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Encyclopedia > National Public Radio
National Public Radio
Type Public radio network
First air date April 1971
Country Flag of the United States United States
Availability    Global
Founded 1970
Endowment U.S. $258 million
Revenue U.S. $159 million
Net Income U.S. $18.9 million
Owner National Public Radio, Inc.
Key people Ken Stern, Chief Executive Officer
Kevin Klose, President
John A. Herrmann, Jr., Foundation Chair
Founded NPR Foundation
Launch date April 1971
Past names Association of Public Radio Stations
National Educational Radio Network
Affiliations World Radio Network
Website www.npr.org

National Public Radio (NPR) is a semi-independent, privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to public radio stations in the United States.[1] NPR was created in 1970, following congressional passage of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967, signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson, which established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting and also led to the creation of the Public Broadcasting Service. The network was founded in 1970 with 30 employees and 90 public radio stations as charter members. NPR is an initialism that could refer to: National Public Radio Nebraska Public Radio Nevada Public Radio Noise Power Ratio, a term used in Communications engineering. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 140 × 47 pixelsFull resolution (140 × 47 pixel, file size: 516 B, MIME type: image/png) National Public Radio logo Source: http://www. ... Public broadcasting is a form of public service broadcasting (PSB) intended to serve the diverse needs of the viewing or listening public. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The adjective global and adverb globally imply that the verb or noun to which they are applied applies to the entire Earth and all of its species and regions. ... Endowment may refer to many things: Finance Financial endowment; relating to funds or property donated to institutions or individuals. ... USD redirects here. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... USD redirects here. ... USD redirects here. ... Ken Stern is the name of: Ken Stern: Chief Executive Officer of NPR since October 2006 Kenneth S. Stern: an attorney, an author and the program specialist on antisemitism and extremism for the American Jewish Committee Category: ... Kevin Klose (born Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is the president and chief executive officer for National Public Radio (NPR), the United States largest nonprofit radio outlet for news and cultural programming. ... The Association of Public Radio Stations was a radio network in the United States of America from 1973 to 1977. ... The National Educational Radio Network (NERN) was a means of distributing radio programmes in the United States of America between 1951 and 1970. ... An affiliate is a commercial entity with a relationship with a peer or a larger entity. ... The World Radio Network is a consortium of national public broadcasters from around the world, who share programming on a series of international satellite radio networks. ... Syndication may mean: television syndication, where individual stations buy programs outside of the network system print syndication, where individual newspapers or magazines license news articles, columns, or comic strips web syndication, where web feeds make a portion of a web site available to other sites or individual subscribers radio syndication... Public broadcasting (also known as public service broadcasting or PSB) is the dominant form of broadcasting around the world, where radio, television, and potentially other electronic media outlets receive funding from the public. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Lyndon Baines Johnson (August 27, 1908–January 22, 1973), often referred to as LBJ, was an American politician. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... “PBS” redirects here. ...


Like its fellow public radio networks American Public Media and Public Radio International, NPR produces and distributes news and cultural programming. Its member stations are not required to broadcast all of these programs and most public radio stations broadcast programs from all three providers. Its flagship programs are two drive time news broadcasts, Morning Edition and the afternoon All Things Considered; both are carried by nearly all NPR affiliates and in 2002 were the second- and third-most popular radio programs in the country. In a Harris poll conducted in 2005, NPR was voted the most trusted news source in the US.[2] American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... Connes nippian recapers sang terning faizing relist revisi. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... All Things Considered (ATC), is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ...

Contents

History

NPR old logo
NPR old logo

NPR was incorporated in 1970, taking over the National Educational Radio Network. NPR hit the airwaves in April 1971 with coverage of the United States Senate hearings on the Vietnam War. The next month, All Things Considered debuted on 3 May, hosted by Robert Conley. NPR was primarily a production and distribution organization until 1977, when it merged with the Association of Public Radio Stations. As a membership organization, NPR was now charged with providing stations with training, program promotion, and management; representing public radio before Congress; and providing content delivery mechanisms such as satellite delivery. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 194 × 77 pixelsFull resolution (194 × 77 pixel, file size: 3 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 194 × 77 pixelsFull resolution (194 × 77 pixel, file size: 3 KB, MIME type: image/png) This is a logo of an organization, item, or event, and is protected by copyright and/or trademark. ... The National Educational Radio Network (NERN) was a means of distributing radio programmes in the United States of America between 1951 and 1970. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... The Association of Public Radio Stations was a radio network in the United States of America from 1973 to 1977. ...


