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Encyclopedia > National Wrestling Alliance
National Wrestling Alliance
Details
Acronym NWA
Established 1948
Style American Wrestling
Location see List of NWA territories
Founder(s) Paul "Pinkie" George
Al Haft
Tony Strecher
Harry Light
Orville Brown
Sam Muchnick
Owner(s) see Presidents of the NWA
Formerly National Wrestling Association
Website NWAWrestling.com

The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is the largest governing body for a group of independent professional wrestling promotions and sanctions various NWA championships. The NWA has been in operation since 1948. Prior to the 1980s, it acted as the sole governing body for most of pro wrestling, operating as a talent and brand name franchisor for the inter-regional "territory" system. Image File history File links Nwalogobw. ... National Wrestling Alliance territories are a group of smaller independent professional wrestling promotions that use the NWA name or claim some affiliation with the former governing body, however many of these promotions do not have a strong claim to the original National Wrestling Alliance that existed in the 1940s... Orville Brown (10 March 1908–24th January 1981) was a professional wrestler. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... National Wrestling Alliance logo The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) is the largest governing body for a group of independent professional wrestling promotions and sanctions various NWA championships. ... The National Wrestling Association was an off-shoot of the National Boxing Association, formed to sanction professional wrestling. ... For the video game, see Pro Wrestling (video game). ... The WWE Championship belt, an example of a championship belt in professional wrestling. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A sport governing body comes in several forms. ...

Contents

History

Territories

Further information: List of NWA territories

National Wrestling Alliance territories are a group of smaller independent professional wrestling promotions that use the NWA name or claim some affiliation with the former governing body, however many of these promotions do not have a strong claim to the original National Wrestling Alliance that existed in the 1940s...

1940s

Before the NWA was founded in 1948, there existed many regional promotions across North America and Japan (each promoting its own “World” champion). However, none of them had backing or recognition outside of their own respective geographic base-areas. The concept of the NWA was to consolidate the championships of these disparate regional companies into one true world championship of pro wrestling, whose holder would be recognized worldwide. A professional wrestling promotion is a company or business that performs regular shows involving professional wrestling. ...


In 1948, Paul "Pinkie" George, a promoter from the Midwest, founded the original version of the National Wrestling Alliance with the backing of five other promoters (Al Haft, Tony Strecher, Harry Light, Orville Brown, and Sam Muchnick). This newly-formed NWA Board of Directors recognized Brown as the first-ever NWA World champion. During the reign of the second NWA World Heavyweight Champion, Lou Thesz (1949-1956), the title was further unified with several more previously-competing "World" titles, such as those recognized jointly by the National Wrestling Association and American Wrestling Alliance (in Boston), plus another version promoted from the Los Angeles Olympic Auditorium. This legitimized the NWA's claim that its title was a “Unified World Title,” and its lineage continues to this very day. The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Orville Brown (10 March 1908–24th January 1981) was a professional wrestler. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Heavyweight Championship is the primary professional wrestling title in the National Wrestling Alliance. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The National Wrestling Association was an off-shoot of the National Boxing Association, formed to sanction professional wrestling. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The territorial system was well-suited to the days before any one wrestling promotion received nation-wide television exposure. The NWA members divided up North America, as well as Japan, into territories that each promoter would “own” and operate in. Having a territory meant that no other NWA member could promote wrestling in that area. If non-NWA promoters tried to promote their show in an NWA territory, then the other member groups were obliged to send stars to help force the intruder out. Reportedly, threats of violence or physical retaliation were used against any promoters (and/or talent) who disregarded the territory system. If any member territory broke the NWA's rules, it faced expulsion, and thus risked missing out on having nationally-known wrestlers appear on their local shows. For most promoters under the NWA umbrella, the benefits of membership were well worth the dues. Usually, the NWA President's territory was the main territory of the entire alliance.


Beyond the benefit of having other promotions to draw on in case of an intruder, each territory also received periodic guest visits from the NWA World Heavyweight Champion. The champion did not have a “home territory” as such, but instead traveled from territory to territory, defending the title against the top stars of each territory. Many promoters would build up to the appearance of "The NWA World Heavyweight Champion" weeks or months in advance, making the local World title matches that much more special, and the shows they headlined more lucrative. In addition, each NWA member promotion usually produced a TV show that aired in their territory only, meaning that the local fans only saw the World champion when he came to their area, not year-round. It was not just the champion that would travel the territories; often, wrestlers from a different area would come into a territory (often the heels / “bad guys”), and run an angle or two with its top local faces ("good guys"). Also, if the local fans ever tired of a wrestler, he could go to a whole new area and perform the same act for new audiences, who would think the act was brand-new. In professional wrestling, a heel is a villain character. ... In professional wrestling, an angle is a fictional storyline. ... In professional wrestling, a face or babyface is a character who is portrayed as heroic relative to the heel wrestlers, who are analagous to villains. ...


