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Encyclopedia > Natural Born Killers
For the song, see Natural Born Killaz.
Natural Born Killers

Theatrical release poster.
Directed by Oliver Stone
Produced by Jane Hamsher
Don Murphy
Clayton Townsend
Written by Screenplay by
Oliver Stone
Dave Veloz
Richard Rutowski
Story by
Quentin Tarantino
Starring Woody Harrelson
Juliette Lewis
Robert Downey Jr.
Tommy Lee Jones
Tom Sizemore
Music by Brent Lewis
Trent Reznor
Leonard Cohen
Cinematography Robert Richardson
Editing by Hank Corwin
Brian Berdan
Distributed by Warner Bros.
Release date(s) 26 August 1994 (USA)
Running time 118 min. (Theatrical Release)
121 min. (Director's Cut)
Language English
Budget $50,000,000 (estimated)
IMDb profile

Natural Born Killers is a 1994 satirical movie directed by Oliver Stone and starring Juliette Lewis and Woody Harrelson. It features appearances by Rodney Dangerfield, Robert Downey Jr., Tom Sizemore, and Tommy Lee Jones. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Information. ... Natural Born Killaz is a single from the reunited duo of Dr. Dre and Ice Cube. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (500x755, 56 KB) Source: http://www. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ... Jane Hamsher is an American film producer, author, and liberal blogger. ... Don Murphy (born ca. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Juliette L. Lewis (born June 21, 1973[1]) is an Oscar-nominated American actress and musician. ... Robert John Downey Jr. ... For the musician, see Tommy Lee. ... Thomas Edward Sizemore Jr. ... Michael Trent Reznor (born May 17, 1965) is an American musician, singer, producer, and multi-instrumentalist. ... Leonard Norman Cohen, CC (born September 21, 1934 in Westmount, Montreal, Quebec) is a Canadian singer-songwriter, poet and novelist. ... Robert Bridge Richardson (born 27 August 1955 in Hyannis, Massachusetts) is an American cinematographer. ... Brian Berdan is a film editor with several high-grossing films to his name. ... Warner Bros. ... is the 238th day of the year (239th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... 1867 edition of the satirical magazine Punch, a British satirical magazine, ground-breaking on popular literature satire. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ... Juliette L. Lewis (born June 21, 1973[1]) is an Oscar-nominated American actress and musician. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Rodney Dangerfield (November 22, 1921 – October 5, 2004), born Jacob Cohen, was an American comedian and actor, best known for the catchphrase I dont get no respect and his monologues on that theme. ... Robert John Downey Jr. ... Thomas Edward Sizemore Jr. ... For the musician, see Tommy Lee. ...


The original screenplay was written by Quentin Tarantino and revised by Stone, Richard Rutowski, and David Veloz. While much of the dialogue is word for word, the revisions change the focus of the film from journalist Wayne Gale (Robert Downey, Jr.) to Mickey and Mallory. The two went from being a normal married couple who suddenly decide to go on a killing spree to unwed social outcasts who were molested and beaten by their parents. Tarantino—unhappy with the rewritten version—publicly disowned the script and asked that his name be removed from the screenwriting credits. He subsequently received a "story by" credit. Sample from a screenplay, showing dialogue and action descriptions. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Robert John Downey, Jr. ... In general, the term credit in the artistic or intellectual sense refers to an acknowledgement of those who contributed to a work, whether through ideas or in a more direct sense. ...


Natural Born Killers is a uniquely-directed feature, because of the wide-range of camera angles, filters, lenses and special effects used during its production. Much of the movie seems to be told from a "television-perspective," in fact, some scenes are satirical of television shows of the time, including a serious-scene which is told in the farce of a situational comedy about a dysfunctional-family. Commercials which were commonly on the air at the time of the film's release make brief, intermittent appearances.


The film intends to highlight the sensationalized way crimes are depicted in the media and the manner in which some killers have been glamorized by the media. The film was criticized for its excessively graphic and violent content.

Contents

Plot summary

The film opens with Mickey Knox (Harrelson) and his girlfriend Mallory (Lewis) in a roadside cafe. Mallory is offended when a hick tries to hit on her. He asks her to dance, she dances for a short while. Mallory then punches him in the face and kicks him several times, embarrassing him. He tries to fight back, but is easily put down by Mallory. She jumps on him and stomps on his face to kill him, shocking and humiliating the man. Mickey, meanwhile, stabs two other customers and shoots the chef and the waitress (with a drawn-out bulletime sequence). They leave one witness alive, as is their custom, to "tell the tale." Woody Harrelson as Mickey Mickey Knox is a fictional character created by Quentin Tarantino in the movie Natural Born Killers, portrayed by Woody Harrelson. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require cleanup. ...

