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Encyclopedia > Natural resources

Natural resources are commodities that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. A commodity is generally considered a natural resource when the primary activities associated with it are extraction and purification, as opposed to creation. Thus, mining, oil extraction, fishing, and forestry are generally considered natural-resource industries, while farming is not. The word commodity has a different meaning in business than in Marxian political economy. ... For alternative meanings, see nature (disambiguation). ... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... Oil is a generic term for organic liquids that are not miscible with water. ... Fishing from a Pier Fishing is both the recreation and sport of catching fish (for food or as a trophy), and the commercial fishing industry of catching or harvesting seafood (either fish or other aquatic life-forms, such as shellfish). ... Forestry (formally known as silviculture) is the art, science, and practice of studying and managing forests and related natural resources. ...


Natural resources are often classified into renewable and non-renewable resources. Renewable resources are generally living resources (fish, coffee, and forests, for example), which can restock (renew) themselves at approximately the rate at which they are extracted, if they are not overharvested. Non-living renewable natural resources include soil, as well as water, wind, tides and solar radiationcompare with renewable energy. Coffee beans and a cup of coffee Coffee as a drink, usually served hot, is prepared from the roasted seeds (beans) of the coffee plant. ... For the heavy metal band see Soil (band) Soil is the layer of minerals and organic matter, in thickness from centimetres to a metre or more, on the land surface. ... Drinking water This article focuses on water as we experience it every day. ... For the 1928 film, see The Wind. ... This article is about tides in the ocean. ... Radiation generally means the transmission of objects or information from a source into a surrounding medium or destination. ... Renewable energy (sources) or RES includes all sources of energy that are captured from on-going natural processes, such as solar power, wind power, water flow in streams (hydro power), biomass, biodiesel and geothermal heat flows. ...


Mineral resources are generally non-renewable and, once a site's non-renewable resource is exhausted, it is considered to be useless for future extraction, barring technological improvements that allow economic extraction from the tailings. Tailings are the rejected material from mining and screening operations. ...


Both extraction of the basic resource and refining it into a purer, directly usable form, (e.g., metals, refined oils) are generally considered natural-resource activities, even though the latter may not necessarily occur near the former. Refining is the process of purification of a substance, usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ... For alternative meanings see metal (disambiguation). ...


Natural resources are natural capital converted to commodity inputs to infrastructural capital processes. They include soil, timber, oil, minerals, and other goods taken more or less as they are from the Earth. Natural capital refers to the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other natural services. ... The word commodity has a different meaning in business than in Marxian political economy. ... Infrastructural capital refers to any physical means of production or means of protection beyond that which can be gathered or found directly in nature, i. ...


A nation's natural resources often determine its wealth and status in the world economic system, by determining its political influence. Developed nations are those which are less dependent on natural resources for wealth, due to their greater reliance on infrastructural capital for production. However, some see a resource curse wherby easily obtainable natural resources could actually hurt the prospects of a national economy by fostering political corruption. A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... Infrastructural capital refers to any physical means of production or means of protection beyond that which can be gathered or found directly in nature, i. ... The resource curse is the sociological theory that, counterintuitively, an abundance of easily obtainable natural resources may encourage internal political corruption and/or exploitation of a nations assets by other countries, and thereby actually hurt the prospects of a national economy. ...


In recent years, the depletion of natural capital and attempts to move to sustainable development have been a major focus of development agencies. This is of particular concern in rainforest regions, which hold most of the Earth's natural biodiversity - irreplaceable genetic natural capital. Conservation of natural resources is the major focus of Natural Capitalism, environmentalism, the ecology movement, and Green Parties. Some view this depletion as a major source of social unrest and conflicts in developing nations. Natural capital refers to the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other natural services. ... Before the widespread use of the term sustainable industries, the terms sustainable economy and sustainable development were prevalent. ... A rainforest is a forested biome with high annual rainfall. ... Biodiversity or biological diversity is a neologism and a portmanteau word, from bio and diversity. ... Natural capital refers to the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other natural services. ... Natural capitalism is a set of trends and economic reforms to reward energy and material efficiency - and remove professional standards and accounting conventions that prevent such efficiencies. ... Environmentalism is activism aimed at improving the environment, particularly nature. ... The global ecology movement is one of several new social movements that emerged at the end of the sixties, its growth has been stimulated by the widespread acknolagement of the ecological crisis of our planet. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ... A developing country is a country with low average income compared to the world average. ...


See also

An ecoregion is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Scope: This WikiProject aims to organize all the 867 terrestrial ecoregions of the 8 major ecozones of Earth into a single and consistent naming scheme, and map the borders of these, and refer to these names in biology, ecology, physical geography and climate articles, replacing or augmenting nation-state names... Sustainable forestry - often relates to natural cover and forest where seed trees are left for natural regeneration. ... Fish might refer to: Fish - vertebrates with gills which live in water Fish (sometimes FISH) - the British code-word for World War II German stream cipher teleprinter secure communications devices The FISH (FIbonacci SHrinking) stream cipher published in 1993 Fish - the former lead singer of progressive rock band Marillion fluorescent... This article describes the wood that comprises trees and boards. ... For alternative meanings see metal (disambiguation). ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... Gem animals. ... Nodding donkey pumping an oil well near Sarnia, Ontario, 2001 Petroleum (from Latin petrus – rock and oleum – oil), mineral oil, or crude oil, sometimes colloquially called black gold, is a thick, dark brown or greenish flammable liquid, which exists in the upper strata of some areas of the Earths... The El Chino Mine located near Silver City, New Mexico is an open-pit copper mine Mining is the extraction of valuable minerals or other geological materials from the earth, usually (but not always) from an ore body, vein, or (coal) seam. ... Refining is the process of purification of a substance, usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ... Prospecting is the act of searching for minerals or ore deposits. ... The soft energy path is an energy use and development strategy delineated and promoted by some energy experts and activists, such as Amory Lovins and Tom Bender. ... An environment is a complex of external factors that acts on a system and determines its course and form of existence. ... Land is sometimes used synonymously with country. ... For the heavy metal band see Soil (band) Soil is the layer of minerals and organic matter, in thickness from centimetres to a metre or more, on the land surface. ...

External links

  • Statistics on Natural Resources (http://www.nrcan.gc.ca/statistics/factsheet.htm)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Natural resource - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (546 words)
Natural resources must be developed and nature will only find her destiny once capital and technology have been brought into play.
A resource is now defined scientifically as a form of energy or matter that is essential for the functioning of organisms, populations and ecosystems.
In the particular case of humans, a natural resource is any form of energy or matter essential for the fulfilment of physiological, socioeconomic and cultural needs, both at the individual level and that of the community.
Natural Resource Damages: A Primer, NRD, Superfund, US EPA (1424 words)
The measure of damages is the cost of restoring injured resources to their baseline condition, compensation for the interim loss of injured resources pending recovery, and the reasonable cost of a damage assessment [ 43 CFR Part 11 ; 15 CFR Part 990].
EPA is not a Natural Resource Trustee, nor is it authorized to act on behalf of Natural Resource Trustees.
Natural Resource Trustees are required to develop and implement plans for the restoration of natural resources.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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