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Encyclopedia > National Party of Canada
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The National Party of Canada was a short-lived Canadian political party that contested the 1993 federal election. The party should not be confused by an earlier and unrelated National Party that was founded in 1979. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Political Parties redirects here. ... Popular vote map with bar graphs showing seat totals in the provinces and territories. ... The National Party of Canada was a left-wing political party that was founded in Canada in 1979 to promote Canadian independence. ...



Founded and led by Edmonton publisher Mel Hurtig (best-known as publisher of The Canadian Encyclopedia), the National Party was created in 1992 to oppose the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement, an increase in continentalism, and the privatization policies of the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney. The party ran in the 1993 election on a platform of economic nationalism, lowering the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the American to encourage exports, and social responsibility. Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Mel Hurtig (born June 24, 1932) is a Canadian publisher, author, political activist and former political candidate. ... The Canadian Encyclopedia is the most authoritative resource on Canada. ... The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was a trade agreement reached by Canada and the United States in October of 1987. ... Continentalism refers to the agreements or policies that favor the regionalization and/or cooperation between nations within a continent. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Martin Brian Mulroney PC CC GOQ (predominantly known as Brian Mulroney) (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ... Economic nationalism is a term used to describe policies which are guided by the idea of protecting domestic consumption, labor and capital formation, even if this requires the imposition of tariffs and other restrictions on the movement of labour, goods and capital. ... “C$” redirects here. ...

An important platform in the National Party's campaign was the idea that electoral campaigns should be funded by individual Canadians each contributing a small amount each year, thus taking away what the National Party considered was the undue influence of large, multinational corporations funding political campaigns.

1993 elections

While the election was successful for two other new parties, the Bloc Québécois and the Reform Party, the National Party failed to win a seat. The Bloc Québécois (BQ) is a centre-left federal political party in Canada that defines itself as devoted to the promotion of sovereignty for Quebec. ... The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party that existed from 1987 to 2000. ...

The party nominated 171 candidates who won a total of 189,778 votes (1.40% of the popular votes, or 2.34% of the votes in those 171 ridings). None were elected, although Hurtig won 12.8% of the votes in his riding, Edmonton Northwest. The other top nine candidates: Edmonton Northwest is a former federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada. ...

Riding Province Candidate % of vote
Kootenay West—Revelstoke British Columbia Bev Collins 8.54%
Elk Island Alberta James Keith Steinhubl 8.19%
Vancouver Centre British Columbia Thorsten Ewald 7.99%
Skeena British Columbia Isaac Sobol 7.72%
Winnipeg South Centre Manitoba Bill Loewen 7.385%
North Island—Powell River British Columbia Mark A. Grenier 7.34%
Victoria British Columbia Cecilia Mavrow 7.00%
Vancouver Quadra British Columbia W.J. Willy Spat 6.39%
Comox—Alberni British Columbia Ernest Daley 6.05%

Thirteen other candidates exceeded 4%, and another 18 exceeded 3%. Even the lowest-placing candidate, with 2.89%, received a higher percentage than the national share of the Green Party of Canada. Kootenay West—Revelstoke was a federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1988 to 1997. ... Bev Collins is a Canadian politician. ... Elk Island was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of Alberta. ... Vancouver Centre is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1917. ... Skeena was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of British Columbia. ... Winnipeg South Centre is a federal electoral district in Manitoba, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons from 1925 to 1979 and since 1988. ... North Island—Powell River was a federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons between 1988 and 1997. ... This page is for the federal electoral district in British Columbia. ... Vancouver Quadra is a federal electoral district in British Columbia, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1949. ... Comox—Alberni was a former federal electoral district represented in the Canadian House of Commons, and located in the province of British Columbia. ... The Green Party of Canada is a Canadian federal political party founded in 1983. ...