NPR suffered an almost fatal setback in 1983 when efforts to expand services created a deficit of nearly US$7 million. After a Congressional investigation and the resignation of NPR's president, the Corporation for Public Broadcasting agreed to lend the network money in order to stave off bankruptcy.[3] In exchange, NPR agreed to a new arrangement whereby the annual CPB stipend it had received directly would be divided among local stations instead; they then support NPR productions on a subscription basis. NPR also agreed to turn its satellite service into a cooperative venture, making it possible for non-NPR shows to get national distribution. It took NPR another three years to pay off all its debt.[4] USD redirects here. ... The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ...


Governance

NPR headquarters at 635 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.
NPR headquarters at 635 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington, D.C.

NPR is a membership corporation. Member stations are required to be noncommercial or educational radio stations, have at least five full-time professional employees, operate for at least 18 hours per day, and not be designed solely to further a religious philosophy or be used for classroom programming. Each member station receives one vote at the annual NPR board meetings—exercised by its designated Authorized Station Representative ("A-Rep"). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1616, 1173 KB) Summary National Public Radio headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo by User:Kmf164, taken on December 9, 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1616, 1173 KB) Summary National Public Radio headquarters in Washington, D.C. Photo by User:Kmf164, taken on December 9, 2005. ... Massachusetts Avenue, colloquially abbreviated Mass. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ...


To oversee the day to day operations and prepare its budget, members elect a Board of Directors. This board is composed of ten A-Reps, five members of the general public, and the chair of the NPR Foundation. Terms are for three years and rotate such that some stand for election every year.


The original purposes of NPR, as ratified by the Board of Directors, are the following:

  • Provide an identifiable daily product which is consistent and reflects the highest standards of broadcast journalism.
  • Provide extended coverage of public events, issues and ideas, and to acquire and produce special public affairs programs.
  • Acquire and produce cultural programs which can be scheduled individually by stations.
  • Provide access to the intellectual and cultural resources of cities, universities and rural districts through a system of cooperative program development with member public radio stations.
  • Develop and distribute programs for specific groups (adult education, instruction, modular units for local productions) which may meet needs of individual regions or groups, but may not have general national relevance.
  • Establish liaison with foreign broadcasters for a program exchange service.
  • Produce materials specifically intended to develop the art and technical potential of radio.[5]

As of 2007, the Board of Directors of NPR included the following members:


NPR Member Station Managers

  • Cephas Bowles; General Manager, WBGO-FM
  • Tim Eby; Chairman of the Board, NPR; Radio Manager, The WOSU Stations
  • Dave Edwards; Director/General Manager, WUWM
  • Rob Gordon; President & General Manager, WPLN
  • Dennis L. Haarsager; General Manager, KWSU/Northwest Public Radio
  • Scott Hanley; Director/General Manager, WDUQ
  • Ellen Rocco; Station Manager, North Country Public Radio
  • John Stark; General Manager, KNAU
  • JoAnn Urofsky; Vice-Chair of the Board, NPR; General Manager, WUSF Public Broadcasting
  • Mark Vogelzang; President and General Manager, Vermont Public Radio

President of NPR WBGO is a public radio station broadcasting from Newark, New Jersey. ... WOSU are the call letters for the four stations owned and operated by The Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. ... WUWM (89. ... WPLN-FM, 90. ... Northwest Public Radio (NWPR) is the public radio service of Washington State University. ... WDUQ is a public radio jazz and news station based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... North Country Public Radio is a National Public Radio affiliate regional radio network headquartered in Canton, New York. ... The new WUSF-TV complex, completed in 2001. ... Vermont Public Radio (VPR) is the public radio station covering the state of Vermont. ...

Chair of the NPR Foundation Kevin Klose (born Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is the president and chief executive officer for National Public Radio (NPR), the United States largest nonprofit radio outlet for news and cultural programming. ...

  • John A. Herrmann, Jr.; Chair, NPR Foundation; Managing Director, J.P. Morgan Securities, Inc.

Public Members of the Board

  • Carol A. Cartwright; President, Kent State University
  • Judith Winston; Principal, Winston Withers & Associates, LLC
  • Howard H. Stevenson; Sarofim-Rock Professor of Business Administration at Harvard University
  • Lyle Logan; Senior Vice President, Personal Financial Services
  • Eduardo A. Hauser; Chief Executive Officer, DailyMe, Inc.

Dr. Carol A. Cartwright is the 10th President of Kent State University, and the first Female to take the Presidents chair. ... For the events of May 4, 1970, see Kent State shootings Kent State University (also known as Kent, Kent State or KSU) is one of America’s largest university systems, the third largest university in Ohio after Ohio State University (57,748) and the University of Cincinnati (35,364), and... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ...