After the titles, there is a flashback sequence to how the murderous pair met up: Mickey was a delivery man who turned up at the house where Mallory lived with her physically and sexually abusive father (Rodney Dangerfield), her mother, and Kevin, her younger brother. The scene is portrayed as a sitcom with a canned laughter track, the "audience" laughing hardest when Mallory is subjected to lewd comments and molestation by her repulsive father. When Mickey arrives with a delivery of beef, he falls in love with Mallory and whisks her away on a date, stealing her father's car in the process. Mickey is arrested and imprisoned for car-theft, but escapes and returns to Mallory's house. The two kill her father by drowning him in the fishtank, and burn her mother alive in her bed. They spare her ten-year-old brother. Mickey then takes Mallory away with him. Image File history File links W.Harrelson. ... Image File history File links W.Harrelson. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Woody Harrelson as Mickey Mickey Knox is a fictional character created by Quentin Tarantino in the movie Natural Born Killers, portrayed by Woody Harrelson. ... In literature and film, a flashback (also called analepsis) takes the narrative back in time from the point the story has reached, to recount events that happened before and give the back-story. ... Rodney Dangerfield (November 22, 1921 – October 5, 2004), born Jacob Cohen, was an American comedian and actor, best known for the catchphrase I dont get no respect and his monologues on that theme. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... A laugh track or canned laughter is a separate soundtrack with the sound of audience laughter, made to be inserted into TV comedy shows and sitcoms. ... Aquarium is also the name of the Russian band, which is also spelled Akvarium A 335,000 US gallon (1. ...


Back in the present the pair continue their crime-spree (which bears several parallels to Bonnie and Clyde), slaughtering their way across the southwest United States and ultimately claiming fifty-two victims. Following them are two characters who have an obsessive interest in Mickey and Mallory for the purposes of acquiring fame and glory, as well as furthering their own careers. The first is a policeman, Detective Jack Scagnetti (Sizemore), who is seemingly in love with Mallory. Scagnetti wants to achieve hero status by capturing the pair, though it is plainly revealed that Scagnetti has a lifelong obsession with serial killers after seeing his mother shot and killed by Charles Whitman when he was five. The second is journalist Wayne Gale (Downey), who hosts a show called 'American Maniacs', profiling serial killers in a blatantly sensationalist way. Various clips of his program on Mickey and Mallory are shown, with Gale sounding outraged as he details the pair's crimes, although off-air he clearly regards their crimes as a fantastic way of boosting his show's ratings. It is Gale who is mostly responsible for elevating Mickey and Mallory into heroes, with his show featuring interviews with people expressing their admiration for the mass-killers as if they were film stars. Bonnie Parker (October 1, 1910 – May 23, 1934) and Clyde Barrow (March 24, 1909 – May 23, 1934) were notorious outlaws, robbers and criminals who travelled the Central United States during the Great Depression. ... Tom Sizemore as Jack Scagnetti Jack Scagnetti is a fictional character created by Quentin Tarantino on the movie Natural Born Killers. ... 1963 yearbook photo of Charles Whitman. ... Robert Downey Jr. ... Serial killers are individuals who have a history of multiple slayings of victims who were usually unknown to them beforehand. ...


While lost in the desert, Mickey and Mallory are taken in by a Navajo man (known as "Old Indian") Russell Means and his grandson. After the duo fall asleep, the Old Indian begins chanting beside the fire, invoking nightmares in Mickey about his abusive father and mother. Mickey wakes up in a rage and shoots Old Indian before he realizes what he is doing. Mallory and Mickey are both traumatized, marking the first time the couple feel guilty for a murder. Mallory exclaims, "You killed life!" implying Old Indian was more worthy of living than their previous victims. While running from the scene through the desert, the two are bitten repeatedly by rattlesnakes. Russell Means (born November 10, 1939) is one of contemporary Americas best-known and prolific activists for the rights of American Indians. ...


They go to a drugstore to find snakebite antidote, but the police interfere and a gunfight ensues, ending when Scagnetti captures them at gunpoint. The film then jumps ahead one year. After a surreal trial that is shown in a flashback in clips from 'American Maniacs', the homicidal couple have been imprisoned but are shortly due to be shipped to a mental hospital after being declared insane.


Scagnetti arrives at the prison and meets up with Warden McClusky (Tommy Lee Jones) and the two devise a plan to get rid of Mickey and Mallory: McClusky will arrange for Scagnetti to transport the Knoxs to the mental hospital. Alone with the pair during transport, Scagnetti will shoot and kill them claiming that they were trying to escape. Gale is also at the prison and persuades Mickey to agree to a live interview to air immediately after the Super Bowl. At the time, Mallory is held in solitary confinement elsewhere in the prison, awaiting her transport to the mental hospital. For the musician, see Tommy Lee. ...


As planned, Mickey is interviewed by Gale. He gives a speech about how crime is a normal part of humanity, describes enlightenment through murder and declares himself a "natural born killer." His words inspire the other inmates (who are watching the interview on TV in the recreation room) and incite them to riot. During the riot, the inmates subdue, torture, and murder nearly all of the prison guards and their inmate informants.


