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Encyclopedia > Navahradak

Navahradak (Нава́градак in Belarusian; Russian: Novogrudok; Polish: Nowogródek; Lithuanian: Naugardukas) is a city in western Belarus.


History

It came under the control of the Kievan Rus at end of the 10th century. In the 13th century, the fragile unity of Rus' disintegrated due to nomadic incursions from Asia, which reached a climax with the Mongol Horde's sacking of Kiev (1240), leaving a geopolitical vacuum in the region known as Black Ruthenia. The Early East Slavs splintered along preexisting tribal lines into a number of independent and competing principalities. Due to military alliances, dynastic marriages etc. the western Black Ruthenian principalities (Navagradak, Hrodna) gravitated toward neighbouring original Lithuania to become a base of the rising up Baltic-Slavic state - Grand Duchy of Lithuania (GDL). So, in the 1230s - 1260s Navahradak was ruled by Lithuanian grand duke Mindaugas, in 1253 crowned as "King of Lithuania", and his son Vaisvilkas (Some historians consider that Mindaugas as a strong warrior was invited for a power by Navahradak authorities after that he was forced to leave his native lands for a time). Because Lithuanians were pagan, they were generally tolerant towards other religions, including leading in the Black Ruthenia Eastern Orthodox, unlike European Catholic powers of the time (In one's turn, Orthodox Navahradak inhabitans were tolerant too and allowed a pagan to be their prince). Kievan Rus′ (Ки́евская Ру́сь, Kievskaya Rus in Russian; Київська Русь, Kyivs’ka Rus’ in Ukrainian) was the early, mostly East Slavic¹ state dominated by the city of Kiev (ru: Ки́ев, Kiev; uk: Ки́їв, Kyiv), from about 880 to the middle of the 12th century. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Mongols are an ethnic group that originated in what is now Mongolia, Russia, and China, particularly Inner Mongolia. ... A monument to St. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... Black Ruthenia (or Black Rus, Чорная Русь in Ruthenian language, RuÅ› Czarna in Polish) is the name of a historical territory in the southwestern part of contemporary Belarus on the upper reaches of the Neman River. ... The East Slavs are the ethnic group that evolved into the Russian, Ukrainian and Belarusian peoples. ... Hrodna (or Grodna, Horadnia, Harodnia) (Belarusian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ; Lithuanian: ; Yiddish: ; German: ) is a city in Belarus. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... The title of Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux; German, Großherzog, Russian, Великий князь) used in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic countries, is ranked in honour below King but higher than a sovereign Duke (Herzog) or Prince (Fürst). ... Mindaugas King of Lithuania Mindaugas monument in Vilnius Mindaugas (approximate English transcription [ˈmın. ... The presumable banner of Lithuania VaiÅ¡vilkas (WoyszwiÅ‚k, Vojszalak, VojÅ¡alk, VaiÅ¡elga, Vaishyalga, VaiÅ¡algas, Rymont Lawrasz, Rimond Laurent; +killed 9 December 1268 Vladimir) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1239 - 1254, and the Grand Duke of Lithuania 1254, 1258 – 1263. ... Paganism (from Latin paganus) and Heathenry are catch-all terms which have come to connote a broad set of spiritual/religious beliefs and practices of a natural religion, as opposed to the Abrahamic religions. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ...


According to the disputed Stryjkowski Chronicle (1582) the city was the first capital of the GDL. This theory is very popular among people of Navahradak and other Belarusians. Though other theories state that Voruta, most legendary because its place is still unknown, was the first capital, the second one was Kernavė (1279), Trakai - the third and Vilnius - the fourth. Voruta may have been a capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania established in the time of king Mindaugas in the 13th century. ... Birds eye view of KernavÄ— KernavÄ— is a tourist and archeological resort in southeast Lithuania, and was once the medieval capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. ... The castle in Trakai was recently rebuilt to a fanciful design. ... Location Ethnographic region DzÅ«kija County Vilnius County Municipality Vilnius city municipality Elderate Number of elderates 20 Coordinates 54°40′N 25°19′E General information Capital of Lithuania Vilnius County Vilnius city municipality Vilnius district municipality Population (rank) 540,318 in 2005 (1st) First mentioned 1323 Granted city rights...


