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Encyclopedia > National Portrait Gallery (United Kingdom)

The National Portrait Gallery is an art gallery in central London which was opened in 1856. It houses portraits of historically important and famous British people, selected on the basis of the significance of the sitter. The collection includes photographs and caricatures as well as paintings, drawings and sculpture. An art gallery or art museum is a space for the exhibition of art, usually visual art, and usually primarily paintings and sculpture. ... Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,421,328 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ... 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Roman-Egyptian funeral portrait of a young boy A portrait is a painting, photograph, or other artistic representation of a person. ... A camera. ... Caricature of Alan Greenspan by Jan Op De Beeck. ... The Mona Lisa is perhaps the best-known artistic painting in the Western world. ... Drawing is a means of making an image, using any of a wide variety of tools and techniques. ... Sculpture is a three-dimensional form created as an artistic expression. ...


Not all of the portraits are exceptional artistically, although there are self-portraits by William Hogarth, Sir Joshua Reynolds and other British artists of note. Some, such as as the group portrait of the participants in the Somerset House Conference of 1604, are important historical documents in their own right. Often the curiosity value is greater than the artistic worth of a work, as in the case of the anamorphic portrait of Edward VI, Patrick Branwell Brontë's painting of his sisters Charlotte, Emily and Anne, or a sculpture of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert in medieval costume. Portraits of living figures were allowed in 1969. William Hogarth, self-portrait, 1745 William Hogarth (November 10, 1697 – October 26, 1764) was a major British painter, engraver, pictorial satirist, and editorial cartoonist who has been credited as a pioneer in western sequential art. ... Sir Joshua Reynolds Sir Joshua Reynolds (July 16, 1723–February 23, 1792) was the most important and influential of eighteenth-century English painters, specialising in portraits and promoting the Grand Style in painting which depended on idealization of the imperfect. ... Somerset House in London Somerset House in London Somerset House is a large building situated on the south side of The Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge. ... Events January 14 – Hampton Court conference with James I of England, the Anglican bishops and representatives of Puritans September 20 – Capture of Ostend by Spanish forces under Ambrosio Spinola after a three year siege. ... Anamorphic projection is a modification of the aspect ratio of an image by optical distortion which stretches or compresses the image in one dimension but not the other. ... Edward Tudor redirects here; for another (though unlikely) Edward Tudor, see a putative younger son of Henry VII of England, thus this Edwards uncle if existed Edward VI (12 October 1537–6 July 1553) was King of England and King of Ireland from 28 January 1547 until his death. ... Patrick Branwell Brontë (26 June 1817–24 September 1848) is the only boy born into the Brontë family, and the brother of the novelists Charlotte, Emily and Anne. ... Charlotte Brontë - idealized portrait, 1873 (based on a drawing by George Richmond, 1850) Charlotte Brontë (April 21, 1816 – March 31, 1855) was an English novelist, the eldest of the trio of Brontë sisters whose novels have become enduring classics of English literature. ... Portrait by her brother Emily Jane Brontë (July 30, 1818 – December 19, 1848) was a British novelist and poet, best remembered for her one single novel Wuthering Heights, which is now an acknowledged classic of English literature. ... Anne Brontë (January 17, 1820 – May 28, 1849) was a British author, the youngest of the trio of famous Brontë sisters who wrote acclaimed Victorian romantic novels of manners and society. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and Empress of India from 1 January 1877 until her death. ... Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (Francis Charles Augustus Albert Emmanuel, of the Saxe-Coburg-Gotha branch of the House of Wettin) (26 August 1819 - 14 December 1861) was the husband and consort of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday For other uses, see Number 1969. ...


It moved to its present building north of and adjacent to the National Gallery in 1896. The current NPG building has been expanded twice: the first extension was funded by Lord Duveen in 1933, whose wing runs along Orange Street, and the second by Dr. Christopher Ondaatje in 2000. The Ondaatje Wing occupies a slither of land between the two 19th-century buildings of the National Gallery and the NPG and is notable for its immense, two-storey escalator that takes visitors to the earliest part of the collection, the Tudor portraits. The National Gallery from Trafalgar Square The National Gallery is an art gallery in London, located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. ... 1896 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Joseph Duveen (1869 – 1939), later made Baron Duveen of Millbank, was one of the most influential art dealers of all time. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sir Christopher Ondaatje, CBE , OC (born February 22, 1933) is a businessman and author. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... Allegory of the Tudor dynasty (detail), attributed to Lucas de Heere, ca 1572: left to right, Philip II of Spain, Mary, Henry VIII, Edward VI, Elizabeth The Tudor period usually refers to the historical period between 1485 and 1558, especially in relation to the history of England. ...