Funding

According to the 2005 financial statement, NPR makes just over half of its money from the fees and dues it charges member stations to receive programming, although some of this money originated at the CPB itself, in the form of pass-through grants to member stations.[6] About 2% of NPR's funding comes from bidding on government grants and programs, chiefly the Corporation for Public Broadcasting; the remainder comes from member station dues, foundation grants, and corporate underwriting. Typically, NPR member stations raise about one-third of their budget through on-air pledge drives, one-third from corporate underwriting, and one-third from grants from state governments, university grants, and grants from the CPB itself. The Corporation for Public Broadcasting logo, used from 1969 to 2002. ... Fundraising is the term referring to the process of soliciting and gathering money by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ...


Over the years, the portion of the total NPR budget that comes from government has been decreasing. During the 1970s and early 1980s, the majority of NPR funding came from the Federal government. Steps were being taken during the 1980s to completely wean NPR from government support, but the 1983 funding crisis forced the network to make immediate changes. More money to fund the NPR network was raised from listeners, charitable foundations and corporations, and less from the Federal government. Look up budget in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A charitable foundation is a legal categorization of nonprofit organizations that either donate funds and support to other organizations, or provide the sole source of funding for their own activities. ... For other uses, see Corporation (disambiguation). ...


Internet funding hoax

In 1995, two University of Northern Colorado students started an e-mail chain letter drive to prevent Congress from reducing PBS funding.[7] In their petition were claims that on NPR's Morning Edition, correspondent Nina Totenberg reporting on a case before the Supreme Court, indicated a pending decision could in effect bring an end to public broadcasting. Though completely false, the chain letter continues to circulate on the Internet.[8] University of Northern Colorado (Northern Colorado) is a baccalaureate (arts, sciences, humanities, business, human sciences, and education), graduate (primarily in the field of education), and research university located in Greeley, Colorado, USA. It has a 2006 enrollment of 13,775 students. ... Nina Totenberg (born January 14, 1944) is National Public Radios legal affairs correspondent. ...


Underwriting spots vs. commercials

In contrast to commercial radio, NPR does not carry traditional commercials, but has advertising in the form of brief statements from major donors, such as Allstate, Merck, and Archer Daniels Midland. These statements are called "underwriting spots," not commercials, and, unlike commercials, are governed by FCC restrictions; they cannot advocate a product or contain any "call to action." In 2005 corporate sponsorship made up 23% of the NPR budget.[9] Since NPR is not as dependent on revenue from underwriting spots as commercial stations are on revenue from advertising, its programming decisions may be less ratings-driven. A radio commercial (often called an advert in the United Kingdom) is a form of advertising in which goods, services, organizations, ideas, etc. ... “Advert” redirects here. ... The Allstate Corporation NYSE: ALL is the largest publicly held personal lines insurer in the United States. ... Merck & Co. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ... An underwriting spot is an announcement made on public broadcasting outlets, especially in the United States, in exchange for funding. ...


Joan Kroc Grant

On November 6, 2003, NPR was given over US$225 million from the estate of the late Joan B. Kroc, the widow of Ray Kroc, founder of McDonald's Corporation. This was a record—the largest monetary gift ever to a cultural institution.[10] For context, the 2003 annual budget of NPR was US$101 million. In 2004 that number increased by over 50% to US$153 million due to the Kroc gift, as the bequest required that US$34 million be spent to shore up operating reserves.[11] NPR has dedicated the earnings from the remainder of the bequest to expanding its news staff and reducing some member stations' fees. The 2005 budget was about US$120 million. is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joan Beverly Kroc (born Mansfield) (August 27, 1928–October 12, 2003) was the third wife of McDonalds CEO Ray Kroc and a philanthropist. ... Ray Kroc (October 5, 1902 – January 14, 1984) was an American entrepreneur, famous for significantly expanding the McDonalds Corporation from 1955. ... McDonalds Corporation (NYSE: MCD) is the worlds largest chain of fast-food restaurants[1]. Although McDonalds did not invent the hamburger or fast food, its name has become nearly synonymous with both. ...


Production facilities and listenership

NPR's major production facilities have been based in Washington, D.C. since its creation. On November 2, 2002, a West Coast production facility, dubbed NPR West, opened in Culver City, California. NPR opened NPR West to improve its coverage of the western United States, to expand its production capabilities (shows produced there include News & Notes and Day to Day), and to create a fully functional backup production facility capable of keeping NPR on the air in the event of a catastrophe in Washington, D.C. For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ... Motto: The Heart of Screenland Location of Culver City in Los Angeles County, California Coordinates: , Country State County Los Angeles Incorporated (city) 1917-09-07 [2] Government  - City Manager Jerry Fulwood [1] Area  - City  5. ... News & Notes is a National Public Radio program focusing on African American issues. ... Day to Day is a one-hour weekday American radio newsmagazine distributed by National Public Radio (NPR), and produced by NPR in collaboration with Slate. ...


