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Encyclopedia > National People's Congress
The title of this page and the filename of the image should be renamed (Image:)PRC coa.png. Peoples Republic of China coat of arms This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This...
This article is part of the series
This article is on the politics of mainland China. See also: Politics of the Republic of China (Taiwan), Politics of Hong Kong and Politics of Macau. This article is part of the series Politics of the PRC Constitution President National Peoples Congress    Standing Committee Premier State... Politics of the PRC
The Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China (中华人民共和国宪法) is the highest law within the Peoples Republic of China. The current version was adopted by the National Peoples Congress on December 4, 1982 with further revisions in 1988, 1993... Constitution
The President of the Peoples Republic of China ( Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席 pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhǔxí) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of... President
National People's Congress
    The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyu... Standing Committee
The Premier ( Chinese: 总理 pinyin: zŏnglĭ), sometimes referred to as the Prime Minister, is the Chairman of the State Council of the Peoples Republic of China and head of Central Peoples Government. The Premier is formally approved by the National Peoples Congress upon... Premier
The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn) of the Central Peoples Government is the chief civilian administrative body of the Peoples Republic of China. It is chaired by the Premier and contains the heads of each governmental department and agency. There... State Council
This article is part of the series Politics of the PRC Constitution President National Peoples Congress     Standing Committee Premier State Council Peoples Liberation Army Central Military Commission Law of the PRC Supreme Peoples Court Supreme Peoples Procuratorate Political Parties CPPCC Communist Party of... People's Liberation Army
The Central Military Commission ( Chinese: 中央军事委员会 pinyin: Zhōngyāng Jūnshì Wěiyuánhuì ) refers to one of two bodies within the Peoples Republic of China. Unlike most national armies, the Peoples Liberation Army... Central Military Commission
Law of the Peoples Republic of China is the legal regime of the Peoples Republic of China, incorporating the separate legal traditions and systems of Mainland China, Hong Kong and Macao. Between the 1954 and 1978,there was not very much effort within the Peoples Republic of... Law of the PRC
The Supreme Peoples Court (最高人民法院) is the highest court in the judicial system of the Peoples Republic of China. Hong Kong and Macao, as special administrative regions, has their own separated judicial systems based on common law traditions and Portuguese legal traditions respectively... Supreme People's Court
Supreme Peoples Procuratorate is the highest agency at the national level responsible for prosecution in the Peoples Republic of China. Hong Kong and Macao, as special administrative regions, has their own separated judicial systems based on common law traditions and Portuguese legal traditions respectively, and are out of... Supreme People's Procuratorate
The Peoples Republic of China is in many regards a single-party state. This means that only one political party, the Communist Party of China, is legally allowed to hold effective power at the national level. Eight minor parties are allowed, but they are legally required to accept the... Political Parties
The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. The organization consists of both Party members and non-party, who discuss Chinese communism... CPPCC
Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China ( Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. The party was founded in 1921, and fought the Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil... Communist Party of China
    The Constitution of the Communist Party of China (CPC) has 53 Articles and includes contents of General Program, Membership, Organization System, Central Organizations, Local Organizations, Primary Organizations, Party Cadres, Party Discipline, Party Organs for Discipline Inspection, Leading Party Members Groups, Relationship Between the Party and the Communist Youth League, Party... Constitution
    The General Secretary of the Communist Party of China Central Committee ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会总书记 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Zǒ... General Secretary
    The National Congress of the Communist Party of China (中国共产党全国代表大会 Pinyin: Zhōnguó Gòngchǎndǎng Quánguó Dàibiǎo Dàhuì) is a party congress that... National Congress
    The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì) is the highest authority within the Communist... Central Committee
    The Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央委员会书记处 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Wěiyuánhuì Shūj... Secretariat
    The Politburo of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú) is a group of 19 to 25 people... Politburo
       The Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China ( Chinese: 中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会 pinyin: Zhōngguó Gòngchǎndǎng Zhōngyāng Zhèngzhìjú Ch... Standing Committee
Elections in the mainland of the Peoples Republic of China take two forms: elections for selected local government positions in selected rural villages, and elections by Communist Party peoples congresses for the national legislature: the National Peoples Congress (Quanguo Renmin Daibiao Dahui). The NPC has 2,979... Elections
See also
    On July 1, 1997, the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) resumed its exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial control. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the PRC with a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign... Politics of Hong Kong
    Politics of Macau - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE55Fixes.css; @import /skins/monobook/IE60Fixes.css; /**/ Politics of Macau From Wikipedia In accordance with Article 31 of the Constitution of the Peoples Republic of China, Macau has Special Administrative Region status, which provides constitutional guarantees for... Politics of Macau
Download high resolution version (1024x768, 126 KB)Photo taken January 18, 2003 by Allen Timothy Chang Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with...
Download high resolution version (1024x768, 126 KB)Photo taken January 18, 2003 by Allen Timothy Chang Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with... Enlarge
The Great Hall of the People by Day. In the foreground is the Monument to the Peoples Heroes. The Great Hall of the People ( Simplified Chinese: 人民大会堂, Hanyu Pinyin: Rénmín Dàhùitáng) is located at the western... Great Hall of the People, where the NPC convenes

