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Encyclopedia > Ndebele language

The Ndebele language, or isiNdebele, or Sindebele, is an African language belonging to the Nguni group of Bantu languages, and spoken by the AmaNdebele (the Ndebele people). There are two dialects of Ndebele in South Africa: the Northern Transvaal Ndebele or Nrebele, and the Southern Transvaal Ndebele. There is also another, separate dialect called Ndebele spoken primarily in Zimbabwe (but also in Botswana - see Matabele). Nguni is a group of languages spoken in southern Africa including isiZulu, isiXhosa, siSwati, and isiNdebele. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... The Matabele are a branch of the Zulus who split from King Shaka in the early 1820s under the leadership of Mzilikazi, a former general in Shakas army. ...


Overview

The first group of Ndebele speakers are found in the Limpopo Province (formerly Northern Transvaal or Northern Province) of South Africa around the Towns of Mokopane (Potgietersrus) and Polokwane (Pietersburg). Unfortunately this language was never taken seriously, so it was never taught at school and neither did anyone sit down and compile a proper orthography. The language is sometimes mistakenly grouped under the Northern Sotho group of dialects. This language is becoming extinct. The new generation mostly speaks Northern Sotho. Capital Polokwane Largest city Polokwane Area  - Total Ranked 5th 123,900 km² Premier Mbhazima Shilowa (ANC) Population   - 2001   - 1996   - Density (2001) Ranked 4th 5,273,637 4,929,368 43/km² (Ranked 3rd) Languages Races Black (97. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal (lit. ... Mokopane (previously called Potgietersrus) is a town in the Limpopo Province of South Africa. ... Polokwane, previously known as Pietersburg is the capital of Limpopo Province, South Africa. ... The orthography of a language is the set of rules of how to write correctly in the writing system of a language. ...


One of the Ndebele people's famous achievements is that they caught the Afrikaners by surprise and killed one of their leaders Piet Potgieter. The Afrikaners built a monument and called it "Moorddrift". As revenge the Ndebele King was killed in his cave refuge, together with a few of his followers. Afrikaners are white South Africans of predominantly Calvinist Dutch, German, French Huguenot, Friesian and Walloon descent who speak Afrikaans. ...


This group is sometimes called BaTlou. If this language were to be further grouped it would be grouped with Swazi, because of their use of the root ti- as opposed to izi- for example:

  • Singular nkxomo - plural tinkxomo (in Ndebele)
  • Singular inkomo - plural tinkomo (in Swazi)
  • Singular inkomo - plural izinkomo (in Zulu)

The second group of Ndebele speakers is found in the Mpumalanga and Gauteng Province of South Africa. This group's language was not considered notable, and for years the children were taught Zulu instead. However, the apartheid government still created a Bantustan for them called KwaNdebele, and with this came a radio station, Radio Ndebele. In the new South Africa the name of the station was changed to Ikhwekhwezi, meaning Star. This station has expanded its footprint to include the Northern Ndebele region. The language still retains most of its own vocabulary with a few Northern Sotho and Afrikaans words trickling in. The Zulu are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... Mpumalanga, (name changed from Eastern Transvaal in 24 August 1995, is a province in South Africa. ... Categories: South Africa stubs | Provinces of South Africa | Gauteng Province ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Bantustan refers to any of the territories designated as tribal homelands for black South Africans during the apartheid era. ... Flag of KwaNdebele KwaNdebele was a bantustan in South Africa, intended by the apartheid government as a semi-independent homeland for the Matabele people. ... The Sotho-speaking people have lived in southern Africa since around 15th century. ... Afrikaans is a West Germanic language mainly spoken in South Africa and Namibia. ...


The Ndebele people have recently become famous for their colourful wall paintings and traditional garb. Their paintings are used for instance to attract tourists and were used to decorate tails of 15 British Airways jets as part of their ethnic art relaunch. British Airways is the largest airline of the United Kingdom. ... In 1997 British Airways adopted a new livery, developed by the London-based design agency Newell and Sorrell. ...


The Zimbabwean Ndebele is closer to Zulu than it is to the two South African Ndebele languages.


See also

The Matabele are a branch of the Zulus who split from King Shaka in the early 1820s under the leadership of Mzilikazi, a former general in Shakas army. ... Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities with provincial status: Bulawayo (city) Harare (city) Manicaland Mashonaland Central Mashonaland East Mashonaland West Masvingo Matabeleland North Matabeleland South Midlands. ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Provinces of Zimbabwe ... Categories: Africa geography stubs | Provinces of Zimbabwe ... The City of Bulawayo is highlighted in this map of Zimbabwe. ...

External links

  • List links to Ndebele language resources
  • The 1971 Pelling lexicon of Ndebele->English (text file) (on a stable Archive.org link)
  • Searchable version of the Pelling dictionnary
  • CBOLD - Comparative Bantu Online Dictionnary - including Ndebele
  • Project translating Free Software into Ndebele

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ndebele language (333 words)
The Northern Ndebele or Nrebele and the Southern Ndebele otherwise known as Amandebele.
The first group of Ndebele speakers are found in the Limpopo Province (formerly Northern Transvaal or Northern Province) of South Africa around the Towns of Mokopane[?] (Potgietersrus) and Polokwane (Pietersburg).
One of the Ndebele people's famous achievements is that they caught the Afrikaners by surprise and killed one of their leaders Piet Potgieter[?].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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