Navahradak was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following the Union of Lublin in 1569 but later incorporated to imperial Russia due to the Partitions of Poland in 1795. In the First World War, it was occupied by Germany from 1915 to 1918. After the end of the war it belonged to the Belarus National Republic but the Second Polish Republic occupied it in 1919. Later on the Red Army took it during the Polish-bolshevik war, but Poland took it back and due to the treaty of Riga, Navahradak became part of Poland and capital of the Nowogródek voivodship. Soviet troops anexed the city in September 1939 along with Western Belarus and it became part of the Byelorussian SSR until 1941. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941 it became part of the Ostland. The Red Army liberated the city in July 1944. Following the Yalta Conference and Potsdam Agreement Navahradak remained as part of the Byelarussian SSR. Since the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 it belonges to Belarus. Both in the times of the BSSR and presently Navahradak has been capital of Navahradak raion (district) in the Hrodna voblast (province). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Union of Lublin, painted by Jan Matejko The Union of Lublin (Lithuanian: Liublino unija; Belarusian: Лю́блінская ву́нія; Polish: Unia lubelska) - signed on July 1, 1569 in Lublin, united the Kingdom of Poland and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania into a single state, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, with the official... Events January 11 - First recorded lottery in England. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The Partitions of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, commonly known as the Partitions of Poland (Polish: Rozbiór Polski or Rozbiory Polski; Lithuanian: Padalijimas) took place in the 18th century and ended the existence of the sovereign Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. ... 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Combatants Allies: • Serbia, • Russia, • France, • Belgium, • British Empire and Dominions, • United States, • Italy, • ...and others Central Powers: • Germany, • Austria-Hungary, • Ottoman Empire, • Bulgaria Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 5 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) 3 million military, 3 million civilian (full list) {{{notes}}} World War I... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... National motto: None Official language Belarusian Capital Minsk, Currently in Exile Chairperson of the Rada Ivonka Survilla Independence  - Declared  - Forced into Exile Treaty of Brest-Litovsk March 25, 1918 January 5, 1919 The Belarusian National Republic (Belarusian: Белару́ская Наро́дная Рэспу́бліка, also translated as Belarusian Peoples Republic, Belarusian Democratic Republic... Second Polish Republic 1921-1939 The Second Polish Republic is an unofficial name applied to the Republic of Poland between World War I and World War II. When the borders of the state were fixed in 1921, it had an area of 388. ... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... The Peace of Riga (also known as the Treaty of Riga, Polish: Traktat Ryski) signed on 18th March 1921 between Poland and Soviet Russia ended the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Nowogródek Voivodship (Polish województwo nowogródzkie) was an unit of administrative division of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Poland between 15th century and 1795 and then between 1919 and 1939, with the capital in the town of Nowogródek. ... Look up September in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... State motto: Пралетарыі ўсіх краін, яднайцеся! Belarusian: Workers of the world, unite! Official language None. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Look up June in Wiktionary, the free dictionary June is the sixth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with a length of 30 days The month is named after the Roman goddess Juno, wife of Jupiter and equivalent to the Greek goddess Hera. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... For more information on Ostland in WW II, the Reichskommissariat Ostland Ostland is a province of the land called The Empire in Warhammer Fantasy Battles. ... Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Yalta Conference, sometimes called the Crimea Conference and codenamed the Argonaut Conference, was the wartime meeting from February 4 to 11, 1945 between the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union. ... The Potsdam Agreement, or the Potsdam Proclamation, was an agreement on policy for the occupation and reconstruction of Germany and other nations after fighting in the European Theatre of World War II had ended with the German surrender of May 8, 1945. ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... 1991 (MCMXCI in Roman) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... See rayon for the textile made of processed cellulose. ... Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Regions of Belarus ...


Ruling Princes

  • 1381-1386 part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania
  • 1441- part of the Principality of Hrodna?

