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Encyclopedia > National Party of Australia
National Party of Australia
The Nationals Logo
Leader Mark Vaile
Party President John Tanner
Founded 1920 (as The Country Party)
Office John McEwen House
7 National Circuit
BARTON ACT 2600
Political Ideology Conservatism,
Agrarianism
Political Position Centre-Right
Website www.nationals.org.au

The National Party of Australia is an Australian political party. The Nationals Logo This work is copyrighted. ... Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Capital Canberra Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator none Chief Minister Jon Stanhope (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2006)  - Product ($m)  $19,167 (6th)  - Product per capita  $57,303/person (1st) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  333,667 (7th)  - Density  137. ... Conservatism is a term used to describe political philosophies that favor tradition and gradual change, where tradition refers to religious, cultural, or nationally defined beliefs and customs. ... Agrarianism is a social and political philosophy. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ... Political parties in Australia lists political parties in Australia. ...


Traditionally representing rural voters, it was originally called the Country Party, but adopted the name National Country Party in 1975 and changed to its present name in 1982. Federally, in New South Wales, and to an extent Victoria, it has generally been the minor party in the traditional coalition with the Liberal Party of Australia in government and in opposition since the 1940s, and the UAP/NPA since the 1920s. However, it was the major coalition party in Queensland between 1957 and 1989. Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Coalition in Australian politics refers to the grouping of two political parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922, with only brief breaks (e. ... The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... The United Australia Party or UAP was an Australian political party that was the political successor to the Nationalist Party of Australia. ... The Nationalist Party of Australia was an Australian political party formed in 1917 from a merger of pro-conscription members of the Labor Party (who had been operating under the banner National Labor after their earlier split with the Labor party) with the Commonwealth Liberal Party. ...


In 2003 the party adopted the name The Nationals for campaigning purposes, reflecting common usage, but its legal name has not changed.


The party's current federal parliamentary leader is Mark Vaile who is Deputy Prime Minister of Australia as per the agreement on the Liberal-National coalition; it has been defeated by the Australian Labor Party at the federal election on November 24, 2007. Following the Federal election, Vaile submitted his resignation as party leader.[1] Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... Australias second-highest ranked political post is the position of Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... The Coalition in Australian politics refers to the grouping of two political parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922, with only brief breaks (e. ... ALP redirects here. ... The 2007 election for the federal Parliament of Australia, in which 13. ...

Contents

History

The Country Party was formally founded in 1913 in Western Australia, and nationally in 1920 from a number of state-based parties such as the Victorian Farmers Union (VFU) and the Farmers and Settlers Party of New South Wales. It was formed by small farmers, particularly wheat-growers, dissatisfied with the economic policies of the Nationalist Party government of Billy Hughes. Many returned servicemen from World War I had been allocated land grants after the war, and some of these were former trade unionists who adapted union tactics to the cause of small farmers. NSW redirects here. ... The Nationalist Party of Australia was an Australian political party formed in 1917 from a merger of pro-conscription members of the Labor Party (who had been operating under the banner National Labor after their earlier split with the Labor party) with the Commonwealth Liberal Party. ... For other persons named Billy Hughes, see Billy Hughes (disambiguation). ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


The VFU won a seat in the House of Representatives in 1918, and at the 1919 federal election the state-based country parties won seats in New South Wales, Victoria and Western Australia. They also began to win seats in the state parliaments. In 1920 the Country Party was established as a national party led by William McWilliams from Tasmania. In his first speech as leader, McWilliams laid out the principles of the new party, stating "we crave no alliance, we spurn no support but we intend drastic action to secure closer attention to the needs of primary producers"[2] McWilliams was deposed as party leader in favour of Dr Earle Page in April 1921 following instances where McWilliams voted against the party line. McWilliams would later leave the Country Party to sit as an Independent[3] Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups Liberal Party (74) ALP (60) National Party (12) Country Liberal Party (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 13, 1919. ... William McWilliams William James McWilliams (12 October 1856 – 22 October 1929) was the inaugural leader of the Country Party of Australia. ... Sir Earle Christmas Grafton Page GCMG, CH (August 8, 1880–December 20, 1961), Australian politician, was the eleventh Prime Minister of Australia. ...