According to a 2003 Washington Monthly story, about 20 million listeners tune into NPR each week. On average they are 50 years old and earn an annual income of US$78,000. Its audience is predominantly white; only about 10% are either African American or Hispanic. Many of its listeners consider NPR to be at the apex of journalistic integrity. While Arbitron does track public radio listenership, they do not include public radio in their published rankings of radio stations. The Washington Monthly is a magazine based in Washington DC which covers American politics and government. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... Hispanics in the United States, or Hispanic Americans, are American citizens or residents of Hispanic ethnicity who identify themselves as having Hispanic Cultural heritage. ... Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and more broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ... Arbitron is a radio audience research company in the United States. ...


From 1999 through 2004, listenership has increased by about 66%. This increase may have been the result of any of a number of factors, including audience interest in coverage of the September 11 attacks and the subsequent military actions, a general lack of interest in other terrestrial radio outlets, alienation from television and radio media seen as increasingly biased, and an increase in NPR news and talk programming (instead of jazz or classical music). NPR attracted these new listeners at the same time that the size of the overall radio audience in the United States was decreasing rapidly as people abandoned the medium in favor of MP3 players.[citation needed] A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... This article is about Western art music from 1000 AD to the 2000s . ... A digital audio player (DAP) is a device that stores, organizes and plays digital music files. ...


In recent years, NPR has made some changes to appeal to younger listeners and to minority groups. From 2002 until 2004, Tavis Smiley hosted a show targeted towards African Americans, but left the network, claiming that the organization did not provide enough support to make his production truly successful. (Smiley returned to public radio in April 2005 with a weekly show distributed by PRI.) NPR stations have long been known for carrying classical music, but the amount of classical programming carried on NPR stations and other public radio outlets in the U.S. has been declining. Many stations have shifted toward carrying more news, while others have shifted to feature more contemporary music that attracts a younger audience. Tavis Smiley (born September 13, 1964 in Biloxi, Mississippi) is an American radio and television personality. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ...


Programming

Programs produced by NPR

News and public affairs programs

NPR News logo
NPR News logo

NPR produces a morning and an afternoon news program, both of which also have weekend editions with different hosts. It also produces hourly news briefs around the clock. NPR formerly distributed the World Radio Network, a daily compilation of news reports from international radio news, but no longer does so. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 134 × 91 pixelsFull resolution (134 × 91 pixel, file size: 1 KB, MIME type: image/png) NPR News logo. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 134 × 91 pixelsFull resolution (134 × 91 pixel, file size: 1 KB, MIME type: image/png) NPR News logo. ... The World Radio Network is a consortium of national public broadcasters from around the world, who share programming on a series of international satellite radio networks. ...

All Things Considered (ATC), is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Robert Siegel is an American radio journalist. ... Michele Norris is an American radio journalist and current host of the National Public Radio evening news broadcast All Things Considered. ... Melissa Block Melissa Block is a host of NPRs All Things Considered. ... All Things Considered, sometimes abbreviated ATC, is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Deborah Elliot (also known as Debbie Elliott) is a broadcast journalist who has hosted NPRs Weekend All Things Considered since 2005. ... Day to Day is a one-hour weekday American radio newsmagazine distributed by National Public Radio (NPR), and produced by NPR in collaboration with Slate. ... Slate is an online news and culture magazine created in 1996 by former New Republic editor Michael Kinsley and owned by Microsoft (as part of MSN). ... Alex Chadwick is the host of the NPR show Day to Day[1]. Chadwick has won the Sigma Delta Chi Society of Professional Journalists award for investigative journalism and twice won the Overseas Press Clubs Lowell Thomas Award for foreign reporting. ... Madeleine Brand is the co-host of NPRs Day To Day[1]. Brand was born in LA, and has a bachelors in English from the University of California, Berkeley. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Steve Inskeep is one of the current hosts of Morning Edition on National Public Radio. ... Renée Montagne is a co-host of NPRs syndicated show, Morning Edition. ... The popular Radio Expeditions program is part of NPRs show Morning Edition. ... This article is about the organization. ... Weekend Edition is the name given to a set of American radio news magazines produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Scott Simon is the host of National Public Radios Weekend Edition Saturday. ... Weekend Edition is the name given to a set of American radio news magazines produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Liane Hansen has hosted National Public Radios (NPRs) Weekend Edition Sunday for over sixteen years. ... Talk of the Nation is a talk radio program based in the United States, produced by National Public Radio, and is broadcasted nationally on weekday afternoons (Eastern Standard Time). ... Neal Conan (born 1949 in Beirut, Lebanon) is an American radio journalist. ... Science Friday is a call-in talk show that is part of National Public Radios Talk of the Nation radio program hosted by Ira Flatow every Friday. ... Ira Flatow (born March 9, 1949) is a radio and television personality who hosts National Public Radios popular Talk of the Nation - Science Friday. ... News & Notes is a National Public Radio program focusing on African American issues. ... Farai Chideya, a political journalist and radio host, has contributed articles for national publications and commentary for television news. ...

