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Encyclopedia > Navarre
Comunidad Foral de Navarra
Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa
Flag Coat of arms
Capital Pamplona (Iruña)
Official language(s) Spanish and Basque
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 11th
 10,391 km²
 2.2%
Population
 – Total (2005)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 15th
 593,472
 1.3%
 57.11/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish

 Navarrese
 Navarro/a
Statute of Autonomy August 16, 1982
Parliamentary
representation

 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats


 5
 5 (4 elected and 1 appointed)
President Miguel Sanz Sesma (UPN)
ISO 3166-2 NA
Gobierno de Navarra

Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) or Upper Navarre (Spanish Alta Navarra, Basque Nafarroa Garaia) is an autonomous community in Spain. The term Navarre has multiple meanings: Navarre is an autonomous community of Spain, on a portion of the land that was formerly the Kingdom of Navarre. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Navarre. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Localización_de_Navarra. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 10,000 km² and 100,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of population. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... ... The Spanish Senate (Spanish: Senado) is the upper house of the Cortes Generales, Spains legislative branch. ... Unión del Pueblo Navarro or UPN (Union of the Navarrese People) is a conservative political party active in the Navarre region of Spain. ... ISO 3166-2 is the second part of the ISO 3166 standard. ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades autónomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades autónomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ...


Its official name of the territory in Spanish is the "Comunidad Foral de Navarra", in Basque it is "Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa" and in English is the "Chartered Community/(Commonwealth) of Navarre" (see fuero). Fuero (Spanish) is a Spanish legal term and concept. ...

Contents

History

Main article: Kingdom of Navarre
A chapel in Roncesvalles
A chapel in Roncesvalles

During the time of the Roman Empire, the territory of the province was inhabited by the Vascones, a pre-Roman tribe who inhabited the southern slopes of the Pyrenees. The tribe managed to keep its Basque language and traditions under the Romans. The area was never fully subjugated, either by the Visigoths or by the Arabs. In 778 a Frankish army was defeated by the Basques in the Battle of Roncevaux Pass. In 824 the chieftain Iñigo Arista (also Eneko Aritza) was chosen king of Pamplona which laid the foundations of the Kingdom of Navarre. The kingdom reached its zenith during the reign of Sancho III of Navarre and covered the areas of the present-day Navarre, Basque Country, La Rioja, Cantabria; parts of Castilla y Leon and Aragon. However, after his death the country was divided between his sons and never fully recovered. The army of Navarre took part in the decisive battle of Las Navas de Tolosa alongside the other Spanish kingdoms in 1212 after which the Muslim possessions in the Iberian Peninsula were reduced to a small territory in the south-east. Navarre was finally absorbed into the united Spanish Kingdom in 1513 and a small area to the north of the Pyrenees eventually became part of France. The former state obtained some specific rights after its incorporation in united Spain. The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma) was a European state which occupied lands on either side of the Pyrenees alongside the Atlantic Ocean. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 498 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (666 × 801 pixel, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to es. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 498 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (666 × 801 pixel, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to es. ... Roncesvalles (French: Roncevaux, Basque: Orreaga) is a small village of northern Spain (Navarre Cities), in the province of Navarre; situated on the small river Urrobi, at an altitude of 2,950 ft. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Location of the tribe of the Vascones. ... Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ... Basque (native name: euskara) is the language spoken by the Basque people who inhabit the Pyrenees in North-Central Spain and the adjoining region of South-Western France. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Migrations The Visigoths (Western Goths) were one of two main branches of the Goths, an East Germanic tribe (the Ostrogoths being the other). ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... Statue of Charlemagne (also called Karl der Große, Charles the Great) in Frankfurt, Germany. ... Combatants Franks Basques Commanders Charlemagne Roland†, Eginhard, Anselmus Unknown (speculated: Duke Lop of Vasconia) Strength Major army Unknown (guerrilla party) Casualties Massacre of the Frankish rearguard but safety for the main force Unknown The Roncevaux Pass (French and English spelling, Roncesvalles in Spanish, Orreaga in Basque) is the site of... Events Iñigo Arista revolts against the Franks and establishes the kingdom of Navarre (approximate date). ... This is a list of the kings of Navarre. ... Sancho III (c. ... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   281 614  0,7%  55,82/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... For the Mesozoic island Cantabria, see Cantabria (Mesozoic island). ... Capital Valladolid Area  - total  - % of Spain Ranked 1st 94,223 km 18,6% Population  - Total (2003)  - % of Spain  - Density Ranked 6th 2,480,369 5. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Combatants Castile, Aragon, Portugal, Navarre Almohads Commanders Alfonso VIII of Castile Sancho VII of Navarre Peter II of Aragon Afonso II of Portugal Muhammad al-Nasir Strength ~50,000 reliable sources suggest it was between 125,000 - 150,000 ~125,000 - 400,000 Casualties ~2,000 dead or wounded ~100... Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground Battle of Navas de Tolosa Childrens crusade Crusaders push the Muslims out of northern Spain In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese... Motto (Latin) Further Beyond Anthem  1(Spanish) Royal March Spain() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Madrid Official languages Spanish2 Demonym Spanish, Spaniard Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Head of State King Juan Carlos I  -  President of the Government Formation 15th century   -  Dynastic union 1516   -  Unification... 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Javier Castle
The Javier Castle