At the 1922 election, it won enough seats to deny the Nationalists an overall majority. They demanded the resignation of Hughes as their price for supporting a Nationalist government. Page then became Treasurer in the government of Stanley Bruce. Bruce and Page worked effectively together until the electoral defeat of the coalition parties in October 1929. However, when the conservative forces were re-organised in 1931 Page refused to take the Country Party into the new United Australia Party (UAP). As a consequence the Country Party was excluded from government when the UAP was returned to office with a parliamentary majority in its own right in early 1932. Page's relationship with the UAP was much less harmonious than it had been with the Nationalists in the 1920s. Nonetheless when the UAP lost its parliamentary majority in 1934 a coalition was patched up. Federal elections were held in Australia on December 16, 1922. ... Stanley Melbourne Bruce, 1st Viscount Bruce of Melbourne, CH, MC, FRS, PC (15 April 1883–25 August 1967), Australian politician and diplomat, was the eighth Prime Minister of Australia. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on October 12, 1929. ... The United Australia Party or UAP was an Australian political party that was the political successor to the Nationalist Party of Australia. ...


In 1932, the South Australian state branch, which had fallen victim to internal divisions, merged with the Liberal Federation, forming the Liberal and Country League, a coalition that lasted until a new division of the Country Party was established in that state in 1964.[citation needed] The Liberal Federation was a liberal conservative South Australian political party. ... The Liberal and Country League (LCL) was a major political party in South Australia throughout its forty year existence. ...

William McWilliams, Country Party founder and leader 1920-1921
William McWilliams, Country Party founder and leader 1920-1921

Page remained dominant in the party until 1939 and briefly served as an interim Prime Minister between the death of Joseph Lyons and the election of Robert Menzies as his successor, but Page's refusal to serve under Menzies led to his resignation as leader. The coalition was re-formed under Archie Cameron in 1940, and continued until October 1941 despite the election of Arthur Fadden as leader after the 1940 Election. Fadden was well regarded within conservative circles and proved to be a loyal deputy to Menzies in the difficult circumstances of 1941. When Menzies was forced to resign as Prime Minister. Fadden briefly replaced him as Prime Minister (despite the Country Party being the junior partner in the governing coalition) before giving way to John Curtin in October 1941. Fadden continued as leader of the Opposition until the formation of the Liberal Party of Australia in 1945. After the 1946 election, Fadden resumed his political partnership with Robert Menzies, though still keen to assert the independence of his party. Indeed, in the lead up to the 1949 federal election, Fadden played a key role in the defeat of the Chifley Labor government, frequently making inflammatory claims about the "socialist" nature of the Labor Party which Menzies could then "clarify" or repudiate as he saw fit, thus appearing more "moderate". In 1949 Arthur Fadden became Treasurer in the second Menzies government, and remained so until his retirement in 1958. His successful partnership with Menzies was one of the elements that sustained the coalition, which remained in office until 1972 (Menzies himself retired in 1966). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... William McWilliams William James McWilliams (12 October 1856 – 22 October 1929) was the inaugural leader of the Country Party of Australia. ... Joseph Aloysius Lyons (15 September 1879 – 7 April 1939), Australian politician, tenth Prime Minister of Australia. ... Sir Robert Gordon Menzies, KT, AK, CH, FRS, QC (20 December 1894 – 15 May 1978), Australian politician, was the twelfth and longest-serving Prime Minister of Australia, serving eighteen and a half years. ... Archie Galbraith Cameron (22 March 1895 _ 9 August 1956). ... Sir Arthur William Fadden GCMG (April 13, 1895–April 21, 1973), Australian politician and 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born at Ingham, Queensland, the son of a Presbyterian police officer. ... This article is about the Australian Prime Minister. ... The Liberal Party of Australia is an Australian political party. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on September 28, 1946. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on December 10, 1949. ...

