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Encyclopedia > Navy Cross
Navy Cross

Awarded by Department of the Navy
Type Medal
Awarded for Extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force.
Status Currently awarded
Statistics
First awarded 1917
Precedence
Next (higher) Medal of Honor
Same Army - Distinguished Service Cross
Navy - Navy Cross
Air Force - Air Force Cross
Next (lower) Distinguished Service Medals: Defense, Army, Navy, Air Force, Coast Guard

The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the Department of the Navy and the second highest award given for valor. It is normally only awarded to members of the United States Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard but could be awarded to all branches of United States military. It was established by Act of Congress (Pub.L. 65-253) and approved on February 4, 1919. The Navy Cross is equivalent to the Distinguished Service Cross (Army) and the Air Force Cross. Image File history File links Navycross1. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. ... For other uses, see Air Force Cross. ... The Defense Distinguished Service Medal is a United States military award which is presented for exceptionally distinguished performance of duty contributing to national security or defense of the United States. ... This article concerns the United States Army Distinguished Service Medal. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ... The Air Force Distinguished Service Medal was created by an act of the United States Congress on July 6, 1960. ... The Coast Guard Distinguished Service Medal is a decoration of the United States Coast Guard which was created in August 1949 by order of the United States Congress. ... Seal The United States Department of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on April 30, 1798, to provide administrative and technical support, and civilian leadership to the United States Navy. ... USN redirects here. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... USCG HH-65 Dolphin USCG HH-60J JayHawk The United States Coast Guard (USCG) is at all times a branch of the United States armed forces a maritime law enforcement agency, and a federal regulatory body. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) is the second highest military decoration of the United States Army, awarded for extreme gallantry and risk of life in actual combat with an armed enemy force. ... For other uses, see Air Force Cross. ...

Contents

Effective dates

The Navy Cross has been in effect since April 6, 1917. is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ...


Criteria

The Navy Cross may be awarded to any member of the armed forces while serving with the Marine Corps, Navy, or Coast Guard (in time of war only) that distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor. The action must take place under one of three circumstances: The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ...


1. While engaged in action against an enemy of the United States
2. While engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force
3. While serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict in which the United States is not a belligerent party.


To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility. An accumulation of minor acts of heroism does not justify an award of the Navy Cross. As originally authorized, the Navy Cross could be awarded for distinguished non-combat acts, but legislation of August 7, 1942 limited the award to acts of combat heroism. is the 219th day of the year (220th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Order of precedence

Originally the Navy Cross was the Navy's third-highest decoration, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal. In August 1942 Congress revised the precedence, making the Navy Cross senior to the Distinguished Service Medal. Since that time the Navy Cross has been worn after the Medal of Honor and before all other decorations. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Navy Distinguished Service Medal is a military award of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps which was first created in 1919. ...


Devices

Additional awards of the Navy Cross are denoted by gold stars five-sixteenths of an inch in diameter affixed to the ribbon.


Designer

The Navy Cross was designed by James Earl Fraser (1876-1953).


First/last recipient

The first actual recipient of the Navy Cross is unknown because initial awards were made from a lengthy list published after the First World War.


The Navy Cross was most recently awarded posthumously to Marine Corps Lance Cpl. Christopher S. Adlesperger of Albuquerque, New Mexico on April 13, 2007 for his actions during an insurgent battle in Fallujah in late 2004. One month later, 20-year-old Christopher Adlesperger, was fatally shot while on patrol in Al-Anbar province west of Baghdad.[1] “Albuquerque” redirects here. ... is the 103rd day of the year (104th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Al Anbar (Arabic: ‎ ) is an overwhelmingly Sunni Arab province of Iraq. ...