Warden McClusky heads down to the control room, leaving Mickey alone with Gale, the film crew and several guards. Using a lengthy joke complete with hand gestures as a diversion, Mickey elbow-smashes a guard in the face and steals his shotgun. Mickey kills most of the guards and takes the survivors and film crew hostage. He leads them through the prison riot to find Mallory. Gale follows, giving a live television interview as people are slaughtered all around him. Meanwhile, Mallory is being savagely beaten in her cell by Scagnetti for refusing to submit to his attempts at seduction (for which she attacked him). Still live on national television, Mickey engages in a short Mexican Standoff with Scagnetti, eventually feigning concession to lower Scagnetti's guard. Scagnetti is then brutally killed by Mallory. For other uses, see Shotgun (disambiguation). ... A Mexican standoff is a stalemate or impasse, a confrontation that neither side can seemingly win. ...


After being rescued by a mysterious prisoner named Owen (Arliss Howard), Mickey and Mallory take cover in a blood-splattered shower-room. By this time Gale has snapped and has shot a number of prison guards himself, finding the killing a thrill. Warden McClusky is outside the shower room with dozens of guards. Obsessed with killing Mickey and Mallory, McClusky threatens to storm the shower room, despite the protests of his guards who insist that there are more pressing problems, namely the hundreds of other rioting inmates heading their way. Arliss Howard (born Leslie Richard Howard on October 18, 1954 in Independence, Missouri) is an American actor, writer and film director, best known for his roles in Full Metal Jacket and Ruby, and for directing the film Big Bad Love (starring his wife Debra Winger). ...


Mickey and Mallory, together with their savior, Owen, eventually manage to escape, holding guns to the heads of Wayne Gale and a prison-guard hostage, Gale's camera still capturing everything. After Mickey and Mallory flee, McClusky and his guards are massacred by hordes of inmates who eventually burst through into the area. In the director's cut of the film, there is a shot of McClusky's head on a pike.


In a rural location Mickey and Mallory give a final interview to Wayne Gale before - much to his surprise and horror - they execute him, capturing it on the camera (their one survivor).


The couple are then shown in an RV together, with Mickey driving and Mallory watching their two children play.


In the film's alternate ending, Mickey and Mallory are killed by Owen.


Cast and characters

Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... This lists the major characters in the film Natural Born Killers. ... This lists the major characters in the film Natural Born Killers. ...

Figures and tropes

TV/Media 
Televisions dominate this film, both with real television sets and with television images playing on the sky, windows, or the sides of passing buildings. The film is shot in an unprecedented variety of styles, with a number of different types of film, all intercut and overlayed. The entire narrative is structured as a television story, both in the way we watch it and in the way the characters think about their own stories. Some of the more obvious examples of the characters' TV-filtered narratives include the flashback sequence where Mickey met Mallory, called I Love Mallory, where the reality of Mallory's unloving and abusive home is set against the canned laughter and "aw shucks" attitude of 1950s sitcoms, and where Mickey breaks out of the work camp the scene shifts to a Western, which inspires him to steal a horse and ride out against the coming tornado. Much of the pair's violence is only shown as replayed or recreated on television. During the prison interview, Mickey's head is shown talking on a little television in an idealized 1950s Leave it to Beaver living room and on the prison television. The last scene of the film flicks away from Mickey and Mallory as if the viewer has begun to flip channels. It flicks through a variety of images including recurring images interspersed through the film, the O.J. Simpson trial, and the burning Branch Davidian compound. This effectively places the viewer at the center of the film's moral quandary, asking what the viewer is responsible for creating and what demons are lurking in the viewer's own media consumption.
Frankenstein 
Explaining why he's going to shoot Wayne Gale, Mickey says "Frankenstein had to kill Dr. Frankenstein." the statement being that they didn't truly become monsters until the Media made them monstrous. Also, when Warden McClusky is explaining to Jack Scagnetti that they plan to have all the prisoners undergo electroshock therapy, footage of Frankenstein is shown.
Snakes 
One of the first images in the film is of a rattlesnake. The couple exchange wedding rings of intertwined snakes, and Mickey has a tattoo of two snakes forming a heart on his chest. There are recurring shots of a seven headed dragon, like the one depicted in the Book of Revelation. In the couple's car, there is a toy snake. Mickey and Mallory first meet a real snake at the Navajo's. The rattlesnake is coiled in the corner, a scene which Mickey recalls with fondness and admiration in his prison interview. The Navajo tells a story in his native Navajo about a woman who was offended that the very snake she'd rescued had bitten her, to which the snake replies "Look bitch, you knew I was a snake." The pair are bitten by a seeming field of rattlesnakes, which leads them to the drug store (a neon sign of Caduceus of Mercury) where they are captured. Also when Mallory and Mickey cut themselves on the bridge to show their love to each other, their blood becomes animated and changes into a red and green snake, entwined and hissing at each other.
Nature 
Mickey uses nature and evolution to justify his killings, saying that "The wolf don't know why he's a wolf, the deer don't know why he's a deer. God just made 'em that way." He explains that he is the next step in evolution, and that he's a "natural born killer." Shots of nature open the film and occur throughout the film, set both on a television and in nature, with a violent or disturbing undertone.
Yin and Yang 
Mickey and Mallory have Yin and Yang tattoos on opposite arms. Mickey's tattoo is opposite and below another tattoo of the face of Christ. Mallory's tattoo is opposite and above a tattoo of a scorpion. Mickey's left earring is a Yin Yang.
Green 
A glowing lime green light is used throughout the film to denote sickness, either in the mind or body. It first appears in the film's opening sequence, as lights in the diner jukebox. Green is also present in the key lime pie Mickey orders. It appears again predominantly when Mallory kills a gas station attendant, and absorbs almost the entire screen during the drug store sequence. Lime green lights later make a less pronounced appearance during the riot sequence.
666 
The number 666 pops up in certain areas throughout the film - for example Route 666 and a brief glimpse of a newspaper a patron, who will later appear in the prison riot scene as Owen (Arliss Howard), is holding in the first scene.