John McEwen House, The National Party's headquarters in Canberra
John McEwen House, The National Party's headquarters in Canberra

Fadden's successor, John McEwen, took the then unusual step of declining to serve as Treasurer, electing instead to remain Trade Minister. In this role he ensured that the interests of Australian primary producers were safeguarded. Accordingly McEwen personally supervised the signing of the first post-war trade treaty with Japan, new trade agreements with New Zealand and Britain, and Australia's first trade agreement with the USSR (1965). In addition to this he insisted on developing an all encompassing system of tariff protection that would encourage the development of those secondary industries that would "value add" Australia's primary produce. His success in this endeavour is sometimes dubbed "McEwenism". This was the period of the Country Party's greatest power, as was demonstrated in 1962 when McEwen was able to insist that Menzies sack a Liberal Minister who claimed that Britain's entry into the European Economic Community was unlikely to severely impact on the Australian economy as a whole. After the disappearance of Harold Holt in December 1967, McEwen was able to veto the succession of William McMahon, as a result of which John Gorton became the new Liberal Prime Minister in January 1968. McEwen was sworn in as an interim Prime Minister pending the election of the new Liberal leader. It would be only after McEwen announced his retirement that MacMahon would be able to successfully challenge Gorton for the Liberal leadership. McEwen's reputation for political toughness led to him being nicknamed "Black Jack" by his allies and enemies alike. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ... Sir John McEwen (March 29, 1900 - November 20, 1980), Australian politician and 18th Prime Minister of Australia, was born at Chiltern, Victoria, where his father was a pharmacist. ... The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... Harold Edward Holt CH (5 August 1908 – presumed dead 17 December 1967) was an Australian politician who became the 17th Prime Minister of Australia in 1966. ... Sir William McMahon, GCMG, CH (23 February 1908 – 31 March 1988), Australian politician and 20th Prime Minister of Australia, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, where his father was a lawyer. ... Sir John Grey Gorton GCMG AC CH (9 September 1911 – 19 May 2002), Australian politician, was the 19th Prime Minister of Australia. ...

Earle Page, Country Party leader 1921–1939 and Prime Minister of Australia 1939
Earle Page, Country Party leader 1921–1939 and Prime Minister of Australia 1939
Archie Cameron, Country Party leader 1939–1940
Arthur Fadden, Country Party leader 1940–1958 and Prime Minister of Australia 1941
Arthur Fadden, Country Party leader 1940–1958 and Prime Minister of Australia 1941
John McEwen, Country Party leader 1958 – 1971 and Prime Minister of Australia 1967–1968
Doug Anthony, Country Party/National Party leader 1971–1984
Ian Sinclair, National Party leader 1984–1989
Charles Blunt, National Party leader 1989-1990
Tim Fischer, National Party leader 1990-1999
John Anderson, National Party leader 1999–2005
Mark Vaile, National Party leader 2005-2007

At the state level from 1957 to 1989 the Country Party under Frank Nicklin and Joh Bjelke-Petersen dominated governments in Queensland. It also took part in governments in New South Wales, Victoria, and Western Australia. Image File history File links Earlepage. ... Image File history File links Earlepage. ... Sir Earle Christmas Grafton Page GCMG, CH (August 8, 1880–December 20, 1961), Australian politician, was the eleventh Prime Minister of Australia. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 433 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (524 × 725 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photo is from the 1953 Commonwealth Parliamentary Handbook and is thus free of copyright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 433 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (524 × 725 pixel, file size: 332 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This photo is from the 1953 Commonwealth Parliamentary Handbook and is thus free of copyright File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del... Archie Galbraith Cameron (22 March 1895 _ 9 August 1956). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Sir Arthur William Fadden GCMG (April 13, 1895–April 21, 1973), Australian politician and 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born at Ingham, Queensland, the son of a Presbyterian police officer. ... John McEwen This work is copyrighted. ... John McEwen This work is copyrighted. ... Sir John McEwen (March 29, 1900 - November 20, 1980), Australian politician and 18th Prime Minister of Australia, was born at Chiltern, Victoria, where his father was a pharmacist. ... Image File history File links Douganthony. ... Image File history File links Douganthony. ... Rt Hon Doug Anthony John Douglas Anthony, AC, CH (born 31 December 1929), Australian politician, was born in Murwillumbah in northern New South Wales. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Iansinclair. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Iansinclair. ... Rt Hon Ian Sinclair For the British writer, see Iain Sinclair. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Charles Blunt Charles William Blunt (born 19 January Australian politician, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, and graduated from the University of Sydney with a degree in economics. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (450 × 675 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 400 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (450 × 675 pixel, file size: 45 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This work is copyrighted and unlicensed. ... Timothy Andrew Fischer AC FTSE (born 3 May 1946), is a former Australian politician. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hon John Anderson John Duncan Anderson (born 14 November 1956) is an Australian politician. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... Sir George Francis Reuben Nicklin (1895-1978) was Premier of Queensland from 1957 to 1963, the first Country Party Premier since 1932. ... Sir Johannes Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG (13 January 1911 – 23 April 2005), New Zealand-born Australian politician, was the longest-serving and longest-lived Premier of the state of Queensland. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd...


