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Encyclopedia > Natural disaster

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A natural disaster is the consequence of a natural hazard (e.g. volcanic eruption, earthquake, or landslide) which affects human activities. Human vulnerability, exacerbated by the lack of planning or lack of appropriate emergency management, leads to financial, environmental or human losses. The resulting loss depends on the capacity of the population to support or resist the disaster, their resilience.[1] This understanding is concentrated in the formulation: "disasters occur when hazards meet vulnerability".[2] A natural hazard will hence never result in a natural disaster in areas without vulnerability, e.g. strong earthquakes in uninhabited areas. The term natural has consequently been disputed because the events simply are not hazards or disasters without human involvement.[3] This article is about volcanoes in geology. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... This article is about geological phenomenon. ... // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing of with and avoiding risks. ... For other uses of the word Vulnerability, please refer to vulnerability (computer science). ...


Natural hazards

Main article: Natural hazard

A natural hazard is a threat of an event that will have a negative effect on people or the environment. Many natural hazards are related, e.g. earthquakes can result in tsunamis, drought can lead directly to famine and disease. A concrete example of the division between hazard and disaster is that the 1906 San Francisco earthquake was a disaster, whereas earthquakes are a hazard. Hazards are consequently relating to a future occurrence and disasters to past or current occurrences. This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text hereBold text</nowiki>A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... This article is about the medical term. ... Sarah San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ...


Natural disasters

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Land movement disasters

Avalanches

Avalanche on the backside (East) of Mt. Timpanogos, Utah at Aspen Grove trail
Avalanche on the backside (East) of Mt. Timpanogos, Utah at Aspen Grove trail

Notable avalanches include: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 178 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Avalanche Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x681, 178 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Avalanche Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... A Himalayan avalanche near Mount Everest. ...

Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Wellington avalanche was the worst avalanche, measured in terms of lives lost, in the history of the United States. ... The Blons avalanches in Austria hold the record for the worst mass burial by avalanche in recorded history. ... Yungay landslide The 1970 Ancash earthquake was an undersea earthquake that occurred at 20:23:31 UTC (15:23:31 local time) on Sunday, May 31, 1970, affecting the Peruvian regions of Ancash and La Libertad, and that combined with a subsequent landslide, was the most catastrophic natural disaster ever... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... On February 23, 1999 the worst Alpine avalanche in 40 years killed 31 people in the small Alpine village of Galtür, Austria. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Satellite images, taken before and after the avalanche, shows the vast extent of the disaster. ...

Earthquakes

Main article: List of earthquakes

Some of the most significant earthquakes in recent times include: The following is a list of major earthquakes. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ...

A Sumatran village, devastated by the tsunami that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
A Sumatran village, devastated by the tsunami that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake
  • The 7.8-7.9 May 12, 2008 Sichuan earthquake in Sichuan Province, China. Earthquake centered 92 km northwest of Chengdu. Felt as far away as Beijing and Shanghai, where office buildings swayed with the tremor. Death tolls at 13,000 as of 0700 UTC May 14, 2008.

The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... The Kashmir earthquake (also known as the South Asian earthquake or the Great Pakistan earthquake) of 2005, was a major earthquake, of which the epicentre was the Pakistan-administered Kashmir. ... Map showing location of epicentre The July 2006 Java earthquake was a magnitude 7. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1400x1000, 299 KB)Caption: 050102-N-9593M-040 Indian Ocean (Jan. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1400x1000, 299 KB)Caption: 050102-N-9593M-040 Indian Ocean (Jan. ... For other uses, see Sumatra (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ...

Lahars

The Tangiwai disaster is an excellent example of a lahar, as is the one which killed an estimated 23,000 people in Armero, Colombia, during the 1985 eruption of Nevado del Ruiz. The Tangiwai disaster on December 24, 1953 was the worst rail accident in New Zealand. ... Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ... Space radar image of Nevado del Ruiz Nevado del Ruiz 2006 Nevado del Ruiz is an Andean stratovolcano in Caldas Department, Colombia. ...


