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Encyclopedia > National Register of Historic Places
A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places.
A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places.

The National Register of Historic Places is the United States' official list of districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects worthy of preservation. As of December 2005, the list includes approximately 79,000 entries, including many icons of American culture, history, engineering, and architecture. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2248x1545, 291 KB) Photo I took 2006-05-02 of an exterior plaque designating National Register of Historic Places entry. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2248x1545, 291 KB) Photo I took 2006-05-02 of an exterior plaque designating National Register of Historic Places entry. ...


Administered by the National Park Service, the Register was authorized under the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966. Its goals are to coordinate and help property owners and groups such as the National Trust for Historic Preservation identify and protect historic sites in the United States. The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) is a piece of legislation in the United States of America concerned with sites of historic and archaeological interest. ... The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American member-supported organization which was founded in 1949 to support preservation of historic buildings and neighborhoods through a range of programs and activities. ...


The Register automatically includes all National Historic Landmarks as well as all historic areas administered by the National Park Service. Occasionally historic sites outside the country but associated with the United States (such as an embassy) are also listed. USS Constitution. ...


This is a list of entries on the National Register of Historic Places. ...

Contents

Effects of being listed on the National Register

The National Register of Historic Places is primarily a tool to recognize the historical significance of a building, structure, object, district, or site. Listing in the National Register does not restrict private property owners from the use of their property. Some states, however, might have state or local laws that become effective when a place is listed on the National Register. If federal money or a federal permitting process is involved, Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 is invoked which requires the federal agency involved to assess the impact of its actions on historic resources. The State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO) advises and assists the federal agency, but has no regulatory authority. The State Historic Preservation Office is a federally mandated office that is funded by the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF). ...


In cases where the federal action will have an "adverse effect" on historic properties, mitigation must be sought. Typically, a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) in which the parties involved agree to a particular plan is created. An MOA might address the adverse effect in a variety of ways, often recommending "document and destroy" in which the historic resource is first documented and then demolished as the most prudent and feasible alternative. Many states have laws equivalent to Section 106.


In contrast to a National Register Historic District, a local historic district often has enabling ordinances at the municipal level that restrict certain kinds of changes to properties and thereby encourages those changes that are sensitive to the historic character of an area.


Process for listing a building, site or district

Any individual can prepare a National Register nomination although historians and historic preservation consultants are often employed for this work. The nomination contains basic information on the type of significance embodied in the building, district, or site: A historian is someone who writes history, and history is a written accounting of the past. ... Historic preservation or Heritage management is the theory and practice of creatively maintaining the historic built environment and controlling the landscape component of which it is an integral part. ...


The State Historic Preservation Office receives National Register nominations and supplies feedback to the individual preparing the nomination. The SHPO schedules each nomination to the state's historic preservation advisory board which then recommends whether the State Historic Preservation Officer should forward it to the Keeper of the Register. Only the State Historic Preservation Officer can officially nominate a property to the National Register. The nomination is sent to the National Park Service which then approves or denies the nomination. If approved it is officially entered by the Keeper into the National Register of Historic Places. The State Historic Preservation Office is a federally mandated office that is funded by the Historic Preservation Fund (HPF). ...


Criteria for eligibility

Information on architectural styles, association with various aspects of social history and commerce, and ownership is part of the nomination. A narrative section describes the site or building in detail and justifies why it is historically significant. Architectural style is a way of classifying architecture largely by morphological characteristics - in terms of form, techniques, materials, etc. ...

  • National Register Criterion A: Event - made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history
  • National Register Criterion B: Person - associated with the lives of persons significant in our past
  • National Register Criterion C: Design/Construction - distinctive characteristics of a building type, period, or method of construction, represent the work of a master, possess high artistic values, or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction
  • National Register Criterion D: Information potential - have yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important in prehistory or history.

See also

The Canadian Register of Historic Places is Canadas online, searchable database that includes listings of historic places that are important to communities, cities, provinces, territories, and the nation. ... The Historic Houses Association is a British non profit making organisation concerned with the preservation of privately owned country houses. ... This is a list of entries on the National Register of Historic Places. ... National Historical Park or National Historic Park is a designation for a protected area in the United States that has national historic significance and consists of more than single properties or buildings. ...

References

The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is the codification of the general and permanent rules and regulations (sometimes called administrative law) published in the Federal Register by the executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government of the United States. ...

External links



U.S. National Register of Historic Places - (List of entries)

National Park Service . National Historic Landmarks . National Battlefields . National Historic Sites . National Historic Parks . National Memorials . National Monuments File links The following pages link to this file: Image:Delicatearch. ... This is a list of entries on the National Register of Historic Places. ... The National Park System of the United States is the collection of physical properties owned or administered by the National Park Service. ...


 
 

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