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Encyclopedia > National Security Council (USA)

The White House National Security Council (NSC) in the United States is the principal forum used by the President of the United States for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials and is part of the Executive Office of the President. Since its inception under President Harry Truman, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies. The United States NSC has counterparts in many other countries' National Security Councils. The presidential seal was first used in 1880 by President Rutherford B. Hayes and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii The President of the United States of America is the head of state and head of government of the United States. ... President of the United States, George W. Bush (right) at Camp David in March 2003, hosting the British Prime Minister Tony Blair. ... Cabinet meeting on May 16, 2001. ... The Executive Office of the President (EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the President of the United States, as well as multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President. ... For the victim of Mt. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

History

The National Security Council was created in 1947 by the National Security Act. The context was a bureaucratic concurrence between the Navy and Army. 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1947 calendar). ... The National Security Act of 1947 signed July 26, 1947 by U.S. President Harry S. Truman realigned and reorganized the United States armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II. It merged the United States Department of War and the United States...


The decision process inside the structure has become less and less formal, but influence of the Council has become stronger and stronger. Detailed history of the National Security Council under each Presidential administration since its inception can be found at:

  • History of the United States National Security Council
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1947-1953
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1953-1961
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1961-1963
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1963-1969
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1969-1974
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1974-1977
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1977-1981
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1981-1989
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1989-1992
    • History of the United States National Security Council 1993-2003

Since the end of World War II, each administration has sought to develop and perfect a reliable set of executive institutions to manage national security policy. ... This is a history of the United States National Security Council during the Truman Administration, 1947–1953. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Eisenhower Administration, 1953-1961. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Kennedy Administration, 1961-1963. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Johnson Administration, 1963-1969. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Nixon Administration, 1969-1974. ... This is article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Ford Administration, 1974-1977. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Carter Administration, 1977-1981: Jimmy Carter began his term determined to eliminate the abuses he ascribed to the Kissinger National Security Council under Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Reagan Administration, 1981-1989. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the first Bush Administration, 1989-1992. ... This article is about the history of the United States National Security Council during the Clinton Administration, 1993-1997. ...

Membership

The National Security Council is chaired by the President. Its regular attendees (both statutory and non-statutory) are the Vice President of the United States, the Secretary of State, the Secretary of the Treasury, the Secretary of Defense, and the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (or National Security Advisor). The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is the statutory military advisor to the Council, and the Director of National Intelligence is the intelligence advisor. The Chief of Staff to the President, Counsel to the President, and the Assistant to the President for Economic Policy are also invited to attend any NSC meeting. The Attorney General and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget are invited to attend meetings pertaining to their responsibilities. The heads of other executive departments and agencies, as well as other senior officials, are invited to attend meetings of the NSC when appropriate. Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      The Vice President of the United States is the first in the presidential line of... Seal of the United States Department of State. ... The United States Secretary of the Treasury is the head of the United States Department of the Treasury, concerned with finance and monetary matters, and, until 2003, some issues of national security and defense. ... The United States Secretary of Defense is the head of the United States Department of Defense (DoD), concerned with the armed services and The role of the Secretary of Defense is to be the principal defense policy advisor to the President and is responsible for the formulation of general defense... The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff is by law the highest ranking military officer of the United States military, and the principal military advisor to the President of the United States. ... The post of National Intelligence Director was created in the wake of the September 11th attacks to be in charge of 12-plus intelligence agencies. ... Joshua B. Bolten, the current White House Chief of Staff. ... The White House Counsel is a staff appointee of the President of the United States. ... The National Economic Council (NEC) is a United States government agency. ... The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is a body within the Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOP) which is tasked with coordinating United States Federal agencies. ...


The day-to-day affairs of the NSC are overseen by the Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, currently Stephen J. Hadley. The NSC's somewhat ambiguous legal/administrative status was exposed by the Iran-Contra Affair; Marine Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North was a member of the NSC staff. The NSC staff runs the White House's Situation Room. The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor, serves as the chief advisor to the President of the United States on national security issues. ... Stephen J. Hadley, Assistant to the President For National Security Affairs in George W. Bushs second term administration. ... The Iran-Contra Affair was the largest political scandal in the United States during the 1980s, considered by some to be one of the largest political scandals in history. ... The United States Football team sometimes know as Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military, within the United States Department of the Navy responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... Lt-Col. ... For other uses, see White House (disambiguation). ... White House Situation Room in March 2003. ...

Structure of the United States National Security Council (2007)
Chair George W. Bush (President of the United States)
Regular Attendees

Richard B. Cheney (Vice President of the United States)
Condoleezza Rice (Secretary of State)
Henry M. Paulson, Jr. (Secretary of the Treasury)
Robert M. Gates (Secretary of Defense)
George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the 43rd and current President of the United States, inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Richard Bruce Dick Cheney (born January 30, 1941), is the 46th and current Vice President of the United States, serving under President George W. Bush. ... Condoleezza Rice (born November 14, 1954) is the 66th United States Secretary of State, and the second in the administration of President George W. Bush to hold the office. ... Henry Hank Merritt Paulson, Jr. ... Robert Michael Gates, Ph. ...

Stephen J. Hadley (Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs)
Military Advisor General Peter Pace, USMC (Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff)
Intelligence Advisor Michael McConnell (Director of National Intelligence) - Note: prior to April 21, 2005 this position was filled by the Director of Central Intelligence
Additional Participants

Joshua Bolten (Chief of Staff to the President)
Fred Fielding (Counsel to the President)
Stephen J. Hadley, Assistant to the President For National Security Affairs in George W. Bushs second term administration. ... General Peter Pace (born November 5, 1945) is the current Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the first U.S. Marine appointed to be Americas highest-ranking military officer. ... Michael W. McConnell (born in Louisville, Kentucky, 1955) is a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, having been nominated by President George W. Bush on September 4, 2001, and confirmed by the United States Senate on November 15, 2002. ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Office of Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) was established on January 23rd 1946 with Adm. ... Categories: People stubs | Directors of the Office of Management and Budget | American lawyers | 1955 births ... Fred Fisher Fielding (born March 21, 1939) is senior partner at Wiley, Rein, & Fielding, a Washington, D.C. law firm. ...

Allan Hubbard (Assistant to the President for Economic Policy)

Allan Hubbard is the Assistant to President George W. Bush for Economic Policy and Director of the National Economic Council. ...

Authority

The National Security Council was established by the National Security Act of 1947 (PL 235 - 61 Stat. 496; U.S.C. 402), amended by the National Security Act Amendments of 1949 (63 Stat. 579; 50 U.S.C. 401 et seq.). Later in 1949, as part of the Reorganization Plan, the Council was placed in the Executive Office of the President. The National Security Act of 1947 signed July 26, 1947 by U.S. President Harry S. Truman realigned and reorganized the United States armed forces, foreign policy, and Intelligence Community apparatus in the aftermath of World War II. It merged the United States Department of War and the United States...


Further reading

  • David J. Rothkopf, Running The World: the Inside Story of the National Security Council and the Architects of American Power, ForeignAffairs; 2005, ISBN 1-58648-248-3
  • Journey to the Center of the World: U.S. National Security Council - Arzın Merkezine Seyahat: ABD Ulusal Güvenlik Konseyi - Article on US NSC in Turkish

References

A countrys foreign policy is a set of political goals that seeks to outline how that particular country will interact with other countries of the world and, to a lesser extent, non-state actors. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
National Security Council


 
 

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