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Encyclopedia > National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty
The standard of the National Trust
The standard of the National Trust

The National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty, usually known as The National Trust, is a British preservation organization. The trust does not operate in Scotland, where there is an independent National Trust for Scotland. Standard of the the National Trust File links The following pages link to this file: National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty ... Standard of the the National Trust File links The following pages link to this file: National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty ... ... The standard of the NTS The National Trust for Scotland, or NTS, describes itself as The conservation charity that protects and promotes Scotlands natural and cultural heritage for present and future generations to enjoy. ...

According to its website:

"The National Trust works to preserve and protect the coastline, countryside and buildings of England, Wales and Northern Ireland. We do this in a range of ways, through practical caring and conservation, through educating and informing, and through encouraging millions of people to enjoy their national heritage."



The Trust was founded on January 12, 1895 by Octavia Hill (18381912), Robert Hunter (18441913) and Canon Hardwicke Rawnsley (18511920), prompted in part by the earlier success of Charles Eliot and the Kyrle Society. In the early days it was concerned primarily with protecting open spaces and a variety of threatened buildings; its first property was Alfriston Clergy House and its first nature reserve was Wicken Fen. The focus on country houses and gardens which now comprise the majority of its most visited properties came about in the mid 20th century when it was realised that the private owners of many of these properties were no longer able to afford to maintain them. James Lees-Milne played a central role in the main phase of the Trust's country house acquisition programme. January 12 is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Octavia Hill (Wisbech, 1838 - 1912) was an English social reformer, particularly concerned with the welfare of the inhabitants of cities, specifically London, in the second half of the 19th century. ... 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Sir Robert Hunter (born in 1844 at Camberwell, London, England–November, 1913) was a solicitor, civil servant and co-founder of the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1913 (MCMXIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Canon Hardwicke Drummond Rawnsley (born on September 29, 1851 at Shiplake-on-Thames near Henley-on-Thames, died in 1920 at Allan Bank, Grasmere, Cumbria, England) was a clergyman, poet, writer of hymns and one of the co-founders of the National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Charles Eliot (1959-1897), noted American landscape architect. ... Miranda Hill (1836-1910), English social reformer. ... Alfriston Clergy House in East Sussex, England, was the first property to be acquired by the National Trust (1896). ... A nature reserve (natural reserve, nature preserve, natural preserve) is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna or features of geological or other special interest, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for study or research. ... Wicken Lode Wicken Fen is a wetland nature reserve situated in the village of Wicken, in Cambridgeshire, the United Kingdom. ... In Britain (and also in Ireland) the term country house generally refers to a large house which was built on an agricultural estate as the private residence of the landowner. ... James Lees-Milne (1908-1997) was an English writer and expert on country houses. ...

One of the biggest crises in the Trust's history erupted at the 1967 Annual general meeting, when the leadership of the trust was accused of being out of touch and placing too much emphasis on conserving country houses. In response, the Council asked Sir Henry Benson to chair an Advisory Committee to review the structure of the trust. Following the publication of the Benson Report in 1968 much of the administration of the trust was devolved to the regions. Membership was 226,200 when the Trust celebrated its 75th anniversary in 1970. By 1975 it was 500,000; the one million mark was reached in 1981 and two million in 1990.

In 1990s a dispute over whether stag hunting should be permitted on National Trust land caused bitter disputes within the organisation, but it did little to slow down the growth in member numbers. In 2005 the number of members reached 3.4 million. That year, the trust moved to a new head office in Swindon. The building was constructed on an abandoned railway yard, and is intended as a model of brownfield renewal. It is named Heelis, for the writer Beatrix Potter, who was one of the National Trust's most important benefactors and whose married name was Mrs Heelis. [1] In game theory, the Stag Hunt is a game first discussed by Jean-Jacques Rousseau. ... Swindon is a large town located in the South West of England, in the county of Wiltshire. ... In town planning, brownfield land is an area of land previously used or built upon, as opposed to industry or mining and therefore may be contaminated by hazardous waste or pollution. ... Potters illustration of her anthropomorphic rabbits — in this case the married cousins, Benjamin and Flopsy Bunny (with Peter Rabbit in the background), from The Tale of the Flopsy Bunnies Beatrix Potter, or Helen Beatrix Potter (July 28, 1866 – December 22, 1943) was a British childrens book author and...

Governance and funding

The Trust is constituted by the National Trust Acts 19071971, but it is a private charity rather than a government institution (English Heritage and its equivalents in other parts of the United Kingdom are government bodies which perform some functions which overlap with the work of the National Trust). The Acts grant the Trust the unique statutory right to declare land inalienable—which prevents the land from being sold or mortgaged against the Trust's wishes without parliamentary intervention. 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1971 (MCMLXXI) is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

The Trust is one of the largest membership organisations in the world, with over three million members, whose annual subscriptions are its most important source of income. There is a separate organisation called the Royal Oak Foundation for American supporters. The members elect the council of the National Trust, and may propose and vote on motions at the annual general meeting.