The National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会 in Pinyin (拼音, pīnyīn) literally means join (together) sounds (a less literal translation being phoneticize, spell or transcription) in Chinese and usually refers to Hànyǔ Pīnyīn (汉语拼音, literal meaning: Han language pinyin), which is a system... Pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì, literally "Pan-Nation Congress of the People's Representatives"), abbreviated PNCOTPR, is the highest legislative body in the The Peoples Republic of China (PRC) comprises most of the cultural, historic, and geographic area known as China. Since its founding in 1949, it has been led by the Communist Party of China (CPC). It is the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.3... People's Republic of China. Although heavily influenced by the Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China ( Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. The party was founded in 1921, and fought the Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil... Communist Party of China, it has in recent years begun to move away from its previous role as a symbolic but powerless Chamber of the Estates-General, the Dutch legislature. A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. Legislatures are known by many names, including: parliament, congress, diet and national assembly. In parliamentary systems of government, the legislature is formally supreme and appoints the executive. In presidential... rubber-stamp legislature. Delegates are formally elected by the provincial people's congresses for a term of five years. In practice, the Communist Party of China maintains considerable control over the process of delegate selection, although there is considerable amount of decentralization in which the delegate selection process involves quite a bit of local Communist politics.


The NPC consists of about 3,000 delegates and meets for about two weeks each year at the same time as the The Chinese Peoples Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Pinyin: Zhongguo renmin zhengzhi xieshang huiyi), abbreviated CPPCC, is an advisory body in the Peoples Republic of China. The organization consists of both Party members and non-party, who discuss Chinese communism... CPPCC. The sessions have become media events because it is at the plenary sessions that the Chinese leadership produces work reports. In addition during NPC sessions, the Chinese leadership hold press conferences with foreign reporters, and this is one of the few opportunities Western reporters have of asking unscripted questions to the Chinese leadership.


Between these sessions, power is exercised by the The Standing Committee of the National Peoples Congress (NPCSC; Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会, pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyu... Standing Committee of the National People's Congress which contains about 150 members.


Although it has been frequently stated that the NPC has never overturned a resolution proposed by the Chinese Communist Party, this is incorrect. In 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Years: 1990 1991 1992 - 1993 - 1994 1995 1996 Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s - 1990s - 2000s 2010s 2020s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st... 1993, the NPC refused to consider constitutional amendments proposed by the Chinese Communist Party on the grounds that non-governmental organizations such as the CCP do not have authority to propose legislation. With respect to proposals by the The State Council (国务院, pinyin: Guówùyuàn) of the Central Peoples Government is the chief civilian administrative body of the Peoples Republic of China. It is chaired by the Premier and contains the heads of each governmental department and agency. There... State Council of the People's Republic of China, the NPC has rejected a bill on Maritime Safety, and it is no longer uncommon for the State Council to amend or withdraw a bill on account of NPC opposition. Some commentators have argued that the CCP has ceded a considerable amount of actual power to the NPC while maintaining the external appearance of party control. For example, NPC delegates have been given increasing influence in personnel decisions in large part to avoid the embarrassment of the NPC rejecting a candidate proposed by the CCP.


In addition, although direct and explicit challenges to the rule of the Communist Party of China flag The Communist Party of China ( Simplified Chinese: 中国共产党; Traditional Chinese: 中國共産黨; pinyin: ) is the ruling party of the Peoples Republic of China. The party was founded in 1921, and fought the Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil... Communist Party of China are not tolerated, there are a wide range of issues for which there is no consensus within the Party and over which different parts of the party or government have different opinions. Over these issues the NPC has often become a forum for debating ideas and for achieving consensus.


The NPC has a collection of functions and powers, including electing the The President of the Peoples Republic of China ( Chinese: 中华人民共和国主席 pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Zhǔxí) is the head of state of the Peoples Republic of... President of the People's Republic of China and approving the work reports of top officials. Although the NPC has thus far never failed to approve a work report or candidate nominated by the Party, these votes are no longer unanimous. It is considered extremely embarrassing for the approval vote to fall below 70%, which occasionally occurs.


The drafting process of NPC legislation is governed by the Organic Law of the NPC (1982) and the NPC Procedural Rules (1989). It begins with a small group often of outside experts who begin a draft. Over time, this draft is considered by larger and larger groups, with an attempt made to keep consensus at each step of the process. The process ends with a formal vote by the Standing Committee of the NPC or by the NPC in a plenary session.


 
 

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