Cultural programming

All Songs Considered is an online multimedia program featuring information about, and streaming audio of, the songs used as bumper music on the NPR radio program All Things Considered. ... Bob Boilen is the director of the NPR show All Things Considered and the host of All Songs Considered. ... 2000X is a dramatic anthology series released by NPR and produced by The Hollywood Theater of the Ear. ... A non-profit production company specializing in audio theater, founded in 1993 by Yuri Rasovsky, which releases productions through Blackstone Audio. ... A successor to the NPR series Earplay (1971-1981) and an expansion (as a sort of umbrella title for several dramatic projects) of National Public Radios commitment to radio drama, the various series under the Playhouse aegis were essentially discontinued in September, 2002. ... Earplay The longest-running of the formal series of radio drama anthologies on National Public Radio in the U.S., Earplay for more than a decade in one form or another provided a showcase for original and adapted work; eventually, the less-sustained successor series NPR Playhouse drew episodes from... Jazz Profiles is a radio show produced by NPR and hosted by jazz singer Nancy Wilson. ... Nancy Wilson (b. ... The Thistle & Shamrock is a weekly hourlong radio program airing on NPR. The program features celtic music, and its name comes from the national symbols of the countries of Scotland and Ireland respectively. ... Fiona Ritchie (b. ... Wait Wait. ... Chicago Public Radio (CPR) is a noncommercial, public radio station broadcasting from Chicago, Illinois. ...

Programs distributed by NPR

News and public affairs programs

On Point is a two-hour call-in radio show hosted by Tom Ashbrook and produced by Boston, Massachusetts WBUR-FM. The show often features senior editor of the Atlantic Monthly Jack Beatty as a news analyst The program also has a short diary at the end of each hour... Tom Ashbrook is an American journalist and radio broadcaster. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... The Diane Rehm Show is an award-winning National Public Radio call-in show with more than 1. ... Diane Rehm (born 1936 in Washington, D.C.) is an American public radio talk show host. ... WAMU is a public radio station that services the greater Washington, DC metropolitan area. ... For the Scottish student radio station, see Fresh Air (Edinburgh). ... Terry Gross (born 1951) is the host and co-executive producer of Fresh Air, an interview format radio show produced by WHYY-FM in Philadelphia and distributed throughout the United States by National Public Radio. ... WHYY-FM is a National Public Radio member on 90. ... Latino USA is a nationally syndicated public radio program produced by KUT-FM radio in Austin, Texas and distributed nation-wide by National Public Radio (NPR). ... Maria Hinojosa is a reporter for CNN. She is based in the New York bureau and joined CNN in 1997. ... Kūt (كوت; also known as Kut-Al-Imara and Kut El Amara) is a city in eastern Iraq, on the left bank of the Tigris River, about 100 miles south east of Baghdad, at 32. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Margot Adler (born 5 November 1946 in Little Rock, Arkansas) is a journalist and correspondent for National Public Radio. ... On the Media is an hour-long weekly radio program produced by New York Public Radio WNYC. It is broadcast on Sunday morning in New York City, and syndicated nationwide on other public radio stations. ... Brooke Gladstone is co-host of National Public Radios weekend show, On the Media. ... Bob Garfield writes the Ad Review TV-commercial criticism feature in Advertising Age. ... WNYC (93. ... American RadioWorks is a dedicated documentary production unit operated by American Public Media, the program distribution arm formerly known by the name of its parent organization, Minnesota Public Radio, which may be best known for A Prairie Home Companion. ... Morning Edition is an American radio news program produced and distributed by National Public Radio (NPR). ... All Things Considered (ATC), is a news radio program in the United States, broadcast on the National Public Radio network. ... Rafael Suarez, Jr. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... America Abroad is an international affairs public radio program produced by America Abroad Media that is distributed in the United States by Public Radio International (PRI) and internationally by National Public Radio (NPR) Worldwide. ... Rafael Suarez, Jr. ...

