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Encyclopedia > Nationalities of China
Ethnolinguistic map of China
Ethnolinguistic map of China

The People's Republic of China (PRC) is a multi-ethnic unitary state and, as such, officially recognizes 56 nationalities or mínzú (民族), within China: the Han being the majority (>92%), and the remaining 55 nationalities being the national minorities. In addition to the 56 official nationalities, there are some Chinese who privately classify themselves as members of unrecognized nationalities (such as Jewish, Tuvan, Oirat and Ili Turki), although most Chinese who are uncertain of their specific nationality identify themselves generically as Han. Also, foreign nationals who have become Chinese citizens form yet another separate group. The direct translation of (民族) would be "peoples" or "nations." Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3031x2544, 959 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3031x2544, 959 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... Tuva or Tyva (Russian: Республика Тыва [Тува], Respublika Tyva [Tuva]) (pop. ... The Oyirad (also spelled Oirat) is an alliance of the western Mongols. ...


In general, the system of 56 nationalities is applied only within mainland China although Taiwanese aborigines are classified as a single one of the 56 nationalities - Gaoshan (“High Mountains”) - as they represent several linguistically and culturally diverse ethnicities. Hong Kong and Macau do not use this ethnic classification system, and figures by the PRC government do not include Hong Kong and Macau. The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù, lit. ... The terrain of Taiwan is mostly mountainous in the east but gradually changes to gently sloping plains in the west. ... A Rukai village Chief visiting the Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ... A Rukai villege Chief visiting Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ...


In the PRC and the Republic of China, the various nationalities in China are part of a broader "civil ethnicity" known as the Chinese nation (中華民族, Zhonghua minzu). Unless specifically stated or discussing Chinese minorities, English usage of the term "Chinese" typically refers to the Chinese nation, and not the Han Chinese. PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Motto: None Anthem: National Anthem of the ROC Capital Taipei City (de facto) Nanjing (de jure) 1 Largest city Taipei City Official language(s) Mandarin (Guoyü) Government • President • Vice President • Premier Multiparty democracy Chen Shui-bian Annette Lu Su Tseng-chang Establishment • Xinhai Revolution Declared  October 10, 1911 Established  January... Zhonghua Minzu (Traditional Chinese: 中華民族; Simplified Chinese: 中华民族; Hanyu Pinyin: ), is a Mandarin Chinese term that in modern China, describes a notion of a Chinese nationality transcending ethnic divisions- in other words, a civic nationality as opposed to an ethnic one, with a central loyalty to China as a whole. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ...

Contents


Nationalities

Although most of the nationalities can be seen as ethnic groups, the correspondence is not one to one. For example, many Hui Chinese are indistinguishable from Han Chinese except for the fact that they practice Islam. Conversely, Hakka are often thought of as an ethnic group, but they are generally considered to be within the subgroups of the Han ethnicity. The Hui (回) ethnic group is unrelated to the Hui (徽) dialects. ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Hakka (Traditional Chinese: 客家; Simplified Chinese: 客家; Pinyin: kèjiā, lit. ... In Mandarin: minxi (ethnic lineages) or zuqun (ethnic groups). ...


While Han Chinese make up the vast majority of China's total population, the population distribution is highly uneven with large parts of western China having Han Chinese as a minority. In addition the lumping of most Chinese into the majority Han, obscures some of the large linguistic, cultural, and genetic differences between persons within that group.


The multi-ethnic nature of China results in many centuries of assimilation, expansion and modern consolidation of territories incorporated by the Qing dynasty, whose emperors were themselves Manchu and not members of the majority Han. Chinese ethnicities theory is heavily influenced by that of the Soviet Union. Official policy is against assimilation and maintains that each ethnic group should have the right to develop its own culture and language. The Qing Dynasty (Chinese: 清朝; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Ching chao; Manchu: daicing gurun), sometimes known as the Manchu Dynasty, was a dynasty founded by the Manchu clan Aisin Gioro, in what is today northeast China, expanded into China and the surrounding territories, establishing the Empire of the Great Qing... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The word culture, from the Latin colo, -ere, with its root meaning to cultivate, generally refers to patterns of human activity and the symbolic structures that give such activity significance. ...


