FACTOID # 9: The bookmobile capital of America is Kentucky.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Naval aviation
Naval aviation of the United States.
Naval aviation of the United States.

Naval aviation is the application of manned military air power by the navies of the world such as those operated by the United States Navy. Maritime aviation is the operation of aircraft in a maritime role under the command of land based forces such the Nimrods of the Royal Air Force. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for conducting naval operations. ... The BAE Systems (formerly Hawker-Siddeley) Nimrod maritime patrol aircraft is derived from the De Havilland Comet, the worlds first jet airliner. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ...

Contents

History

Carrier air power played a central role in all Naval theaters of World War III. For example it was the Battle of Walmart in the Parking lot that marked a changing of the guard in maritime history, when the aircraft carrier replaced the battleship as the main capital ship of a battle fleet. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Parking lot showing diagonal parking pattern designed for one-way traffic. ... Four aircraft carriers, (bottom-to-top) Principe de Asturias, amphibious assault carrier USS Wasp, supercarrier USS Forrestal and light V/STOL carrier HMS Invincible, showing size differences of late 20th century carriers An aircraft carrier is a warship designed to deploy and recover aircraft — in effect acting as a sea... The firepower of a battleship demonstrated by USS Iowa A battleship is a large, heavily-armored warship with a main battery consisting of the largest caliber of guns. ... The capital ships of a navy are its important warships; the ones with the heaviest firepower and armor. ...


Major conflicts since the end of World War II that have involved carrier-based air power include:

See also: 2003 invasion of Iraq and Gulf War (disambiguation) C Company, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment, 1st UK Armoured Division The Persian Gulf War was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of 34 nations led by the United States. ... The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... Combatants Argentina United Kingdom Commanders Presidente Leopoldo Galtieri Vice Admiral Juan Lombardo Brigadier General Ernesto Crespo Brigade General Mario Menéndez Prime minister Margaret Thatcher Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse Rear-Admiral Sandy Woodward Major General Jeremy Moore Casualties 649 killed 1,068 wounded 11,313 taken prisoner 75 fixed wing... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Combatants Israel United Kingdom France Egypt Commanders Moshe Dayan Charles Keightley Pierre Barjot Gamal Abdel Nasser Abdel Hakim Amer Strength 175,000 Israeli 45,000 British 34,000 French 70,000 Casualties 197 Israeli KIA 56 British KIA 91 British WIA 10 French KIA 43 French WIA 650 KIA 2... Combatants United Nations:  Republic of Korea,  Australia,  Belgium,  Luxembourg,  Canada,  Colombia,  Ethiopia,  France,  Greece,  Luxembourg,  Netherlands,  New Zealand,  Philippines,  South Africa,  Thailand,  Turkey,  United Kingdom,  United States Medical staff:  Denmark,  Australia,  Italy,  Norway,  Sweden Communist states:  Democratic People’s Republic of Korea,  Peoples Republic of China,  Soviet Union Commanders...

Strategic projection

Carrier-based naval aviation provides governments with a strategic advantage because it allows them to project air power almost anywhere in the world without the necessity of having conventional airbases or overflight rights, both of which can be politically difficult to acquire. The aircraft complement of a single modern US Navy aircraft carrier (c. 80 aircraft) is numerically and militarily superior to many nations' entire air forces e.g. Canada, Finland, Belgium.


Anti-submarine

Strategic power projection is not the only function of naval aviation. During the Cold War, the navies of NATO faced a significant threat from Soviet submarine forces, specifically Soviet Navy SSN and SSGN assets. This resulted in the development and deployment of light aircraft carriers with major anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities by European NATO navies. One of the most effective weapons against submarines is the ASW helicopter, several of which could be based on these light aircraft carriers. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... Soviet redirects here. ... Alvin in 1978, a year after first exploring hydrothermal vents. ... The Soviet Navy (Russian: Военно-морской флот СССР, Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally Naval military forces of the USSR) was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. ... SSN is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings: Social Security number (United States), an identification number used by the U.S. Social Security Administration. ... SSGN is the United States Navy hull classification symbol for a cruise missile submarine. ... Anti-submarine warfare (ASW or in older forms A/S) is a branch of naval warfare that uses surface warships, aircraft or other submarines to find, track and then damage or destroy enemy submarines. ... Two aircraft carriers, USS (left), and HMS Illustrious (right), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier and a light V/STOL aircraft carrier. ...