However, successive electoral redistributions after 1964 indicated that the Country Party was losing ground electorally to the Liberals as the rural population declined, and the nature of some parliamentary seats on the urban/rural fringe changed. A proposed merger with the Democratic Labor Party (DLP) under the banner of "National Alliance" was rejected when it failed to find favour with voters at the Western Australia state elections of 1974. The Democratic Labor Party (DLP) was a political party in Australia between 1955 and 1978. ... The National Alliance was an Australian political party of the early 1970s. ...


Also in 1974, the Northern Territory members of the party joined with its Liberal party members to form the independent Country Liberal Party. This party continues to represent both parent parties in that territory. A separate party, the Joh-inspired NT Nationals, competed in the 1987 election with former Chief Minister Ian Tuxworth winning his seat of Barkly by a small margin. However, this splinter group were not endorsed by the national executive, and soon disappeared from the political scene. For similar terms, see Northern Territories (disambiguation) Slogan or Nickname: The Territory, The NT, The Top End Motto(s): none Other Australian states and territories Capital Darwin Government Constitutional monarchy Administrator Ted Egan Chief Minister Clare Martin (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 2  - Senate seats 2 Gross Territorial Product (2004... In Australian politics, the Country Liberal Party (CLP) is the Northern Territory equivalent to the Liberal and National parties. ... Ian Tuxworth is an Australian politician, who was Chief Minister of the Northern Territory of Australia from October 17, 1984 until he resigned on May 10, 1986. ... Barkly is an electoral division of the Legislative Assembly in Australias Northern Territory. ...


In 1975 the Country Party changed its name to the National Country Party as part of a strategy to expand into urban areas. This had some success in Queensland under Bjelke-Petersen, but nowhere else. In Western Australia, the party publicly walked out of the coalition agreement in Western Australia in May 1975, to return in 1976. However, the party split in two over the decision in late 1978, with a new National Party forming and becoming independent, holding three seats in the Western Australian lower house, while the National Country Party remained in coalition and also held three seats. They reconciled after the Burke Labor government came to power in 1983.


The 1980s were dominated by the feud between Bjelke-Petersen and the federal party leadership, which led to defeat at the 1987 federal election and the fall of the Nationals in Queensland in 1989. The Nationals experienced difficulties in the late 1990s from two fronts - firstly from the Liberal Party, who were winning seats on the basis that the Nationals were not seen to be a sufficiently separate party, and from the One Nation Party riding a swell of rural discontent with many of the policies such as multiculturalism and gun control embraced by all of the major parties. The rise of Labor in formerly safe National-held areas in rural Queensland, particularly on the coast, has been the biggest threat to the Queensland Nationals. One Nation is a nationalist and protectionist political group in Australia. ... The term multiculturalism generally refers to a state of both cultural and ethnic diversity within the demographics of a particular social space. ...


State parties

The continued success of the Australian Labor Party at a state level has put pressure on the Nationals' links with the Liberal Party, their traditional coalition partner. In most states, the Coalition agreement is not in force when the parties are in opposition, allowing the two parties greater freedom of action. ALP redirects here. ...


Prior to the 2006 Queensland election, Coalition leaders Lawrence Springborg and Bob Quinn flirted with the idea of merging the two parties. Quinn was dumped as Liberal Leader shortly before the election in favour of embattled Bruce Flegg, who had made his opposition to any merger quite clear. Instead the parties renewed their coalition and agreed to end three-cornered contests. An election was held in the Australian state of Queensland on 9 September 2006 to elect the 89 members of the states Legislative Assembly, after being announced by Premier Peter Beattie on 15 August 2006. ... Lawrence Springborg is the youngest person ever elected to the Queensland Parliament, in 1989 at the age of twenty-one. ... Bob Quinn is an Australian Liberal Party politician and leader of the Liberal Party in the Parliament of Queensland. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Other state branches took a different approach. In South Australia, for the first time in the Nationals' history, the party formed a coalition with the Labor Party in 2002. Lone state assembly MP Karlene Maywald took a ministerial position in the Labor cabinet alongside rural independent Rory McEwen. Karlene Maywald, Australian politician, is the current South Australian Minister for the River Murray, Minister for Regional Development, Minister for Small Business, Minister for Consumer Affairs and Minister for Science and Information Economy. ... Rory McEwen, Independent Australian politician, is the MP for Mount Gambier and currently holds the portfolios for Agriculture Food and Fisheries as well as Forests, and is also a member of the executive council. ...