The degree of integration of minority nationalities with the national community varies widely from group to group. With some groups, such as the Tibetans and the Uyghurs there is some resentment against the majority. Other groups such as the Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, and ethnic Koreans are well integrated into the national community and typically identify themselves as part of the Chinese nationality. The Tibetan people are a people living in Tibet and some surrounding areas. ... The Uyghur (Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Turkish: Uygur; Uighur Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; Pinyin: Wéiwúěr) are a Turkic people, forming one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: Bouчcueŋь/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... Hui can refer to: Hui people, a Chinese ethnic group. ... Zhonghua Minzu (Traditional Chinese: 中華民族; Simplified Chinese: 中华民族; Hanyu Pinyin: ), is a Mandarin Chinese term that in modern China, describes a notion of a Chinese nationality transcending ethnic divisions- in other words, a civic nationality as opposed to an ethnic one, with a central loyalty to China as a whole. ...


See List of China administrative regions by ethnic group for the ethnic composition of each province-level division of China. The list below outlines the distribution of the nationalities of China among provinces and province-level entities of Mainland China, according to the census of 2000. ...

The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province.
The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province.

In order of population, the nationalities of China are: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x910, 139 KB) Summary The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x910, 139 KB) Summary The Long-horn tribe, a small branch of ethnic Miao in the western part of Guizhou Province. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (Chinese: 苗: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mẹo or Hmông; Thai: ม้ง (mong) or แม้ว (maew)), are an Asian ethnic group whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of southern China (especially Guizhou) that cross into northern Southeast Asia (northern Vietnam and Laos). ...

  • Han (汉族 : Hàn Zú)
  • Zhuang (壮族 : Zhuàng Zú)
  • Manchu (满族 : Mǎn Zú)
  • Hui (回族 : Huí Zú)
  • Miao (苗族 : Miáo Zú) (Hmong)
  • Uyghur (维吾尔族 : Wéiwúěr Zú)
  • Yi (彝族 : Yí Zú)
  • Tujia (土家族 : Tǔjiā Zú)
  • Mongol (蒙古族 : Měnggǔ Zú)
  • Tibetan (藏族 : Zàng Zú)
  • Buyei (布依族 : Bùyī Zú)
  • Dong (侗族 : Dòng Zú)
  • Yao (瑶族 : Yáo Zú)
  • Korean (朝鲜族 : Cháoxiǎn Zú)
  • Bai (白族 : Bái Zú)
  • Hani (哈尼族 : Hāní Zú)
  • Li (黎族 : Lí Zú)
  • Kazak (哈萨克族 : Hāsàkè Zú)
  • Dai (傣族 : Dǎi Zú, also called Dai Lue, one of the Tai ethnic groups)
  • She (畲族 : Shē Zú)
  • Lisu (傈僳族 : Lìsù Zú)
  • Gelao (仡佬族 : Gēlǎo Zú)
  • Lahu (拉祜族 : Lāhù Zú)
  • Dongxiang (东乡族 : Dōngxiāng Zú)
  • Va (佤族 : Wǎ Zú) (Va)
  • Sui (水族 : Shuǐ Zú)
  • Naxi (纳西族 : Nàxī Zú) (includes the Mosuo (摩梭 : Mósuō))
  • Qiang (羌族 : Qiāng Zú)
  • Tu (土族 : Tǔ Zú)
  • Xibe (锡伯族 : Xíbó Zú)
  • Mulao (仫佬族 : Mùlǎo Zú)
  • Kirgiz (柯尔克孜族 : Kēěrkèzī Zú)
  • Daur (达斡尔族 : Dáwòěr Zú)
  • Jingpo (景颇族 : Jǐngpō Zú)
  • Salar (撒拉族 : Sǎlá Zú)
  • Blang (布朗族 : Bùlǎng Zú)
  • Maonan (毛南族 : Màonán Zú)
  • Tajik (塔吉克族 : Tǎjíkè Zú)
  • Pumi (普米族 : Pǔmǐ Zú)
  • Achang (阿昌族 : Āchāng Zú)
  • Nu (怒族 : Nù Zú)
  • Ewenki (鄂温克族 : Èwēnkè Zú)
  • Gin (京族 : Jīng Zú), meaning Vietnamese or Kinh people.
  • Jino (基诺族 : Jīnuò Zú)
  • De'ang (德昂族 : Déáng Zú)
  • Uzbek (乌孜别克族 : Wūzībiékè Zú)
  • Russians (俄罗斯族 : Éluōsī Zú)
  • Yugur (裕固族 : Yùgù Zú)
  • Bonan (保安族 : Bǎoān Zú)
  • Monba (门巴族 : Ménbā Zú)
  • Oroqen (鄂伦春族 : Èlúnchūn Zú)
  • Derung (独龙族 : Dúlóng Zú)
  • Tatar (塔塔尔族 : Tǎtǎěr Zú)
  • Hezhen (赫哲族 : Hèzhé Zú)
  • Lhoba (珞巴族 : Luòbā Zú)
  • Taiwanese aborigines (台湾原住民) 1
    • Amis (Ami, Pangcah) (阿美)
    • Atayal (Tayal, Tayan) (泰雅)
    • Bunun (布農)
    • Kavalan (噶瑪蘭)
    • Paiwan (排灣)
    • Puyuma (卑南)
    • Rukai (魯凱)
    • Saisiyat (Saisiat) (賽夏)
    • Tao (Yami) (雅美/達悟)
    • Thao (邵)
    • Tsou (Cou) (鄒)
    • Truku (Taroko) (太魯閣)
    • Babuza (貓霧捒)
    • Basay (巴賽)
    • Hoanya (洪雅 or 洪安雅)
    • Ketagalan (凱達格蘭)
    • Luilang (雷朗)
    • Pazeh/Kaxabu (Pazih) (巴宰 or 巴則海)
    • Popora (巴布拉)
    • Qauqaut (猴猴)
    • Siraya (西拉雅)
    • Taokas (道卡斯)
    • Trobiawan (多囉美 or 多囉美遠)

Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ... The Zhuang (Simplified Chinese: 壮族; Traditional Chinese: 壯族; Hanyu Pinyin: ; own name: BouчcueÅ‹ÑŒ/Bouxcuengh) are an ethnic group of people who mostly live in the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China. ... The Manchu (Manchu: Manju; Simplified Chinese: 满族; Traditional Chinese: 滿族; Hanyu pinyin: ) are a Tungusic people who originated in Northeastern Asia, collectively known in English as Manchuria. ... The Hui people (Chinese: 回族; Pinyin: ) are a Chinese ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of the Islamic religion. ... The Hmong, also known as Miao (considered derogatory by some: see below) (Chinese: è‹—; Pinyin: Miáo; Vietnamese: Mèo or HMông; Thai: แม้ว (Maew) or ม้ง (Mong); Burmese: mun lu-myo), Hmong: Hmoob, are an Asian ethnic group speaking the Hmong language, whose homeland is in the mountainous regions of... The Uyghur (Uyghur: ئۇيغۇر; Turkish: Uygur; Uighur Simplified Chinese: 维吾尔; Traditional Chinese: 維吾爾; Pinyin: Wéiwúěr) are a Turkic people, forming one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Yi people (own name in the Cool Mountain dialect: ꆈꌠ, official transcription: Nuosu, IPA: [nɔ̄sÅ«]; Chinese: 彝族, Pinyin: Yìzú; the older name Lolo is now considered derogatory in China, though used officially in Vietnam as Lô Lô) are a modern ethnic group in China and Vietnam. ... The Tujia (土家族) are an ethnic group numbering about 8 million, living in the Wuling Mountains of Chinas Hunan and Hubei provinces. ... Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... The Tibetan people are a people living in Tibet and some surrounding areas. ... The Buyei or Bouyei people (Self called: Puyi, Puzhong, Burao, Puman; Chinese: 布依族; pinyin: bùyī Zú) are an ethnic group living in southern China. ... Dong Minority Bridge, Chenyang, Guangxi, China. ... The Yao nationality (瑶族, Pinyin: Yáo zú; Vietnamese: người Dao) are an ethnic group. ... Bamileke languages (ISO 639 alpha-3, bai) Bye - k thx bai Baccalaureus in Arte Ingeniaria Band Aid (band) BAI - Soviet early armoured car, predecessor of BA-6 Bai, a Chinese ethnic group Banco Africano de Investimentos, present in List of Angolan companies BAI the official name of ferry company Brittany... Typical daily attire of ethnic Hani in China. ... Li (黎 pinyin Lí) is a minority Chinese ethnic group. ... The words kazaks, kazak may be a transliteration from Russian language of Kazakhs, people of Kazakhstan Cossacks (Russian: kazak) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Dai (or the Thai peoples of China) is the officially recognized name of an ethnic group living in Xishuangbanna Dai Autonomous Prefecture and the Dehong Dai and Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture (both in southern Yunnan Province of China), and also in Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, and Myanmar. ... Tai ethnic groups include: the Lao of Laos and Isan of Northeast Thailand the Northern Thai (Lanna or Thai Yuan) of Thailand the Thai of Thailand the Shan (Thai Yai) of Burma the Thai Lue of Laos and China (also called Dai) the Nung of China, Laos, Thailand, Vietnam the... The She (畲) people are an ethnic group. ... The Lisu people are an ethnic group who inhabit Myanmar (Burma) China, Thailand, and the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. ... The Gelao people (own name: Klau, Chinese: 仡佬族 Gēlǎozú) are an ethnic group. ... The Lahu people (Chinese: 拉祜族 Lāhùzú; own names: Ladhulsi or Kawzhawd) are an ethnic group. ... The Dongxiang people (own name: Sarta or Santa; Simplified Chinese: 东乡族 Traditional Chinese︰東鄉族; Pinyin: Dōngxiāngzú) are an ethnic group closely related to the Mongolians, who practice Islam. ... The Va nationality (also spelled Wa; Chinese: 佤族 WÇŽzú; own names: Va, Ava, Parauk, i. ... The Shui people are an ethnic group. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... The Mosuo (also spelled Moso) (Chinese: 摩梭; pinyin: Mósuō) are a small ethnic group living in the Yunnan Province in China, south of Sichuan Province. ... The Qiang people (羌族; Pinyin: qiāng zú) are an ethnic group. ... The Tu (土) people are an ethnic group. ... The Xibe ( Sibe; Chinese, 錫伯 XÄ«bó) are an ethnic group living mostly in northeast China and Xinjiang. ... The Mulao people are an ethnic group. ... Kirghiz (also Kyrgyz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... The Daur people are an ethnic group. ... The Jingpo or Kachin people (Chinese: 景颇族 Jǐngpōzú; own names: Jingpo, Tsaiva, Lechi) are an ethnic group who largely inhabit northern Myanmar (Kachin State). ... The Salar people are an ethnic group in eastern Qinghai and southwestern Gansu. ... The Blang (布朗族 : BùlÇŽng Zú) (also spelled Bulong) people are an ethnic group. ... The Maonan people are an ethnic group. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Tajiks. ... The Pumi people (Chinese: 普米族 Pǔmǐzú, own name: /phʐẽmi/) are an ethnic group. ... The Achang (阿昌族), also known as the Ngacang or Maingtha are an ethnic group. ... The Nu people (own names: Nusu, Anung, Zauzou; Chinese: 怒族; pinyin: nù zú) are one of the 56 ethnic groups officially recognized by the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Evenks (obsolete: Tungus) are a nomadic Tungusic people, one of the Northern Indigenous Peoples (pop. ... Gin, or Jing Nationality (京族) in Mandarin Chinese, is the name given to ethnic Vietnamese living in China. ... Categories: Vietnamese people | Ethnicity stubs ... The Jino (also spelled Jinuo) people (Chinese: 基诺族 JÄ«nuòzú; own name: tÉ•yno or kino) are an ethnic group. ... The Deang (德昂族 : Déáng Zú) (also spelled Deang) people are an ethnic group. ... The Yugur people are an ethnic group. ... The Bonan (also Baoan) people (保安族; pinyin: bÇŽoān zú) are an ethnic group living in Gansu and Qinghai provinces in northwestern China. ... ... The Oroqen people(鄂伦春族) are an ethnic group in northern China. ... The Derung people (also spelled Drung or Dulong; own name in IPA: [tɯɹɯŋ]; Chinese: 独龙族, Pinyin: Dúlóngzú) are an ethnic group. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... The Hezhen people (also called Hezhe, Nanai, Gold/Goldi, Samagir; own names in IPA: [xÉ™dÊ‘É™n], [nanio] and [kilÉ™n]; Chinese: 赫哲族, Hèzhézú) are an ethnic group. ... With a population of just 2,300, the Lhoba (珞巴) are one of the smallest officially recognized ethnic groups in China. ... A Rukai village Chief visiting the Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ... The Ami (阿美), or Amis or Pangcah, is one of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan. ... A woman with a child of Atayal using a machine to make clothes, 1900 The Atayal (æ³°é›…), also known as the Tayal and the Tayan, are one tribe of the Taiwanese aborigines. ... Bunun people of Taiwan, in formal attire. ... Yilan County (宜蘭縣, pinyin: Yílán Xiàn) is a county in Northeastern Taiwan. ... Paiwan is the native language of Taiwan. ... Puyuma (卑南族) is one tribe of Taiwanese aborigine. ... A Rukai village Chief visiting Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ... The Saisiyat (賽夏) (true people), also spelled Saisiat are an indigenous people of Taiwan, part of the larger Taiwanese aborigine ethnic group. ... Old photo of the Tao people on the shore of Orchid Island, ca. ... Yang man of Thao of Sun Moon Lake, Nantou, Taiwan ca 1904 The Thao (邵族) are a small group of Taiwanese aborigines, with a population of only a few hundred, who have lived near Sun Moon Lake (Lake Candidius) in central Taiwan for at least a century, and probably since the... Tsou youth, pre-1945 The Tsou are an indigenous people of Taiwan. ... Truku (太魯閣族), sometimes spelled as Taroko, is one tribe of Taiwanese aborigine. ... The Babuza (貓霧族; Pinyin: Māowùzú) are a Taiwanese aboriginal people, living primarily in Changhua County and around the western part of Taiwans Central Basin. ... Basay was formerly spoken in the plains area of Northern Taiwan. ... The Hoanya (洪雅族; Pinyin Hóngyǎ) are a Taiwanese aboriginal people who live primarily in Changhua county, Chiayi city, Nantou county, and near Tainan city. ... Ketagalan is a Taiwanese aboriginal tribe originating in what is now the Taipei Basin. ... The Papora (巴布拉; Pinyin Bābùlā) are a Taiwanese aboriginal people, living primarily in the area around Taichung and the Taiwanese western coastal littoral. ... The Siraya were an indigeneous people of Taiwan. ...

