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Encyclopedia > Nauru
Ripublik Naoero
Republic of Nauru
Flag of Nauru
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"God's Will First"
Anthem
Nauru Bwiema
Capital none1
0°32′S, 166°55′E
Largest city Yaren
Official languages English, Nauruan
Government Republic
 -  President Ludwig Scotty
Independence
 -  from the Australia, NZ, and UK-administered UN trusteeship. 31 January 1968 
Area
 -  Total 21 km² (227th)
8.1 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) negligible
Population
 -  July 2005 estimate 13,005 (214th)
 -  Density 621 /km² (13th)
1,608 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $60 million (224th)
 -  Per capita $5,000 (2005 est.) (132nd)
HDI (2003) n/a (unranked) (n/a)
Currency Australian dollar (AUD)
Time zone (UTC+12)
Internet TLD .nr
Calling code +674
1 Yaren is the largest settlement and often cited as capital, although Nauru has no officially designated capital.

Nauru (pronounced [næˈuː.ɹuː]), officially the Republic of Nauru, is an island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific. The nearest neighbour is Banaba Island in the Republic of Kiribati, 300 km due east. Nauru is the world's smallest island nation, covering just 21 km² (8.1 sq. mi), the smallest independent member of The Commonwealth, the smallest independent republic, and the only republican state in the world without an official capital.[1] Image File history File links Flag_of_Nauru. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 Following the indepencence of Nauru, the flag of Nauru was raised for the first time. ... The design of the coat of arms of Nauru originated in 1968 following the declaration of independence, and it began to be used officially in the early 1970s. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Nauru Bwiema (Song of Nauru) is the national anthem of Nauru. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Yaren, in earlier times Makwa, is a district and constituency of the island nation of Nauru, located in the south of the island, at (-0. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Ludwig Derangadage Scotty was President of the Republic of Nauru from May 29, 2003 to August 8, 2003, and is again President since June 22, 2004. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity) in 2006 The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita for the year 2006. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2004) (colour-blind compliant map) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 3. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .nr is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Nauru. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... An island nation is a country that is wholly confined to an island or islands. ... The Pacific Ocean (from the Latin name Mare Pacificum, peaceful sea, bestowed upon it by the Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan) is the largest of the Earths oceanic subdivisions. ... Satellite imagery of Banaba Island from Google Earth. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states, most of which were once governed by the United Kingdom and are its former colonies. ... in particular, for the archaizing senses of republic, as a translation of politeia or res publica Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on consent of the governed... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ...


Initially inhabited by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples, Nauru was annexed and designated a 'colony' by Germany in the late 19th century, and became a mandate territory administered by Australia, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom following World War I. The island was occupied by Japan during World War II, and after the war entered into trusteeship again. Nauru achieved independence in 1968. Carving from the ridgepole of a Māori house, ca 1840 Polynesia (from Greek: πολύς many, νῆσος island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands scattered over the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Look up annex in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ...


Nauru is a phosphate rock island, and its primary economic activity since 1907 has been the export of phosphate mined from the island.[2] With the exhaustion of phosphate reserves, its environment severely degraded by mining, and the trust established to manage the island's wealth significantly reduced in value, the government of Nauru has resorted to unusual measures to obtain income. In the 1990s, Nauru briefly became a tax haven and money laundering center. Since 2001, it has accepted aid from the Australian government; in exchange for this aid, Nauru houses an offshore detention centre that holds and processes asylum seekers trying to enter Australia. Above is a ball-and-stick model of the inorganic hydrogenphosphate anion (HPO42−). Colour coding: P (orange); O (red); H (white). ... Year 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... A tax haven is a place where certain taxes are levied at a low rate or not at all. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... The Nauru detention centre is an asylum seeker detention and processing centre on the tiny island nation of Nauru. ...

Contents

History

Nauru annexed in 1888 by Germany.
Nauru annexed in 1888 by Germany.
Main article: History of Nauru

Nauru was first settled by Micronesian and Polynesian peoples at least 3,000 years ago.[3] There were traditionally 12 clans or tribes on Nauru, which are represented in the 12-pointed star in the nation's flag. The Nauruan people called their island "Naoero"; the word "Nauru" was later created from "Naoero" so that English speakers could easily pronounce the name. Nauruans traced their descent on the female side. Naurans subsisted on coconut and pandanus fruit, and caught juvenile ibija fish, acclimated them to fresh water conditions and raised them in Buada Lagoon, providing an additional reliable source of food.[4] Traditionally, only men were permitted to fish on the reef, and did so from canoes or by using trained man-of-war hawks. Image File history File links Nauru_Annexation_Germany_1888. ... Image File history File links Nauru_Annexation_Germany_1888. ... The history of Nauru has been intrinsicly linked with the extraction of phosphate. ... Flag ratio: 1:2 Following the indepencence of Nauru, the flag of Nauru was raised for the first time. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Binomial name L. For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Zucc. ... Binomial name (Forsskål, 1775) The milkfish, Chanos chanos, is an important food fish in Southeast Asia. ... Two alpinists Acclimatization, uh kly muh tuh ZAY shuhn. ... Buada Lagoon is a landlocked, slightly brackish, freshwater lake on the island Nauru. ... Binomial name Fregata minor (Gmelin, 1789) The Great Frigatebird (Fregata minor), also known as the Iwa, is a migratory seabird in the frigatebird family. ...


