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Encyclopedia > Nature reserve
Bee Lick Creek, of the Jefferson Memorial Forest.

A nature reserve (natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is a protected area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, such as the United Kingdom, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality. Nature reserves fall into different IUCN categories depending on the level of protection afforded by local laws. A wildlife reserves is a protected area of importance for wildlife, which is reserved and managed for conservation. It is possible to do morally acceptable, non-invasive research on captive wild animals in instances where such animals are unfit for survival in the wild (e.g. too tame for rehabilitation, injured or deformed) and therefore sanctuary life offers them a chance at life which would otherwise not be possible. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nature reserve. ... Image File history File links Gnome-globe. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Shortcut: WP:-( Vandalism is indisputable bad-faith addition, deletion, or change to content, made in a deliberate attempt to compromise the integrity of the encyclopedia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 796 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1296 × 976 pixel, file size: 928 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) photo by John Knouse, May 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 796 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1296 × 976 pixel, file size: 928 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) photo by John Knouse, May 2005 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... External links Jefferson Memorial Forest official site Categories: US geography stubs | Forests | Louisville, Kentucky ... Image:FRANKIE COBB.jpg Various species of deer are commonly seen wildlife across the Americas and Eurasia. ... In Botany a Flora (or Floræ) is a collective term for plant life and can also refer to a descriptive catalogue of the plants of any geographical area, geological period, etc. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... Geology (from Greek γη- (ge-, the earth) and λογος (logos, word, reason)) is the science and study of the Earth, its composition, structure, physical properties, history, and the processes that shape it. ... The conservation ethic is an ethic of resource use, allocation, exploitation, and protection. ... Research is a human activity based on intellectual investigation and aimed at discovering, interpreting, and revising human knowledge on different aspects of the world. ... Institutions are structures and mechanisms of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of two or more individuals. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

Contents

United Kingdom

At the end of March 2004, there were 215 NNRs (National Nature Reserves) in England with a total area of 879 square kilometres. The Reserves are scattered through England, from Lindisfarne in Northumberland to The Lizard in Cornwall. Nearly every rural county has at least one. Derbyshire Dales NNR lies within the Peak District National Park. The reserve consists of five separate limestone valleys Lathkill, Cressbrook, Monk's, Long and Hay. These five dales represent some of the best examples of wildlife and geology in the White Peak. Many NNRs contain nationally important populations of rare flowers, ferns and mosses, butterflies and other insects, and nesting and wintering birds. Examples include unique alpine plants at Upper Teesdale and the beautiful field of fritillary lilies at North Meadow Cricklade, Wiltshire. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (657x768, 90 KB) Daintree Rainforest. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (657x768, 90 KB) Daintree Rainforest. ... The Daintree Rainforest The rainforest stradles Cape Tribulation The Daintree Rainforest is a rainforest near Daintree, Queensland, named after Richard Daintree. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... shelby was here 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... km redirects here. ... Lindisfarne Castle Lindisfarne (grid reference NU125421, ), also called Holy Island (variant spelling, Lindesfarne), is a tidal island off the north-east coast of England, which is connected to the mainland of Northumberland by a causeway and is cut off twice a day by tides — something well described by Sir Walter... Northumberland is a county in the North East of England. ... Lizard Point The Lizard is a peninsula of Cornwall, United Kingdom, and contains the most southerly point of the island Great Britain, Lizard Point. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England. ... The Peak District National Park is a national park in the north of England. ... -1... Fljótsdalur in East Iceland, a rather flat valley A valley or a low area between two hills dale (in Scotland, a glen) is a landform, which can range from a few square kilometres to hundreds or even thousands of square kilometres in area. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... A Phalaenopsis flower Rudbeckia fulgida A flower, (<Old French flo(u)r<Latin florem<flos), also known as a bloom or blossom, is the reproductive structure found in flowering plants (plants of the division Magnoliophyta, also called angiosperms). ... Classes Psilotopsida Equisetopsida Marattiopsida Pteridopsida (Polypodiopsida) this dnt make sense A fern is any one of a group of about 20,000 species of plants classified in the phylum or division Pteridophyta, also known as Filicophyta. ... Subclasses Sphagnidae Andreaeidae Tetraphidae Polytrichidae Archidiidae Buxbaumiidae Bryidae Mosses are small, soft plants that are typically 1–10 cm tall, though some species are much larger. ... For other uses of the term butterfly, see butterfly (disambiguation). ... Insects (Class Insecta) are a major group of arthropods and the most diverse group of animals on the Earth, with over a million described species—more than all other animal groups combined. ... “Aves” redirects here. ... Alpine plants are plants whose natural habitat approaches the line of perpetual snow. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ...


