FACTOID # 28: Austin, Texas has more people than Alaska.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > National epic

A national epic is an epic poem or similar work which seeks or is believed to capture and express the essence or spirit of a particular nation; not necessarily a nation-state, but at least an ethnic or linguistic group with aspirations to independence or autonomy. National epics frequently recount the origin of a nation, a part of its history, or a crucial event in the development of national identity such as other national symbols. In a broader sense, a national epic may simply be an epic in the national language which the people or government of that nation are particularly proud of. The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... For other uses, see Nation (disambiguation). ... The term nation-state, while often used interchangeably with the terms unitary state and independent state, refers properly to the parallel occurence of a state and a nation. ... National symbols are symbols of states, nations and countries in the world. ...


Some consider the national epic to be a product of Romantic nationalism. Where no obvious national epic existed, the "Romantic spirit" was motivated to fill it. An early example of poetry that was invented to fill a perceived gap in "national" myth is Ossian, the narrator and supposed author of a cycle of poems by James Macpherson, which Macpherson claimed to have translated from ancient sources in the Scots Gaelic. However, many national epics (including Macpherson's Ossian) antedate 19th-century romanticism. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Oisín. ... James Macpherson (October 27, 1736–February 17, 1796), was a Scottish poet, known as the translator of the Ossian cycle of poems (also known as the Oisín cycle). ... // Scottish Gaelic (Gàidhlig) is a member of the Goidelic branch of Celtic languages. ...


Examples of epics that have been enlisted as "national" include

Contents

Poetic epics

Americas

Martín Fierro is an epic poem by the Argentinean writer José Hernández. ... For the baseball player, see José Hernández. ... La Araucana is an epic poem in Spanish about the Spanish conquest of Chile, by Alonso de Ercilla; it is also known in English as The Araucaniad. ... La Araucana is an epic poem in Spanish about the Spanish conquest of Chile, by Alonso de Ercilla; it is also known in English as The Araucaniad. ... Alonso de Ercilla (1533 - 1594) was a Basque nobleman from Spain, and author of epic poem La Araucana. ...