British Captain John Fearn, a whale hunter, became the first Westerner to visit the island in 1798, and named it Pleasant Island. From around the 1830s, Nauruans had contact with Europeans from whaling ships and traders who replenished their supplies at the island. Around this time, beachcombers and deserters began to live on the island. The islanders traded food for alcoholic toddy and firearms; the firearms were used during the 10-year war which began in 1878 and resulted in a reduction of the population from 1400 to 900 persons. The island was annexed by Germany in 1888 and incorporated into Germany's Marshall Islands Protectorate; they called the island Nawodo or Onawero. The arrival of the Germans ended the war; social changes brought about by the war established Kings as rulers of the island, the most widely known being King Auweyida. Christian missionaries from the Gilbert Islands also arrived at the island in 1888.[5] John Fearn (born in 1768; died in 1837) was a British Royal Navy officer, ship captain and explorer. ... Tapping palm wine in Democratic Republic of Congo Palm wine, also called palm toddy or simply toddy, is an alcoholic beverage created from the sap of various species of palm tree. ... The Nauruan Tribal War was a conflict between the twelve indigenous tribes of Nauru between 1878 and 1888. ... King Aweida standing in the middle before Germanys realm flag. ... It has been suggested that Central Gilberts be merged into this article or section. ...


Phosphate was discovered on the island in 1900 by prospector Albert Ellis and the Pacific Phosphate Company started to exploit the reserves in 1906 by agreement with Germany; they exported their first shipment in 1907.[6] Following the outbreak of World War I, the island was captured by Australian forces in 1914. After the war, the League of Nations gave the UK a trustee mandate over the territory, which it agreed to share with Australia and New Zealand in 1923.[7] The three governments signed a Nauru Island Agreement in 1919, creating a board known as the British Phosphate Commission (BPC), which took over the rights to phosphate mining. Sir Albert Fuller Ellis (August 28, 1869 - July 11, 1951) was a prospector in the Pacific, he discovered phosphate deposits on the Pacific islands Nauru and Banaba Island (Ocean Island) in 1900. ... The League of Nations was an international organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference in 1919-1920. ... The British Phosphate Commission (BPC) was a board comprised of Australian, British and New Zealand representatives who managed extraction of phosphate from Christmas Island, Nauru and Ocean Island from the 1920s until the 1960s. ...

Nauru Island under attack by B-24 Liberator bombers of the US Seventh Air Force.
Nauru Island under attack by B-24 Liberator bombers of the US Seventh Air Force.

Japanese forces occupied the island on August 26, 1942.[8] The Japanese-built airfield on the island was bombed in March 1943, preventing food supplies from reaching the island. The Japanese deported 1,200 Nauruans to work as labourers in the Chuuk islands, where 463 died.[9] The island was liberated on September 13, 1945 when the Australian warship HMAS Diamantina approached the island and Japanese forces surrendered. Arrangements were made by the BPC to repatriate Nauruans from Chuuk, and they were returned to Nauru by the BPC ship Trienza in January 1946.[10] In 1947, a trusteeship was approved by the United Nations, and Australia, NZ and the UK again became trustees of the island. Nauru became self-governing in January 1966, and following a two-year constitutional convention, became independent in 1968, led by founding president Hammer DeRoburt. In 1967, the people of Nauru purchased the assets of the British Phosphate Commissioners, and in June 1970, control passed to the locally owned Nauru Phosphate Corporation. Income from the exploitation of phosphate gave Nauruans one of the highest living standards in the Pacific. Image File history File links Nauru_Island_under_attack_by_Liberator_bombers_of_the_Seventh_Air_Force. ... Image File history File links Nauru_Island_under_attack_by_Liberator_bombers_of_the_Seventh_Air_Force. ... The Consolidated B-24 Liberator was an American heavy bomber that was produced in greater numbers than any other American combat aircraft during World War II and still holds the record as the most produced allied aircraft. ... The Seventh Air Force (7 AF) is a Numbered Air Force (NAF) under the Pacific Air Forces major command (MAJCOM) of the United States Air Force. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Two ships of the Royal Australian Navy have been named for the Diamantina River in Queensland. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... Sir Hammer DeRoburt, MP, KBE (September 25, 1922 - July 15, 1992) was the founding president of Nauru and ruled the country for most of its first twenty years of independence. ... Logo NPC The Nauru Phosphate Corporation (NPC) is a government-owned company controlling phosphate mining in Nauru. ...