In literature, a trope is a familiar and repeated symbol, meme, theme, motif, style, character or thing that permeates a particular type of literature. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... For other uses, see Leave It to Beaver (disambiguation). ... Orenthal James Simpson (born July 9, 1947), commonly known as O. J. Simpson and also just by his initials O.J. and his nickname The Juice, is a retired American football player who achieved stardom at the collegiate and professional levels. ... The Branch Davidians are a religious sect who originated from a schism in 1955 from the Davidian Seventh Day Adventists, themselves former members of the Seventh-day Adventist Church who were excommunicated during the 1930s. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... Electroconvulsive therapy, also known as electroshock or ECT, is a controversial type of psychiatric shock therapy involving the induction of an artificial seizure in a patient by passing electricity through the brain. ... Visions of John of Patmos, as depicted in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry. ... The Navajo (also Navaho) people of the southwestern United States call themselves the Diné (pronounced ), which roughly means the people. They speak the Navajo language, and many are members of the Navajo Nation, an independent government structure which manages the Navajo reservation in the Four Corners area of the United... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... The Caduceus Two caduceuses without wings as decoration of door portal in Ztracená street in Olomouc (Czech Republic). ... Taijitu, the traditional symbol representing the forces of yin and yang Yin and yang (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) are generalizations of the antithesis or mutual correlation between certain objects or phenomena in the natural world, combining to create a unity of opposites. ... For other uses, see Tattoo (disambiguation). ... Christ is the English term for the Greek word (Christós), which literally means The Anointed One. ... 666 is the natural number following 665 and preceding 667. ... Arliss Howard (born Leslie Richard Howard on October 18, 1954 in Independence, Missouri) is an American actor, writer and film director, best known for his roles in Full Metal Jacket and Ruby, and for directing the film Big Bad Love (starring his wife Debra Winger). ...

Serial killers/Mass murderers emulating the film

Several murderers are alleged to have been inspired by the film Natural Born Killers:

  • 18-year-olds Sarah Edmondson and her boyfriend Benjamin Darras supposedly watched the film before carrying out a robbery that resulted in murder. Relatives of one victim filed a lawsuit against Stone. (see External Links for article relating to these incidents.)
  • Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold of the Columbine High School Massacre were fans of the film. They used the initials of the movie's title, "NBK," as a code for their mission: "God I can’t wait till they die. I can taste the blood now – NBK" and "the holy April morning of NBK" are just a few examples. Also, in an undated journal entry, Klebold wrote about his options. "I'm stuck in humanity. Maybe going 'NBK' w. eric [sic] is the way to break free," he wrote, referring to the scheduled rampage.
  • Seventeen-year old Nathan K. Martinez shot and killed his stepmother and half-sister while they slept at their home in Bluffdale, Utah, a suburb of Salt Lake City in October, 1994. He was apprehended several days later while sleeping in a motel in O'Neill, Nebraska, following a nationwide manhunt. He was obsessed with the film and had seen it dozens of times. He had shaved his head and wore the same style of round sunglasses that the "Mickey" character did in the film. His father and older brother had left early that morning for a hunting trip.
  • Angus Wallen and Kara Winn, both 27 watched Natural Born Killers the night before murdering 22-year-old Brandon Murphy. They shot him, robbed him, and then set his body and apartment on fire in Jacksonville, Florida on Dec. 18, 2004. The crime resembles one part in the movie in which Mickey, after killing Mallory's father with a tire iron, kills her mother by tying her to her bed and setting her on fire.
  • Charles Daniel Tuttle, 35 years old, murdered Cathy Harris 42, whom he was living with, with a claw hammer in her home and then robbed her house in Feb 1995. He was found guilty and didn’t argue the charges, so he was executed by a lethal injection in Texas in 1999. Harris' nephew told police that early on the day of the murder, Tuttle had told him that he watched the movie "Natural Born Killers" three times the day before.
  • On April 23, 2006 Jeremy Allan Steinke, 23 years old, and his then 12-year-old girlfriend, allegedly murdered her parents, Marc and Debra Richardson, as well as her 8-year-old brother, Jacob. Witnesses testified that Jeremy had watched 'Natural Born Killers' several times previous to the murders. The 13-year-old girl was found guilty of three charges of first-degree murder, while Steinke faces the same charges. His trial is set to begin on August 16.[1]