1950s

Upon becoming the booker for Lou Thesz in 1950, Muchnick, who was the head of the St. Louis Wrestling Club, became the new NWA President, and maintained that position until 1960, when Minnesota-based wrestler/promoter Verne Gagne broke away from the NWA and formed the rival American Wrestling Association (AWA). Muchnick's replacement at the NWA's helm was Toronto's Frank Tunney; he in turn was succeeded by Fred Kohler, who was the main booker for the new NWA World champion, "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers. Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The St. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Verne Gagne (born February 26, 1926) is a former professional wrestler, trainer and wrestling promoter. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Francis Martin “Frank” Tunney was born on November 12, 1912. ... Fred Kohler (April 20, 1888 – October 28, 1938) was an American actor known for his heavy style of character. ... Nature Boy Buddy Rogers (born Herman C. Rohde Jr. ...


1960s

October 1962 saw Rogers defeat Killer Kowalski, a match which was promoted by Doc Karl Sarpolis, the NWA member promoter in Amarillo, Texas. As a result, Sarpolis rose to the NWA presidency. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Wladek Kowalski Wladek (Walter) Killer Kowalski was a professional wrestler. ... Amarillo redirects here. ...


Rogers became the most popular wrestler of his time, and dominated wrestling shows in the Northeastern U.S. However, the NWA board voted to put the title back on Thesz, a decision which Rogers was loath to accept. Nevertheless, the board's decision prevailed, and Thesz defeated Rogers in Toronto on January 24, 1963. In reaction to the move, the Northeastern member promotion, Capitol Wrestling Corporation, seceded from the NWA and renamed itself the World Wide Wrestling Federation (WWWF), later to be known as World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE). The WWWF, headed by Vince McMahon, Sr. and Toots Mondt, recognized Rogers as its first World champion in April 1963. Although both Verne Gagne and Vince McMahon promoted their own World champions, their promotions continued to have representatives on the NWA Board of Directors and regularly exchanged talent with NWA promotions. The Northeastern United States is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... This article is about Vincent J. McMahon, the former wrestling promoter. ... Toots Mondt(1886-1976) is a former wrestling promoter in the mid-20th century who promoted with Vincent J. McMahon. ...


Decline of the territory system

In the 1980s, video tape trading and cable television paved the way for the eventual death of the NWA's inter-regional business model, as fans could now see for themselves the plot holes and inconsistencies between the different regional storylines. Also, the presence of stars like Ric Flair on TV every week made their special appearances in each region less of a draw. Vince McMahon, Jr., who had bought the WWWF from his father and renamed it the World Wrestling Federation (WWF) in 1982, used these gathering trends, as well as raids of competing promoters' talent pools, to turn his Northeastern territory into the first truly national promotion. To compete against this threat, various NWA promoters, along with the AWA, attempted to co-promote shows under the Pro Wrestling USA banner. However, internal disputes over power and money caused this deal to eventually fall apart. The AWA ended up owning the group's ESPN timeslot, and used it to broadcast its own weekly shows. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Richard Morgan Fliehr[2] (born on February 25, 1949 in Minneapolis, Minnesota[2]) better known by his ring name Ric Flair , is a legendary American professional wrestler of iconic staus signed to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) on its SmackDown! brand. ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 25, 1945) is an American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, former play-by-play announcer, and film producer. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Pro Wrestling USA was a Professional wrestling promotion in the United States of America in the mid 1980s. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ...


Meanwhile, to hold off the threat of the WWF, Charlotte, North Carolina-based Jim Crockett Promotions decided to unify certain NWA territories and "go national" itself. Accordingly, Jim Crockett, Jr. began buying out some of the other NWA member promotions or, in some cases, allowed them to quietly die and just absorbed their rosters. Because of his acquisition spree, and because he failed to consistently match the WWF's ambitious marketing, TV production values, and merchandising, Crockett was facing bankruptcy by the late 1980s. As a result, in 1988 he sold out to Ted Turner's Turner Broadcasting, which re-named the promotion World Championship Wrestling (WCW). In 1991, WCW, which had become the NWA's flagship promotion, realized that the NWA needed it more than it needed the NWA, and so departed the alliance. It continued, however, to claim certain aspects of the NWA's lineage for several of its championships. To make matters even more confusing, WCW spent much of 1992 and 1993 recognizing and promoting both WCW-brand World Champions and NWA-brand World Champions. In September 1993, WCW severed its NWA connections for good, due to a lawsuit over whether or not WCW had the right to select NWA champions without NWA supervision. Charlotte redirects here. ... Jim Crockett Promotions was the name of a professional wrestling promotion owned by Jim Crockett, Jr. ... Jim Crockett, Jr. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For other persons named Ted Turner, see Ted Turner (disambiguation). ... Turner Broadcasting logo Turner Broadcasting System (often abbreviated to Turner), based in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, is the company managing the collection of cable networks and properties started by Robert Edward Ted Turner from the mid-1970s to the late-1990s. ... For the Australian professional wrestling promotion, see World Championship Wrestling (Australia). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


After the AWA's bankruptcy in the early 1990s and the secession of Extreme Championship Wrestling (ECW) in 1994, the NWA was a shell of its former self. Through the mid to late '90s, the all-but-forgotten organization was left with a small collection of independent promotions during the peak of the Monday night ratings war between WCW and the WWF. For the band, see 1990s (band). ... This article is about the independent promotion from 1992-2001. ... The term Monday Night Wars pertains to the period of American professional wrestling from September 4, 1995, to March 26, 2001. ...