Landslides and Mudflows

These occur with some regularity in parts of California after periods of heavy rain. This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Volcanic eruptions

Pu'u 'Ō'ō

According to the Toba catastrophe theory, 70 to 75 thousand years ago, a super volcanic event at Lake Toba reduced the human population to 10,000 or even 1,000 breeding pairs, creating a bottleneck in human evolution. Download high resolution version (845x578, 94 KB)Cropped version of Image:Puu_oo. ... Download high resolution version (845x578, 94 KB)Cropped version of Image:Puu_oo. ... Puu Ōō (which means Hill of the Ōō Bird in Hawaiian, is often written as Puu Oo, and is roughly pronounced Poo-oo Ohh-ohh or in the IPA) is a cinder/spatter cone in the eastern rift zone of the Kīlauea volcano of the Hawaiian Islands. ... Eruption column rising, Mount Redoubt, Alaska According to the Toba catastrophe theory, modern human evolution was affected by a recent, large volcanic event. ... A supervolcano is a volcano that produces the largest and most voluminous kinds of eruption on Earth. ... Lake Toba (Indonesian: Danau Toba) is a lake, 100 km long and 30 km wide, and 505 m. ... For the history of humans on Earth, see History of the world. ...

Water disasters

Floods

Main article: List of floods
The Limpopo River, in southern Mozambique, during the 2000 Mozambique flood
The Limpopo River, in southern Mozambique, during the 2000 Mozambique flood

Some of the most notable floods include: // The 2007 Africa Floods is reported to be one of the largest floods in recorded history in the continent of Africa with 14 countries affected. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1681x1105, 532 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Limpopo River Natural disaster ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1681x1105, 532 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Limpopo River Natural disaster ... Course and Watershed of the Limpopo River The Limpopo River rises in the interior of Africa, and flows generally eastwards towards the Indian Ocean. ... The 2000 Mozambique flood was a natural disaster that occurred in February and March 2000. ... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ...

Tropical cyclones can result in extensive flooding and storm surge, as happened with: For other Yellow Rivers, see Yellow River (disambiguation). ... The 1931 Huang He floods (Yellow River Floods) are generally thought to be the deadliest natural disaster of historic times, and almost certainly of the twentieth century (when pandemics are discounted). ... The Great Flood of 1993 occurred in the American Midwest, along the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers and their tributaries, from April to October of 1993. ... United States may refer to: Places: United States of America SS United States, the fastest ocean liner ever built. ... China has seen frequent flood disasters, and many are recorded in history. ... The 2000 Mozambique flood was a natural disaster that occurred in February and March 2000. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... Impact of a storm surge A storm surge is an offshore rise of water associated with a low pressure weather system, typically a tropical cyclone. ...

The Bhola cyclone and tidal wave occurred in East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) on 13 November 1970. ... East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. ... The name Nina has been used for twelve typhoons in the northwest Pacific Ocean [1], one tropical cyclone in the northeast Pacific Ocean [2], and one tropical cyclone in the southwest Pacific. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2 B C D E F G 9 H I J K L M N O Categories: | | | | | | | ... Houston redirects here. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Limnic eruptions

To date, only two limnic eruptions have been observed and recorded: A cow suffocated by gasses from Lake Nyos A limnic eruption, also referred to as a lake overturn or exploding lake, is a rare type of natural disaster in which CO2 suddenly erupts from deep lake water, posing the threat of suffocating wildlife, livestock and humans. ...

This article is about the year. ... Lake Monoun is a lake in West Province, Cameroon that lies in the Oku Volcanic Field . ... Lake Nyos is a crater lake in the Northwest Province of Cameroon, located at . ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Asphyxia is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body. ...

Tsunamis

The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand.
The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand.

Tsunami can be caused by undersea earthquakes as the one caused in Ao Nang, Thailand by the 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake, or by landslides such as the one which occurred at Lituya Bay, Alaska in. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1114, 916 KB) A picture of the 2004 tsunami in Thailand. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x1114, 916 KB) A picture of the 2004 tsunami in Thailand. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the natural seismic phenomenon. ... Sea view from Ao Nang hotel Ao Nang main street, early evening Ao Nang is a central point of the coastal province of Krabi, Thailand. ... Sea view from Ao Nang hotel Ao Nang main street, early evening Ao Nang is a central point of the coastal province of Krabi, Thailand. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Lituya Bay is a fjord located at in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ...

