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Encyclopedia > Naypyidaw
Naypyidaw
Location on map of Myanmar
Naypyidaw
Burmese: နေပ္ရည္‌တော္‌မ္ရုိ့တော္‌
- IPA [nèpjìdɔ̀ mjo̰dɔ̀]
- MLCTS ne. prany. dau mrui.
Admin. division: Mandalay Division
Area: 4600[1] km²
Population:
Coordinates: 19°44′N 96°12′E
Mayor: Colonel Thein Nyunt[2]
Demographics
Ethnicities: Bamar, Burmese Chinese, Burmese Indians, Kayin
Religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam

Naypyidaw (also spelt Nay Pyi Taw, literally "Royal City") is currently the national capital of Myanmar, located in Kyatpyae Village, Pyinmana Township of Mandalay Division. The administrative capital of Myanmar was officially moved to a militarised greenfield site two miles west of Pyinmana on 6 November 2005. Naypyidaw is approximately 320 kilometres north of Yangon. The capital's official name was announced on Armed Forces Day in March 2006. Image File history File links Myanmar-outline-map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words see here. ... This article or section uses Burmese characters which may be rendered incorrectly. ... Mandalay Division is an administrative division of Myanmar. ... Colonel Thein Nyunt is a political figure in Myanmar. ... The Bamar (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ; IPA: , also called Burman), are the dominant ethnic group of Myanmar, constituting approximately 68% (30,000,000) of the population. ... The Burmese Chinese (Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: MiÇŽndiàn huárén; Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) are a group of overseas Chinese born or raised in Myanmar (formerly Burma). ... Shri Kali Temple in Yangon The Burmese Indians (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ) are a group of overseas Indians from Myanmar (formerly Burma). ... ကရင္‌လူမ္ယုိး Total population 7,400,000 Regions with significant populations Myanmar: 7,000,000 Thailand:  400,000 Language Karen Religion Buddhism, Christianity, Animism Related ethnic groups Padaung The Karen (Burmese: ; MLCTS: ), also known in Thailand as the Kariang (Thai: ) or Yang, are an ethnic group in Myanmar (Burma) and Thailand. ... Buddhism (also known as Buddha Dharma, Pali: बुद्ध धम्म, the teachings of the awakened one) is a dharmic, non-theistic religion, a way of life, a practical philosophy, and a life-enhancing system of applied psychology. ... This article is becoming very long. ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the Quran, its principal scripture, whose followers, known as Muslims (مسلم), believe God (Arabic: الله ) sent through revelations to Muhammad. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... Pyinmana in Myanmar Pyinmana (population 97,400 (2005 estimate)) is a city in Mandalay Division of Myanmar. ... Mandalay Division is an administrative division of Myanmar. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Yangon (Burmese: , population 4,082,000 (2005 census), formerly Rangoon, and still known by that name in many circles, see below under History), is the largest city of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and its capital. ... Several nations of the world hold an annual Armed Forces Day to recognize, venerate, and honor their military forces. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

History

There has been no new Naypyidaw(Royal City) from 1888 to 2006.The Last Burmese King was captured to India in 1888. The Real Royal City (Naypyidaw) is Yadanapon Naypyidaw in Mandalay City of Mandalay Division. It was built by King Mindon, the 2nd last emperor of Burma.Mandalay Palace of Yadanapon Naypyidaw (Burmese: မ္ရနန္‌းစံက္ယော္‌; IPA: [mja̰ nán sàn tʃɔ̀]) is also known as ရ္ဝ္ဟေနန္‌းတော္‌က္ရီး (IPA: [ʃwè nán dɔ̀ dʒí]), or the "Great Golden Royal Palace". The palace is located within a walled fort that is 2.2 kilometres (1.4 mi) on each side. Mandalay Palace was built to house King Mindon's family, and to shift the capital from Amarapura. The original palace was built of teakwood, although the reconstruction is made of more modern materials. The palace is surrounded by an 8 m high brick walled fort, and a moat 70 m in width. The palace serves as Mandalay's city centre.


The fort was constructed in 1857, shortly before the arrival of the British, as the palace compound for King Mindon Min. Each side of the square fortress measures 2 kilometres in length, 8 metres in height and more than 2 metres in average thickness.