NWA today

See also: NWA Hall of Fame

Today, there is still a group of promoters which hold membership in the NWA and continue to use the NWA name, although (with the exception of New Zealand's Steve Rickard) no members are holdovers from the membership of the promotion's "glory days" of the 1940s-1980s. In professional wrestling, the NWA Hall of Fame is an institution that honors selected former employees of the National Wrestling Alliance. ...


In order to join the NWA, a promoter must have been operating for at least one year in a territory uncontested by any other NWA member, and their application must be approved by a majority vote of the Board of Directors -- although, there are numerous exceptions to this bylaw currently within the organization. In August 2005, the presidency of the NWA was dissolved and the duties of the office assumed by the Board of Directors, following the resignation of Ernie Todd (promoter of NWA: Canadian Wrestling Federation). On his promotion's site, not only does he explain his reasons for resigning from the NWA and its Board of Directors, but Todd states that he will be joining AWA Superstars of Wrestling. Other members on the NWA's message board have posted their thoughts on Todd's departure, and his decision to join the AWA. It was announced on the NWA's website on Monday, October 10, 2005, that current NWA legal counsel Bob Trobich would become its new Executive Director. As NWA Executive Director, Trobich will be the primary contact and decision maker for all NWA business. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Executive director is a title given to a person who is the head of an executive branch of an organization or company. ...


Current major promotions

The NWA brand name has been seen most prominently in recent years in conjunction with Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), a former NWA member promotion started by Jeff Jarrett and his promoter father Jerry Jarrett in 2002, which withdrew from the NWA in 2004. In 2004, TNA negotiated a new deal to license the NWA name and the use of the NWA World Heavyweight Championship and the NWA World Tag Team Championship, for ten years. On May 13, 2007, the NWA announced that it had ended this deal, revoked official World Heavyweight and World Tag Team championship statuses from the current (TNA-based) holders, and announced tournaments for both newly-vacated titles. In reality, both sides wanted to end the arrangement, as TNA wanted to brand its own World titles, and the NWA membership wanted final say on (and control of the booking dates for) NWA-brand champions. Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002. ... For the former Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy, see Jeffrey D. Jarrett. ... Jerry W. Jarrett (born September 4, 1942 in Nashville, Tennessee) is an American promoter and professional wrestler, and the father of wrestler Jeff Jarrett. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Heavyweight Championship is the primary professional wrestling title in the National Wrestling Alliance. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Tag Team Championship is the premier tag team title in the NWA. There have been several versions of this title, but the title recognized by the NWA is the version that was recently defended primarily in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). ... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


The most visible NWA member promotion in the United States in recent times was undoubtedly NWA Wildside. It aired 300 consecutive weeks of syndicated television before closing in April 2005, when the promoter, Bill Behrens, signed a deal to work as a television syndicator for WWE. NWA Pro Wrestling, operated out of Los Angeles by David Marquez and John Rivera, has been successful in running arena events throughout the American Southwest using top Lucha Libre stars to draw houses. NWA Pro also has affiliates throughout California, New Jersey, and Australia. NWA Wildside was an American independent professional wrestling promotion based in Cornelia, Georgia, with an office in Atlanta, Georgia, operating between September 1999 and April 2005. ...


The largest and most successful member promotion of the NWA was New Japan Pro Wrestling, the second-largest and most profitable wrestling promotion in the world (after WWE). NJPW was sanctioned by NWA member, and legendary wrestler, Antonio Inoki, who at times has also sanctioned Zero One and the Universal Fighting Organization as NWA promotions. NJPW holds events consistently throughout Japan, and has also run shows in Europe and the United States. However, it is no longer an NWA territory, as Inoki transferred the rights to his Inoki Genome Federation when he left New Japan. New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ... Antonio Inoki (アントニオ猪木), real name Kanji Inoki (猪木寛至 Inoki Kanji, born February 20, 1943) is a retired Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial artist who now resides in New York City. ... Pro Wrestling ZERO1-MAX, formerly known as Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE, is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Inoki Genome Federation (IGF) is a professional wrestling promotion in Japan founded by Antonio Inoki in 2007. ...