In 1989, the country took legal action against Australia in the International Court of Justice over Australia's actions during its administration of Nauru, in particular, Australia's failure to remedy the environmental damage caused by phosphate mining.[11] The action led to an out-of-court settlement to rehabilitate the mined-out areas of Nauru. Diminishing phosphate reserves has led to economic decline in Nauru, which has brought increasing political instability since the mid-1980s. Nauru had 17 changes of administration between 1989 and 2003.[12] Between 1999 and 2003, a series of no-confidence votes and elections resulted in two people, René Harris and Bernard Dowiyogo, leading the country for alternating periods. Dowiyogo died in office in March 2003 and Ludwig Scotty was elected President. Scotty was re-elected to serve a full term in October 2004. Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The International Court of Justice (known colloquially as the World Court or ICJ; French: ) is the primary judicial organ of the United Nations. ... René Reynaldo Harris, MP (born November 11, 1948 in Aiwo) was President of Nauru from 2003 to 2004, and has served three terms in the past. ... Bernard Dowiyogo Bernard Dowiyogo (February 14, 1946 _ March 9, 2003) was a politician from Nauru. ... Ludwig Derangadage Scotty was President of the Republic of Nauru from May 29, 2003 to August 8, 2003, and is again President since June 22, 2004. ...


In recent times, a significant proportion of the country's income has come in the form of aid from Australia. In 2001, the MV Tampa, a Norwegian ship which had rescued 433[1] refugees (from various countries including Afghanistan) from a stranded 20-metre (65 ft) boat and was seeking to dock in Australia, was diverted to Nauru as part of the Pacific Solution. Nauru continues to operate the Nauru detention centre in exchange for Australian aid. In November 2005, two refugees remained on Nauru from those first sent there in 2001,[13] and the last of them finally achieved resettlement at the end of 2006. The Australian government sent further groups of asylum seekers to Nauru in late 2006 and early 2007.[14] The MV Tampa is a Norwegian cargo ship that was at the centre of a diplomatic dispute between Australia, Norway, and Indonesia which began off the coast of Christmas Island in August 2001. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mandatory detention in Australia. ...


Politics

Main article: Politics of Nauru

Nauru is a republic with a parliamentary system of government. The president is both the head of state and of government. An 18-member unicameral parliament is elected every three years. The parliament elects a president from its members, who appoints a cabinet of five to six members. Nauru does not have a formal structure for political parties; candidates typically stand as independents. 15 of the 18 members of the current parliament are independents, and alliances within the government are often formed on the basis of extended family ties.[12] Three parties that have been active in Nauruan politics are the Democratic Party, Nauru First and the Centre Party. Nauru is a democratic republic. ... in particular, for the archaizing senses of republic, as a translation of politeia or res publica Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on consent of the governed... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Queen Elizabeth II, is the Head of State of 16 countries including: the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Jamaica, New Zealand and the Bahamas, as well as crown colonies and overseas territories of the United Kingdom. ... Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... The Democratic Party of Nauru (DPN) is a formal political party in Nauru. ... Naoero Amo (Nauru First) is the only formal political party in the Republic of Nauru. ... The Centre Party is an informal political party in Nauru. ...


Since 1992, local government has been the responsibility of the Nauru Island Council (NIC). The NIC has limited powers and functions as an advisor to the national government on local matters. The role of the NIC is to concentrate its efforts on local activities relevant to Nauruans. An elected member of the Nauru Island Council cannot simultaneously be a member of parliament.[15] Land tenure in Nauru is unusual: all Nauruans have certain rights to all land on the island, which is owned by individuals and family groups; government and corporate entities do not own land and must enter into a lease arrangement with the landowners to use land. Non-Nauruans cannot own lands.[3] Land tenure is the name given, particularly in common law systems, to the legal regime in which land is owned by an individual, who is said to hold the land. ...


Nauru has a complex legal system. The Supreme Court, headed by the Chief Justice, is paramount on constitutional issues. Other cases can be appealed to the two-judge Appellate Court. Parliament cannot overturn court decisions, but Appellate Court rulings can be appealed to the High Court of Australia;[16] in practice, this rarely happens. Lower courts consist of the District Court and the Family Court, both of which are headed by a Resident Magistrate, who also is the Registrar of the Supreme Court. Finally, there also are two quasi-courts: the Public Service Appeal Board and the Police Appeal Board, both of which are presided over by the Chief Justice.[17] The constitution of Nauru was adopted by the nation in January 1968. ... High Court entrance The High Court of Australia is the final court of appeal in Australia, the highest court in the Australian court hierarchy. ...


Nauru has no armed forces; under an informal agreement, defence is the responsibility of Australia. There is a small police force under civilian control.[1]


Districts

Main article: Districts of Nauru
Map of Nauru

Nauru is divided into fourteen administrative districts which are grouped into eight electoral constituencies. The districts are: There are 14 districts in the Republic of Nauru. ... Image File history File links Nauru_map_english. ... Image File history File links Nauru_map_english. ... Local government areas called districts are used, or have been used, in several countries. ...