Western Australia's National Party chose to position itself in a similar way after an acrimonious co-habitation with the Liberals on the 2005 campaign trail. Unlike its New South Wales and Queensland counterparts, the WA party has decided to oppose Liberal candidates in the 2009 election. The party aims to hold the balance of power in the state "as an independent conservative party" ready to negotiate with the Liberals or Labor to form a minority government. A general election was held for parliamentary seats in the Australian state of Western Australia on Saturday 26 February 2005. ...


Western Australia's one-vote-one-value reforms will cut the number of rural seats in the state assembly to reflect the rural population level: this, coupled with the Liberals' strength in country areas has put the Nationals under significant pressure.


The Nationals were stung in early 2006 when their only Victorian senator, Julian McGauran, defected to the Liberals and created a serious rift between the Nationals and the Liberals.[4] Several commentators believed that changing demographics and unfavourable preference deals would demolish the Nationals at the state election that year, however they went on to enjoy considerable success by winning two extra lower house seats. Julian McGauran Julian McGauran (born March 5, 1957), Australian politician, is a member of the Australian Senate, representing the state of Victoria. ... A general election for the 56th Parliament of Victoria took place on Saturday, 25 November 2006. ...


Political role

Liberal-National coalition governments have traditionally given the position of Deputy Premier or Deputy Prime Minister to the leader of the National Party in that parliament. The current federal leader, Mark Vaile, is Deputy Prime Minister to John Howard. When the Liberal Prime Minister Harold Holt died in office, his Country Party deputy John McEwen became Prime Minister for a period of weeks while the Liberal Party elected a new leader. In the Queensland state parliament, the National Party has historically been the stronger coalition partner numerically, and under the terms of the coalition agreement, the converse arrangement currently applies. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... A Deputy Prime Minister is the deputy of a Prime Minister, and a member of a nations cabinet. ... A Deputy Prime Minister is a member of a nations cabinet who can take the position of acting Prime Minister when the real Prime Minister is temporarily absent. ... Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ... Harold Edward Holt CH (5 August 1908 – presumed dead 17 December 1967) was an Australian politician who became the 17th Prime Minister of Australia in 1966. ... Sir John McEwen (March 29, 1900 - November 20, 1980), Australian politician and 18th Prime Minister of Australia, was born at Chiltern, Victoria, where his father was a pharmacist. ... The Queensland Parliament is located in george Street, Brisbane. ... The Coalition in Australian politics refers to the grouping of two political parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922, with only brief breaks (e. ...


The National Party's support base and membership are closely associated with the agricultural community. Historically anti-union, the party has vacillated between state support for primary industries ("agrarian socialism") and free agricultural trade and has opposed tariff protection for Australia's manufacturing and service industries. This vacillation prompted those opposed to the politices of the Nationals to joke that its real aim was to "capitalise its gains and socialise its losses!". It is usually pro-mining, pro-development, and anti-environmentalist. Agrarianism is a social and political philosophy. ... Socialism is a broad array of ideologies and political movements with the goal of a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subject to control by the community for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ...