Cultural programming

Car Talk is a radio talk show broadcast weekly on National Public Radio stations throughout the United States and elsewhere. ... Tom Magliozzi during a session of Car Talk Doctor Tom Louis Magliozzi is the older brother (to Ray) of Click and Clack, The Tappet Brothers (Tom is Click), the hosts of National Public Radios Car Talk. ... Raymond F. Magliozzi (born ca. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Dee Dee Bridgewater (b. ... WBGO is a public radio station broadcasting from Newark, New Jersey. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... Piano Jazz is a weekly one hour radio show produced and distributed by National Public Radio. ... Marian McPartland, born Margaret Marian Turner on March 21, 1918 in England near Slough, Buckinghamshire, is a British jazz pianist. ... Says You! is a weekly entertainment program distributed by National Public Radio in the United States. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled WGBH-TV, WGBH (FM) and WGBX-TV, accessible from a disambiguation page. ... The Business is a weekly half hour show focusing on film industry news from National Public Radio and KCRW, hosted by longtime film industry journalist Claude Brodesser. ... Cinema admissions in 1995 The film industry consists of the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking: i. ... KCRW (89. ... World Cafe is a two-hour long nationally syndicated radio program that originates from WXPN, a non-commercial radio station on the campus of the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. ... David Dye is a longtime Philadelphia radio personality whose music enthusiasm has captivated listeners of World Cafe since 1991. ... WXPN (88. ...

Public radio programs not affiliated with NPR

Individual NPR stations can broadcast programming from sources that have no formal affiliation with NPR.

Many shows produced or distributed by Public Radio International, such as This American Life , Living on Earth and Whad'Ya Know?, are broadcast on public radio stations but these shows are not affiliated with NPR. The reason for this potential confusion is due in part that although "NPR" is an actual organization, it has become for many a generic brand for public radio. PRI and NPR are separate organizations and actually compete with each other for slots on public radio stations to air programs. This article is in need of attention. ... The Sound of Young America is a public radio program and podcast based in Los Angeles, Californiaand distributed nationally by Public Radio International. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... Selected Shorts is a one-hour radio program, hosted by Isaiah Sheffer, featuring readings of classic and new short fiction, recorded live at New York’s Symphony Space. ... Symphony Space is a multi-disciplinary performing arts organization on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. ... WNYC (93. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... Hearts of Space is a popular radio show featuring space music, a term that the program helped to popularize. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Here and Now (Here & Now) is a public radio magazine program produced by WBUR in Boston, Massachusetts, and distributed across the United States by Public Radio International. ... Robin Young is a radio host for WBUR in Boston and a former local television personality in that city. ... WBUR is the larger of two NPR member stations in Boston, Massachusetts. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... Wynton Learson Marsalis (b. ... Edward Rudolph Bradley, Jr. ... John Merrow is the executive producer, host and president of Learning Matters, Inc. ... Forum, hosted by Michael Krasny is a live call-in radio program produced by KQED-FM, presenting discussions of local, state, national and international issues, and in-depth interviews. ... Michael Krasny, Ph. ... KQED is a public broadcasting company based in San Francisco, California. ... Planetary Radio is a 30-minute radio show devoted to space exploration and astronomy, hosted and produced by Mat Kaplan of The Planetary Society. ... Space exploration is the physical exploration of outer space, both by human spaceflights and by robotic spacecraft. ... This article is in need of attention. ... KUCI is a free-form alternative not-for-profit college radio station broadcasting at 88. ... WMUH is a college radio station located in Allentown, Pennsylvania in the Lehigh Valley region of Pennsylvania in the United States. ... Ask Dr. Science is a daily humorous radio sketch broadcast on many public radio stations which acts as like a cross between a bumper and a public service announcement. ... The Radio Reader is a daily half-hour radio program heard on 100 public radio stations in the United States. ... WireTap is a half-hour radio show that airs on CBC Radio One Sunday afternoons at 1:00pm, and is repeated on Friday evenings at 8:30pm (all times 30 minutes later in Newfoundland). ... Jonathan Goldstein is a North American author and radio producer. ... CBC Radio One is the English language news and information radio network of the publicly-owned Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ... This American Life (TAL) is a weekly hour-long radio program produced by Chicago Public Radio. ... Living on Earth is National Public Radios weekly, hour-long environmental news program. ... WhadYa Know? is a American comedy, interview and quiz show that is distributed weekly by Public Radio International. ...