Aiwo (rarely Aiue, in earlier times Yangor) is a district and constituency in the country Nauru, located in the west of the island. ... Anabar is a district in the country Nauru, located in the northeast of the island. ... Anetan is a district in the Nauru. ... Anibare is a district in the Nauru. ... Baiti is a district in the Nauru. ... Boe is a district and constituency in the country of Nauru, located in the southwest of the island. ... Buada is a district and Nauru. ... Denigomodu in perspective from north. ... Ewa District - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Categories: Nauru-related stubs | Nauruan districts ... Meneng (or Menen) is a district and constituency in the country Nauru. ... Nibok is a district in the country Nauru. ... Uaboe (also known as Waboe) is a district in the island nation of Nauru, located in the northwest of the island. ... Yaren, in earlier times Makwa, is a district and constituency of the island nation of Nauru, located in the south of the island, at (-0. ...

Foreign relations

Main article: Foreign Relations of Nauru

Following independence in 1968, Nauru joined the Commonwealth as a Special Member, and became a full member in 2000.[2] Nauru was admitted to the Asian Development Bank in 1991 and to the UN in 1999. It is a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, the South Pacific Regional Environmental Program, the South Pacific Commission, and the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission. The US Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program operates a climate-monitoring facility on the island. This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ... The Pacific Islands Forum is an inter-governmental consultative organization which aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean and represent their interests. ... The Department of Energys Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program uses state-of-the-art active and passive remote sensing instrumentation to study the fundamental physics related to interactions between clouds and radiative feedback processes in the atmosphere. ...


Nauru and Australia have close diplomatic ties. In addition to informal defence arrangements, the September 2005 Memorandum of Understanding between the two countries provides Nauru with financial aid and technical assistance, including a Secretary of Finance to prepare Nauru's budget, and advisers on health and education. This aid is in return for Nauru's housing of asylum seekers while their applications for entry into Australia are processed.[12] Nauru uses the Australian dollar as its official currency. ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 3. ...


Nauru has used its position as a member of the UN to gain financial support from both Taiwan and the People's Republic of China by changing its position on the political status of Taiwan. During 2002, Nauru signed an agreement to establish diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of China on 21 July 2002. This move followed China's promise to provide more than US$60 million in aid. In response, Taiwan severed diplomatic relations with Nauru two days later. Nauru later re-established links with Taiwan on 14 May 2005,[18] and diplomatic ties with China were officially severed on May 31, 2005; however, the PRC continues to maintain a diplomatic presence in the island nation. Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... ISO 4217 Code USD User(s) the United States, the British Indian Ocean Territory,[1] the British Virgin Islands, East Timor, Ecuador, El Salvador, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Panama, Caicos Islands, and the insular areas of the United States Inflation 2. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Geography

Main article: Geography of Nauru

Nauru is a small, oval-shaped island in the western Pacific Ocean, 42 km (26 mi.) south of the Equator. The island is surrounded by a coral reef, exposed at low tide and dotted with pinnacles. The reef is bound seaward by deep water, and inside by a sandy beach. The presence of the reef has prevented the establishment of a seaport, although sixteen artificial canals have been made in the reef to allow small boats to access the island. A 150–300 m (about 500–1000 ft.) wide fertile coastal strip lies landward from the beach. Coral cliffs surround the central plateau, which is known on the island as Topside. The highest point of the plateau is 65 m (213 ft.) above sea level. The only fertile areas are the narrow coastal belt, where coconut palms flourish. The land surrounding Buada Lagoon supports bananas, pineapples; vegetable, pandanus trees and indigenous hardwoods such as the tomano tree are cultivated. The population of the island is concentrated in this coastal belt and around Buada Lago. Nauru (Lat/Long 0 32 S, 166 55 E) is a tiny phosphate rock island located in the South Pacific Ocean south of the Marshall Islands in Oceania. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Canals in Nauru have been artificially created to allow boats access to the small island. ... Binomial name Cocos nucifera L.. The Coconut Palm (Cocos nucifera L.), is a member of the Family Arecaceae (palm family). ... Buada Lagoon is a landlocked, slightly brackish, freshwater lake on the island Nauru. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Ananas comosus (L.) Merr. ... Binomial name Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Zucc. ... Binomial name Calophyllum inophyllum L. Calophyllum inophyllum is a large evergreen tree in the family Clusiaceae, native from East Africa, southern coastal India to Malesia and Australia. ...

An aerial image of Nauru in 2002 from the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. Regenerated vegetation covers 63% of land that was mined.
An aerial image of Nauru in 2002 from the U.S. Department of Energy's Atmospheric Radiation Measurement Program. Regenerated vegetation covers 63% of land that was mined.[19]

Nauru was one of three great phosphate rock islands in the Pacific Ocean (the others are Banaba (Ocean Island) in Kiribati and Makatea in French Polynesia); however, the phosphate reserves are nearly depleted. Phosphate mining in the central plateau has left a barren terrain of jagged limestone pinnacles up to 15 m (49 ft.) high. A century of mining has stripped and devastated four-fifths of the land area. Mining has also had an impact on the surrounding Exclusive Economic Zone with 40% of marine life considered to have been killed by silt and phosphate run off.[19] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1115x1217, 339 KB) Nauru satellite photo from ARM.gov File links The following pages link to this file: Nauru ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1115x1217, 339 KB) Nauru satellite photo from ARM.gov File links The following pages link to this file: Nauru ... Sea areas in international rights Under the law of the sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ...