Eric Harris (left) and Dylan Klebold (right) Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999), were the high school seniors who committed the Columbine High School massacre. ... The Columbine High School massacre occurred on Tuesday, April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in unincorporated Jefferson County, Colorado (the CDP of Columbine) near Denver and Littleton. ... Bluffdale is a city located in Salt Lake County, Utah. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is Salt Lake Citys top tourist draw. ... “Jacksonville” redirects here. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Box office, reaction, and controversy

In its opening weekend, the film grossed a total of $11,166,687 in 1,510 theaters. As of January 12, 2007, the film has grossed a total of $50,282,766 domestically.[2] is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Natural Born Killers had a mixed critical reception, and 13 years later holds a 68 percent "rotten" rating at Rotten Tomatoes and a 8.8 rating at the Internet Movie Database with 39,842 votes. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ...


Roger Ebert, a film critic of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the movie four stars out of four and wrote, "Seeing this movie once is not enough. The first time is for the visceral experience, the second time is for the meaning."[3] Hal Hinson of The Washington Post claimed that "Stone's sensibility is white-hot and personal. As much as he'd like us to believe that his camera is turned outward on the culture, it's vividly clear that he can't resist turning it inward on himself. This wouldn't be so troublesome if Stone didn't confuse the public and the private."[4] Janet Maslin from The New York Times wrote, "for all its surface passions, Natural Born Killers never digs deep enough to touch the madness of such events, or even to send them up in any surprising way. Mr. Stone's vision is impassioned, alarming, visually inventive, characteristically overpowering. But it's no match for the awful truth."[5] Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... Janet Maslin is a book critic for the daily New York Times. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ...


The film was controversial throughout its entire history due to the graphic violence and has been compared to the 1971 film adaptation of A Clockwork Orange. Stone has continually maintained that the film is a satire on how serial killers are adored by the media for their horrific actions and that those who claim that the violence in the movie itself is a causation of societal violence miss the point of the movie. The film initially had an NC-17 rating but Stone toned down the violence and the film was re-rated R. The director's cut edition contains the NC-17 rated version along with other deleted scenes. Clockwork Orange redirects here. ... 1867 edition of the satirical magazine Punch, a British satirical magazine, ground-breaking on popular literature satire. ... The MPAA film rating system is a system used in the United States and instituted by the Motion Picture Association of America to rate a movie based on its content. ...


Major controversy rose again during the Columbine High School Massacre. Shooters Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold were reported as fans of the movie using the initials of the film's title as a code in their home videos and journals. The rants in Eric Harris’ journal entries bear many similarities to Mickey's philosophy that he is only human, and humans are animals that rely on their animal instincts. The Columbine High School massacre occurred on Tuesday, April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in unincorporated Jefferson County, Colorado (the CDP of Columbine) near Denver and Littleton. ... Eric Harris (left) and Dylan Klebold (right) Eric David Harris (April 9, 1981 – April 20, 1999) and Dylan Bennet Klebold (September 11, 1981 – April 20, 1999), were the high school seniors who committed the Columbine High School massacre. ...


Kimveer Gill the killer in the Dawson College Shooting was also a fan of the film and did similar actions as the Columbine High School Massacre. Kimveer Gill (July 9, 1981 – September 13, 2006) was the gunman involved in a school shooting referred to as the Dawson College shooting at Dawson College in Montreal, Quebec, Canada on September 13, 2006. ... The Dawson College shooting occurred on September 13, 2006 at Dawson College, a CEGEP in Westmount near downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


There was also some controversy about the camera techniques. The film is filmed in a frenzied and psychedelic style consisting of black and white, animation, and other strange color schemes. The techniques were allegedly inspired by Stone's drug use during the making of the film. This was revealed on the behind the scenes documentary shown on the DVD versions. For psychedelics, see psychedelic drug. ...


The UK video release was also delayed due to a shooting at a school in Dunblane, Scotland. It was passed '18' uncut for video release on 26 February 1996, but a few weeks later the shooting took place and the released was delayed until 2001, with the producers citing pressure from groups as a reason to not release it. Strangely, it was actually shown on the "Five" TV channel while the video was still unreleased. In 2002 the full 'Director's Cut' version of the film, restoring the 3 minutes of cuts required in the US in 1994, was submitted to the BBFC and classified '18' uncut.