A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... ErdywiÅ‚ (Ердивил, ErdiwiÅ‚, Erdwil; 11th - 12th century) was the Prince of Navahradak , Horoden, Byarestse, Drohiczyn and Melnik. ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Naval battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... Mingayl (? – 1192) was the Prince of Polock, Black Ruthenia (Nowohorodok) after 1185 – 1192, and Horoden. ... Grand Duchy of Lithuania Skirmunt (12th century – 13th century) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania, Prince of Nowohorodok 1192 – before 1239, Kiernow, Berestia, Mielnik, Horoden, Pinsk, Turow, Mozyn, Czernihow, Starodub and Karaczow. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Grand Duchy of Lithuania Treniota (Troniata) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania from 1263 to 1264, Prince of Black Ruthenia. ... // Events Births June 17 - King Edward I of England (died 1307) December 17 - Kujo Yoritsugu, Japanese shogun (died 1256) Peter III of Aragon (died 1285) John II, Duke of Brittany (died 1305) Ippen, Japanese monk (died 1289) Deaths March 3 - Vladimir III Rurikovich, Grand Prince of Kiev (born 1187) March... Prince Albert of Monaco on the left represents a principality where he wields administrative authority. ... Hrodna (or Grodna, Horadnia, Harodnia) (Belarusian: ; Russian: ; Polish: ; Lithuanian: ; Yiddish: ; German: ) is a city in Belarus. ... A question mark is a punctuation mark. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... The presumable banner of Lithuania VaiÅ¡vilkas (WoyszwiÅ‚k, Vojszalak, VojÅ¡alk, VaiÅ¡elga, Vaishyalga, VaiÅ¡algas, Rymont Lawrasz, Rimond Laurent; +killed 9 December 1268 Vladimir) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1239 - 1254, and the Grand Duke of Lithuania 1254, 1258 – 1263. ... Mindaugas King of Lithuania Mindaugas monument in Vilnius Mindaugas (approximate English transcription [ˈmın. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Roman Danylovich (*ca 1230, +ca 1261) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia (Novogrudok) 1255? - 1260?, and Slonim. ... This article is about a real person named Rurik. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). ... Events Petrarch becomes famous Beginning of the Breton War of Succession over the control of the Duchy of Brittany Margarete Maultasch, Countess of Tyrol, expells her husband John Henry of Bohemia, to whom she had been married as a child. ... The presumable banner of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania with the coat of arms, called Пагоня in Belarusian, Vytis in Lithuanian and PogoÅ„ in Polish Another version of the Lithuanian banner The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuvos Didžioji KunigaikÅ¡tystÄ—, Belarusian: Вялі́кае Кня́ства Літо́ўскае (ВКЛ), Ukrainian: Велике Князівство Литовське (ВКЛ), Polish: Wielkie KsiÄ™stwo Litewskie) was an... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Grand Duchy of Lithuania Narymont (13th century) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania 1281? and Samogitia, Prince of Black Ruthenia (Nowohorodok), Utynia and Kiernow. ... Fortress of Ladoga (Ladozhskaya krepost) Narimantas (Narymunt, Gleb, ca 1277 – 2 February 1348) was the Prince of Pinsk 13?? – 1348, Polock, Novgorod (Ladoga, Korela (Käkisalmi). ... -1... Koriat (Michal; ca 1300 – ca 1362) was the prince of Nowohorodok, 1341 – 1347. ... Columns of Gediminas, symbol of the Gediminids. ... Woidete (+ after 1362) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1347 - 13??. Father Kiejstut (Kęstutis; 1297 – 15 August 1382 Krewa), Prince of Trock, Grand Prince of Lithuania 1381 – 1382 Brothers Patirg (1348 - 1365) Woiswil (+ ca 1387) Butaw (Henryk; + after 1381), baptized Królewiec 25 July 1365, Prince of Black Ruthenia 13?? - 1381... Centuries: 13th century - 14th century - 15th century Decades: 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s 1350s - 1360s - 1370s 1380s 1390s 1400s 1410s Years: 1357 1358 1359 1360 1361 - 1362 - 1363 1364 1365 1366 1367 See also: 1362 state leaders Events Under Edward III, English replaces French as Englands national language, for the... Events June 12 - Peasants Revolt: In England rebels arrive at Blackheath. ... Butaw (Henryk; baptized 25 July 1365 Królewiec; + after 1381) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 13?? - 1381. ... Events Battle of Sempach: Swiss safeguard independence from Habsburg rule End of reign of Poland by Capet-Anjou family. ... Events May / September 3 - Siege of Lisbon by the Castilian army, during the 1383-1385 Crisis Births Antoine, Duke of Brabant (died 1415) St Frances of Rome (died 1440) Khalil Sultan, ruler of Transoxiana (died 1411) Deaths January 1 - King Charles II of Navarre (b. ... Yuriy was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1384. ... Events Births December 27 - Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (died 1411) Domenico da Piacenza, Italian dancemaster (died 1470) John Dunstable, English composer (died 1453) Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson, Swedish statesman and rebel leader (died 1436) Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (died 1447) John VIII Palaeologus Byzantine Emperor (died 1448) Deaths... Towtiwil (Conrad; baptized 21 October 1383; + September 1390) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1386 - 1390. ... For alternative meanings, see number 1440. ... Pillars of Giedymin Castle of Trock Sigismond Korybut (Zygimont I Kejstutavicz, Žyhimont I Kejstutavicz, Žygimantas I KÄ™stutaitis; * after 1350, + murdered 20 March 1440; baptized Catholic 1383) was the Grand Prince of Lithuania 1 September 1432 - 1440, Prince of Black Ruthenia 1390 - 1440, Prince of Starodub 1406, Prince of Mozhaisk... This page is about the year 1441. ... Michael Boleslaw (* before 1406, + shortly before 10 February 1452) was the Prince of Black Ruthenia 1440 - 1441. ... // Events February 3 - Murad II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire dies and is succeeded by his son Mehmed II. April 11 - Celje acquires market-town status and town rights by orders from the Celje count Frederic II. June 30 - French troops under the Comte de Dunois invade Guyenne and capture...

Famous people from Navahradak

Adam Mickiewicz - romantic poet A portrait of Adam Mickiewicz Adam Bernard Mickiewicz (December 24, 1798 – November 26, 1855) was one of the best-known Polish poets and writers, considered the greatest Polish poet besides Zygmunt Krasiński and Juliusz Słowacki. ... Romanticism was a secular and intellectual movement in the history of ideas that originated in late 18th century Western Europe. ... Poet is a term applied to a person who composes poetry, including extended forms such as dramatic verse. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Navahradak at AllExperts (859 words)
Navahradak (; ; ; ;) is a city in the Hrodna voblast of Western Belarus.
Navahradak was a part of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth following the Union of Lublin in 1569 but later was incorporated into Imperial Russia due to the Partitions of Poland in 1795.
Navahradak was an important shtetl and home to the Harkavy Jewish family, including Alexander Harkavy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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