New Zealand

In New Zealand a number of separate distinctions are made for the term nature reserves. Wilderness areas, National Parks, scenic reserves, scientific reserves and forest parks are all types of nature reserves with varying degrees of protection. A comparatively new concept in wildlife preservation, pioneered in New Zealand, is the Ecological Island. Wilderness is generally defined as a natural environment on Earth that has not been modified by human activity. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Look up Protection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An Ecological Island is an area of land, isolated by natural or artificial means from the surrounding land, where: all non-native species (at least predator species) have been eradicated, native species are reintroduced and nurtured, the natural or artificial border is maintained to prevent reintroduction of non-native species. ...

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Cascade Head, Oregon September 2005 Cascade Head is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and United States Forest Service Experimental Forest. ... A biosphere reserve is an international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). ...

United States

In the USA the United States Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for managing many nature reserves including National Wildlife Refuges. State and local governments administer others and some belong to private trusts. The USFWS logo The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is a unit of the United States Department of the Interior that is dedicated to managing and preserving wildlife. ... National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ...


Russia

There are around 100 nature reserves (Russian: заповедник, zapovednik) in Russia, covering some 330,000 km² (~127,400 mile²), or about 1.4% of the country's total area. A few of them predate the October Revolution of 1917, but most have been created during the Soviet Union era. There are also natural protected areas where only certain species are protected, or only certain activities are prohibited; those are known as zakaznik (Russian: заказник). Nature reserves in Russia, or zapovedniks (Заповедник, from the Russian заповедный, sacred, prohibited from disturbing) are inviolate protected areas in Russia and many former Soviet states. ... For other uses, see October Revolution (disambiguation). ...


History

The first country in the world to have a nature reserve (a wildlife sanctuary) was Sri Lanka, in the 3rd century BC. However, dating back to antiquity there are various cultural practices that equate roughly to the establishment and maintaining of reserved areas for biota including fish, waterfowl and other animals. These would often have a religious underpinning - for example the 'evil forest' areas of West Africa were forbidden to humans, who were threatened with spiritual attack if they went there. Sacred areas taboo from human entry or fishing are known from many ancient cultures worldwide.[1]. The 3rd century BC started the first day of 300 BC and ended the last day of 201 BC. It is considered part of the Classical era, epoch, or historical period. ...


In the modern era, the Drachenfels (Siebengebirge) is credited as being the first nature reserve. The site was bought by the Prussian State in 1836 to protect it from further quarrying. The first major nature reserve was Yellowstone National Park, followed by the Royal National Park near Sydney, Australia. Drachenfels in 1921. ... Motto: Suum cuique Latin: To each his own Prussia at its peak, as leading state of the German Empire Capital Königsberg, later Berlin Political structure Duchy, Kingdom, Republic Duke1  - 1525–68 Albert I  - 1688–1701 Frederick III King1  - 1701–13 Frederick I  - 1888–1918 William II Prime Minister1,2... Yellowstone National Park is the centerpiece of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem, the largest intact ecosystem in the Earths northern temperate zone. ... Winter at Wattamolla beach. ... This is about the city of Sydney in Australia. ...


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Nature reserves

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of taxonomic life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... A biosphere reserve is an international conservation designation given by UNESCO under its Programme on Man and the Biosphere (MAB). ... A conservation designation is a name and/or acronym which explains the status of an area of land in terms of conservation or protection. ... A country park is an area designated for people to visit and enjoy recreation in a countryside environment. ... A Local Nature Reserve or LNR is a statutory designation in England made under Section 21 of the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949 by principal local authorities. ... Gerritsen Avenue is a major traffic corridor in the nighborhood. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... A pocket park is a small area accessible to the general public that is often of primarily environmental, rather than recreational, importance. ... The logo of the Wildlife Trusts The Wildlife Trusts partnership, or simply The Wildlife Trusts, is a partnership of 47 local wildlife trusts in the United Kingdom plus the Isle of Man and Alderney. ... A Special Protection Area or SPA is a designation under the European Commission Directive on the Conservation of Wild Birds (79/409/EEC). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A wildlife corridor is the artificial joining of fragmented habitats. ... A Wildlife refuge is a geographic territory within which wildlife is protected. ...

References


  Results from FactBites:
 
Nature reserve - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (143 words)
A nature reserve (natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research.
Nature reserves may be designated by government institutions in some countries, such as the United Kingdom, or by private landowners, such as charities and research institutions, regardless of nationality.
Wilderness areas, National Parks, scenic reserves, scientific reserves and forest parks are all types of nature reserves with varying degrees of protection.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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