Soundtrack

Natural Born Killers is the soundtrack to the film Natural Born Killers. ...

Trivia

  • Woody Harrelson's father, Charles Harrelson, was a convicted hitman, who in 1996 attempted to escape prison, after being sentenced to life for the murder of a judge.
  • Denis Leary and Ashley Judd both made cameo appearances in the film, although both were edited out of the theatrical release.
  • The prison riot was filmed during four weeks at Stateville Penitentiary in Joliet, Illinois. In the first two weeks on location at the prison, the extras were actual inmates with rubber weapons. After a lock-down, the Illinois Department of Corrections required the production to use paid extras from the outside for the remaining two weeks. [citation needed]
  • Downey admitted that his use of an Australian accent was a technique he adopted to accentuate his character's apparent dignity.
  • In the opening scene Mickey uses a knife made by famous collector's knifemaker Gil Hibben. The knife is known as the Highlander bowie.
  • The fate of the inmate known only as Owen was not explained in the original theatrical release; it is implied he is some sort of guardian angel. In the first scene in the film, Owen briefly appears sitting at a table in the cafe, but his image fades out and vanishes. In the special edition DVD, an alternative ending was shown, where Mickey and Mallory are both executed by Owen.
  • The shoot time for the entire film was 56 days. The editing process took nearly a year.
  • The film contains as many as 3,000 edits. Most feature films only contain about 700.
  • Rodney Dangerfield, Edie McClurg and Robert Downey, Jr. had all earlier appeared in the comedy film Back To School.
  • The phrase "natural born killer" was actually used in Truman Capote's nonfiction novel In Cold Blood, allegedly said by Lowell Lee Andrews, who murdered his family and was hanged in the Kansas State Penitentiary; whether Tarantino took the phrase from him or it is coincidental is unclear.
  • The character of Mickey was inspired by real-life spree killer Charles Starkweather.
  • The wedding scenes were filmed on the Rio Grande Gorge Bridge outside Taos, New Mexico.
  • Tori Amos refused to allow the film to feature her song "Me and a Gun," which is an intimate account of a rape she experienced at age 21. She later commented on Oliver Stone's insensitivity in her song "a sorta fairytale".
  • In the scene in which Mallory breaks Scagnetti's nose, Juliette Lewis actually broke Tom Sizemore's nose.
  • In the escape from the prison, Mallory says she wants to "go down there and go out in a hail of bullets", a scene which is reminiscent of the frozen final image of Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid.
  • Mallory's younger brother Kevin was played by Oliver Stone's son, Sean.
  • Sterling Hayden's character in the motion picture The Godfather shares the same last name (McCluskey) with Dwight. Both McCluskey characters are corrupt/misguided individuals in prominent careers in law enforcement/corrections.
  • Significant parts of Scarface (which was written by Oliver Stone) are shown through motel TVs. The scene shown is widely known for its violence.
  • In the film Reservoir Dogs, written and directed by Quentin Tarantino, Vic Vega's (Michael Madsen) parole officer is Seymour Scagnetti.
  • In addition to the Illinois Department of Corrections, Warner Bros. and the production quietly negotiated with head prisoners for their cooperation, which yielded cable television for certain inmates. [citation needed]
  • In the PC game Half-Life: Opposing Force, many of the soldiers that Corporal Shephard teams up with say, "I'm a Natural Born Alien Killer" after killing an alien.
  • After the murderer of one of novelist John Grisham's friends cited Natural Born Killers as an inspiration, Grisham spoke out against Oliver Stone and the film itself. When Warner Bros. was looking for a lead for the film adaptation of Grisham's A Time To Kill and suggested Woody Harrelson, Grisham, who had director and cast approval, said Harrelson would never be in a film he had anything to do with.
  • It is the only screenplay with a Quentin Tarantino "Story By" credit that he did not write the screenplay. His original screenplay was bought and rewritten. He's commented that Stone turned it into the kind of film he would have liked had it not been his script.
  • It features the only dramatic acting by Rodney Dangerfield.
  • McCluskey and Scagnetti discuss Lee Harvey Oswald, and mention that he was a great shot. In JFK (film), also directed by Stone, it is purported that Oswald was a terrible shot. Scagnetti and McCluskey were probably being ironic, thus endorsing the theory of another shooter.
  • Geraldo Rivera was the partial basis for the character, Wayne Gale, specifically the interview scene between him and Mickey Knox was based on Geraldo's interview with Charles Manson. Rivera was actually briefly considered for the role, but Robert Downey, Jr. was ultimately chosen because of Oliver Stone's belief that he could "out-Geraldo Geraldo."