See also: National Party candidates, 1993 Canadian federal election

During the election, the party sued the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) to try to force it to allow Hurtig to participate in the leaders' debates, but was not successful. The National Party of Canada ran a number of candidates in the 1993 federal election, none of whom were elected. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ...

Internal dissent

After the 1993 election, Hurtig and the party's chief financial backer, Winnipeg entrepreneur Bill Loewen, disagreed about the direction the party was taking. Hurtig and Loewen developed rival factions within the party, and battled for control. Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... William H. Bill Loewen is an entrepreneur, philanthropist and political activist in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ...

Meanwhile, plans for internal elections continued and were carried out in June 1994. Loewen ran a slate of candidates that he supported in an effort to regain control of the party, including Loeb as party leader. Loeb, National Party candidate in 1993 in the Toronto-area riding of York Centre, reportedly sought the leadership on an interim basis, to hold a new leadership convention within about 18 months. Hurtig defeated Loeb, at which time Loewen called for the vote to be made unanimous to demonstrate party unity.[1] York Centre is a federal riding of Canada, a provincial riding of the province of Ontario and two municipal wards of the city of Toronto. ...


Even with Hurtig's clear win in the June 1994 convention, the internal divisions continued. Hurtig resigned the leadership permanently in August 1994. The party fell apart a few weeks later, amid continued acrimony. Loewen, an FCGA, subsequently claimed to have launched several legal challenges to keep the National Party, and attempted to recover a purported $610,000 in unaccounted funds. However, the legal proceedings did not include Mr. Loewen. (Court Records) Daniel Whetung, Jacques Rubacha, Shirley Demaine, Diane Ullrich, Wayne Hill, Diane Hollingsworth and others were plaintiffs throughout most of the legal proceedings. None were successful. In the words of, Mdme Justice Dorgan, of the British Columbia Supreme Court, regarding the,unaccounted funds, there was "no merit in Mr. Whetung's claims".

The claim of missing funds was the cornerstone of Loewen's personal complaints. But, documents purporting to be copies of the Party's financial records, provided to Whetung for the purpose of supporting his claim, in the British Columbia Supreme Court contained a large duplicate entry that inflated the numbers. Whetung's legal Counsel resigned after the accounting discrepancy was revealed in court. With new counsel the Whetung faction called for, and offered to pay for, a forensic audit of party finances. However, the financial records that the Party controlled had been placed, by the Party's National Council, into the hands of a forensic auditor six months previously. The auditors, were unable to complete an audit, as there were too many missing records. While maintaining in the Federal Court proceedings that he was unaware of any of the Party's financial records, Whetung admitted in the BC Supreme Court, to having the financial records that were needed to complete the audit. The BC Supreme Court ordered him to deliver the records and to pay for the audit. Some of the missing records were delivered, but payment never materialized. Filings prepared by the Party, and presented to the satisfaction of the Chief Elector Officer, prior to the de-registration of the Party, contained a full financial disclosure.

The Whetung faction was represented by top law firms at both the provincial and federal levels. The National Council, short of funds, was represented by the Party's President and Chief Agent, William Stephenson. Treasurer, Michael Kim Stebner, and Leader, Paul Reid. All challenges to the National Council failed. Costs awarded to the National Council have not been paid. The allegations made by Loewen and promoted in the courts by the Whetung faction were unproven in all jurisdictions. The final court challenge at the Federal Court of Appeal failed on September 10, 1998 (Court file number A-1056-96). In an unprecedented move, the three member Federal Appeal Court delivered their decision from the bench in favour of the Party.

Although party membership continued to grow after the 1993 election, the seven meritless court challenges having damaged the brand and the Party's finances, the National Party of Canada was unable to promote its agenda or to contest any further elections. In June 1997, Canada's Chief Electoral Officer officially de-registered the party. The Chief Electoral Officer was created in 1920 by the Dominion Elections Act (Canada). ...


  1. ^ R. McGunigal, Letter to the Editor, Winnipeg Free Press, 21 July 1994.



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