Description and symbolism

Obverse

The Navy Cross is a modified cross pattée one and a half inches wide (the ends of its arms are rounded whereas a conventional cross patée has arms that are straight on the end). There are four laurel leaves with berries in each of the re-entrant arms of the cross. In the center of the cross a sailing vessel is depicted on waves, sailing to the viewer's left. The vessel is a symbolic caravel of the type used between 1480 and 1500. Fraser selected the caravel because it was a symbol often used by the Naval Academy and because it represented both naval service and the tradition of the sea. The laurel leaves with berries refer to achievement. Heraldic cross pattee A cross having arms with curving edges, narrow at the inner center, and very broad at the outer end. ...


Reverse

In the center of a bronze cross patée one and a half inches wide, crossed anchors from the pre-1850 period, with cables attached. The letters USN appear amid the anchors.


Ribbon

The ribbon is navy blue with a center stripe of white. The blue alludes to naval service and the white represents the purity of selflessness. Navy Cross Ribbon This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ...


Notable recipients

Admiral Barry Kennedy Atkins (1911 – 15 November 2005) was an officer of the United States Navy best known for his achievements as a destroyer captain in World War II. Atkins graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1932, and was commissioned as a career naval officer. ... Frederick C. Billard (September 22, 1873-May 17, 1932) served as Commandant of the United States Coast Guard from 1924 until his death. ... Colonel Gregory Pappy Boyington, USMC, (December 4, 1912 - January 11, 1988) was an American fighter ace. ... John Jack Doc Bradley (July 10, 1923 – January 11, 1994) was a US Navy corpsman during World War II, and one of the six men who took part in Raising the Flag on Iwo Jima. ... Vice Adm. ... Captain Brian R. Chontosh (born 1975 in Rochester, New York) is a United States Marine Corps officer who was awarded the Navy Cross for his service during the 2003 Invasion of Iraq. ... Gordon Paiea Chung-Hoon (鍾雲(?), Honolulu, Hawaii, July 10, 1910 - July 24, 1979) was an admiral in the United States Navy, who served during World War II. His father, William Chung-Hoon Jr. ... Randy Duke Cunningham speaking January 2005 Randall Harold Cunningham (born December 8, 1941), usually known as Randy or Duck, was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from Californias 50th Congressional District. ... Sergeant Major Daniel Joseph Dan Daly (11 November 1873 – 28 April 1937) was a United States Marine. ... Roy Milton Davenport, a Rear Admiral, was the first person in the United States Navy to receive five Navy Crosses. ... Albert Leroy David (July 18, 1902 – September 17, 1945) was an officer in the United States Navy during World War II and a recipient of the Medal of Honor and two Navy Crosses. ... Samuel David Dealey (13 September 1906 – 24 August 1944) was a submarine commander of the United States Navy during World War II. Dealy, born 13 September 1906 in Dallas, Tex. ... Dieter Dengler (1938-2001) was a United States Navy pilot during the Vietnam War. ... William Irish Driscoll served as a Navy Radar Intercept Officer who together with pilot Randall Duke Cunningham, were the US Navys only two aces during the Vietnam War flying F-4 Phantom II jets off the USS Constellation in Squadron VF-96, The Fighting Falcons. ... Major General Merritt Austin Edson Major General Merritt Austin Edson (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as Red Mike, was a general in the United States Marine Corps. ... Rear Admiral Eugene Bennett Fluckey (October 5, 1913 – June 28, 2007), was a United States Navy submarine commander who received the Medal of Honor during World War II. [1] // Fluckey was born in Washington, D.C. on October 5, 1913. ... James S. Freeman James Shepherd Freeman (b. ... Guy Gabaldon speaking at Pentagon ceremony honoring Hispanic World War II veterans, September 2004. ... William Frederick Bull Halsey, Jr. ... John Howard (April 14, 1913 - February 19, 1995) was an American actor, best known for his role in Lost Horizon. ... Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr. ... Admiral Ernest Joseph King (November 23, 1878 - June 25, 1956) was the Commander in Chief of the United States Navy during World War II. As such, he was Chester Nimitzs immediate superior but himself was subordinate to Secretary of the Navy James Forrestal. ... William March (born William Edward Campbell September 18, 1893 in Mobile, Alabama) was an American World War I soldier, short-story writer and novelist cited as being the unrecognized genius of our time. His innovative writing style is characterized by a deep compassion and understanding of suffering. ... Doris Dorie Miller (October 12, 1919 – November 24, 1943) was an African American cook in the United States Navy and a hero during the attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. ... Admiral Marc A. Mitscher Marc Andrew Pete Mitscher, (26 January 1887 - 3 February 1947) was an admiral in the United States Navy, notable as commander of the Fast Carrier Task Force in the latter half of World War II in the Pacific. ... Lt. ... Commander Richard H. OKane, USN Richard Hetherington OKane (February 2, 1911 – February 16, 1994) was a United States Navy submarine commander in World War II, who received a Medal of Honor for his service on the USS Tang (SS-306). ... Edwin Taylor Pollock (October 25, 1870 – 1943) was a veteran of the Spanish-American War who subsequently rose to the rank of Captain in the United States Navy. ... Lieutenant General Lewis Chesty Burwell Puller (June 26, 1898 – October 11, 1971) was an officer in the United States Marine Corps and was the most decorated Marine in history. ... Dean Rockwell (born 1912 in Cass County, Michigan; died August 8, 2005)was a World War II hero at the D-Day invasion of Normandy, an Olympic Greco-Roman wrestling coach, and a college football coach. ... Harry Schmidt (25 September 1886 – 10 February 1968) served as Commanding General of the Fourth Marine Division during the Marshall Islands campaign and the Battle of Saipan, and as Commanding General of the Fifth Amphibious Corps during the battles of Tinian and Iwo Jima, during World War II. A contemporary... Roger Whitton Simpson (1898–1964) was a rear admiral of the United States Navy who distinguished himself during World War II. The USS Simpson (FFG-56) was named in his honor. ... John Walter Ripley (born 1939) is a retired United States Marine Corps officer who received the Navy Cross for his combat actions during Vietnam. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Alexander Archer Vandegrift (March 13, 1887 – May 8, 1973) was a general in the United States Marine Corps. ... Lewis William Walt (16 February 1913–26 March 1989), also known as Lew Walt, was a United States Marine Corps officer who served in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. ... Corydon M. Wassell, (b. ... James H. Webb, Jr. ... Petty Officer Marcus Luttrell joined the United States Navy in March of 1999 and became a combat-trained Navy SEAL in January, 2002. ...