Asia

This article is entitled For other uses of David, see David (disambiguation). ... Map of South Asia (see note) This article deals with the geophysical region in Asia. ... For the film by Peter Brook, see The Mahabharata (1989 film). ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Manimegalai, Seevaga Sindhamani, Valayaapathi, Kundalakesi and Silapadhigaaram constitute the Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature. ... Kakawin Rāmâyaṇa is an Old Javanese rendering of the Sanskrit Ramayana in Indian meter. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... “Farsi” redirects here. ... Shâhnameh Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma (Persian: )(alternative spellings are Shahnama, Shahnameh, Shahname, Shah-Nama, etc. ... After Islamic Conquest  Modern SSR = Soviet Socialist Republic Afghanistan  Azerbaijan  Bahrain  Iran  Iraq  Tajikistan  Uzbekistan  This box:      The Sassanid Empire or Sassanian Dynasty (Persian: []) is the name used for the fourth Iranian dynasty, and the second Persian Empire (226–651). ... The Deluge tablet of the Gilgamesh epic in Akkadian The Epic of Gilgamesh is from Babylonia, dating from long after the time that king Gilgamesh was supposed to have ruled. ... Kipchaks in EurAsia circa 1200 C.E. Kipchaks (also spelled as Kypchaks, Qipchaqs, Qypchaqs) (Ukrainian: (polovtsy), Crimean Tatar: , Karachay-Balkar: Къыпчакъ, Uzbek: , Kazakh: Қыпшақ, Kumyk: Къыпчакъ, Kyrgyz: Кыпчак, Nogai: Кыпчак, Chinese: 欽察/钦察, QÄ«nchá, Turkish: Kıpçak) were an ancient Turkic people, first mentioned in the historical chronicles of Central Asia in the 1st millennium... Republic of Tatarstan (Russian: ; Tatar Cyrillic: Татарстан Республикасы, Latin: Tatarstan Respublikası) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Languages Kyrgyz Religions Sunni Islam Related ethnic groups other Turkic peoples Kyrgyz (also spelled Kirghiz) are a Turkic ethnic group found primarily in Kyrgyzstan. ... A traditional Kyrgyz Manaschi performing part of the epic poem at a yurt camp in Karakol The Epic of Manas is a traditional epic poem of the Kyrgyz people and the name of the epics eponymous hero. ... Phra Lak Phra Lam, pronounced [pÊ°aː lÉ‘k pÊ°aː laːm] (in Lao script: ພຮະລັກພຮະຮາມ), is the Lao version of Indias Ramayana. ... Hikayat Hang Tuah is a Malay work of literature that tells the tale of the legendary Malay Muslim warrior Hang Tuah and his four warrior friends - Hang Jebat, Hang Kasturi, Hang Lekir and Hang Lekiu - who lived during the height of the Sultanate of Malacca in the 15th century. ... Sejarah Melayu or The Malay Annals is a historical literary Malay work that chronicles the establishment of the Malacca Sultanate and spans over 600 years of the history of the Malay Peninsula. ... Hikayat Seri Rama is one of two Malay adaptations and localization of Valmikis Sanskrit version of the Ramayana, the other being Hikayat Maharaja Wana. ... The name Mongols (Mongolian: Mongol) specifies one or several ethnic groups. ... The Republic of Kalmykia (Russian: Респу́блика Калмы́кия; Kalmyk: Хальм Тангч) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic). ... Oirats (also spelled Oyrats or Oyirads; Mongolian: Ойрадын Ojradyn) refers to both a Western Mongol people of Europe and Asia and, historically, to a Turkic people now known as the Altays. ... Yama Zatdaw, unofficially Myanmars national epic, is the Burmese version of the Ramayana. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Florante at Laura (or Florante and Laura) by Francisco Baltazar (also known as Balagtas) is one of the masterpieces of Philippine literature. ... The Ibong Adarna (Adarna Bird) is a creature of Philippine legend. ... The Biag ni Lam-ang or Life of Lam-ang (complete Iloko title: ) is a pre-Hispanic epic of the Ilokano people from the Ilocos region of the Philippines. ... The Tibetan people are a people indigenous to Tibet and surrounding areas stretching from Central Asia in the West to Myanmar and China in the East. ... The Epic of King Gesar is the premier epic poem of Tibet and much of Central Asia. ... Figure of a giant at the golden chedi in Wat Phra Kaew Ramakien is Thailands national epic, derived from the Indian Ramayana epic. ... The first six lines of the poem written in Chữ Nôm The Tale of Kiều is an epic poem in Vietnamese written by the 18th century writer Nguyá»…n Du (1766-1820), widely regarded as the most significant work of Vietnamese literature. ... Reamker, [riːəmkeː], is a Cambodian epic poem, based on Indias Ramayana epic. ...