Mandalay Palace was entirely burnt during World War II, after having been used as an ammunition storehouse by the British. The government recently renovated the palace, although much of the materials used, such as corrugated sheet metal for roofing, are rudimentary. Today, Mandalay Palace attracts many tourists and other visitors.


Mandalay Palace has long been associated with the city of Mandalay. The moat, which surrounds the Palace contains many goldfish. The First Myanmar Newspaper. Yadanapon Naypyidaw newspaper was the first newspaper printed and owned by Myanmars. King Mindon enacted a law of 17 articles on 15 Aug 1873, establishing this newspaper. The first issue was released on 9 Mar 1874



This new Naypyidaw was built by New Majesty General Than Shwe.There was no history of any palace in Pyinmana before .Pyinmana was the base of the Burma Independence Army (later renamed and reorganized into the Burma National Army by the Japanese.) It was in Pyinmana that the army and its officers were trained. Later the BNA changed sides, aiding the allies with guerilla warfare, and the operations were seen as a victory by the Burmese. Pyinmana became an icon in the Burmese Army, as the place where 'superior invaders' were defeated by the Burmese. Many have said that this is one of the reasons why the current junta chose the Pyinmana region - a place from which superior invaders (in this case, the USA) would be defeated if Myanmar was invaded again. The Burma National Army was originally organized by the Minami Kikan as the Burmese Independence Army in December of 1941 , where it then served as an auxiliary of the Imperial Japanese Army. ... The Burma National Army served as the armed forces of the Burmese government created by the Japanese during World War II and fought in the Burma Campaign. ...


The present military junta began moving government ministries from Yangon to Naypyidaw at exactly 06:37 on 6 November 2005. Five days later, at 11 a.m., a second convoy of 1,100 military trucks carrying 11 military battalions and 11 government ministries left Yangon.[3] The ministries are expected to be mostly in place by the end of February 2006, however due to a lack of schools, the families of government employees have been separated. Military headquarters will be in a separate compound from the government ministries, and civilians will be banned from entering either. Vendors will be restricted to a commercial zone near the government offices. The usage of mobile phones and satellite television will be curtailed in the new capital. A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ... Yangon (Burmese: , population 4,082,000 (2005 census), formerly Rangoon, and still known by that name in many circles, see below under History), is the largest city of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and its capital. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A convoy is a group of vehicles traveling together for mutual support. ... Yangon (Burmese: , population 4,082,000 (2005 census), formerly Rangoon, and still known by that name in many circles, see below under History), is the largest city of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and its capital. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The rationale for moving the capital to Naypyidaw is unclear, yet some speculation has been made. Naypyidaw is better located strategically than Yangon, in that it is further away from the coast. This is considered desirable, in case petroleum-rich Myanmar comes under attack. This scenario was denied by the government of Senior General Than Shwe, but a regime change is advocated by some exiled Burmese dissidents. Naypyidaw is also a transportation hub, strategically located adjacent to the Shan, Chin and Karen states, and it is felt that a stronger military and governmental presence nearby might provide stability to those chronically turbulent regions. Others believe that the move was motivated out of paranoia that an urban uprising would pit the vast numbers of extremely poor and ethnically diverse residents of Yangon against the junta. The secretive regime may have wanted to rule from an area free of foreign-operated telecommunications, to thwart espionage. Finally, some have suggested the move was due to the counsel of Than Shwe's personal astrologer.[4] The supposed reason is that an astrologer predicted that the present government would fall at the end of February 2006, unless the capital was moved. This claim is supported by the enigmatic repetition of the number 11 in connection with the move. The Irrawaddy, a respected monthly printed in Thailand observed: “People in Rangoon ridiculed the decision and drew attention to an apt Burmese proverb: a tiger changes his habitat only to meet his death.” Yangon (Burmese: , population 4,082,000 (2005 census), formerly Rangoon, and still known by that name in many circles, see below under History), is the largest city of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and its capital. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... Senior General Than Shwe (Burmese: သန္‌​ေရ္ဝ္ဟ; IPA: ; born February 2, 1933) is the ruler of Myanmar (Burma), serving as chairman of the State Peace and Development Council since April 23, 1992. ... Shan State is a state located in Myanmar (Burma), which takes its name from the Shan people, the majority ethnic group in the Shan State. ... Chin State is a state of Myanmar. ... The Kayin State is a [[administrative divisions of Burma and also known as Karen state. ... For other senses of this word, see paranoia (disambiguation). ... Yangon (Burmese: , population 4,082,000 (2005 census), formerly Rangoon, and still known by that name in many circles, see below under History), is the largest city of Myanmar (formerly Burma) and its capital. ... Senior General Than Shwe (Burmese: သန္‌​ေရ္ဝ္ဟ; IPA: ; born February 2, 1933) is the ruler of Myanmar (Burma), serving as chairman of the State Peace and Development Council since April 23, 1992. ... An astrologer, in modern times, is a person who practices a form or forms of astrology; in earlier times, they were observer of the stars. ... The Irrawaddy (Burmese: ဧရာဝတီ) is a newsmagazine owned by the Irrawaddy Publishing Group (IPG). ...