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 473 pixelsFull resolution (801 × 474 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 473 pixelsFull resolution (801 × 474 pixel, file size: 46 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Community, Geography and Climate

Situated in the north-northeast of the Iberian peninsula, Navarre is bordered by France to the north, Aragón to the east, La Rioja to the south and the Basque Country to the west. The territory includes an enclave, Petilla de Aragón, which is completely surrounded by Aragón. The Iberian Peninsula, or Iberia, is located in the extreme southwest of Europe, and includes modern day Spain, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar. ... Capital Zaragoza Official language(s) Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 4th  47,719 km²  9. ... Capital Logroño Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 16th  5 045 km²  1,0% Population  â€“ Total (2003)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 17th   281 614  0,7%  55,82/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€”  riojano/a Statute of Autonomy June 9, 1982 Parliament  â€“ Congress seats  â€“ Senate seats  4  1 President Pedro Sanz... Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ... Petilla de Aragón is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ...


The community is governed as an autonomous region, with its own parliament (Parlamento de Navarra) and government (Gobierno de Navarra). As in other autonomous regions in Spain, health, employment, education and social services, together with housing, urban development, environment protection policies are under the responsibility of its own institutions. Unlike other regions (and like the Basque Country), it has almost full responsibility for collecting taxes, which must follow the overall guidelines established by the Spanish government but may have some minor differences. Pays Basque) see Northern Basque Country. ...


It is made up of 272 municipalities and has a total population of 601,874 (2006), of which approximately one-third live in the capital, Pamplona (195,769 pop.), and one-half in the capital’s metropolitan area (315,988 pop.). There are no other large municipalities in the region. The next largest are: Tudela (32,802); Barañáin (22,401); Burlada (18,388); Estella - Lizarra (13,892); Zizur Mayor (13,197); Tafalla (11,040); Villava/Atarrabia (10,295); and Ansoáin (9,952). This is a list of the municipalities in the province and autonomous community of Navarre, Spain. ... Pamplona (Basque: Iruñea or Iruña) is the capital city of Navarre, Spain. ... Flag of Tudela. ... Barañain is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ... Burlada (Basque: Burlata) is a municipality in Navarre province, Spain on the outskirts of the city of Pamplona. ... Estella - Lizarra is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ... Zizur Mayor (Basque: Zizur Nagusia) is a municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of Navarra, Northern Spain. ... Tafalla is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ... Villava/Atarrabia is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ... Ansoain is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ...


Despite its relatively small size, Navarre features stark contrasts in geography, from the Pyrenees mountain range that dominates the territory to the plains of the Ebro river valley in the south. Pic de Bugatetin the Néouvielle Natural Reserve Central Pyrenees For the mountains in Victoria, Australia, see Pyrenees (Victoria). ...


Climate

The climate of Navarre mixes influences from the Pyrenees mountains and Ebro river valley, creating a great difference between the climates of the north (much more humid and with frequent rainfall) and of the south (more Mediterranean with higher temperatures and more sporadic precipitation). One can pass from the humid Cantabrian valleys in the north to the arid, steppe-like Bardenas Reales on the banks of the Ebro river in just a few kilometers. For the Spanish truck maker of the same name, see Ebro trucks. ...  Areas with Mediterranean climate A Mediterranean climate is a climate that resembles the climate of the lands in the Mediterranean Basin. ... A steppe in Western Kazakhstan in early spring In physical geography, a steppe (Russian: - , Ukrainian: - , Kazakh: - ), pronounced in English as , is a plain without trees (apart from those near rivers and lakes); it is similar to a prairie, although a prairie is generally considered as being dominated by tall grasses... Bardenas Reales is a semi-desert in Navarre, Spain. ...