See also

United States Navy Portal

Image File history File links United_States_Department_of_the_Navy_Seal. ... Awards and decorations of the United States military are military decorations which recognize a service members service and personal accomplishments while a member of the United States armed forces. ...

References

  • Navy Cross. Service Medals and Campaign Credits of the United States. United States Navy. Retrieved on 2007-07-10.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 191st day of the year (192nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Navy Cross - Criteria, Background, and Images

  Results from FactBites:
 
Navy Cross - definition of Navy Cross in Encyclopedia (479 words)
The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy or Marine Corps, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor.
To earn a Navy Cross the act to be commended must be performed in the presence of great danger or at great personal risk and must be performed in such a manner as to render the individual highly conspicuous among others of equal grade, rate, experience, or position of responsibility.
The Navy Cross is a modified cross patée one and a half inches wide (the ends of its arms are rounded whereas a conventional cross patée has arms that are straight on the end).
Navy Cross - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (575 words)
The Navy Cross may be awarded to any person who, while serving with the Navy, Marine Corps or (in time of war) Coast Guard, distinguishes himself in action by extraordinary heroism not justifying an award of the Medal of Honor.
As originally authorized, the Navy Cross could be awarded for distinguished non-combat acts, but legislation of 7 August, 1942 limited the award to acts of combat heroism.
Originally the Navy Cross was the Navy's third-highest decoration, after the Medal of Honor and the Navy Distinguished Service Medal.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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