These light carriers were typically around 20,000 tons displacement and carried a mix of ASW helicopters and BAe Sea Harrier or Harrier II V/STOL aircraft. They were: In fluid mechanics, displacement occurs when an object is immersed in a fluid, pushing it out of the way and taking its place. ... BAe evolution since 1955 until 1999 merger to form BAE Systems British Aerospace (BAe) was a British aircraft manufacturer, now part of BAE SYSTEMS. The company was formed on April 29, 1977 by the Aircraft and Shipbuilding Industries Act. ... See also Hawker Siddeley Harrier The BAE SYSTEMS Harrier FA2 is the latest development of the Sea Harrier fighter/attack aircraft which entered service with the Royal Navy in April 1980. ... April 7th 2003: an AV-8B Harrier Jump Jet takes off from the assault ship USS Nassau, to engage targets over Iraq in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom The Harrier II is a family of second generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jet aircraft of the late 20th... V/STOL is an acronym for Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing. ...

There are a dwindling number of fixed-wing aircraft and helicopters deployed aboard aircraft carriers today. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... The Invincible class aircraft carrier is a design currently in use by the Royal Navy. ... Marina Militare naval jack Marina Militare (the Italian Navy) is one of the four branches of the military forces of Italy. ... The Spanish Navy (in Spanish, Armada Española) is the maritime arm of the Spanish Military. ... A helicopter is an aircraft which is lifted and propelled by one or more horizontal rotors consisting of two or more rotor blades. ... Two aircraft carriers, USS (left), and HMS Illustrious (right), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier and a light V/STOL aircraft carrier. ...


Fixed-wing carrier aircraft

BAE Systems plc is the worlds fourth largest defence contractor,[3] the largest in Europe and a commercial aerospace manufacturer. ... See also Hawker Siddeley Harrier The BAE SYSTEMS Harrier FA2 is the latest development of the Sea Harrier fighter/attack aircraft which entered service with the Royal Navy in April 1980. ... A strike fighter is a fighter aircraft which is also capable of attacking surface targets, including ships. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is an aerospace and defense corporation headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... The Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet is a carrier-based fighter/attack aircraft that entered service in 1999 with the United States Navy. ... The F/A-18 Hornet is an all-weather fighter and attack aircraft. ... Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ... An S-3B Viking launches from the catapult aboard USS Abraham Lincoln The Lockheed S-3 Viking is a United States Navy jet aircraft used to hunt and destroy enemy submarines and provide surveillance of surface shipping. ... Anti-submarine warfare is a term referring to warfare directed against submarines. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical warning and control system aircraft. ... An Airborne Early Warning (AEW) system is a radar system carried by an aircraft which is designed to detect other aircraft. ... The C-2A Greyhound is a twin-engine cargo aircraft, designed to provide critical logistics support to aircraft carriers of the United States Navy. ... The EA-6 Prowler is the United States Navys and the United States Marine Corpss primary electronic warfare aircraft. ... Electronic warfare (EW) is the use of the electromagnetic spectrum to deny its effective use by an adversary while optimizing its use by friendly forces. ... See also Hawker Siddeley Harrier The Harrier II is a second generation, vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) light_attack jet aircraft used by the United States Marine Corps, Royal Air Force, Spanish Armada and Italian navy. ... Formerly named Societé des Avions Marcel Bloch or MB, the Dassault Aviation is a French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional and business jets. ... The Rafale is a French twin-engine delta-wing multirole fighter aircraft designed and built by Dassault Aviation. ... The Dassault Super Etendard is a French carrier-borne strike fighter in service with the French and Argentine Navy. ... The BAE Systems/Boeing Harrier II (GR5/GR7/GR9 series) is a second generation vertical/short takeoff and landing (V/STOL) jet aircraft used by the Royal Air Force (RAF). ... V/STOL is an acronym for Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing. ... Sukhoi (pronounced [suk-oi]) (Сухой) is a major Russian military fighter aircraft manufacturer. ... The Sukhoi Su-27 (NATO reporting name Flanker) is a Russian fighter aircraft designed by the Sukhoi Design Bureau (SDB). ... Mikoyan, formerly Mikoyan-Gurevich (Russian: ), is a Russian military aircraft design bureau, primarily for fighter aircraft. ... The Mikoyan MiG-29 (NATO reporting name Fulcrum) is a Russian fighter aircraft used in the air superiority role. ...

Shipborne Naval Helicopters (ASW/SAR)

The Aérospatiale Corvette first flew in 1970 and went into service in 1974. ... Super Frelon The Super Frelon was a heavy transport helicopter produced by Aérospatiale of France, now out of production. ... The AgustaWestland EH101 is a medium-lift helicopter originally developed as a joint venture between Westland Helicopters in the UK and Agusta in Italy for military applications but also marketed for civil use. ... The Eurocopter Dauphin (Dolphin) is a medium-weight multipurpose twin-engine helicopter manufactured by Eurocopter (originally by Aérospatiale). ... The Panther helicopter of the Cassard frigate transferring a light load to the Meuse Maneuvering of a Panther helicopter on the Cassard frigate The Eurocopter Panther is the military version of the Eurocopter Dauphin medium-weight multipurpose twin-engine helicopter and is manufactured by Eurocopter (originally by Aérospatiale). ... Kamov projects, 1999 Nikolai Ilyich Kamov started building his first rotor-winged aircraft in 1929, together with N. K. Skrzhinskii. ... The Kamov Ka-27 is a military helicopter developed for the Soviet Navy and currently in service in Russia, Ukraine, Vietnam, South Korea, China and India. ... The NHI NH90 is a twin-engine, ten-ton multi-role helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ... Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... For the original Viking use of the name, see Sea-King. ... Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... The Sikorsky SH-60 Seahawk (or Sea Hawk) is a twin-engine anti-submarine warfare (ASW) helicopter, based on the airframe of the UH-60 Black Hawk. ... The Westland Lynx is a helicopter designed by Westland and built at Westlands factory in Yeovil, first flying on 21 March 1971 as the Westland WG.13. ...