History of the NWA Territories

Since its inception in 1948, a long list of promoters have been dues-paying members of the NWA, so many that a complete list is hard to come by. Some famous federations started out in the NWA and then split off to form their own independent organizations.


Breaking away from the NWA

1950s

In 1957, the American Wrestling Association (AWA) broke away from the National Wrestling Alliance due to a dispute over the booking of the world champion. Lou Thesz was scheduled to win back the championship, despite the popularity Pat O'Connor had attained after winning it in 1959 and successfully starting the television program Wrestling At The Chase. The AWA named the then-NWA World Heavyweight Champion Pat O’Connor the first AWA World Heavyweight Championship and then gave him ninety days to defend the title. When O’Connor did not defend due to contractual obligations to the NWA, he was stripped of the title and Verne Gagne, promoter of the AWA, was named the champion. In reality, Verne was the first active world champion for the AWA. Initially, the AWA promoted out of Minnesota, and usually only ventured outside their “home territory” when working with local promoters like Jerry Jarrett in Memphis, who booked the AWA World Heavyweight Champions through the late 1970s and 1980s. When Vince McMahon started to expand to a national level, the AWA tried to counter him by working together with various federations in the “Pro Wrestling USA” initiative. In the end, the AWA folded in 1991, when their attendance fell to unprofitable levels. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Patrick Pat OConnor was a professional wrestler from New Zealand who won several world titles. ... The AWA World Heavyweight Championship belt. ... Verne Gagne (born February 26, 1926) is a former professional wrestler, trainer and wrestling promoter. ... Jerry W. Jarrett (born September 4, 1942 in Nashville, Tennessee) is an American promoter and professional wrestler, and the father of wrestler Jeff Jarrett. ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 25, 1945) is an American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, former play-by-play announcer, and film producer. ... Pro Wrestling USA was a Professional wrestling promotion in the United States of America in the mid 1980s. ...


1960s

Another promoter who broke away from the NWA and formed his own federation was New York promoter Vincent J. McMahon who ran the Capitol Wrestling Corporation. In 1963, the NWA World Heavyweight Champion was ”Nature Boy” Buddy Rogers. Rogers had started his career in the northeastern territories, and several members of the NWA felt slighted by the fact that Rogers rarely defended outside this area. After much politicking, Buddy Rogers lost the NWA title in Toronto, causing McMahon to withdraw from the NWA and create the World Wide Wrestling Federation (now World Wrestling Entertainment). The WWWF claimed that Buddy Rogers won a title tournament in Rio De Janeiro, a tournament that did not in fact exist. This fiction was thought to look better than just awarding the WWWF title to Rogers. The WWE is still in existence today, and is, in fact, the largest wrestling promotion in the world. This article is about Vincent J. McMahon, the former wrestling promoter. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... World Wrestling Entertainment, Inc. ... This article is about the Brazilian city. ...


1980s

In the 1980s, NWA member Georgia Championship Wrestling (GCW) was sold to Vince McMahon, Jr. and merged into the WWF. The WWF thus took over GCW’s long time TV slot on TBS. The purchase got the attention of Ted Turner, who is a wrestling fan. Turner is reported to have approached Vince to buy a share in the WWF but to have been turned down. In turn, Turner bought Jim Crockett Promotions (JCP), which was one of the most powerful territories in the NWA. JCP was renamed World Championship Wrestling (WCW), and with the backing of Turner’s money grew into a national promotion. With time, WCW became the main NWA territory with the JCP versions of the tag-team, United States, and Television Champions being recognized on a national scale. Up until this point only the NWA World Heavyweight Championship and NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship had had national recognition. WCW was still a member of the NWA, but with time felt that the NWA needed WCW more than WCW needed the backing of the NWA, especially since both WCW and the WWF toured the entire country instead of staying within a confined territory. Georgia Championship Wrestling was a professional wrestling promotion whose self-titled TV program aired in the 1970s and 1980s on U.S. cable channel TBS (Turner Broadcasting System). ... Vincent Kennedy McMahon (born August 24, 1945) is a American wrestling promoter, occasional professional wrestler, on-screen personality, and former play-by-play announcer. ... For other persons named Ted Turner, see Ted Turner (disambiguation). ... Jim Crockett Promotions was the name of a professional wrestling promotion owned by Jim Crockett, Jr. ... For the Australian professional wrestling promotion, see World Championship Wrestling (Australia). ... The NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship was a secondary title in the National Wrestling Alliance that was for the lighter wrestlers. ...


In 1986, promoter Fritz Von Erich withdrew World Class Championship Wrestling (WCCW) from the NWA in a bid to become a national promotion. They joined up with another former NWA member, Continental Wrestling Association and the AWA to try to compete with WCW and the WWF, but soon fell apart due to interpromotional politics. WCCW and the CWA later merged to form the United States Wrestling Association. The USWA folded in 1997. Jack Barton Adkisson (August 16, 1929 - September 10, 1997) was an American professional wrestler under the ring name Fritz Von Erich, better known today as a wrestling promoter and the patriarch of the Von Erich wrestling family. ... Not to be confused with World Championship Wrestling. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Non notable wrestling promotion, no third party sources, fails WP:CORP If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... The United States Wrestling Association or USWA was a professional wrestling promotional organization based in Memphis, Tennessee. ...