At an operational level the trust is organised into regions which are aligned with the official local government regions. Its headquarters are in Swindon. Swindon is a large town located in the South West of England, in the county of Wiltshire. ...

For the year ended 28 February 2005, the Trust's total income was £315 million, or £253.1 million excluding the costs of its "Enterprises" division. The largest sources of this £253.1 million were: membership subscriptions 36%; legacies 20%; rents 10%; other investment income 10%. Expenses included £91.4 million for routine property maintenance costs and £61.4 million for capital projects. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

The Trust's investment fund was over £715 million, not counting the substantial value of the farms and properties on its country estates. Most of this is in tied funds which support specific properties and projects.

What the National Trust owns

Historic houses and gardens

The trust owns over two hundred historic houses. The majority of these are country houses. Most of the houses have important gardens attached to them, and the Trust also owns some important gardens which are not attached to a house. The properties include some of the most famous stately homes in the country and some of the key gardens in the history of British gardening.

Coast and countryside

The Trust's land holdings total around 2,480 square kilometres (956 mile²), which is around one and a half percent of England, Wales and Northern Ireland. A large proportion of this consists of the parks and agricultural estates attached to its country houses, but there are also many countryside properties which were acquired specifically for their scenic or scientific value. It owns or protects roughly one fifth of the coast in England, Wales and Northern Ireland (704 miles / 1,126 km), and has a long-term campaign, Project Neptune, which seeks to acquire more.

Other properties

In recent years the Trust has sought to broaden its activities and appeal by acquiring properties such as former mills (early factories), workhouses and Paul McCartney's and John Lennon's childhood homes. A factory (previously manufactory) is a large industrial building where goods or products are manufactured. ... The Poor Law was the system for the provision of social security in operation in England and the United Kingdom from the 16th century until the establishment of the Welfare State in the 20th century. ... Paul McCartney, as photographed by John Kelley for the 1968 LP The Beatles (aka The White Album). Sir James Paul McCartney, MBE (born June 18, 1942) is a British singer, musician and songwriter, who first came to prominence as a member of The Beatles. ... John Winston Ono Lennon (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980) was best known as a singer, songwriter, poet and guitarist for the British rock band The Beatles. ...

Other activities

The trust makes a substantial part of its income from commercial activities, including gift shops, restaurants, publishing, package holidays and holiday cottage lettings. It also runs working holidays for volunteers.

Most visited properties

The 2004–05 annual report contains a list of all National Trust properties for which an admission charge is made that attracted more than 50,000 thousand visitors in the year. The top ten were:

  1. Wakehurst Place Garden — 420,831
  2. Stourhead — 335,265
  3. Fountains Abbey & Studley Royal — 299,728
  4. Polesden Lacey — 287,010
  5. Waddesdon Manor — 286,557
  6. St Michael's Mount — 206,557
  7. Lanhydrock House — 205,867
  8. Chartwell — 184,078
  9. Sheffield Park Garden — 169,952
  10. Corfe Castle — 168,377

Wakehurst Place Garden is located in Ardingly in West Sussex in southern England. ... The Temple of Apollo high on a hill overlooking the gardens. ... Fountains Abbey in Yorkshire is a Cistercian monastery first founded A.D. 1132. ... Polesden Lacey Polesden Lacey is an Edwardian house at Great Bookham, near Dorking, Surrey, England and a National Trust property. ... Waddesdon Manor is a mansion at Waddesdon in Buckinghamshire, built between 1874 and 1889 for Baron Ferdinand de Rothschild (1839-1898) of the Rothschild banking dynasty, who was Member of Parliament for nearby Aylesbury. ... St. ... Lanhydrock in 1880. ... Chartwell, located two miles south of Westerham, Kent, England, was the home of Winston Churchill. ... Sheffield Park Gardens See also Sheffield Park (constituency) for the district of Sheffield. ... Corfe Castle from the south Corfe village and castle Corfe Castle, in Dorset, England, is a small village and ruined castle situated in a gap in the Purbeck Hills five miles south of Wareham. ...

Lists of National Trust properties

National Trust Properties in England is a link page for any stately home, historic house, castle, abbey, museum or other property in the care of the National Trust in England. ... National Trust Properties in Wales Carmarthenshire Dinefwr Park Ceredigion Mwnt Clwyd Bodnant Garden Gwynedd Pembrokeshire Barafundle Broadhaven Colby Woodland Garden Marloes Sands Martins Haven Stackpole Tudor Merchants House, Tenby (Dinbych-y-Pysgod) Powys Powys Castle See also: National Trust Properties in England, National Trust Properties in Northern Ireland... -1...

External links

  • The National Trust website
  • Annual report for 2004–05, including financial data (PDF document)

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

See also



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