Cultural heritage

Monastery of Leire
Monastery of Leire

Navarre is a mixture of its ancient tradition and Mediterranean influences coming from the Ebro. The Ebro valley is amenable to wheat, vegetables, wine, and even olive trees, as in Aragon and La Rioja. It was a part of the Roman Empire, and in the Middle Ages it became the taifa kingdom of Tudela. During the Reconquista, the Northerners extended southwards. In the Middle Ages, Pamplona was a crossroads for Gascons from beyond the Pyrenees and Romance speakers. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 464 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (740 × 955 pixel, file size: 113 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Navarre Monastery of Leyre Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 464 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (740 × 955 pixel, file size: 113 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Navarre Monastery of Leyre Metadata This... The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ... For the Spanish truck maker of the same name, see Ebro trucks. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... For the Italian political alliance see Olive Tree, and the color, olive (color). ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... The Spanish and Portuguese term taifa (from Arabic: taifa, plural طوائف tawaif) in the history of Iberia refers to an independent Muslim-ruled principality, an emirate or petty kingdom, of which a number formed in the Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of... Tudela is a town and municipality in Spain, in the northern province of Navarra. ... For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Romance languages (sometimes referred to as Romanic languages) are a branch of the Indo-European language family, comprising all the languages that descend from Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. ...


Energy policy

Main article: Wind power in Spain

Navarre leads Europe in its use of renewable energy technology, and is planning to reach 100% renewable energy generation by 2010. By 2004 61% of the region's energy was generated by renewable sources, consisting of 43.6% from 28 wind farms, 12% from over 100 small-scale water turbines and 5.3% from 2 biomass and 2 biogas plants. In addition, the region had what was then Spain's largest photovoltaic power plant at Montes de Cierzo de Tudela (1.2 MWp capacity), plus several hundred smaller photovoltaic installations. Spanish energy policy anticipates generating 30% of its electricity needs from renewable energy sources by 2010, with half of that amount coming from wind power in Spain. ... Renewable energy utilizes natural resources such as sunlight, wind, tides and geothermal heat, which are naturally replenished. ... 2010 (MMX) will be a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A wind farm is a collection of wind turbines in the same location. ... Kaplan turbine and electrical generator cut-away view. ... See biomass (ecology) for the use of the term in ecology, where it refers to the cumulation of living matter Switchgrass, a tough plant used in the biofuel industry in the United States Rice chaff. ... Biogas-bus in Bern, Switzerland Biogas typically refers to a (biofuel) gas produced by the anaerobic digestion or fermentation of organic matter including manure, sewage sludge, municipal solid waste, biodegradable waste or any other biodegradable feedstock, under anaerobic conditions. ... A solar cell, a form of photovoltaic cell, is a device that uses the photoelectric effect to generate electricity from light, thus generating solar power (energy). ... Tudela is a town and municipality in Spain, in the northern province of Navarra. ...


Developments since 2004 have included further photovoltaic plants at Larrión (0.25 MWp) [1] and another at Castejón (2.44 MWp), also once the largest in Spain [2]. Castejón is a town located in the province of Navarra, in the autonomous community of Navarra, in the North of Spain. ...


Economy

Culture

Navarra has some unique variations in spoken Spanish. The diminutive form, used to show a small amount, may subsitute the traditional -ita and -ito endings with -ica and -ico. For example, botella (bottle) normally said botellita instead will sometimes be said as botellica.


Nature and environment

See also

Basse-Navarre (Nafarroa Beherea in Basque) is a former French province, part of the present day Pyrénées Atlantiques département. ... The Kingdom of Navarre (Basque: Nafarroako Erresuma) was a European state which occupied lands on either side of the Pyrenees alongside the Atlantic Ocean. ... This is a list of the kings of Navarre. ... The Parliament of Navarra (Spanish Parlamento de Navarra, Basque Nafarroako Parlamentua) or also known as Cortes de Navarra is the Navarre autonomous unicameral parliament. ... Proportion of renewable energy in the EU countries, 2004 The countries of the European Union are currently the leading world power in the development and application of renewable energy. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kingdom of Navarre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3458 words)
Of Sancho's sons, Garcia of Najera received Navarre, Guipuzcoa, Vizcaya, and small portions of Béarn and Bigorre north of the Pyrenees; Castile and the lands between the Pisuerga and the Cea went to the eldest, Fernando; to Gonzalo were given Sobrarbe and Ribagorza; the County of Aragon was allotted to the bastard son Ramiro.
His daughter Joanna I of Navarre not yet being of age, the country was once more invaded from all sides, and the queen mother, Blanca, with her daughter sought refuge at the court of Philip the Bold of France, whose son, Philip the Fair, had become engaged to the daughter and married Joanna in 1284.
Lower, or French, Navarre, received from Henry II of Navarre, the son of Jean d'Albret, a representative assembly, the clergy being represented by the bishops of Bayonne and Dax, their vicars-general, the parish priest of St-Jean-Pied-de-Port, and the priors of Saint-Palais, d'Utziat and Haramples.
Navarre - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (368 words)
Navarre (Spanish Navarra, Basque Nafarroa) is an autonomous community and province of Spain.
Navarre is governed as an autonomous region, with its own parliament (Parlamento de Navarra/Nafarroako Parlamentua) and government (Gobierno de Navarra/Nafarroako Gobernua).
Navarre is a mixture of the Basque influence from the Pyrenees and the Mediterranean influences coming from the Ebro.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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