Abroad, the defections of Empresa Mexicana de Lucha Libre, All Japan Pro Wrestling and New Japan Pro Wrestling in the mid-1980s was mostly regionalized as not many American fans followed or even knew about these promotions. The Logo of CMLL Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) is a lucha libre promotion based in Mexico City while running cards in Guadalajara and Puebla. ... All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) (全日本プロレス, zen nihon puroresu) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established in 1972. ... New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ...


1990s

In 1991, World Championship Wrestling officially separated from the NWA. While it is believed by some that the NWA World title was simply renamed the "WCW World title" that is not the case. Ric Flair -- who had just defeated Sting to regain the NWA World championship was recognized as the first WCW World champion in 1991 as of this win. Flair was simultaneously recognised as the World champion of both the NWA and WCW (except for a short NWA title reign by Tatsumi Fujinami) until he left WCW over a dispute with top man Jim Herd (with the actual title belt in his possession) to join the WWF. Upon leaving Flair was stripped of the WCW World title causing the separation of the WCW and NWA titles, but continued to be recognized as the NWA World champion until his arrival in the WWF a few months later when he was officially stripped of the NWA World title as well. Afterwards, the NWA World title lay dormant for a year, until New Japan Pro Wrestling hosted a tournament to crown a new champion, a champion that was recognized as the “NWA Heavyweight Champion” on WCW broadcasts. In 1993, WCW withdrew completely from the NWA, and, despite Ric Flair's possession of the physical belt, made no mention of the NWA name on air after the split. For the Australian professional wrestling promotion, see World Championship Wrestling (Australia). ... Tatsumi Fujinami (Fujinami Tatsumi, 藤波辰巳) is a Japanese professional wrestler who is famous for his gimmick as The Dragon. He is the one who is credited for inventing the Dragon Sleeper and the Dragon Suplex. ... New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ...


Another federation that withdrew from the NWA to operate on their own was Mid-South Sports. Originally owned by Leroy McGuirk (who booked the NWA World Jr. Heavyweight Champion for the NWA), the promotion was sold to Bill Watts in 1979. Watts changed the name of the promotion to Mid South Sports and declined to join the NWA. Watts did have a working agreement and exchanged talent with Jim Crockett Jr., allowing him to book the NWA World Champion. In 1986, Watts renamed the promotion the Universal Wrestling Federation in a bid to expand nationally, but was eventually brought out by Jim Crockett Promotions in March 1987, after going bankrupt. Bill Watts, (born May 5, 1939 in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma), is a former American professional wrestler and promoter. ... The name Universal Wrestling Federation may refer to: An American professional wrestling promotion, forerunner to the WCW. See Universal Wrestling Federation (United States). ...


In 1994, Philadelphia-based Eastern Championship Wrestling (ECW) withdrew their membership from the NWA in somewhat spectacular fashion. As one of the most popular independent federations of the early 1990s, they hosted a tournament to crown a new NWA World Heavyweight Champion after WCW had withdrawn from the Alliance. The finals of the tournament saw Shane Douglas defeat 2 Cold Scorpio for the world title. Then, in a surprising turn, Douglas threw the title belt to the ground, claiming that he did not want to be the champion of a federation that died “seven years before” (when JCP was sold to Turner). He then announced that ECW's new name was Extreme Championship Wrestling, and he was the ECW World heavyweight champion. Troy Shane Martin (born November 21, 1964) is an American semi-retired professional wrestler who is better known by his ring name, Shane Douglas. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... This article is about the independent promotion from 1992-2001. ...


2000s

The latest promotion to split away from the NWA in a bid to become the "number two" national wrestling federation is Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). TNA was founded in 2002 as NWA: TNA and quickly came to hold exclusive booking rights to the two NWA world titles (Heavyweight and Tag-Team). In 2004, TNA withdrew from the NWA, but cut a deal with the Alliance to keep the promotional rights to the NWA World Heavyweight and Tag Team championships until 2014, thus leaving the NWA without an official world heavyweight title for the first time since its inception. However, due to TNA not reporting to the NWA about title changes in accordance to NWA bylaws, TNA and NWA worked out a split and the titles were returned to the NWA on May 13, 2007. The NWA began a tournament in June 2007 to crown a new NWA World Heavyweight Champion. Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA) is an American professional wrestling promotion founded by Jeff Jarrett and his father Jerry Jarrett in May 2002. ...


In July 2007, the NWA announced that it would begin airing programming on the national CoLours TV network later in the year.[1] CoLours TV is a multicultural TV network produced by the non-profit organization Black Star Communications. ...