Europe

Gjergi Fishta (October 23, 1871-December 30, 1940) was an Albanian Franciscan friar, a poet, and a translator. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Aeneas flees burning Troy, Federico Barocci, 1598 Galleria Borghese, Rome The Aeneid (IPA English pronunciation: ; in Latin Aeneis, pronounced — the title is Greek in form: genitive case Aeneidos) is a Latin epic written by Virgil in the 1st century BC (between 29 and 19 BC) that tells the legendary story... // Prehistory Archaeologists refer to the Shulaveri-Shomu culture of the central Transcaucasus region, including modern Armenia, as the earliest known prehistoric culture in the area, carbon-dated to roughly 6000 - 4000 BC. However, a recently discovered tomb has been dated to 9000 BC. Another early culture in the Armenian Highland... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Canigou (Catalan Canigó) is a mountain in southern France. ... Jacint Verdaguer. ... Ivan Mažuranić (1814-1890) was a Croatian poet, linguist and politician—probably the most important figure in Croatias cultural life in the mid-19th century. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the epic poem. ... Illustration to Kalevipoeg by Oskar Kallis Kalevipoeg is an epic poem by Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald held to be the Estonian national epic. ... The Kalevala is an epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish folk lore in the 19th century. ... The Kalevala is an epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish folk lore in the 19th century. ... Illustration to Kalevipoeg by Oskar Kallis Kalevipoeg is an epic poem by Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald held to be the Estonian national epic. ... Eight phases of The Song of Roland in one picture. ... It has been suggested that Orlando (character) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the character from Renaissance and Baroque literature and music. ... The Nibelungenlied, translated as The Song of the Nibelungs, is an epic poem in Middle High German. ... The one and only Heino! Heino (born December 13, 1938 Düsseldorf as Heinz Georg Kramm) is a German singer of popular music (Schlager and Volksmusik). ... title page of the Rihel edition of ca. ... This article is about the poem by Homer. ... “Byzantine” redirects here. ... Digenis Acritas (Greek: Διγενής Ακρίτας) is the most famous epic poem that emerged out of the 12th century Byzantine Empire, following the Acritic songs tradition. ... Miklós Zrinyi, the author. ... Miklós Zrinyi, the author. ... Táin Bó Cúailnge (the driving-off of cows of Cooley, more usually rendered The Cattle Raid of Cooley or The Táin) is the central tale in the Ulster Cycle, one of the four great cycles that make up the surviving corpus of Irish mythology. ... For other uses, see Lāčplēsis (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Reynard (disambiguation). ... Front of the first edition of Os Lusíadas Os Lusíadas, pron. ... Picking mushrooms. ... Adam Mickiewicz. ... Scandinavia is a historical and geographical region centered on the Scandinavian Peninsula in Northern Europe which includes the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. ... Look up Poetic Edda in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Sorbs are a Slavic minority indigenous to the region known as Lusatia in the current German states of Saxony and Brandenburg (in former GDR territory). ... A page from the original codex, starting from line 1922 El Cantar del Mio Cid is the oldest preserved Spanish cantar de gesta. ... For other senses of this word, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The Mabinogion is a collection of prose stories from medieval Welsh manuscripts. ...

Prose epics

Some prose works, while not strictly epic poetry, have an important place in the national consciousness of their nations. These include the following:

Wikisource has original text related to this article: History of the Kings of Britain Geoffrey of Monmouths Historia Regum Britanniae (English: The History of the Kings of Britain) is a pseudohistorical account of British history, written around 1136. ... Fengshen Yanyi (Traditional Chinese: 封神演義; Simplified Chinese: 封神演义) (translated as The Investiture of the Gods or The Creation of the Gods), also known as Fengshen Bang (Traditional Chinese: 封神榜; Simplified Chinese: 封神榜), is one of the major works of classical Chinese literature created in Ming dynasty. ... The word mythology (from the Greek μυολογία mythología, from mythologein to relate myths, from mythos, meaning a narrative, and logos, meaning speech or argument) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use the supernatural to interpret natural events and... An illustration of the book Romance of the Three Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), written by Luo Guanzhong in the 14th century, is a Chinese historical novel based upon events in the turbulent years near the end of the Han Dynasty, and the Three Kingdoms period (220–280). ... This article is about the literary concept. ... It has been suggested that Guo Shiguang be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... The four heroes of the story, left to right: SÅ«n Wùkōng, Xuánzàng, ZhÅ« Bājiè, and Shā Wùjìng. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... “The Story of the Stone” redirects here. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... Modern book cover of Kebra Nagast: The Glory of the Kings The Kebra Nagast (var. ... For other uses, see Flanders (disambiguation). ... Hendrik Conscience (born December 3, 1812 in Antwerp – died September 10, 1883 in Antwerp) was a Flemish writer. ... Les Misérables (translated variously from French as The Miserable Ones, The Wretched, The Poor Ones, The Wretched Poor, The Victims) (1862) is a novel by French author Victor Hugo, and among the best-known novels of the 19th century. ... Táin Bó Cúailnge (the driving-off of cows of Cooley, more usually rendered The Cattle Raid of Cooley or The Táin) is the central tale in the Ulster Cycle, one of the four great cycles that make up the surviving corpus of Irish mythology. ... For the Irish folk band, see The Dubliners. ... Kojiki or Furukotofumi (古事記), also known in English as the Records of Ancient Matters, is the oldest surviving historical book recounting events of ancient earth in the Japanese language. ... Nihonshoki (日本書紀) is the second oldest history book about the ancient history of Japan. ... Ilustration of ch. ... This article is about the Korean peninsula and civilization. ... Samguk Yusa, or Memorabilia of the Three Kingdoms, is a collection of legends, folktales, and historical accounts relating to the Three Kingdoms of Korea (Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla), as well as to other periods and states before, during, and after the Three Kingdoms period. ... Sundiata Keita or Sunjata Keita (c. ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... The Popol Vuh (Quiché for Council Book or Book of the Community; Popol Wuj in modern spelling) is the book of scripture of the Quiché, a kingdom of the post classic Maya civilization in highland Guatemala. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... Tanakh (‎) (also Tanach, IPA: or , or Tenak) is an acronym that identifies the Hebrew Bible. ... The Secret History of the Mongols is the first literary work of Mongolian culture. ... For other uses, see Genghis Khan (disambiguation). ... The Tale of Igors Campaign (Old East Slavic: Слово о плъку Игоревѣ, Slovo o pălku Igorevě; Modern Russian: Слово о полку Иг&#1086... Zadonschina («Задонщина» in Russian; could be translated as the region beyond the Don River) is a Russian literary monument of the late 14th century, which tells about the Battle of Kulikovo in 1380. ... (IPA: , but see spelling and pronunciation below), fully titled (The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha) is an early novel written by Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. ... Historically, the term Tatar (or Tartar) has been ambiguously used by Europeans to refer to many different peoples of Inner Asia and Northern Asia. ... This article is about the various peoples speaking one of the Turkic languages. ... Alpamysh, also spelled as Alp-amish or Alpamish (Turkish: Alpamis, Kazakh Cyrillic script: Алпамыс, Bashkir: Алпамыша и Барсын-хылуу, Russian: Алпамыш, Azerbaijani: Alpamıs, Kazan Tatar: Алпамша), is an ancient Turkic epic or dastan — ornate oral history, generally set in verse — and one of the most important examples of the Turkic oral literature of Central Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Book of Dede Korkut is one of the most famous epics of the Turkmens or the Oghuz Turks. ... For all Turkic groupings and Turkic history, see Turkic peoples. ... For all Turkic groupings and Turkic history, see Turkic peoples. ... The Epic of KöroÄŸlu (Turkish: KöroÄŸlu destanı) is a legend prominent in the oral traditions of the Turkic peoples. ... The Kutadgu Bilig, or QutadÄŸu Bilig (English: IPA: , Middle Turkic IPA, proposed: //), is a Karakhanid work from the 11th century written by of Balasagun for the prince of Kashgar. ... This article is about the country. ... The Mabinogion is a collection of prose stories from medieval Welsh manuscripts. ... This article is about the novel. ... Huckleberry Finn and Jim Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) by Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens) is commonly accounted as the first Great American Novel. ... The U.S.A. Trilogy is the major work of American writer John Dos Passos. ...

See also

The epic is a broadly defined genre of narrative poetry, characterized by great length, multiple settings, large numbers of characters, or long span of time involved. ... World folk-epics are those epics which are not just literary masterpieces but also an integral part of the weltanschauung of a people. ... A national myth is an inspiring narrative or anecdote about a nations past. ... A founding myth is a story or myth surrounding the foundation of a nation-state. ... The intended meaning of the term civil religion often varies according to whether one is a sociologist of religion or a professional political commentator. ... A national poet or national bard is a poet held by tradition and popular acclaim to represent the identity, beliefs and principles of a particular national culture. ... The Great American Novel is the concept of a novel that perfectly represents the spirit of life in the United States at the time of its publication. ...

External Source

  • Full text epics in the original languages

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m