There are limited natural fresh water resources on Nauru. Roof storage tanks collect rainwater, but islanders are mostly dependent on a single, aging desalination plant. Nauru's climate is hot and extremely humid year-round, because of the proximity of the land to the Equator and the ocean. The island is affected by monsoonal rains between November and February. Annual rainfall is highly variable and influenced by the El Niño-Southern Oscillation, with several recorded droughts.[3] The temperature ranges between 26 and 35 °C (79 and 95 °F) during the day and between 25 and 28 °C (77 and 82 °F) at night. As an island nation, Nauru may be vulnerable to climate and sea level change, but to what degree is difficult to predict; at least 80% of the land area of Nauru is well elevated, but this area will be uninhabitable until the phosphate mining rehabilitation program is implemented.[19] A rainwater tank is a water tank which is used to collect and store rainwater runoff, typically from rooftops. ... Shevchenko BN350 desalination unit situated on the shore of the Caspian Sea. ... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Monsoon in the Vindhya mountain range, central India A monsoon is a rainy season which lasts for several months and has lasting climatic effects. ... El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is a global coupled ocean-atmosphere phenomenon. ... Sea level measurements from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments show a rise of around 20 centimeters per century (2 mm/year). ...


There are only sixty recorded vascular plant species native to the island, none of which are endemic. Coconut farming, mining and introduced species have caused serious disturbance to the native vegetation.[3] There are no native land mammals; there are native birds, including the endemic Nauru Reed Warbler, insects and land crabs. The Polynesian Rat, cats, dogs, pigs and chickens have been introduced to the island. Divisions Non-seed-bearing plants Equisetophyta Lycopodiophyta Psilotophyta Pteridophyta Superdivision Spermatophyta Pinophyta Cycadophyta Ginkgophyta Gnetophyta Magnoliophyta The vascular plants are plants in the Kingdom Plantae (also called Viridiplantae) that have specialized tissues for conducting water. ... In biology and ecology endemic means exclusively native to a place or biota, in contrast to cosmopolitan or introduced. ... Binomial name Acrocephalus rehsei (Finsch, 1885) The Nauru Reed Warbler (Acrocephalus rehsei) is a species of Old World warbler and the only bird species endemic to the island Nauru. ... Binomial name Rattus exulans (Peale, 1848) The Polynesian Rat or Pacific Rat (Rattus exulans), known to the Maori as Kiore, is the third most widespread species of rat in the world behind the Brown Rat and Black Rat. ...


Economy

Limestone pinnacles remain after phosphate mining.
Limestone pinnacles remain after phosphate mining.
Nauru House in Melbourne (middle). Once owned by the Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust, the building has 0.24% the floorspace of the entire terrority of Nauru.
Nauru House in Melbourne (middle). Once owned by the Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust, the building has 0.24% the floorspace of the entire terrority of Nauru.
Main article: Economy of Nauru

Nauru's economy depends almost entirely on declining phosphate deposits; there are few other resources, and most necessities are imported.[20] Small-scale mining is still conducted by the NPC. The government places a percentage of the NPC's earnings in the Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust. The Trust manages long-term investments, intended to support the citizens once the phosphate reserves have been exhausted. However, a history of bad investments, financial mismanagement, overspending and corruption has reduced the Trust's fixed and current assets. For example, Nauru House in Melbourne was sold in 2004 to finance debts and Air Nauru's only Boeing 737-400 was repossessed in December 2005 - though the aircraft was replaced in June of the next year with a Boeing 737-300 model, and normal service was resumed by the company.[21][22] The value of the Trust is estimated to have shrunk from A$1,300 million in 1991 to A$138 million in 2002.[23] Nauru currently lacks money to perform many of the basic functions of government, the national Bank of Nauru is insolvent, and GDP per capita has fallen to US$5,000 per annum. In the early 1980's Nauru had the highest GDP per capita in the world. Image File history File links Karst_following_phosphate_mining_on_Nauru. ... Image File history File links Karst_following_phosphate_mining_on_Nauru. ... -1... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Nauru House (also called 80 Collins Street) is a 52 story building in Melbourne, Australia. ... // Economic Overview Revenues of this tiny island have traditionally come from exports of phosphates, but reserves are expected to be exhausted within a few years. ... Nauru House (also called 80 Collins Street) is a 52 story building in Melbourne, Australia. ... Melbourne (pronounced ) is the second most populous city in Australia, with a metropolitan area population of approximately 3. ... Image:AirNauru. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... ISO 4217 Code AUD User(s) Australia, Kiribati, Nauru, Tuvalu, Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island Inflation 3. ...