Regional promotions of the past

Several smaller promotions that were once cornerstones of the NWA ceased to exist as the WWF and WCW grew to national levels. Pacific Northwest Wrestling (PNW) was one of the main NWA territories into the 1980s, but, due to the aging of promoter Don Owen and dwindling profit, PNW closed down in 1992. Another territory that was once considered a main territory of the NWA was promoter and two-time NWA President Sam Muchnick’s St. Louis-based promotion, the St. Louis Wrestling Club, which ran until 1982 and was then sold to a promotion that Jim Crockett Promotion absorbed in 1985 in their attempt to create a national federation. NWA Mid-America, booked by Nick Gulas, and the Continental Wrestling Federation, booked by the Fullers, both folded in the 1980s, but were long-time members. Southwest Championship Wrestling out of San Antonio, Texas was a member from 1978 until it was bought by WCCW in 1985. When Detroit promoter and NWA Member Ed Farhat made several wrestling appearances as the Sheik in an “Outlaw Territory,” his promotion, Big Time Wrestling, was expelled from the NWA, since that was against the charter of the NWA. Another American former NWA member is Ohio Valley Wrestling, which was a member until it was made a WWF developmental territory in 2001. Pacific Northwest Wresting (PNW) was a Portland, Oregon based professional wrestling company. ... Don Owen (1912-2002) was a professional wrestling promoter working out of Portland, Oregon. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... The St. ... Nick Gulas was a legendary Pro Wrestling Promoter in the south who started the careers of stars such as Tojo Yamamoto, Jackie Fargo & Jerry The King Lawler in the 60s & 70s, The Bounty Hunters w/ Jimmy Kent and the Interns w/ Dr. Ken Ramey in the 70s... Southwest Championship Wrestling (SWCW) was a professional wrestling promotion that was owned by Joseph Blanchard and based in San Antonio, Texas, from 1978 to 1985, when it was purchased by Texas All-Star Wrestling and absorbed into that company. ... San Antonio redirects here. ... Edward George Farhat (June 7, 1924 - January 18, 2003) was a professional wrestler best known as The Sheik (or The Original Sheik to distinguish him from the wrestler the Iron Sheik of the 1980s). ... Ohio Valley Wrestling (OVW) is an American independent professional wrestling promotion based in Louisville, Kentucky. ...


The NWA is not an organization restricted to the United States alone. At various points, promotions in Mexico, Canada, the Caribbean, Japan and Australia were members of the Alliance, further strengthening the “World” aspect of the group. Frank Tunney Sports was a Canadian promotion that was a long-time member of the NWA, with it’s promoter serving as the NWA President in the early 1960s. Frank Tunney Sports withdrew from the NWA when it was incorporated into the WWF in 1984. Maple Leaf Wrestling was the unofficial name in the 1970s and 1980s of the professional wrestling promotion run by Frank Tunney in Toronto. ...


Another Canadian federation that was a key player in the NWA, until being bought by the WWF in the 1980s, was Stu Hart’s Stampede Wrestling in Calgary, Alberta. When Stampede was reborn in 1999, it did not become a member of the NWA. Another Canadian territory, encompassing Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, was known as the Eastern Sports Association, and operated only in the summer months. The federation dissolved in 1977, and promoter Al Zink’s subsequent ventures into wrestling were not affiliated with the NWA. Out of Vancouver, British Columbia came promoters Gene Kiniski and Sandor Kovac’s NWA All Star Wrestling, which was a member until 1985, and then recognized a fictitious sanctioning body known as the “Universal Wrestling Alliance". Stewart Edward Stu Hart, CM (May 3, 1915 – October 16, 2003) was a Canadian amateur wrestler, professional wrestler, promoter and trainer. ... Stampede Wrestling is a Canadian professional wrestling promotion based in Calgary, Alberta that for decades produced a weekly television series that is considered the forerunner of todays WWE. // Stampede Wrestling was operated by Stu Hart between 1948 and 1984. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English, Canadian Gaelic Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Eastern Sports Association was a Canadian professional wrestling promotion based in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Gene Kiniski was a professional wrestler. ... NWA All Star Wrestling is a former Canadian professional wrestling promotion, based in Vancouver, British Columbia. ...


In Mexico, the primary NWA member was Empresa Mexicana de la Lucha Libre (now called CMLL). Founded in 1933, it precedes the creation of the NWA. EMLL joined with the NWA later on, but broke away from the group in 1980. Despite not being a member of the NWA since 1980, CMLL still recognizes three titles with NWA lineage: NWA World Light Heavyweight Championship, NWA World Middleweight Championship & NWA World Welterweight Championship, which are all unsanctioned and only defended at CMLL events. Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre (CMLL) (Spanish for Worldwide Wrestling Council) is a Lucha Libre promotion based in Mexico City while running cards in Guadalajara, Puebla and elsewhere in central and southern Mexico. ... NWA WORLD LIGHT HEAVYWEIGHT TITLE HISTORY 1. ... The NWA World Middleweight Championship is a professional wrestling championship promoted by Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. ... NATIONAL WRESTLING ALLIANCE WORLD WELTERWEIGHT TITLE El Santo 46/03/15 Mexico City Defeats Pete Pancof. ...