Most public radio stations are NPR member stations and affiliate stations of PRI at the same time. The two organizations have different governance structures and missions and relationships with stations. Other popular shows, like A Prairie Home Companion and Marketplace, are produced by American Public Media, the national programming unit of Minnesota Public Radio. The Pacifica Radio Network also provides some programming to some NPR affiliates, notably the news program Democracy Now!. Addtionally, NPR affiliates distribute a series of podcast-only programs, such as On Gambling with Mike Pesca, Groove Salad, and Youthcast, which are designed for younger audiences. This article is about the radio show. ... Marketplace is a radio program that focuses on business, the economy, and events that influence them. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... Minnesota Public Radio logo Minnesota Public Radio (MPR) is a regional public radio network based in the U.S. state of Minnesota that has been broadcasting since 1967. ... Pacifica Radio Network. ... Democracy Now! logo. ... A podcast is a digital media file, or a series of such files, that is distributed over the Internet using syndication feeds for playback on portable media players and personal computers. ...


Criticism

Allegations of Conservative Bias

In a December 2005 column run by NPR ombudsman and former Vice President Jeffrey Dvorkin denied allegations that NPR relies heavily on conservative think-tanks.[12] In his column, Dvorkin listed the number of times NPR had cited experts from conservative and liberal think tanks in the previous year. However, according to MediaMatters, the numbers he reported indicate an overwhelmingly coservative bias. Despite Dvorkin's denial of bias, his own tally showed that 63% of NPR experts came from from right-leaning organizations while only 37% came from left-leaning organizations.[13] An ombudsman (English plural: ombudsmans or ombudsmen) is an official, usually (but not always) appointed by the government or by parliament, who is charged with representing the interests of the public by investigating and addressing complaints reported by individual citizens. ... Jeffrey Dvorkin is a former news director and ombudsman for National Public Radio. ... A think tank (also called a policy institute) is an organization, institute, corporation, or group that conducts research and engages in advocacy in areas such as social policy, political strategy, science or technology issues, industrial or business policies, or military advice. ... Screenshot from Media Matters for America (3/16/05) Media Matters for America is a non-profit organization founded by former conservative journalist David Brock. ...


In 2003, some critics accused NPR of being supportive of the invasion of Iraq.[14][15] This article is about the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ...


Allegations of Liberal Bias

NPR has been criticized for tailoring its content to the preferences of an audience drawn from a liberal "educated elite."[citation needed] While members of NPR's audience are more likely to be college educated than those who listen to other radio outlets,[citation needed] Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, progressive media watchdog group,[16] disputes the claim of a liberal bias.[17] A study conducted by researchers at UCLA and the University of Missouri Columbia found that while NPR is "often cited by conservatives as an egregious example of a liberal news outlet", "[b]y our estimate, NPR hardly differs from the average mainstream news outlet. Its score is approximately equal to those of Time, Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report and its score is slightly more conservative than The Washington Post's."[18] According to the study, NPR is more liberal than the average U.S. voter and more conservative than the average American Democrat. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Look up liberal on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Liberal may refer to: Politics: Liberalism American liberalism, a political trend in the USA Political progressivism, a political ideology that is for change, often associated with liberal movements Liberty, the condition of being free from control or restrictions Liberal Party, members of... For other uses, see Elite (disambiguation). ... Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), is a media criticism organization based in New York, New York, founded in 1986. ... Claims of media bias in the United States attract constant attention. ... Binomial name Ucla xenogrammus Holleman, 1993 The largemouth triplefin, Ucla xenogrammus, is a fish of the family Tripterygiidae and only member of the genus Ucla, found in the Pacific Ocean from Viet Nam, the Philippines, Palau and the Caroline Islands to Papua New Guinea, Australia (including Christmas Island), and the... The University of Missouri-Columbia (abbreviated UMC and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri and is the main campus in the University of Missouri system. ... “TIME” redirects here. ... The Newsweek logo Newsweek is a weekly news magazine published in New York City and distributed throughout the United States and internationally. ... U.S. News & World Report is a weekly newsmagazine. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C.. It is also one of the citys oldest papers, having been founded in 1877. ...


Other Criticisms

A 2004 FAIR study concluded that "NPR’s guestlist shows the radio service relies on the same elite and influential sources that dominate mainstream commercial news, and falls short of reflecting the diversity of the American public."[1] Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), is a media criticism organization based in New York, New York, founded in 1986. ...


American pop culture is fond of referring to the allegedly dull nature of public radio shows. For example, The Simpsons parodied Garrison Keillor's comedic monologues on his American Public Media show A Prairie Home Companion with a character who dressed in a bow tie, spoke monotonously, and expected the audience to laugh at jokes that were not funny.[19] Saturday Night Live had a recurring segment called The Delicious Dish, a parody of public radio weekend programs modeled on the program Good Food, produced by NPR member station KCRW in Santa Monica. The hosts (played by Ana Gasteyer and Molly Shannon) speak in saccharine, hushed tones about their favorite foods; typically, these were boring selections such as "rice". Simpsons redirects here. ... Garrison Keillor (born Gary Edward Keillor on August 7, 1942) is an American author, humorist, columnist, musician, satirist, and radio personality. ... American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... This article is about the radio show. ... This article is about the American television series. ... Delicious Dish is a recurring comedy skit from the Saturday Night Live television comedy series. ... KCRW (89. ... Ana Kristina Gasteyer (born May 4, 1967) is an American actress and comedian. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Defenders' Rebuttals