In addition to its permanent galleries of historical portraits, the National Portrait Gallery exhibits a rapidly changing collection of contemporary work, stages exhibitions of portrait art by individual artists and hosts the annual BP Portrait Prize competition. British Petroleum plc took over sponsorship of the National Portrait Gallerys annual portraiture competition in 1989, from John Player, the tobacco company, and has sponsored it since then. ...


External links

  • Official web site
  • The complete illustrated Catalogue
  • National Portrait Gallery: A Visitor's Guide by John Cooper
  • To search the collection


Museums and Galleries in London

British Museum | Dulwich Picture Gallery | Geffrye Museum | Hayward Gallery | Horniman Museum | Imperial War Museum | Museum of London | Museum of Performance | National Gallery | National Maritime Museum | National Portrait Gallery | Natural History Museum | Royal Academy of Arts | Science Museum | Sir John Soane's Museum | Somerset HouseCourtauld Gallery, Gilbert Collection, Hermitage Rooms | Tate Britain | Tate Modern | Victoria and Albert Museum | V&A Museum of Childhood | Wallace Collection Part of the London skyline viewed from the South Bank London is the most populous city in the European Union, with an estimated population on 1 January 2005 of 7,421,328 and a metropolitan area population of between 12 and 14 million. ... The main entrance to the British Museum The British Museum in London is the United Kingdoms - and one of the worlds - largest and most important museums of human history and culture. ... Dulwich Picture Gallery is an art gallery in Dulwich, London. ... The Geffrye Musuem in Shoreditch, East London is named after Sir Robert Geffrye, former Lord Mayor of London. ... Hayward Gallery, London The Hayward Gallery is an art gallery within the South Bank Centre, situated on the South Bank of the River Thames, in central London, England. ... Categories: Museum stubs | London attractions ... Imperial War Museum, Lambeth, London The original location of the Imperial War Museum was the Crystal Palace, located at the top of Sydenham Hill. ... The Museum of London documents the history of London from the Palaeolithic to the present day. ... The Museum of Performance (formerly the Theatre Museum) in the Covent Garden district of London is the United Kingdoms national museum of the performing arts. ... The National Gallery from Trafalgar Square The National Gallery is an art gallery in London, located on the north side of Trafalgar Square. ... The National Maritime Museum, Greenwich The National Maritime Museum (NMM) is the leading maritime museum of the United Kingdom, and one of the most important in the world. ... The Natural History Museum in South Kensington, London, has an ornate terracotta facade typical of high Victorian architecture. ... This article refers to an art institution in London. ... Science Museum The Science Museum on Exhibition Road, Kensington, London, is part of the National Museum of Science and Industry. ... The Soane Museum is a museum of architecture, and was formerly the house and studio of Sir John Soane. ... Somerset House in London Somerset House in London Somerset House is a large building situated on the south side of The Strand in central London, overlooking the River Thames, just east of Waterloo Bridge. ... The Courtauld Institute of Art is a listed organisation of the University of London specialising in the study of the history of art. ... The Gilbert Collection was formed by the English businessman Sir Arthur Gilbert, who made most of his fortune in the property business in California. ... The Hermitage Rooms at Somerset House in London are a venue for temporary exhibitions of items from the collections of the Hermitage Museum in St Petersburg in Russia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Tate Modern from the Millennium Bridge Tate Modern from St Pauls Cathedral. ... The Cromwell Road entrance to the Victoria and Albert Museum The Victoria and Albert Museum viewed from Thurloe Square The main interior courtyard of the Victoria and Albert Museum in 2004. ... Exterior of the museum The official opening of the Bethnal Green Museum by the Prince of Wales in 1872. ... The Wallace Collection is a national art museum located in London. ...


See here for full list There are over 240 museums in London. ...


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