  • Ao Nang, Thailand (2004). The 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake created the tsunami and disaster at this site.
  • Lituya Bay, Alaska (1953). See paragraph three (3) of the entry. A mega-tsunami occurred here, the largest ever recorded.

This would also fit within Land movement category because it starts with an earthquake. Sea view from Ao Nang hotel Ao Nang main street, early evening Ao Nang is a central point of the coastal province of Krabi, Thailand. ... The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an undersea (subduction) earthquake that occurred at 00:58:53 UTC December 26, 2004, with an epicentre off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. ... Lituya Bay is a fjord located at in the U.S. state of Alaska. ...


Weather disasters

Main article: Weather disasters
Young steer after a blizzard, March 1966
Young steer after a blizzard, March 1966

Weather disasters are disasters caused by rain, snow or wind that cause notable damage, loss of property, and loss of life. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1708x1212, 2363 KB) Description: Young steer after a March blizzard. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1708x1212, 2363 KB) Description: Young steer after a March blizzard. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ...

Blizzards

Significant blizzards in the United States include: This article is about the winter storm condition. ...

This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Schoolhouse Blizzard, also known as the Schoolchildrens Blizzard (or The Childrens Blizzard), hit the U.S. plains states on January 12, 1888. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Armistice Day Blizzard took place in the United States on November 11 (Armistice Day) and 12 November 1940. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1Maximum snowfall or ice accretion The 1993 North American storm complex, also known as the ’93 Superstorm, the (Great) Blizzard of 1993, or the Storm of the Century, was a large cyclonic storm that occurred on March 12–March 15, 1993, on the East Coast of North America. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Droughts

Well-known historical droughts include: Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ...

Äž: For the film, see: 1900 (film). ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Chinese province. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State or the Golden State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Ken Michael Premier Alan Carpenter (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 15  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2005-06)  - Product ($m)  $107,910 (4th)  - Product per capita  $53,134/person... NSW redirects here. ... VIC redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the Chinese province. ...

Hailstorms

A particularly damaging hailstorm hit Munich, Germany on August 31, 1986, felling thousands of trees and causing millions of dollars in insurance claims. For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Insurance, in law and economics, is a form of risk management primarily used to hedge against the risk of a contingent loss. ...


Heat waves

The worst heat wave in recent history was the European Heat Wave of 2003. The summer of 2003 was one of the hottest ever in Europe; this led to a health crisis in certain countries as well as considerable impact on crops. ...

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (775x1000, 256 KB) [1] Credit: NASA/Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (775x1000, 256 KB) [1] Credit: NASA/Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team [2] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ...

Cyclonic storms

Main article: List of tropical cyclones

Hurricane, tropical cyclone, and typhoon' are different names for the same phenomenon: a cyclonic storm system that forms over the oceans. The deadliest hurricane ever was the 1970 Bhola cyclone; the deadliest Atlantic hurricane was the Great Hurricane of 1780, which devastated Martinique, St. Eustatius and Barbados. Another notable hurricane is Hurricane Katrina, which devastated the Gulf Coast of the United States in 2005. This is a list of notable tropical cyclones, subdivided by basin and reason for notability. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004 Hurricane and Typhoon redirect here. ... Cyclone Catarina, a rare South Atlantic tropical cyclone viewed from the International Space Station on March 26, 2004. ... For other uses, see Storm (disambiguation). ... Lowest pressure 966 hPa (mbar) Fatalities 300,000-500,000 (Deadliest tropical cyclone of all time) Damage $86. ... Lowest pressure Unknown Fatalities 22,000+ direct Damage Unknown Areas affected Lesser Antilles, Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Bermuda, possibly Florida (information scarce) Part of the 1780 Atlantic hurricane season The Great Hurricane of 1780, also known as the Hurricane San Calixto II,[1] is the deadliest Atlantic hurricane on record. ... Map showing location of Sint Eustatius relative to Saba and Sint Maarten/Saint Martin Sint Eustatius (also Saint Eustace and Statia), pop. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... States that border the Gulf of Mexico are shown in red The Gulf Coast region of the United States comprises the coasts of states which border the Gulf of Mexico. ...