Charles Voyde Harrelson (July 23, 1938[1] - March 15, 2007[1]) was an American freelance hitman connected with organized crime, who was convicted of assassinating a federal judge. ... Denis Leary (born Denis Colin Leary on August 18, 1957) is a Golden Globe and Emmy Award-nominated American actor, comedian, writer and director. ... Ashley Judd (born Ashley Tyler Ciminella on April 19, 1968) is an American actress. ... Peter Jackson in The Fellowship of the Ring (top), The Two Towers (middle) and The Return of the King (bottom). ... Guardian Angel (Schutzengel) (1840), by Matthäus Kern. ... Back-to-school, in clothing retailing, is a product season and is characterized by a display of items appropriate to a school wardrobe. ... Truman Capote (pronounced ) (30 September 1924 – 25 August 1984) was an American writer whose non-fiction, stories, novels and plays are recognized literary classics, including the novella Breakfast at Tiffanys (1958) and In Cold Blood (1965), which he labeled a non-fiction novel. ... In Cold Blood is a 1965 book by American author Truman Capote. ... Lowell Lee Andrews was a University of Kansas sophomore convicted of killing his parents and his sister on November 28, 1958. ... Charles Starkweather (November 24, 1938 – June 25, 1959) was a spree killer who murdered 11 victims in Nebraska and Wyoming during a road trip with his underage girlfriend Caril Ann Fugate. ... Built in 1966 and spanning 500 feet across the Rio Grande river running 650 feet below, the Rio Grande Gorge Bridge is a tourist attraction outside Taos, New Mexico. ... Taos (IPA: ) is a city in Taos County in the north-central region of New Mexico. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The correct title of this article is . ... Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid is a 1969 Western film that tells the story of bank robber Butch Cassidy (played by Paul Newman) and his partner The Sundance Kid (played by Robert Redford). ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ... Sterling Hayden (March 26, 1916 - May 23, 1986) was an American actor. ... This article is about the 1972 film. ... Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio Tony Montana. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ... For the video game based on the film, see Reservoir Dogs (video game). ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... For other uses, see Michael Madsen (disambiguation). ... Opposing Force is the critically acclaimed first expansion pack for the popular first-person shooter Half-Life, developed by Gearbox Software and released by Valve Software on October 31, 1999. ... John Ray Grisham Jr. ... William Oliver Stone (born September 15, 1946), known simply as Oliver Stone, is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director and screenwriter. ... For the 1996 film, see A Time to Kill (film) A Time to Kill is the name of a legal suspense thriller authored by John Grisham in 1989. ... Woodrow Woody Tracy Harrelson (born July 23, 1961) is an American Emmy Award winning and Academy Award nominated actor. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Rodney Dangerfield (November 22, 1921 – October 5, 2004), born Jacob Cohen, was an American comedian and actor, best known for the catchphrase I dont get no respect and his monologues on that theme. ... Lee Harvey Oswald (October 18, 1939 – November 24, 1963) was, according to two United States government investigations, the assassin of U.S. President John F. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. ... JFK is an American film directed by Oliver Stone, first released on December 20, 1991. ... For the British bandleader see Gerald Bright Geraldo Miguel Rivera (born July 4, 1943, as Gerald Michael Riviera), known on television as Geraldo Rivera or simply Geraldo is an American television journalist and former talk show host. ...

References in film or other media

  • The band Mclusky is named after the warden in homage to the film.[citation needed]
  • The english language adaptation of the Battle Royale manga by TokyoPop extensively references Natural Born Killers in issue 13; chapter 97 is actually named Natural Born Killers.
  • Ben Elton's Popcorn includes the opening shot and discussion of the opening scene. It also centers around the effect of media on mass murderers after they've killed.
  • The Simpsons episode Natural Born Kissers is a reference to this movie.
  • Jay-Z makes a reference to Mickey and Mallory in the "All I Need" from the Blueprint album
  • My Chemical Romance's song "Demolition Lovers" was written and inspired by the film.
  • In Quentin Tarantino's Kill Bill Vol. 2 Bill tells Beatrix that he thinks she is a "Natural Born Killer."
  • In the song "Nothing's What It Seems" by Project Wyze, they make reference to the movie with the line "I'm a Natural Born Killer without Mickey and Mallory."
  • On the track "Respiration" by the Hip-Hop duo Blackstar, Talib-Kweli says the line "killas born naturally like Mickey & Mallory.

Blackstar mclusky was a three-piece rock group from Cardiff, Wales. ... For related entries, see Battle Royale (disambiguation). ... For the music movie, see Tokyo Pop. ... Benjamin Charles Elton (born 3 May 1959) is an English comedian, writer and director. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Simpsons redirects here. ... Natural Born Kissers is the last episode of the ninth season of The Simpsons, and is especially notable for its risque subject matter. ... Jay-Z (aka the Jigga, HOV and Hova, born Shawn Carter on December 4, 1970 in Brooklyn, New York) is an African American rapper/hip hop artist and record label executive; one of the most popular and successful rappers of the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... My Chemical Romance are an American rock band formed in 2001. ... Quentin Jerome Tarantino (born March 27, 1963) is an American film director, actor, and Oscar winning screenwriter. ... Kill Bill is the fourth feature film written and directed by Quentin Tarantino released in two parts: Volume 1 & Volume 2. ... Project Wyze was a Canadian rapcore band active in the early 2000s. ... BlackStar promotional poster The animated television series Blackstar was a science fantasy epic, sometimes reported as a product inspired by the immense popularity of the 1980s Thundarr, the Barbarian. ...