There are no personal taxes in Nauru, and the government employs 95% of those Nauruans who work; unemployment is estimated to be 90%.[24][1] The Asian Development Bank notes that although the administration has a strong public mandate to implement economic reforms, in the absence of an alternative to phosphate mining, the medium-term outlook is for continued dependence on external assistance.[23] The sale of deep-sea fishing rights may generate some revenue. Tourism is not a major contributor to the economy, because there are few facilities for tourists; the Menen Hotel and OD-N-Aiwo Hotel are the only hotels on the island. The Menen Hotel is the only hotel in the Republic of Nauru, built in 1969 (though there is the OD-N-Aiwo youth hostel). ... OD-N-Aiwo Hotel is a youth hostel in Aiwo on the Pacific island state Nauru; it is one of only two hotels in Nauru. ...


In the 1990s, Nauru became a tax haven and offered passports to foreign nationals for a fee. The inter-governmental Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) then identified Nauru as one of 15 "non-cooperative" countries in its fight against money laundering. Under pressure from FATF, Nauru introduced anti-avoidance legislation in 2003, following which foreign hot money flowed out of the country. In October 2005, this legislation—and its effective enforcement—led the FATF to lift the non-cooperative designation.[25] A tax haven is a place where certain taxes are levied at a low rate or not at all. ... The Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF), also known by the French name Groupe daction financière sur le blanchiment de capitaux (GAFI), is an inter-governmental body founded in 1989 by the G8. ... Money laundering is the practice of engaging in financial transactions in order to conceal the identity, source and destination of the money in question. ... Hot money is used in economics to refer to funds which flow into a country to take advantage of a favourable interest rate, and therefore obtain higher returns. ...


Demographics

Main article: Demographics of Nauru
Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok.
Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok.

Of the island's 13,048 residents, 58% are Nauruan, 26% other Pacific Islanders, 8% Chinese and 8% Europeans.[1] The official language of Nauru is Nauruan, a distinct Pacific island language. English is widely spoken and is the language of government and commerce. Naurus population is estimated at 12,329 (July 2002). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x872, 158 KB) Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x872, 158 KB) Nauruan districts of Denigomodu and Nibok. ... Denigomodu in perspective from north. ... Nibok is a district in the country Nauru. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


The main religion practised on the island is Christianity (two-thirds Protestant, one-third Roman Catholic). There is also a sizable Bahá'í population(10 percent of the population). The Constitution provides for freedom of religion; however, the government restricts this right in some circumstances, and has restricted the practice of religion by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and members of Jehovah's Witnesses, most of whom are foreign workers employed by the Nauru Phosphate Corporation.[26] Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic... Known in India as the Lotus Temple, the Baháí House of Worship attracts an average of four million visitors a year (around 13,000 each day). ... The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen guarantees freedom of religion, as long as religious activities do not infringe on public order in ways detrimental to society. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ...


An increased standard of living since independence has had some negative effects on the population. Nauruans are among the most obese people in the world, with 90% of adults overweight.[27] Nauru has the world's highest level of type 2 diabetes, with more than 40% of the population affected.[28] Other significant diet-related problems on Nauru include renal failure and heart disease. Life expectancy has fallen to 58.0 years for males and 65.0 years for females.[29] Obesity is a condition in which the natural energy reserve, stored in the fatty tissue of humans and other mammals, is increased to a point where it is associated with certain health conditions or increased mortality. ... See diabetes mellitus for further general information on diabetes. ...


Literacy on the island is 97%, education is compulsory for children from six to 15 years of age (Years 1–10), and two non-compulsory years are taught (Years 11 and 12).[30] There is a campus of the University of the South Pacific on the island; before the campus was built, students travelled to Australia for their university education. The University of the South Pacific (USP) is the premier provider of tertiary education in the Pacific Region, and an international centre of excellence for teaching and research on all aspects of Pacific culture and environment. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Nauru
The 1999 Australian rules football grand final, played at Linkbelt Oval
The 1999 Australian rules football grand final, played at Linkbelt Oval

Nauruans descended from Polynesian and Micronesian seafarers who believed in a female deity, Eijebong, and a spirit land, an island called Buitani. Two of the 12 original tribal groups became extinct in the 20th century. Angam Day, held on October 26, celebrates the recovery of the Nauruan population after the two world wars, which together reduced the indigenous population to fewer than 1500. The displacement of the indigenous culture by colonial and contemporary, western influences is palpable. Few of the old customs have been preserved, but some forms of traditional music, arts and crafts, and fishing are still practised. The displacement of the conventional Culture of Nauru by contemporary western influences is very clearly visible on the island. ... Image File history File links Linkbelt1999-Finalspiel. ... Image File history File links Linkbelt1999-Finalspiel. ... High marking is a key skill and spectator attribute of Aussie Rules Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Aussie Rules Football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of football... The Nauruan indigenous religion is a monotheistic system of belief that includes a female deity called Eijebong and an island of spirits called Buitani. ... Angam Day is a holiday recognized in the Republic of Nauru. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


There is no daily news publication, but there are several weekly or fortnightly publications, including the Bulletin, the Central Star News and The Nauru Chronicle. There is a state-owned television station, Nauru Television (NTV) which broadcasts programmes from New Zealand, and there is a state-owned non-commercial radio station, Radio Nauru, which carries items from Radio Australia and the BBC.[31] ABC Radio Australia is the international shortwave radio service operated by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation, Australias public broadcaster. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known as the BBC, is the largest broadcasting corporation in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the United Kingdom alone and with a budget of more than GB£4 billion. ...


