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Encyclopedia > Natural resource
Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands
Rainforest on Fatu-Hiva, Marquesas Islands

Natural resources are naturally occurring substances that are considered valuable in their relatively unmodified (natural) form. A natural resource's value rests in the amount of the material available and the demand for it. The latter is determined by its usefulness to production. A commodity is generally considered a natural resource when the primary activities associated with it are extraction and purification, as opposed to creation. Thus, mining, petroleum extraction, fishing, hunting, and forestry are generally considered natural-resource industries, while agriculture is not. The term was introduced to a broad audience by E.F. Schumacher in his 1970s book Small is Beautiful.[1] The term is defined in the United States by the United States Geological Survey as "The Nation's natural resources include its minerals, energy, land, water, and biota." [2] Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Download high resolution version (1020x812, 660 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1020x812, 660 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... National motto: Mau‘u‘u ha‘e iti Official languages French, Tahitian Political status Dependent territory, administrative division of French Polynesia Capital Tai o Hae Largest City Tai o Hae Area 1,274 km² ( 492 sq. ... This article is about the physical universe. ... The supply and demand model describes how prices vary as a result of a balance between product availability at each price (supply) and the desires of those with purchasing power at each price (demand). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about mineral extractions. ... Petro redirects here. ... In chemistry, liquid-liquid extraction is a useful method to separate components (compounds) of a mixture. ... For the computer security term, see Phishing. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Ernst Friedrich Fritz Schumacher (1911-1977) was an economist with a professional background as a statistician and economist in Britain. ... Small Is Beautiful is the title of a series of books by E. F. Schumacher[1]. The original 1973 publication is a collection of essays that brought Schumachers ideas to a wider audience, at a critical time in history. ...

Contents

Natural capital

Main article: Natural capital

Natural resources are natural capital converted to commodity inputs to infrastructural capital processes.[3][4] They include soil, timber, oil, minerals, and other goods taken more or less from the Earth. Both extraction of the basic resource and refining it into a purer, directly usable form, (e.g., metals, refined oils) are generally considered natural-resource activities, even though the latter may not necessarily occur near the former. Natural capital, as described in the book Natural Capitalism, is a metaphor for the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other ecosystem services. ... Natural capital, as described in the book Natural Capitalism, is a metaphor for the mineral, plant, and animal formations of the Earths biosphere when viewed as a means of production of oxygen, water filter, erosion preventer, or provider of other ecosystem services. ... Infrastructural capital refers to any physical means of production or means of protection beyond that which can be gathered or found directly in nature, i. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use—from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use—as structural material for construction or wood... Synthetic motor oil For other uses, see Oil (disambiguation). ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... Refining is the process of purification of a substance, usually used of a natural resource that is almost in a usable form, but which is more useful in its pure form. ... This article is about metallic materials. ...


A nation's natural resources often determine its wealth and status in the world economic system, by determining its political influence in. Developed nations are those which are less dependent on natural resources for wealth, due to their greater reliance on infrastructural capital for production. However, some see a resource curse whereby easily obtainable natural resources could actually hurt the prospects of a national economy by fostering political corruption. Political corruption can negatively impact the national economy because time is spent giving bribes or other economically unproductive acts instead of the generation of generative economic activity. There also tends to be concentrations of ownership over specific plots of land that have proven to yield natural resources. A developed country is a country that has achieved (currently or historically) a high degree of industrialization, and which enjoys the higher standards of living which wealth and technology make possible. ... The resource curse or paradox of plenty, refers to the paradox that countries with an abundance of natural resources tend to have less economic growth than countries without these natural resources. ...