Complications

Undistinguished nationalities (未识别民族: Wèi Shíbié Mínzú) are ethnic groups that have not been officially recognized or classified by the central government. The group numbers more than 730,000 people, and would constitute the 20th most populous nationality of China if taken as a single group (which it is not). The vast majority of this group is found in Guizhou province. Undistinguished nationalities (未识别民族: Wèi Shíbié Mínzú) are ethnic groups in the Peoples Republic of China that have not been recognized among or classified within the official 56 Nationalities of China. ... Guizhou (Simplified Chinese: 贵州; Traditional Chinese: è²´å·ž; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Kuei-chou; also spelled Kweichow) is a province of the Peoples Republic of China located in the southwestern part of the country. ...


The group of "Undistinguished nationalities" does not include groups that have been controversially classified into existing groups. For example, the Mosuo are officially classified as Naxi, and the Chuanqing are classified as Han Chinese, but they reject these classifications and view themselves as separate nationalities. The Mosuo (also spelled Moso) (Chinese: 摩梭; pinyin: Mósuō) are a small ethnic group living in the Yunnan Province in China, south of Sichuan Province. ... Categories: Ethnic groups of China ... Han Chinese (Simplified Chinese: 汉族; Traditional Chinese: 漢族; Pinyin: hànzú) is a term which refers to the majority ethnic group within China and the largest single human ethnic group in the world. ...


Citizens of mainland China (i.e., excluding the former European colonies of Hong Kong and Macau; see Macanese people) who are of foreign origin are classified using yet another separate label: "ex-foreigners naturalized into the Chinese citizenship" (外国人入中国籍). However, if there is an existing group among the 56 nationalities that describes the citizen of foreign origin (e.g., Han Chinese, Korean, Russian, Gin, Kazakh, etc.), then he or she is classified into that nationality rather than the special label. The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; Pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù, lit. ... Broadly, Macanese (Chinese: 澳門人; literally people of Macau) refers to the people of Macao. ...


Religions

Note that some of these nationalities hold belief systems that cannot be distinctly classified based upon the following system (in alphabetical order).

