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Encyclopedia > National Transportation Safety Board
National Transportation
Safety Board
Official seal and emblem
Official seal and emblem
Agency overview
Formed April 1, 1967
Preceding Agency Civil Aeronautics Board
Jurisdiction Federal government of the United States
Headquarters 490 L'Enfant Plaza, SW, Washington, D.C.
Employees 359 (2006)
Annual Budget $76.7 million USD (2006)
Agency Executives Mark Rosenker, Chairman
 
Robert Sumwalt, Vice Chairman
Website
www.ntsb.gov

The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent organization responsible for investigation of accidents involving aviation, highway, marine, pipelines and railroads in the United States. It is charged by the U.S. Congress to investigate every civil aviation accident in the United States, as well as significant accidents in other modes of transportation (such as the Big Bayou Canot train disaster near Mobile, Alabama). The organization is also in charge of investigating cases of hazardous waste releases that occur from modes of transportation. Mark Rosenker was appointed as Vice Chairman in 2003 and Acting Chairman in March 2005. He has held the position of the Chairman since August 2006. Robert Sumwalt is the vice chairman. The board is based in Washington, D.C. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links US-NTSB-Seal. ... is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Governments have played an important part in shaping air transportation. ... This article describes the government of the United States. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Independent agencies of the United States government are those that exist outside of the departments of the executive branch. ... A railing accidentally collapses at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines An accident is something going wrong unexpectedly. ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A container ship // Water transport redirects here. ... railroads redirects here. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Capt. ... The Big Bayou Canot train disaster of September 22, 1993 is the worst train wreck in the history of the United States passenger railroad company Amtrak. ... It has been suggested that List of people from Mobile, Alabama be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article describes hazardous waste as a substance; for the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal see Basel Convention Put simply, a Hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and generally exhibits one... Mode of transport is a general term for the different kinds of transportation of people or cargo: Car Truck Ship Aircraft ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

It was established as an independent organization in 1967, taking over the investigative functions of the Civil Aeronautics Board, among other duties. Originally established with strong ties to the US Department of Transportation, these ties were later severed under the Independent Safety Board Act of 1975. The organization receives its authority from Chapter 11, Title 49 of the United States Code. It has investigated over 124,000 aviation incidents since its establishment. Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Governments have played an important part in shaping air transportation. ... The United States Department of Transportation (DOT) is a Cabinet department of the United States government concerned with transport. ... The United States Code (U.S.C.) is a compilation and codification of the general and permanent federal law of the United States. ...


Organization

The board has five members appointed by the President for five year terms, one of whom is designated the chairman by the U.S. President and then approved by the U.S. Senate for a fixed 2-year term. Another member is designated as vice chairman, and becomes acting chairman when there is no formal chairman.


No more than three of the five members can be from the same political party[1].


Organization within the Board is composed of separate sub-offices for highway safety, maritime safety, aviation safety, railroad, pipeline, and hazardous material investigations, research and engineering, recommendations and communications, academy and administrative law judges. These sub-offices report to the Office of Management.


Investigations

The NTSB is normally the lead organization in the investigation of a transportation accident within its sphere. However, this power can be surrendered to other organizations if the US Attorney General declares the case to be linked to an intentional criminal act. This occurred during the investigation of the September 11th, 2001 attacks, when the US Justice Department took over the investigation. The United States Attorney General is the head of the United States Department of Justice concerned with legal affairs and is the chief law enforcement officer of the United States government. ... The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks carried out in the United States on September 11, 2001. ... The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the law and to ensure fair and impartial administration of justice for all Americans. ...


An investigation of an incident within the United States typically starts with the creation of a "go team", composed of specialists in fields relating to the incident. This is followed by the designation of other organizations or corporations as parties to the investigation. The Board may then choose to hold public hearings on the issue. Finally, it will compose a final statement and may issue safety recommendations.


The NTSB may investigate incidents or accidents occurring outside the United States under certain circumstances. These may include:

  • accidents or incidents occurring to American-registered or American-owned aircraft in foreign airspace if the aircraft both departed and was scheduled to land in the United States. This has happened on rare occasion with respect to flights to and within Alaska that have crashed in Canada. [2]
  • accidents or incidents occurring to American-registered or American-owned aircraft in countries without a transportation investigative board. [3] [4]

The NTSB, if asked, will also provide technical and other advice for a fee to transportation investigative boards in countries that do not have the equipment or specialized technicians available to undertake all aspects of a complex investigation.


See also

Governments have played an important part in shaping air transportation. ... Air safety is a broad term encompassing the theory, investigation and categorization of flight failures, and the prevention of such failures through appropriate regulation, as well as through education and training. ... Capt. ... Church bus and school bus safety issues have always been closely-related in the United States. ... The Transportation Safety Board (Bureau de la Securite des Transports du Canada) is the Canadian agency responsible for maintaining transportation safety in Canada. ... The Air Accidents Investigation Branch investigates air accidents in the United Kingdom. ... The Bureau dEnquêtes et dAnalyses pour la sécurité de lAviation Civile (BEA) is an agency of the French government, responsible for investigating aviation accidents and making safety recommendations based on what is learned from those investigations. ... The Bundesstelle für Flugunfalluntersuchung (translation: German Federal Bureau of Aircraft Accidents Investigation) is the German federal agency responsible for air accident investigation. ... The Israeli Civil Aviation Authority was created in 2005 by the Civil Aviation Authority Law - 2005. ...

References

  1. ^ NTSB Statutes [1]

External links


 
 

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