In recent years, the depletion of natural capital and attempts to move to sustainable development have been a major focus of development agencies. This is of particular concern in rainforest regions, which hold most of the Earth's natural biodiversity - irreplaceable genetic natural capital. Conservation of natural resources is the major focus of natural capitalism, environmentalism, the ecology movement, and Green Parties. Some view this depletion as a major source of social unrest and conflicts in developing nations. Sustainable development is a socio-ecological process characterized by the fulfilment of human needs while maintaining the quality of the natural environment indefinitely. ... An aid agency is an organisation dedicated to distributing aid. ... The Daintree Rainforest in Queensland, Australia. ... Rainforests are among the most biodiverse ecosystems on earth Biodiversity is the variation of life forms within a given ecosystem, biome or for the entire Earth. ... For the physical concepts, see conservation of energy and energy efficiency. ... Natural capitalism is a set of trends and economic reforms to reward energy and material efficiency - and remove professional standards and accounting conventions that prevent such efficiencies. ... The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... The global ecology movement is one of several new social movements that emerged at the end of the sixties; as a values-driven social movement, it should be distinguished from the pre-existing science of ecology. ... This article is about the green parties around the world. ...


Other information sources

  • Natural Resources Research Information Pages (NRRIPS)
  • Natural Resources Weblinks (University of Denver website)
  • Natural Resources Conservation Services (NRCS)
  • School of Natural Resources and Environment (SNRE)

The University of Denver (DU) is an independent, coeducational, four-year university in Denver, Colorado. ...

See also

An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Timber Exploitation of natural resources is an essential condition of the human existence. ... // From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Forest farming is neither forestry nor farming in the traditional sense. ... Land in economics comprises all naturally occurring resources whose supply is inherently fixed (i. ... This is a list of topics related (in whole or in part) to (a) phenomena in the natural environment which have a definite or significantly possible connection with human activity or (b) features of human activity which have a definite or significantly possible connection with the natural environment, even if... Gem animals. ... Countries where natural gas fields are located This list of natural gas fields includes major fields of the past and present. ... This list of oil fields includes major fields of the past and present. ... This article is about the natural environment. ... // Renewable energy development covers the advancement, capacity growth, and use of renewable energy sources by humans. ... It has been suggested that American Tree Farm System be merged into this article or section. ...

References

  1. ^ E.F. Schumacher (December 1999). Small Is Beautiful. Hartley & Marks Publishers. ISBN 0-88178-169-5. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Quentin Grafton and Robert Hill (University of New South Wales and W. Adamowicz, Diane Dupont, S Renzetti and Harry Nelson (University of British Columbia (2004). The Economics of the Environment and Natural Resources. Blackwell Punlishing. ISBN 0631215646. 
  4. ^ A.Weintraub, C. Romero, T. Bjørndal, and R. Epstein (Editors) (2007). Handbook of Operations Research in Natural Resources. Springer. ISBN 0-387-71814-9. 

The University of New South Wales, also known as UNSW or colloquially as New South, is a university situated in Kensington, a suburb in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. ... The University of British Columbia (UBC) is a Canadian public research university with campuses in Vancouver and Kelowna. ...

External links

Look up Natural resource in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.
  • Statistics on Natural Resources in Canada
  • Wind power dilemma for Lewis a BBC News article about an island in the Hebrides
Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... This article is about the Hebrides islands in Scotland. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Natural resource - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (546 words)
Natural resources must be developed and nature will only find her destiny once capital and technology have been brought into play.
A resource is now defined scientifically as a form of energy or matter that is essential for the functioning of organisms, populations and ecosystems.
In the particular case of humans, a natural resource is any form of energy or matter essential for the fulfilment of physiological, socioeconomic and cultural needs, both at the individual level and that of the community.
Natural Resource Damages: A Primer, NRD, Superfund, US EPA (1424 words)
The measure of damages is the cost of restoring injured resources to their baseline condition, compensation for the interim loss of injured resources pending recovery, and the reasonable cost of a damage assessment [ 43 CFR Part 11 ; 15 CFR Part 990].
EPA is not a Natural Resource Trustee, nor is it authorized to act on behalf of Natural Resource Trustees.
Natural Resource Trustees are required to develop and implement plans for the restoration of natural resources.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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