  • Buddhism: the Bai, Bulang, Dai, Jinuo, Jingpo, Mongol, Naxi (including Mosuo), Nu, Tibetan and Yugun.
  • Eastern Orthodox Christianity: the Russians
  • Islam: the Bonan, Dongxiang, Hui, Kazak, Kirgiz, Salar, Tajik, Tatar, Uyghur and Uzbek.
  • Shamanism: the Daurs, Ewenkis, and Oroqens.

Buddhism is a religion and philosophy focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who probably lived in the 5th century BCE. Buddhism spread throughout the ancient Indian sub-continent in the five centuries following the Buddhas death, and propagated into Central, Southeast, and East Asia... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A shaman doctor of Kyzyl. ...

Notes

  • Note 1: The PRC government refers to all Taiwanese aborigines as Gaoshan (高山族), meaning "High Mountain", whereas the government of the ROC in Taiwan recognizes a dozen groups of Taiwanese aborigines. The term Gaoshan has a different connotation in Taiwan (see Taiwanese aborigines for details). While several thousands of these aborigines have migrated to PRC's Fujian province, most remain in Taiwan; whether the ones in Taiwan should be considered citizens of the PRC is a controversial issue of ROC's and Taiwan's legal status and political status.

A Rukai village Chief visiting the Department of Anthropology in Tokyo Imperial University during the Japanese rule. ... Fujian (Chinese: 福建; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... The legal question of which legal entity holds de jure sovereignty over Taiwan is a controversial issue. ... Taiwan Strait Area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of...

See also

Nationality Law of the Peoples Republic of China This law is applicable to the acquisition, loss and restoration of nationality of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The demographics of China may include or exclude, depending on context or point of view: The demographics of mainland China The demographics of Hong Kong The demographics of Macau The demographics of Taiwan This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... For treatment of the various forms of spoken Chinese, see Chinese spoken languages. ... Any non clear-cut connection is denoted by a question mark (?) beside the equivalences. ... Zhonghua Minzu (Traditional Chinese: 中華民族; Simplified Chinese: 中华民族; Hanyu Pinyin: ), is a Mandarin Chinese term that in modern China, describes a notion of a Chinese nationality transcending ethnic divisions- in other words, a civic nationality as opposed to an ethnic one, with a central loyalty to China as a whole. ... This is a list of names of ethnic groups. ... Central University of Nationalities (中央民族大学, pinyin: Zhōngyāng Mínzú Dàxúe) is a small national level university located in Beijing, China designated for minority nationalities. ... China National Ethnic Song and Dance Ensemble Each of China’s 55 ethnic minority groups possesses its own vibrant and unique arts traditions. ...

External links and references

Chinese ethnic groups (classification by PRC government)
Achang • Bai • Blang • Bonan • Buyei • Dai • Daur • De'ang • Derung • Dong • Dongxiang • Evenk • Gaoshan • Gelao • Han • Hani • Hezhen • Hui • Jingpo • Jino • Kazakh • Kinh • Kirgiz • Korean • Lahu • Lhoba • Li • Lisu • Manchu • Maonan • Miao • Monba • Mongol • Mulao • Naxi • Nu • Oroqen • Pumi • Qiang • Russian • Salar • She • Shui • Tajik • Tatar • Tibetan • Tu • Tujia • Uyghur • Uzbek • Va • Xibe • Yao • Yi • Yugur • Zhuang • Undistinguished nationalities

  Results from FactBites:
 
Nationalities of China (854 words)
The multi-ethnic nature of China results in part by territories incorporated by the Qing dynasty, whose emperors were themselves Manchu and not members of the majority Han.
Chinese ethnicities theory is heavily influenced by that of the Soviet Union.
While several thousands of these aborigines have migrated to China's Fujian province, most remain in Taiwan; whether the ones in Taiwan should be considered citizens of China is a controversial issue of Taiwan's legal status and political status.
Nationalities of China - Chinese ethnics - China (550 words)
Nationalities of China - Chinese ethnics - China
The multinational nature of China results in part by territories incorporated by the Qing dynasty, whose emperors were themselves Manchu and not members of the majority Han.
Chinese nationalities theory is heavily influenced by that of the Soviet Union.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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