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Encyclopedia > National Rail
National Rail uses the BR double-arrow logo
A typical National Rail station sign showing the double-arrow logo

National Rail is a brand name of the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC). The brand and ATOC are jointly owned by the passenger rail companies of Great Britain, which were formed out of British Rail (BR), the now-defunct state-owned rail operator. adapted from http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... External links Association of Train Operating Companies website UK Railcards National Rail Enquiries Categories: Rail stubs | Industry trade groups | Rail transport in Great Britain | Business and employer associations of the United Kingdom ... National Rail uses the BR double arrow logo National Rail is a brand name describing the passenger rail service previously provided by British Rail, the now defunct UK state-owned rail operator. ... This article is about the defunct entity British Railways, which later traded as British Rail. The History of rail transport in Great Britain is covered in its own article. ...


The term is usually used to distinguish these services from rail passenger services in Great Britain that do not have a BR background. This distinction is important, because National Rail services share a ticketing structure and ticket inter-availability that do not necessarily extend to other services.

Contents

National Rail and Network Rail

Rail Ticket from Wellington to Shrewsbury

National Rail should not be confused with Network Rail. National Rail is a brand used to promote passenger railway services, while Network Rail is the organisation owning and managing the fixed assets (tracks, signals etc.) of the railway network. Image File history File links British_rail_ticket_Wellington_Shrewsbury. ... Image File history File links British_rail_ticket_Wellington_Shrewsbury. ... Wellington is a suburb of the new town of Telford in the borough of Telford and Wrekin and ceremonial county of Shropshire, England. ... Shrewsbury (pronounced either or ) is a town of 70,560 inhabitants [1] in Shropshire, England. ... Network Rail is a British not for dividend company limited by guarantee whose principal asset is Network Rail Infrastructure Limited, a company limited by shares. ...


The two networks are similar but not identical. Most Network Rail lines also carry freight traffic and some lines are freight only. Some scheduled passenger services running on Network Rail lines, for example Eurostar, Heathrow Express, the Tyne and Wear Metro and small parts of the London Underground, are not part of the National Rail network. Conversely, some National Rail services run on track not part of the Network Rail network, for example on London Underground track. A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ... Heathrow Express is a train service from Heathrow Airport to Paddington in central London operated by the Heathrow Express Operating Authority—a wholly owned subsidiary of BAA. The service is not part of the National Rail system, despite part of its journey sharing track with National Rail trains and terminating... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ...


Train operating companies

National Rail trains are operated by 25 privately-owned Train Operating Companies (TOCs). ATOC provides a common voice for the TOCs and some centralised coordination, for example the provision of a national timetable and journey planner. BR's double-arrow logo is part of the National Rail brand. Due to historical differences the railway network of the United Kingdom is split into two independent systems: one on the island of Great Britain and one in Northern Ireland, which is closely linked to the railway system of the Republic of Ireland. ...


Other UK passenger rail operators

BR sold its Northern Ireland assets (the former LMS(NCC) lines) to the devolved Northern Ireland government in 1949, who formed the Ulster Transport Authority through the nationalistion of other rail operators in Northern Ireland. The UTA also operated bus services in the Province, and was broken up in 1966 forming Northern Ireland's current rail operator Northern Ireland Railways (NIR). As a consequence NIR is not part of the National Rail network. Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom lying in the northeast of the island of Ireland, covering 5,459 square miles (14,139 km², about a sixth of the islands total area). ... The Belfast and Northern Counties Railway (BNCR), after 1903 known as the Northern Counties Committee (NCC), and part of the Midland Railway (MR) 1903-1923, the London Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) 1923-1948, and sold to the Ulster Transport Authority (UTA) in 1949. ... UTAs logo The Ulster Transport Authority (UTA) ran rail and bus transport in Northern Ireland from 1948 until 1966. ... 1906 reference Rail Map Northern Ireland Railways (NIR or NI Railways) – formerly, and very briefly, known as Ulster Transport Railways (UTR) – is the railway operator in Northern Ireland. ...