Alternative versions and deleted scenes

  • Mickey raping a female hostage in the hotel room after Mallory storms out (Woody Harrelson persuaded Oliver Stone for this exclusion as he thought it may demean his persona).
  • A shot through the bullet hole in Wayne Gale's hand after Mallory shoots him.
  • A quick shot of Warden McClusky's head on a pike after he's overrun during the prison riot.
  • A guard being thrown into an oven of the prison's kitchen during the riot.

Additionally, other scenes totaling nearly 60 minutes were included on the VHS and DVD release of the film by Trimark Home Video:

  • A deranged inmate (Denis Leary) delivers a rapid-fire monologue about how the Pittsburgh Pirates are responsible for Mickey and Mallory's killing spree.
  • A courtroom scene showing Mickey questioning one of the survivors of his and Mallory's rampage, Grace Mulberry (Ashley Judd). She recounts the night that Mickey killed all of her girlfriends and her brother. After Mickey is done questioning her, he attacks her with a pencil and stabs her to death with it.
  • The Hun Brothers (played by the Barbarian Brothers), professional body builders and still-living victims of the Knoxes' killing spree, talk about their admiration of their attackers. The Knoxes had used chainsaws to cut off the Brothers's legs. (Ironically, the Knoxes' admiration for the Huns is what kept them from killing the twins.)
  • After Mickey and Mallory escape and kill Wayne, they are seen riding down the road in a van with Owen, who asks to accompany them. When Mickey informs him that they will be dropping him off, Owen begins making sexual overtones towards Mallory. He then produces a gun and Mickey and Mallory realize that he is their "demon" incarnate. Owen fatally shoots Mickey, then turns the gun on Mallory; the screen cuts to black, accompanied by Mallory screaming, before cutting to a shot of the van driving away into the desert. In an introductory sequence, Oliver Stone says that he wanted Mickey and Mallory to get their comeuppance, but that it couldn't come from society or the law; rather, it had to come from "one of their own" (ie, another psychopath).

Denis Leary (born Denis Colin Leary on August 18, 1957) is a Golden Globe and Emmy Award-nominated American actor, comedian, writer and director. ... Ashley Judd (born Ashley Tyler Ciminella on April 19, 1968) is an American actress. ... The Barbarian Brothers are a mildly successful action/comedy film twin acting team. ...

See also

Bonnie Parker (October 1, 1910 – May 23, 1934) and Clyde Barrow (March 24, 1909 – May 23, 1934) were notorious outlaws, robbers and criminals who travelled the Central United States during the Great Depression. ... Bonnie and Clyde (1967) is a film about Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow, bank robbers who roamed the central United States during the Great Depression. ... Badlands is a 1973 film directed by Terrence Malick from his own script. ... Terrence Terry Malick (born November 30, 1943 in Waco, Texas) is an Assyrian American film director. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/canada/edmonton/story/2007/07/19/steinke-court.html?ref=rss
  2. ^ Natural Born Killers. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved on 2007-1-12.
  3. ^ Ebert, Roger. "Natural Born Killers", Chicago Sun-Times, August 26, 1994. Retrieved on 2007-1-12. 
  4. ^ Hinson, Hal. "Natural Born Killers", The Washington Post, August 26, 1994. Retrieved on 2007-1-12. 
  5. ^ Maslin, Janet. "NATURAL BORN KILLERS; Young Lovers With a Flaw That Proves Fatal", The New York Times, August 26, 1994. Retrieved on 2007-1-12. 

Box Office Mojo is a website that tracks box office revenue in a systematic way. ... The Chicago Sun-Times is an American daily newspaper published in Chicago. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City by Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. ...

External links

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Natural Born Killers
  • Natural Born Killers at the Internet Movie Database
  • Natural born copycats, a 2002 article from The Guardian on Stone's response to claims that the film inspired several murders
  • Natural Born Killers at Rotten Tomatoes
  • Natural Born Killers at Box Office Mojo
  • Movie stills


  Results from FactBites:
 
NATURAL BORN KILLERS (1994), ChildCare Action Project (CAP) Media Analysis Report Report MAR05599 (1544 words)
The bottom line: "Natural Born Killers" is a movie with all manner of corruptive influence right out of the smoking pits of Hell.
"Natural Born Killers" required 10, four more than even "The Basketball Diaries." Recall if you will that "The Basketball Diaries" (R, 1994) was a movie suspected of having an influence on the decision of a young student to shoot several classmates.
The theme of "Natural Born Killers" might be invisible to some.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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