In the Caribbean, long-time promotion the World Wrestling Council, owned by Carlos Colon and based out of Puerto Rico, was a member from 1973 until 1988, when the territory concept became semi-obsolete due to WCW’s growth. Rival Puerto Rican promotion International Wrestling Association, founded in 1994 by Victor Quiñones, was a member of the NWA from its inception until its withdrawal in 2001. The World Wrestling Council is one of Puerto Ricos two main professional wrestling promotions, the other one being the International Wrestling Association. ... Carlos Colon (born July 18, 1945 in Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico) better known in the Puerto Rican professional wrestling circles as Carlitos Colon, is considered by many to be the greatest wrestler ever from Puerto Rico. ... International Wrestling Associations logo The International Wrestling Association (IWA) is a wrestling promotion in Puerto Rico. ... Victor Quiñones (died 2006) was the founder and owner of International Wrestling Association. ...


The NWA’s presence in Japan was established in 1953, when legendary Japanese wrestler/promoter Rikidozan founded Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance, which quickly became the main promotion in Japan. In 1972, JPWA’s two top draws Giant Baba and Antonio Inoki left to form their own federations, All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) and New Japan Pro Wrestling (NJPW) respectively. As a result, JPWA soon folded. AJPW became an NWA member upon its inception in 1973, and stayed with the Alliance until the late 1980s. NJPW was also a member of the NWA at various points between 1975 and 1985, mainly in order to gain control of the NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship. In 1992 and 1993, NJPW joined with the NWA once more to re-establish and promote the NWA World Heavyweight Championship, but left the NWA when WCW withdrew. Rikidōzan (Japanese: 力道山, Korean: 역도산, November 14, 1924 - December 15, 1963) was a professional wrestler, known as the Father of Puroresu and one of the most influential men in wrestling history. ... Nihon Puroresu Kyōkai (日本プロレス協会, Japan Pro Wrestling Alliance or Japan[ese] Wrestling Association) was the first professional wrestling promotion to be based in Japan. ... Shohei Baba (1938–1999) was a professional wrestler and co-founder of All Japan Pro Wrestling. ... Antonio Inoki (アントニオ猪木), real name Kanji Inoki (猪木寛至 Inoki Kanji, born February 20, 1943) is a retired Japanese professional wrestler and mixed martial artist who now resides in New York City. ... All Japan Pro Wrestling (AJPW) (全日本プロレス, zen nihon puroresu) is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion established in 1972. ... New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ... The NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship was a secondary title in the National Wrestling Alliance that was for the lighter wrestlers. ...


NJPW returned to the NWA in 2004, again mainly for the NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship, and it is not a connection that is strongly emphasized these days. Between NJPW's departure in 1993 and its return in 2004, NWA representation in Japan was scattered among a few independent promotions: International Wrestling Association of Japan (1994-96); Wrestle Yume Factory (1995-97), Universal Fighting Organization (1999-2000); and Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE (2001-04). International Wrestling Association of Japan, more commonly known as IWA Japan, is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion operating since 1994. ... Pro Wrestling ZERO-ONE is a Japanese professional wrestling promotion founded in 2001. ...


In June 2007, it was announced that Inoki Genome Federation would replace NJPW as the Japanese affiliate of the National Wrestling Alliance.[2] Inoki Genome Federation (IGF) is a professional wrestling promotion in Japan founded by Antonio Inoki in 2007. ...


Presidents of the NWA

Since the NWA was founded in 1948, there have been 20 different Presidents of the company. In 2005, at the NWA's annual meeting, the position of President was abandoned in favor of the position of "Executive Director". Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