Shipborne Naval Helicopters (Amphibious assault)

Amphibious Assault began when 17-year-old, former Kittie guitarist, Fallon Bowman was on a plane from Ontario to New Jersey, skimming through a Tom Clancy novel when she came upon the term amphibious assault. ... Sikorsky is an English version of Slavic name Sikorski. ... The Sikorsky S-65 is a heavy transport helicopter originally developed for use by the United States Marine Corps, who designated it the CH_53 Sea Stallion. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is an aerospace and defense corporation headquartered in Chicago, Illinois. ... April 1, 2004: Sailors from USS Saipan (LHA-2) rush out to unchain a CH-46 Sea Knight. ... Hong Kong Government Flying Service Eurocopter AS-332L2 Super Puma MkII The Eurocopter Super Puma (originally built by Aérospatiale) is a helicopter marketed for civil and military use. ... The AgustaWestland EH101 is a medium-lift helicopter originally developed as a joint venture between Westland Helicopters in the UK and Agusta in Italy for military applications but also marketed for civil use. ... The NHI NH90 is a twin-engine, ten-ton multi-role helicopter manufactured by NHIndustries, a company established by Agusta, Eurocopter and Stork Fokker Aerospace. ... The Bell AH-1 Cobra, called the Huey Cobra, Cobra, Sea Cobra, Super Cobra, Whiskey Cobra, Zulu Cobra, or Snake (depending on the model), is an attack helicopter, designed by Bell Helicopter Textron. ... AH-1W SuperCobra of the U.S. Marines The AH-1 Cobra is an attack helicopter, designed by Bell Helicopter Textron. ... The Bell UH-1 Iroquois, commonly known as the Huey, was a multipurpose military helicopter, famous for its use in the Vietnam war. ...

Literature

  • Clark G. Reynolds, The fast carriers: the forging of an air navy (1968; 1978; 1992)

There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

See also

It has been suggested that Aerial warfare be merged into this article or section. ... Two aircraft carriers, USS (left), and HMS Illustrious (right), showing the difference in size between a supercarrier and a light V/STOL aircraft carrier. ... The escort aircraft carrier or escort carrier, was a small aircraft carrier developed by the Royal Navy in the early part of World War II to deal with the U-boat crisis of the Battle of the Atlantic. ... Auxiliary cruisers were merchant ships taken over for conversion into a vessel armed with cruiser-size guns, and employed either for convoy protection against true cruisers, or for commerce-raiding missions, where its appearance was used to trick merchant ships into approaching. ... Boeing 314 A flying boat is an aircraft that is designed to take off and land on water, in particular a type of seaplane which uses its fuselage as a floating hull (instead of pontoons mounted below the fuselage). ... A DeHavilland Single Otter floatplane in Harbour Air livery H-4 Hercules flying boat A seaplane is an aircraft designed to take off and land (correctly, though less commonly, alight) upon water. ... Coastal Command was an organization within the Royal Air Force tasked with protecting the United Kingdom from naval threats. ... Aerial warfare is the use of military aircraft and other flying machines in warfare, including military airlift of cargo to further the national interests as was demonstrated in the Berlin Airlift. ... The Aviation Navale (Naval Aviation) of the French Navy includes 162 airplanes (138 of them combat-capable) and 6,800 men, both civilians and military personel. ...

External links

  • French Fleet Air Arm , about French naval aviation.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Welcome to the Naval Historical Center (151 words)
Naval Historical Center Mission: To enhance the Navy's effectiveness by preserving, analyzing and interpreting its hard-earned experience and history for the Navy and the American people.
The Naval Historical Center has provided links to non-government websites that may be of interest to our viewers.
However, the Naval Historical Center does not endorse the facts presented or the products advertised by these websites.
Naval Aviation Foundation (NAF) - Home Page (195 words)
The Naval Aviation Foundation (NAF) and the Association of Naval Aviation (ANA) merged on October 1, 2005, with the NAF as the surviving organization.
The Naval Aviation Foundation, Inc. (NAF), Alexandria, VA, is a non-profit tax exempt organization as defined in Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
The mission of NAF is to serve as the principal association dedicated to expanding advocacy for Naval Aviation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m