Supporters contend that NPR does its job well. A study conducted in 2003 by the polling firm Knowledge Networks and the University of Maryland’s Program on International Policy Attitudes showed that those who get their news and information from public broadcasting (NPR and PBS) are better informed than those whose information comes from other media outlets, including cable and broadcast TV networks and the print media. In particular, 80% of Fox News viewers held at least one of three common misperceptions about the Iraq War; only 23% of NPR listeners and PBS viewers were similarly misinformed. Fox disputes the PIPA study.[20][21] The University of Maryland, College Park (also known as UM, UMD, or UMCP) is a public university located in the city of College Park, in Prince Georges County, Maryland, just outside Washington, D.C., in the United States. ... The Program on International Policy Attitudes (PIPA) is an institution devoted to research on the public opinion of international politics. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... Since its inception, the Fox News Channel has faced accusations of political bias, accusations the network has stedfastly denied. ...


See also

American Public Media logo American Public Media is the brand under which Minnesota Public Radio distributes public radio programming outside of the state of Minnesota. ... The Australian Broadcasting Corporation or ABC is Australias national non-profit public broadcaster. ... BBC Radio is a service of the British Broadcasting Corporation which has operated in the United Kingdom under the terms of a Royal Charter since 1927. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... The following is a list of National Public Radio personnel: // Kevin Klose (President/Chief Executive Officer since December 1998) Margot Adler Host, Justice Talking Tom Ashbrook, Host, On Point Melissa Block, Host, All Things Considered Bob Boilen, Host, All Songs Considered Director, All Things Considered Suzanne Bona, Host and Executive... This is a list of NPR radio stations. ... Pacifica Radio Network. ... “PBS” redirects here. ... PRI logo Public Radio International, or PRI, is a Minneapolis-based American public radio organization. ...

References

  1. ^ How NPR Works: NPR's Mission Statement. NPR. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  2. ^ Eggerton, John. "Survey Says: Noncom News Most Trusted", Broadcasting & Cable, 2005-11-10. Retrieved on 2006-10-02. 
  3. ^ GAO statement on NPR financial crisis, 1984. Public Broadcasting PolicyBase (1984). Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  4. ^ History of public broadcasting in the United States. Current. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  5. ^ Siemering, William (1999-11-29). National Public Radio Purposes. Public Broadcasting PolicyBase. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  6. ^ Annual Reports, Audited Financial Statements, and Form 990s. NPR. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  7. ^ PBS and NPR - Petition. University of Northern Colorado. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  8. ^ About NPR: Chain Letters and Myths. NPR. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  9. ^ (3 May 2005). "Treasurer's Report" (.PDF). National Public Radio, Inc. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  10. ^ National Public Radio (2003-11-06). NPR Receives a Record Bequest of More Than $200 Million. Press release. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  11. ^ Janssen, Mike. "Kroc gift lets NPR expand news, lower fees", Current, 2004-05-24. Retrieved on 2006-10-02. 
  12. ^ Jeffrey A. Dvorkin (14 December 2005). NPR: Mysteries of the Organization, Part I. NPR. Retrieved on 2007-10-03.
  13. ^ Paul Waldman. "NPR ombudsman denied tilt toward conservative think tanks", Media Matters, 15 December 2005. Retrieved on 2007-10-03. 
  14. ^ Arnove, Anthony (2003-03-19). Pro-war Propaganda Machine. ZNet. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  15. ^ Jensen, Robert (2003-03-24). On NPR, Please Follow the Script. Dissident Voice. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  16. ^ What's FAIR?. FAIR. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  17. ^ Steve Rendall; Daniel Butterworth (June 2004). How Public is Public Radio?. Extra!. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  18. ^ Tim Groseclose (14 December 2005). Media Bias Is Real, Find UCLA Political Scientist. UCLA. Retrieved on 2007-06-12.
  19. ^ The Simpsons Archive, "Marge on the Lam", Airdate: 5-Nov-93. Retrieved 10-Nov-06.
  20. ^ Janssen, Mike. "Pubcasting helps audience sort fact, fiction", Current, 2003-10-20. Retrieved on 2006-10-02. 
  21. ^ Misperceptions, the Media and the Iraq War. WorldPublicOpinion.org (2003-10-02). Retrieved on 2006-10-02.

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External links

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