# President Term Home promotion
1 Paul "Pinkie" George 19481950 NWA Iowa
2 Sam Muchnick 19501960 Sam Muchnick Sports Attractions /
St. Louis Wrestling Club
3 Frank Tunney 19601961 Maple Leaf Wrestling
4 Fred Kohler 19611962 NWA Chicago
5 Karl Sarpolis 19621963 NWA Western States Sports
6 Sam Muchnick 19631975 St. Louis Wrestling Club
7 Jack Adkisson (Fritz Von Erich) 19751976 World Class Championship Wrestling
8 Edward Gossett (Eddie Graham) 19761978 Championship Wrestling from Florida
9 Bob Geigel 19781980 Central States Wrestling
10 Jim Crockett, Jr. 19801982 Jim Crockett Promotions
11 Bob Geigel 19821985 Central States Wrestling
12 Jim Crockett, Jr. 19851986 Jim Crockett Promotions
13 Bob Geigel 19861987 Central States Wrestling
14 Jim Crockett, Jr. 19871991 Jim Crockett Promotions
15 Jim Herd 19911992 World Championship Wrestling
16 Seiji Sakaguchi 19921993 New Japan Pro Wrestling
17 Howard Brody1 19931995 NWA Florida
Dennis Coralluzzo Championship Wrestling America
Steve Rickard All-Star Pro Wrestling
18 Steve Rickard 19951996 All-Star Pro Wrestling
19 Howard Brody 19962001 NWA Florida
20 Jim Miller 20012002 Pro Wrestling eXpress
21 Richard Arpin 20022003 NWA Tri-State
22 Bill Behrens 20032004 NWA Wildside
23 Ernie Todd 20042005 Canadian Wrestling Federation
24 Robert Trobich2 2005

1 Brody replaced Jim Crockett, Jr. a short time into this term.
2 Trobich is the NWA's first Executive Director, after the Presidential position was abandoned at the 2005 NWA annual meeting. Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sam Munchnick was a professional wrestling promoter from Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The St. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Maple Leaf Wrestling was a celebrated NWA territory promoted out of Toronto’s Maple Leaf Gardens for nearly 50 years and run by Frank Tunney, who incorporated Tunney Sports out of the Queensbury Athletic Club before serving as NWA President from 1960-61. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jack Barton Adkisson (August 16, 1929 - September 10, 1997) was an American professional wrestler under the ring name Fritz Von Erich, better known today as a wrestling promoter and the patriarch of the Von Erich wrestling family. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with World Championship Wrestling. ... Eddie Graham Edward Gossett was a professional wrestler better known as Eddie Graham. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... The following article refers to the commonly misnamed Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Heart of America Sports Attractions (also known as Central States Wrestling) is an American professional wrestling promotion. ... Jim Crockett, Jr. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Jim Crockett Promotions was the name of a professional wrestling promotion owned by Jim Crockett, Jr. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Jim Herd Jim Herd was the Executive Vice-President of World Championship Wrestling from 1989 to 1992, following Turner Broadcastings acquisition of the NWA-affiliated Jim Crockett Promotions in 1988. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... For the Australian professional wrestling promotion, see World Championship Wrestling (Australia). ... Seiji Sakaguchi (坂口征二, born February 17, 1942) is a retired Japanese professional wrestler who was a mainstay of All Japan Pro Wrestling and also competed for the World Wide Wrestling Federation and the National Wrestling Alliance. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... New Japan Pro Wrestling (新日本プロレス, shin nihon puroresu) is a major professional wrestling federation in Japan, founded by Antonio Inoki in 1972. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... The following article refers to the commonly misnamed Championship Wrestling from Florida (CWF). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... NWA Wildside was an American independent professional wrestling promotion based in Cornelia, Georgia, with an office in Atlanta, Georgia, operating between September 1999 and April 2005. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Current champions

Championship Current champion(s) Date won
NWA World Heavyweight Championship Adam Pearce September 1, 2007
NWA North American Heavyweight Championship Damien Wayne August 24, 2007
NWA National Heavyweight Championship Pepper Parks October 20th 2007
NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship Mike Quackenbush May 11, 2007
NWA World Tag Team Championship Karl Anderson & Joey Ryan July 8, 2007
NWA World Women's Championship Amazing Kong May 5, 2007

Upon its founding in 1948, the NWA Board of Directors recognized only three championships as world titles. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Heavyweight Championship is the primary professional wrestling title in the National Wrestling Alliance. ... Scrap Iron Adam Pearce (born June 24, 1978), is an American professional wrestler. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The NWA North American Heavyweight Championship is a secondary title in the National Wrestling Alliance that was created in 1994 after World Championship Wrestling withdrew from the NWA. From 1998 through 2000, the title was the major championship in Music City Wrestling. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... NWA National Heavyweight Championship. ... October 20 is the 293rd day of the year (294th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 72 days remaining. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The NWA World Junior Heavyweight Championship was a secondary title in the National Wrestling Alliance that was for the lighter wrestlers. ... This article is about the American professional wrestler, for the Irish football (soccer) player, see Michael Spillane (football). ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Tag Team Championship is the premier tag team title in the NWA. There have been several versions of this title, but the title recognized by the NWA is the version that was recently defended primarily in Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA). ... REDIRECT Karl_Machine_Gun_Anderson ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The NWA World Womens Championship is the National Wrestling Alliances womens singles professional wrestling title. ... Amazing Kong, born Kia Stevens[4] is an American professional wrestler, active in both Japan and the United States. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Notes

  1. ^ http://youtube.com/watch?v=FgTK9Zooqpk
  2. ^ http://www.pwinsiderxtra.com/ViewArticle.asp?id=7282&p=1

External links


 
 

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