Several UK cities have their own metro or tram systems, most of which are not part of the National Rail network. These include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, Blackpool Tramway, Croydon Tramlink, Glasgow Subway, Tyne and Wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram, Midland Metro and Nottingham Express Transit. On the other hand, the largely self-contained Merseyrail system is part of the National Rail network, and metro schemes around Cardiff, Glasgow and West Yorkshire consist entirely of National Rail services. A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... London Transport Portal The Docklands Light Railway (DLR) is a light rail system serving the redeveloped Docklands area of east London, England. ... Brush Railcoach No 623 in Mystique livery Illuminated tram No 633, rebuilt in the shape of a Trawler The Blackpool tramway serves Blackpool and Fleetwood and is the only surviving first-generation tramway in the UK, dating back to 1885. ... Tramlink (initially known as Croydon Tramlink) is a public transport tramway in south London, operated by FirstGroup on behalf of Transport for London. ... An Inner Circle train arrives at West Street station. ... The Tyne and Wear Metro is a light rail metro system based around Newcastle upon Tyne and Sunderland, in the county of Tyne and Wear in North East England. ... A Metrolink tram in Manchester city centre. ... The Sheffield Supertram is a tram network in Sheffield, England, operated by Stagecoach Group under contract to the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive. ... Midland Metro tram 05 approaching West Bromwich tram stop The Midland Metro is a light-rail tram system in the West Midlands of England. ... A tram in central Nottingham. ... Merseyrail is the name given to the electric commuter train network centred on Liverpool. ... British Rail Class 143 unit, no. ... A Class 156 train in SPT livery at Glasgow Central station The Strathclyde Partnership for Transport (SPT) is a public body which is responsible for planning and co-ordinating regional transport, and especially the public transport system, in the Strathclyde area of western Scotland. ... The West Yorkshire Passenger Traffic Executive (WYPTE) is the executive arm of the West Yorkshire Passenger Traffic Authority (PTA). ...


Two recently inaugurated railway services, Heathrow Express and Eurostar, are also not part of the National Rail network. Heathrow Express is a train service from Heathrow Airport to Paddington in central London operated by the Heathrow Express Operating Authority—a wholly owned subsidiary of BAA. The service is not part of the National Rail system, despite part of its journey sharing track with National Rail trains and terminating... A Eurostar on the CTRL going through the Medway Towns Eurostar is a train service connecting the UK with Paris (Gare du Nord), Lille and Brussels (Brussels South). ...


There are a significant number of privately owned or heritage railways, listed in the list of British heritage and private railways, which are not part of the National Rail network. This list of British heritage and private railways is intended as a list of railways (railroads) in Britain. ...


Ticketing

National Rail services have a common ticketing structure inherited from British Rail. Through tickets are available between any pair of stations on the network, and can be bought from any station ticket office. Most tickets are inter-available between the services of all operators on routes appropriate to the journey being made. A notable exception is for journeys between London and Gatwick Airport, for which, as of March 2006, three operators issue different tickets valid on their own services only. There is also a London-Gatwick ticket that is valid on all operators except Gatwick Express. Operators on some other routes offer operator-specific tickets that are cheaper than the inter-available ones. This article is about the defunct entity British Railways, which later traded as British Rail. The History of rail transport in Great Britain is covered in its own article. ... Gatwick Express is the brand name of a National Express Group-operated railway service offering a frequent shuttle service between Victoria station in London and Gatwick Airport in South East England. ...


Through tickets involving the services of Heathrow Express and London Underground are also available. Oyster card (pay as you go) can only be used on a limited number of services in Greater London, although ATOC has made a commitment to eventually accept the ticketing product on all routes within the travelcard scheme. Heathrow Express is a train service from Heathrow Airport to Paddington in central London operated by the Heathrow Express Operating Authority—a wholly owned subsidiary of BAA. The service is not part of the National Rail system, despite part of its journey sharing track with National Rail trains and terminating... The London Underground is a transit system that serves much of Greater London and some neighbouring areas. ... The Oyster card is a form of electronic ticketing used on Transport for London and National Rail services within the Greater London area of the United Kingdom. ... The acceptance of Oyster Card (pay as you go) on National Rail in London, England has been limited to a restricted number of National Rail services[1] since the introduction of the stored-value product on London Underground in January 2004. ... Greater London is the top-level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ...


Passengers boarding a train without a ticket at a station where ticket-buying facilities are available are required to pay the full Open Single or Return fare. On some services Penalty Fares apply - a ticketless passenger may be charged the greater of £20 or twice the full single fare to the next stop. Penalty Fares can be collected only by authorized Revenue Protection Inspectors, not by ordinary Guards.


National Rail distributes a number of the technical manuals on which travel on the UK railways is based, such as the National Rail Conditions of Carriage, via their website. A copy of the 2002 edition of the National Routeing Guide. ... A copy of the 2002 edition of the National Routeing Guide. ...


Timetables

Pocket timetables for individual routes are available free at many railway stations. A National Rail Timetable, over 3000 pages long, is available for purchase but the final edition was published in May 2007. An alternative is the OAG Rail guide (ISSN 1365 6112) which is available for purchase.


An online version of the timetable and journey planner is accesible via National Rail's website which includes the facility to book tickets online. The website also provide realtime information about running of services in selected routes.


See also

This is a list of topics related to the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and previously consisted of Great Britain and the whole of Ireland. ...

External links

  • National Rail website
  • List of train operating companies from National Rail website, retrieved 6 March 2006.
  • Collection of Google Earth locations of National Rail stations (Requires Google Earth software) from the Google Earth Community forum.

 
 

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