Australian rules football is the most popular sport in Nauru; there is an elite national league with seven teams. All games are played at the island's only stadium, Linkbelt Oval. Other sports popular in Nauru include softball, cricket, golf, sailing, tennis, and soccer. Nauru participates in the Commonwealth and Summer Olympic Games, where it has been successful in weightlifting; Marcus Stephen has been a prominent medallist and was elected to parliament in 2003. Nauru's two best tennis players, David Detudamo and his sister Angelita Detudamo, are currently under athletic scholarships in the United States. David plays for Cameron University in Oklahoma and Angelita plays for Collin County in Texas. High marking is a key skill and spectator attribute of Aussie Rules Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Aussie Rules Football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of football... 1999 Grand Final of the Linkbelt Oval Australian rules football is the national sport in Nauru, as it is the most popular sport in the country. ... Linkbelt Oval is a stadium on the island Nauru in Aiwo. ... Softball is a team sport, in which a ball, eleven to twelve inches (or rarely, 16 inches) (28 to 30. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... This article is about the sport. ... For either of the songs named Sailing, see Sailing (song). ... Arthur Ashe Stadium at Flushing Meadows, New York Tennis is a game played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players (doubles). ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Current flag of the Commonwealth Games Federation Locations of the games, and participating countries Commonwealth Games Federation seal, adopted in 2001 The Commonwealth Games is a multinational, multi-sport event. ... Poster for the 1920 Summer Olympics in Antwerp. ... A weightlifter about to jerk 180 kg[1] Weightlifting is a sport in which competitors attempt to lift heavy weights mounted on steel bars called barbells, the execution of which is a combination of power, flexibility, technique, mental and physical strength. ... Marcus Stephen (born October 1, 1969) is a professional weightlifter and member of Parliament from Nauru. ... Angelita Detudamo (born January 3, 1986, Denigomodu) is a Nauruan tennis player. ...


A traditional activity is catching noddy birds when they return from foraging at sea. At sunset, men stand on the beach ready to throw their lasso at the incoming birds. The Nauruan lasso is supple rope with a weight at the end. When a bird approaches, the lasso is thrown up, hits or drapes itself over the bird, and then falls to the ground. The captured noddies are cooked and eaten.[32] Genera Anous Procelsterna Gygis Noddies are members of the tern family Sternidae in the genera Anous, Procelsterna, and Gygis. ... Lariat redirects here. ...


See also

  • Crime in Nauru
  • Environmental Issues in Nauru
  • Foreign Relations of Nauru
  • Government Functions in Nauru
  • Human Rights in Nauru
v  d  e
Topics in Nauru
History Nauruan Tribal War
Geography Districts | Cities | Canals
Politics Constitution | Political parties | Parliament | Elections
Economy Transport | Communications | Demographics | Companies | Nauru Phosphate Corporation
Culture Indigenous religion | Languages: Nauruan, Creole, Gilbertese | Sport | Music | Cuisine
Other Holidays | Operation Weasel | Phosphate rock island

Partially at the behest of the international community, Nauru ’s government no longer sanctions certain activities that, while technically legal, could serve to facilitate criminal activity. ... General Overview Nauru is one of the most environmentally despoiled points in the Pacific as the result of many decades of phosphate mining. ... The island of present-day Nauru was named Pleasant Island by its first European visitors. ... The Republic of Nauru is a parliamentary democracy. ... The history of Nauru has been intrinsicly linked with the extraction of phosphate. ... The Nauruan Tribal War was a conflict between the twelve indigenous tribes of Nauru between 1878 and 1888. ... There are 14 districts in the Republic of Nauru. ... There are 14 districts in the Republic of Nauru. ... Canals in Nauru have been artificially created to allow boats access to the small island. ... Nauru is a democratic republic. ... Political parties in Nauru lists political parties in Nauru. ... The Parliament of Nauru has 18 members, elected for a three year term in multi-seat constituencies. ... Elections in Nauru gives information on election and election results in Nauru. ... Nauru has one government-owned radio station and two television stations. ... Naurus population is estimated at 12,329 (July 2002). ... Logo NPC The Nauru Phosphate Corporation (NPC) is a government-owned company controlling phosphate mining in Nauru. ... The displacement of the conventional Culture of Nauru by contemporary western influences is very clearly visible on the island. ... The Nauruan indigenous religion is a monotheistic system of belief that includes a female deity called Eijebong and an island of spirits called Buitani. ... Nauruan Creole is a variety of Chinese Pidgin English. ... Gilbertese or Kiribati (sometimes Kiribatese, a mixture of both) is a language from the Austronesian family, part of the Oceanian branch and of the Nuclear Micronesian subbranch. ... Nauru is a Pacific island nation of Micronesian heritage. ... Holidays in Nauru Categories: Nauru | Public holidays by country ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Chincha guano islands in Peru. ...

