Blackmore (born September 23, 1964 in Neath) was a Welsh football player. ... Manchester Uniteds emblem Manchester United F.C. (often abbreviated to Man United or just Man U, pronounced man-yoo) is an English football club based at Old Trafford in Greater Manchester. ... First international  Scotland 4 - 0 Wales (Glasgow, Scotland; 26 March 1876) Biggest win Wales 11 - 0 Ireland  (Wrexham, Wales; 3 March 1888) Biggest defeat  Scotland 9 - 0 Wales (Glasgow, Scotland; 23 March 1878) World Cup Appearances 1 (First in 1958) Best result Quarter-finals, 1958 The Wales national football team... Leeds United F.C. is the only professional association football club in Leeds. ... Cecil Richmond Griffiths (January 20, 1901 _ July 29, 1973) was a British athlete, winner of gold medal in 4x400 m relay at the 1920 Summer Olympics. ... A Congressional Gold Medal A gold medal generally represents the highest award for achievement in a non-military field, with no restriction on eligibility. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The 1920 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were held in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium. ... The Eisteddfod (literally sitting) is a Welsh festival of literature, music, and song. ... The Swansea Valley (Welsh: Cwm Tawe) encompasses the upper reaches of the River Tawe area in South Wales, upstream from Swansea. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan. ... Patti as Marguerite in Faust, 1875. ... Electricity (from New Latin Ä“lectricus, amberlike) is a general term for a variety of phenomena resulting from the presence and flow of electric charge. ... Tonna (Welsh: ) is the name of a village and a coterminous electoral ward and community in Neath Port Talbot, south Wales. ... For other uses, see Weather (disambiguation). ... Motorcycle speedway, normally referred to as Speedway, is a motorcycle sport that involves usually 4 and sometimes up to 6 riders competing over 4 laps of an oval circuit. ... , St Austell (Cornish: ) is a town in Cornwall, England, UK. St Austell has a population of 22,658 (according to the 2001 census), larger than any other town in Cornwall (including the city of Truro, the countys capital, which has population of 20,920). ...

Administration

The previous borough council was absorbed into the larger unitary authority of Neath Port Talbot on April 1, 1996. The town encompasses the electoral wards of Neath East, Neath North and Neath South. A borough is an administrative division used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... A unitary authority is a type of local authority, which has a single tier and is responsible for all local government functions within its area. ... Neath Port Talbot (Welsh: ) is a county borough in Glamorgan, south Wales. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... A ward is an electoral district used in local politics, most notably in England, Scotland, and Wales, as well as Australia, Canada, the Republic of Ireland and many cities in the United States and the federal district of Washington, DC. Wards are usually named after neighbourhoods, thoroughfares, parishes, landmarks, geographical...


The Town and the surrounding area is represented at Westminster by Peter Hain MP (Labour) and in the National Assembly for Wales by Gwenda Thomas AM (Labour) Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Peter Gerald Hain PC MP (born February 16, 1950, Nairobi, Kenya) is a British, Left-wing Labour Party politician and Secretary of State for Work and Pensions (he is also Secretary of State for Wales). ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters to a parliament. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Established 1999 by the Government of Wales Act 1998 Presiding Officer Lord Elis-Thomas AM (Plaid) Since May 12, 1999 Deputy Presiding Officer Rosemary Butler AM (Lab) Leader of the House Carwyn Jones AM (Lab) Chief Executive and Clerk to the Assembly Claire Clancy Political parties 6 Welsh Labour (26... // Gwenda Thomas AM (born in Neath, 1942) is the Labour Welsh Assembly Member for Neath. ... Established 1999 by the Government of Wales Act 1998 Presiding Officer Lord Elis-Thomas AM (Plaid) Since May 12, 1999 Deputy Presiding Officer Rosemary Butler AM (Lab) Leader of the House Carwyn Jones AM (Lab) Chief Executive and Clerk to the Assembly Claire Clancy Political parties 6 Welsh Labour (26... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ...


Education

Dwr-y-Felin Comprehensive School is situated in the outskirts of the town as is a campus of Neath Port Talbot College (which was previously Neath College). There is also the Cefn Saeson comprehensive school situated in the village of Cimla near the Crynalt primary school. Neath's education is state based with no private institutions. Dwr-y-Felin Comprehensive School is a school in the Neath area, with the Lower School located in Longford, Neath Abbey, and the Upper School adjacent to Neath Port Talbot College on Dwr-y-Felin Road. ... Neath Port Talbot College (NPTC) is a further education institution established as two campuses in Afan (Port Talbot) and Neath Campus. ... Cimla is a suburb of the town of Neath, south Wales. ... A primary school in Český Těšín, Czech Republic. ...


Transport

Neath is served by the South Wales Main Line at Neath railway station in the heart of the town. Services operate to Bridgend, Cardiff Central, Newport, Bristol Parkway and London Paddington to the east and Swansea, Carmarthen and West Wales to the west. 0. ... Neath railway station is a railway station in Neath, south Wales. ... For other uses, see Bridgend (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... This article is about the city of Newport in Wales. ... This article is about the English city. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... , Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin [origin disputed]) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ... West Wales is the west area of Wales bordered by South Wales to the east. ...


Neath bus station is at Victoria Gardens, near the railway station. National Express services call at Neath at the railway station. Autobus redirects here. ... Passengers bustle around the typical grand edifice of Londons Broad Street Station in 1865. ... National Express coach on route 561 National Express is the brand under which the majority of long distance bus and coach services in the United Kingdom are marketed, and also the company that manages this network and operates some of the services. ...


From Victoria Gardens, First Cymru provides direct inter-urban services to nearby Swansea and Port Talbot. The A465 skirts the town to the north east and provides a link to the M4 motorway. First Cymru Buses Ltd. ... For other places with the same name, see Swansea (disambiguation). ... , Port Talbot (Welsh: Aberafan or Porth Talbot) is an industrial town in the traditional county of Glamorgan, south Wales, with a population of approximately 50,000. ... The A465 is a major road in South Wales. ... The M4 motorway is a motorway in Great Britain linking London with Wales. ...


The town is served by Cardiff International Airport, which can be accessed by rail by changing at Bridgend railway station and by road from J33 (Cardiff West) of the M4 motorway. The airport provides scheduled, charter, domestic and international flights. Cardiff International Airport (Welsh: Maes Awyr Rhyngwladol Caerdydd) (IATA: CWL, ICAO: EGFF) is a major British airport located in the town of Rhoose, Vale of Glamorgan, approximately 12 miles (19 km) south-west of the Welsh capital, Cardiff, serving all of South and Mid Wales. ... Bridgend railway station is a railway station that serves town of Bridgend in South Wales. ...


Future plans

There are plans to regenerate around 1,000 acres (4.0 km²) of land in and around Neath town centre in the near future.[17] The civic centre will be redeveloped as a new shopping centre. The Gwyn Hall will be re-built after having been gutted by a fire. The area around the Milland Road industrial estate will be re-developed along with the area around the Neath Canal.


In March 2008 - the county's new radio station, Afan FM, announced plans to turn on a new transmitter dedicated to the Neath area in the Summer. It's been recently confirmed that this will transmit on 97.4FM and will give residents of Neath their first taste of the Borough's new local radio station - which already transmits to the neighbouring area of Port Talbot on 107.9FM.


References

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
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