Fire

Main article: List of forest fires

Wildfires are an uncontrolled fire burning in wildland areas. Common causes include lightning and drought but wildfires may also be started by human negligence or arson. They can be a threat to those in rural areas and also wildlife. This is a list of notorious forest fires: // Black Friday Bushfires of 1939 (South Australia) (Country Fire Service) Black Sunday Bushfires of 1955 (South Australia) Dwellingup fires of 1961 (Western Australia) Ash Wednesday fires of 1980 and 1983 (Victoria and South Australia) (Country Fire Service,Country Fire Authority) 1994 Eastern... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... Wildlands are areas of land where plants and animals exist free of human interference. ... Not to be confused with lighting. ... Fields outside Benambra, Victoria, Australia suffering from drought conditions A drought is an extended period of months or years when a region notes a deficiency in its water supply. ... The Skyline Parkway Motel in Afton, Virginia after an arson fire on July 9, 2004. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Health and disease

Epidemic

Main article: List of epidemics
The A H5N1 virus, which causes Avian influenza
The A H5N1 virus, which causes Avian influenza

An epidemic is an outbreak of a contractible disease that spreads at a rapid rate through a human population. A pandemic is an epidemic whose spread is global. There have been many epidemics throughout history, such as Black Death. In the last hundred years, significant pandemics include: This is a list of major epidemics. ... Image File history File links Colorized_transmission_electron_micrograph_of_Avian_influenza_A_H5N1_viruses. ... Image File history File links Colorized_transmission_electron_micrograph_of_Avian_influenza_A_H5N1_viruses. ... For the H5N1 subtype of Avian influenza see H5N1. ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during... This article is about the medical term. ... For other uses, see Pandemic (disambiguation). ... This article concerns the mid fourteenth century pandemic. ...

Other diseases that spread more slowly, but are still considered to be global health emergencies by the WHO include: 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... The 1918 flu pandemic (commonly referred to as the Spanish flu) was a category 5 influenza pandemic caused by an unusually severe and deadly Influenza A virus strain of subtype H1N1. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Jan. ... The Avian Flu was a pandemic outbreak of influenza that originated in China in 1957 and spread worldwide that same year. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The Hong Kong Flu was a pandemic outbreak of influenza that began in Hong Kong in 1968 and spread to the United States of America that year. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sars may refer to any of the following: Severe acute respiratory syndrome, commonly abbreviated as SARS Michael Sars, a Norwegian biologist, father of Georg Sars Georg Sars, a Norwegian biologist, son of Michael Sars Special Administrative Regions, commonly abbreviated as SARs Sars, Perm Krai, an urban settlement in Perm Krai... For other uses, see AIDS (disambiguation). ... Year 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up who in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...

Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for Tubercle Bacillus) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by the mycobacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis or Mycobacterium bovis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system, lymphatic system, circulatory system, genitourinary system, bones, joints, and even the... Tuberculosis (abbreviated as TB for tubercle bacillus or Tuberculosis) is a common and deadly infectious disease caused by mycobacteria, mainly Mycobacterium tuberculosis. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease caused by protozoan parasites. ... Species Ivory Coast ebolavirus Reston ebolavirus Sudan ebolavirus Zaire virus Ebola hæmorrhagic fever (EHF — alternatively Ebola hemorrhagic fever; commonly referred to as simply Ebola) is a recently identified, severe, often fatal infectious disease occurring in humans and some primates caused by the Ebola virus. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Virus outbreaks occur when a virus bypasses infection control measures and a relatively high number of infections are observed where no cases or sporadic cases occurred in the past. ...

