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Encyclopedia > Ndebele (Zimbabwe)
Ndebele (Zimbabwe)

ZAPU election badge c1980, showing Joshua Nkomo in traditional Ndebele head-dress.
Total population 1.5 million (2001 est. 1)
Regions with significant populations Zimbabwe: 1.5 million

(2001 est. 1) Image File history File links Download high resolution version (594x700, 38 KB) Summary Brass and enamel election supporters badge depicting Joshua Nkomo in traditional Ndebele head-dress; ZAPU, c1980, Zimbabwe. ... The Zimbabwe African Peoples Union was a political party in Zimbabwe. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Language Sindebele
Religion Christian
Related ethnic groups Nguni, Zulu
This article relates to the Ndebele people of Zimbabwe. For other uses of the term, please see Ndebele.

The Matabele are a branch of the Zulus who split from King Shaka in the early 1820s under the leadership of Mzilikazi, a former general in Shaka's army. They are now more commonly known as the Ndebele or amaNdebele. They, however, more appropriately call themselves 'amaHlabeZulu', which means 'stabbers of Zulu'. This name is derived from their violent schism from the Greater Zulu. Title page of one of the earliest Sindebele phrase books, published for the use of settlers in Matabeleland. This article relates to the Ndebele language spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as recounted in the Gospels. ... For the cattle breed see Nguni cattle. ... The Zulu (English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... There are two versions of Ndebele in South Africa, they both belong to the Nguni group of Bantu Languages. ... The Zulu (English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are an African ethnic group of about 11 million people who live mainly in KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... Only known drawing of Shaka - some details like the spear and feather may be fanciful Shaka (sometimes spelled Tshaka, Tchaka or Chaka; ca. ... Mzilikazi (meaning the path of blood) (ca. ...


During a turbulent period of African history known as the Mfecane, Mzilikazi and his followers, initially numbering about 500 people, moved west towards the area near the present-day city of Tshwane (Pretoria), where they founded a settlement called Mhlahlandlela (a name which lives on in the modern-day Bulawayo suburb, Malindela). Here they came into contact with the Tswana people, who are credited with giving this band of Zulus the name "Matabele". Tabele comes from tebela which means 'to chase away'. Mfecane (isiZulu), also known as the Difaqane or Lifaqane (Sesotho), is an African expression which means something like the crushing or scattering. It describes a period of widespread chaos and disturbance in southern Africa during the period between 1815 and about 1835. ... The City of Tshwane Metropolitan Municipality is a metropolitan area contained mostly in the province of Gauteng, South Africa, that includes the city of Pretoria. ... Tswana (Motswana, plural Batswana) is the name of a Southern African people. ...


They then moved northwards in 1834 into present-day Zimbabwe where they battled with the Shona, eventually carving out a home now called Matabeleland and encompassing the west and south-west region of the country. In the course of the migration, large numbers of conquered local clans and individuals were absorbed into the Matabele nation, adopting the Sindebele language but enjoying a lower social status than that of members of the original clans from the Zulu kingdom. 1834 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Shona (IPA: ) is the name collectively given to several groups of people in Zimbabwe and western Mozambique. ... Matabeleland is a region in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. ... Title page of one of the earliest Sindebele phrase books, published for the use of settlers in Matabeleland. This article relates to the Ndebele language spoken by the Ndebele or Matabele people of Zimbabwe. ...


Lobengula assumed power after the death of Mzilikazi in 1868, and ruled the Matabele nation until its defeat in the 1890s by the British South Africa Company under Cecil Rhodes and Leander Starr Jameson who were in search of mineral resources in an age of dominant British colonialism. Lobengula (d. ... 1868 (MDCCCLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... The 1890s were sometimes referred to as the Mauve Decade, because William Henry Perkins aniline dye allowed the widespread use of that colour in fashion, and also as the Gay Nineties, under the then-current usage of the word gay which referred simply to merriment and frivolity, with no... The flag of the British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC) was established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search Association and the Exploring Company, Ltd. ... Cecil Rhodes. ... An 1895 cartoon of Jameson from Vanity Fair Sir Leander Starr Jameson, Bt, KCMG (February 9, 1853 – November 26, 1917), also known as Doctor Jim, was a British colonial statesman who was best known for his involvement in the Jameson Raid. ...


In recent years, the population of the Ndebele in Zimbabwe has been diminishing due to the Gukurahundi, a genocide that was carried out by the Zimbabwean government on the Ndebele and secondly migrating to other countries, especially South Africa in search of jobs and as after-effects of the Gukurahundi and the economic crisis that has gripped Zimbabwe since 2000. Gukurahundi is a traditional term in Shona (one of Zimbabwes native languages), which means the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains. The chaff, i. ... Gukurahundi is a traditional term in Shona (one of Zimbabwes native languages), which means the early rain which washes away the chaff before the spring rains. The chaff, i. ...



Many people currently identified as Ndebeles are actually of Shona Origin i.e.Ncubes, Moyos and many others. The Kalanga, Venda, Nambia and Tonga are distinct groups who have their own identity. Before 1850 the Matebele region was the centre for people generally referred to as Rozvi of the Moyo Clan with their administrative centre at Khami (Zhame). Most of these people were absorbed into what is called Matebele.


References

  • 1 Ethnologue report: Zimbabwe

  Results from FactBites:
 
Zimbabwe - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2211 words)
Zimbabwe was formerly an important net food exporter to the region but now starvation threatens because of Mugabe's land reform policy, that benefited landless fls little as most land was redistributed to political supporters of Mugabe who do not farm the land.
Zimbabwe is a republic, with an executive president and a bicameral Parliament.
Zimbabwe is a landlocked country, surrounded by South Africa to the south, Botswana to the west, Zambia to the northwest and Mozambique to the east and northeast.
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