On 27 March 2006, more than 12,000 troops marched in the new capital in its first public event: a massive military parade to mark Armed Forces Day—which is the anniversary of Burma's 1945 uprising against Japanese occupiers. Filming was restricted to the concrete parade ground, over which loomed three enormous sculptures—depictions of the Burmese kings Anawrahta, Bayinnaung and Alaungpaya U Aung Zeya, considered the three most important kings in Burmese history. The city was officially named Naypyidaw during the ceremonies.[5] March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Several nations of the world hold an annual Armed Forces Day to recognize, venerate, and honor their military forces. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Anawrahta (reigned 1044-1077), also spelled Aniruddha or Anoarahtâ or Anoa-ra-htá-soa, was a ruler of the kingdom of Bagan and the first ruler of a unified Burma. ... Bayinnaung (lit. ... Alaungpaya 1711-15 May 1760 was a Burmese king who established the Konbaung Dynasty (Heavens platform) in the early 18th century. ... The History of Burma (Myanmar) is long and complex. ...


Transport

It takes nine hours by train to get from Yangon to Naypyidaw. Trains leave at 9pm and arrive at 6am. [6]


In mid-March 2006, Air Mandalay launched a service flying between Yangon and Naypyidaw. On 5 June 2006, Air Mandalay launched a service between Naypyidaw, and Thandwe (Sandoway) and Sittwe (Akyab) in Rakhine State, to give civil servants better access to western Myanmar. [7] March 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Fijian Prime Minister Laisenia Qarase announces that the 2006 Fiji general elections will be held in the second week of May 2006 from the 6th to the 13th. ... Air Mandalay is a domestic and regional airline based in Myanmar. ... June 5 is the 156th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (157th in leap years), with 209 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Thandwe, called Sandoway by the British, is a city and major seaport in southern Myanmar. ... Sittwe (1983 population estimate: 107,607), formerly known as Akyab, is a city and district in the RakhineState, Myanmar. ... Rakhine State (formerly Arakan) is a state of Myanmar. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Pedrosa, Veronica. "Myanmar's 'seat of kings'", Al Jazeera, 2006-11-20. Retrieved on 2006-11-21.
  2. ^ News Briefs. The Myanmar Times. Myanmar Consolidated Media (2006-03-20). Retrieved on 2006-04-01.
  3. ^ "The Move to Pyinmana", Bangkok Post, 2005-12-04. Retrieved on 2005-12-07.
  4. ^ "Astrologer behind capital shift", New Straits Times, 11 September 2005, p. 12.
  5. ^ "Burma's new capital stages parade", BBC News, BBC, 2006-03-27. Retrieved on 2006-04-06.
  6. ^ Import, export licensing moving to Naypyidaw. The Myanmar Times. Myanmar Consolidated Media (2006-05-29). Retrieved on 2006-06-29.
  7. ^ News Briefs (New air destinations). The Myanmar Times. Myanmar Consolidated Media (2006-06-12). Retrieved on 2006-06-29.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 20 is the 79th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (80th in Leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 4 is the 338th day of the year (339th on leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 7 is the 341st day (342nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 6 is the 96th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (97th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 29 is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 185 days remaining. ...

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