References

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Learning resources from Wikiversity
  1. ^ a b c d CIA World Fact Book URL accessed 2006-05-02.
  2. ^ a b Republic of Nauru Permanent Mission to the United Nations URL Accessed 2006-05-10
  3. ^ a b c d Nauru Department of Economic Development and Environment. 2003. First National Report To the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) URL Accessed 2006-05-03
  4. ^ McDaniel, C. N. and Gowdy, J. M. 2000. Paradise for Sale. University of California Press ISBN 0-520-22229-6 pp 13–28
  5. ^ Ellis, A. F. 1935. Ocean Island and Nauru - their story. Angus and Robertson Limited. pp 29–39
  6. ^ Ellis, A. F. 1935. Ocean Island and Nauru - their story. Angus and Robertson Limited. pp 127–139
  7. ^ Agreement between Australia, New Zealand and United Kingdom regarding Nauru]
  8. ^ Lundstrom, John B., The First Team and the Guadalcanal Campaign, Naval Institute Press, 1994, p. 175.
  9. ^ Haden, J. D. 2000. Nauru: a middle ground in World War II Pacific Magazine URL Accessed 2006-05-05
  10. ^ Garrett, J. 1996. Island Exiles. ABC. ISBN 0-7333-0485-0. pp176–181
  11. ^ Highet, K and Kahale, H. 1993. Certain Phosphate Lands in Nauru. The American Journal of International Law 87:282–288
  12. ^ a b c Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Republic of Nauru Country Brief - November 2005 URL accessed on 2006-05-02.
  13. ^ Gordon, M. November 5, 2005. Nauru's last two asylum seekers feel the pain. The Age URL Accessed 2006-05-08
  14. ^ ABC News. February 12, 2007. Nauru detention centre costs $2m per month. ABC News Online URL Accessed 2007-02-12
  15. ^ Ogden, M.R. Republic of Nauru URL Accessed 2006-05-02.
  16. ^ Nauru (High Court Appeals) Act (Australia) 1976. Australian Legal Information Institute URL Accessed 2006-08-07
  17. ^ State Department Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs September 2005 URL Accessed 2006-05-11
  18. ^ AAP. May 14 2005. Taiwan Re-establishes Diplomatic Ties with Nauru URL Accessed 2006-05-05
  19. ^ a b c Republic of Nauru. 1999. Climate Change Response Under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change URL Accessed 2006-05-03
  20. ^ Big tasks for a small island URL Accessed 2006-05-10
  21. ^ Receivers take over Nauru House. The Age URL Accessed 2006-05-09
  22. ^ Air Nauru flight Schedule URL Accessed 2006-05-02.
  23. ^ a b Asian Development Bank. 2005. Asian Development Outlook 2005 - Nauru URL Accessed 2006-05-02
  24. ^ "Paradise well and truly lost", The Economist, 20 December 2001 URL Accessed 2006-05-02.
  25. ^ FATF. October 13, 2005. Nauru de-listed URL Accessed 2006-05-11
  26. ^ US Department of State. 2003. International Religious Freedom Report 2003 - Nauru URL accessed 2005-05-02.
  27. ^ Obesity in the Pacific: too big to ignore. 2002. Secretariat of the Pacific Community ISBN 982-203-925-5
  28. ^ King, H. and Rewers M. 1993. Diabetes in adults is now a Third World problem. World Health Organization Ad Hoc Diabetes Reporting Group. Ethnicity & Disease 3:S67–74.
  29. ^ WHO The world health report 2005. Nauru URL Accessed 2006-05-02
  30. ^ Waqa, B. 1999. UNESCO Education for all Assessment Country report 1999 Country: Nauru URL Accessed 2006-05-02.
  31. ^ BBC News. Country Profile: Nauru. URL Accessed 2006-05-02.
  32. ^ Banaba/Ocean Island News. URL Accessed 2006-05-11.

This article incorporates public domain text from the websites of the United States Department of State & CIA World Factbook. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... The Economist is a weekly news and international affairs publication owned by The Economist Newspaper Ltd and edited in London, UK. It has been in continuous publication since September 1843. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The World Factbook 2007 (government edtion) cover. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Nauru - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3445 words)
Nauru (pronounced /næˈuː.ɹuː/), officially the Republic of Nauru, is an island nation in the Micronesian South Pacific.
Nauru has used its position as a member of the UN to gain financial support from both Taiwan and the People's Republic of China by changing its position on the political status of Taiwan.
Nauru's climate is hot and extremely humid year-round, because of the proximity of the land to the Equator and the ocean.
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