Famine

Main article: List of famines

In modern times, famine has hit Sub-Saharan Africa the hardest, although the number of victims of modern famines is much smaller than the number of people killed by the Asian famines of the 20th century. This is an incomplete list of major famines, ordered by date. ... Satellite image of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is a geographical term used to describe the area of the African continent which lies south of the Sahara, or those African countries which are fully or partially located south of the Sahara. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Space

Fallen trees caused by the Tunguska meteoroid of the Tunguska event in June, 1908.
Fallen trees caused by the Tunguska meteoroid of the Tunguska event in June, 1908.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2409x1846, 573 KB) Description: Trees were knocked down and burned over hundreds of square km by the Tunguska meteoroid impact Note: This image is public domain, from the Leonid Kulik expedition in 1927 Source: [1] License: File links The following pages... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2409x1846, 573 KB) Description: Trees were knocked down and burned over hundreds of square km by the Tunguska meteoroid impact Note: This image is public domain, from the Leonid Kulik expedition in 1927 Source: [1] License: File links The following pages... The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Trees knocked over by the Tunguska blast. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Impact events

One of the largest impact events in modern times was the Tunguska event in June, 1908. Trees knocked over by the Tunguska blast. ... Year 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Solar flare

A solar flare is a phenomenon where the sun suddenly releases a great amount of solar radiation, much more than normal. Some known solar flares include: A solar flare observed by Hinode in the G-band. ... Sol redirects here. ... Solar irradiance spectrum at top of atmosphere. ...

  • An X20 event on August 16, 1989
  • A similar flare on April 2, 2001
  • The most powerful flare ever recorded, on November 4, 2003, estimated at between X40 and X45
  • The most powerful flare in the past 500 years is believed to have occurred in September 1859

This is not currently a natural disaster because it has not damaged human structures; however, it does have the potential to be a natural disaster as we continue to explore space. is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 308th day of the year (309th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


References

  1. ^ G. Bankoff, G. Frerks, D. Hilhorst (eds.) (2003). Mapping Vulnerability: Disasters, Development and People. ISBN ISBN 1-85383-964-7. 
  2. ^ B. Wisner, P. Blaikie, T. Cannon, and I. Davis (2004). At Risk - Natural hazards, people's vulnerability and disasters. Wiltshire: Routledge. ISBN ISBN 0-415-25216-4. 
  3. ^ D. Alexander (2002). Principles of Emergency planning and Management. Harpended: Terra publishing. ISBN ISBN 1-903544-10-6. 
  4. ^ World's worst natural disasters since 1900

See also

Act of God is a common legal term for events outside of human control, such as sudden floods or other natural disasters, for which no one can be held responsible. ... // Emergency management (or disaster management) is the discipline dealing of with and avoiding risks. ... The old United States civil defense logo. ... Emergency operations or Emergency preparedness is a set of doctrines to prepare civil society to cope with natural or man-made disasters. ... // This term is used for a large and growing body of work, bridging the humanitarian/ relief and development sectors, risk management, climate change, amongst many others. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

External links

  • When Nature Attacks. Newsweek.
  • Global Risk Identification Program (GRIP). GRIP.
  • World Bank's Hazard Risk Management. World Bank.
  • Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). GFDRR.
  • Disaster News Network. Retrieved on 2006-11-05. US news site focused on disaster-related news.
  • EM-DAT International Disaster Database. Retrieved on 2006-11-05. Includes country profiles, disaster profiles and a disaster list.
  • ProjectArcix: Global Disaster Information Portal. Overviews, consequences, government and citizen responses, and case studies of multiple natural disasters
  • What the Development Programme of the United Nations (UN) does to reduce the human risks linked to Natural Disasters. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • Pioneering Disaster Risk Index (DRI) Tool. United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Provides key information on all countries in the world.
Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) is a private, nonprofit research and higher education facility dedicated to the study of all aspects of marine science and engineering and to the education of marine researchers. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... For other uses, see Storm (disambiguation). ... Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... UN redirects here. ...

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Even a cursory analysis of the scale of natural disasters, whether floods, earthquakes or hurricanes, would show that economically developed countries have a much greater resilience to withstand calamities and suffer far lower loss of life.
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