The Nationals hold a larger membership base than either the Liberal or Labor Parties, although in the larger eastern states its vote is in decline and its traditional supporters are turning instead to prominent independents such as Bob Katter, Tony Windsor and Peter Andren in Federal Parliament and similar independents in the Parliaments of New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria, many of whom are former members of the National Party. In fact at the 2004 Federal election, National Party candidates received fewer first preference votes than the Australian Greens. However, the situation in Western Australia and South Australia, where the party is more clearly differentiable from the Liberals, is quite different, with the Nationals narrowly missing out on winning a second seat in South Australia in 2006 and winning a safe Liberal seat in Western Australia in 2005. Hon Bob Katter The Hon Robert Carl Bob Katter MP (born 22 May 1945), is an Australian politician. ... Tony Windsor Antony Harold Curties Tony Windsor (born 2 September 1950), Australian politician, has been an independent member of the Australian House of Representatives since 2001, representing the Division of New England, New South Wales. ... Peter James Andren (born 28 August 1946), is an Australian politician. ... Type Bicameral Houses House of Representatives Senate Speaker of the House of Representatives David Hawker, Liberal Party since 16 November 2004 President of the Senate Alan Ferguson, Liberal Party since 14 August 2007 Members 226 (150 Representatives, 76 Senators) Political groups Liberal Party ALP National Party Country Liberal Party Greens... NSW redirects here. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... VIC redirects here. ... Federal elections were held in Australia on 9 October 2004. ... The Australian Greens, commonly known as The Greens, is a Green Australian political party. ...


Demographic changes are not helping, with fewer people living and employed on the land or in small towns, the continued growth of the larger provincial centres, and, in some cases, the arrival of left-leaning "city refugees" in rural areas. The Liberals have also gained support as the differences between the coalition partners on a federal level have become invisible. This was highlighted in January 2006, when Nationals Senator Julian McGauran defected to the Liberals, saying that there was "no longer any real distinguishing policy or philosophical difference" [1]. Julian McGauran Julian McGauran (born March 5, 1957), Australian politician, is a member of the Australian Senate, representing the state of Victoria. ...


In Queensland, Nationals leader Lawrence Springborg advocated merger of the National and Liberal parties at a state level in order to present a more effective opposition to the Labor Party. Previously this plan had been dismissed by the Queensland branch of the Liberal party, but the idea received in-principle support from the Liberals. Federal leader Mark Vaile stated the Nationals will not merge with the Liberal Party at a federal level. The plan was opposed by key Queensland Senators Ron Boswell and Barnaby Joyce, and was scuttled in 2006. After suffering defeat in the 2006 Queensland poll, Lawrence Springborg was replaced by Jeff Seeney, who has indicated he is not interested in merging with the Liberal Party until the issue is seriously raised at a Federal level. Lawrence Springborg is the youngest person ever elected to the Queensland Parliament, in 1989 at the age of twenty-one. ... Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ... Hon Ron Boswell Ronald Ron Boswell (born 9 December 1940), Australian politician, has been a National Party member of the Australian Senate since July 1982, representing Queensland. ... Barnaby Thomas Gerald Joyce (born 17 April 1967), Australian politician, has been a member of the Australian Senate representing the state of Queensland since July 2005. ... Jeff Seeney Jeff Seeney (born 2 February 1957 in Brisbane, Queensland) is the Leader of the Queensland National Party and member for the seat of Callide in the state parliament of Queensland. ...


Support for the Nationals in the 2006 Victorian state election was considerable with the party picking up two extra seats in the Lower House to maintain its total representation of 11 sitting members (two Upper House seats were lost, mostly due to a change from preferential to proportional representation). This success can be attributed to a more assertive National Party image (a differentation to that of the Liberals) and the growing popularity of state and federal Nationals identities such as Barnaby Joyce. Barnaby Thomas Gerald Joyce (born 17 April 1967), Australian politician, has been a member of the Australian Senate representing the state of Queensland since July 2005. ...


Leaders

William McWilliams William James McWilliams (12 October 1856 – 22 October 1929) was the inaugural leader of the Country Party of Australia. ... Sir Earle Christmas Grafton Page GCMG, CH (August 8, 1880–December 20, 1961), Australian politician, was the eleventh Prime Minister of Australia. ... Archie Galbraith Cameron (22 March 1895 _ 9 August 1956). ... Sir Arthur William Fadden GCMG (April 13, 1895–April 21, 1973), Australian politician and 13th Prime Minister of Australia, born at Ingham, Queensland, the son of a Presbyterian police officer. ... Sir John McEwen (March 29, 1900 - November 20, 1980), Australian politician and 18th Prime Minister of Australia, was born at Chiltern, Victoria, where his father was a pharmacist. ... Rt Hon Doug Anthony John Douglas Anthony, AC, CH (born 31 December 1929), Australian politician, was born in Murwillumbah in northern New South Wales. ... Rt Hon Ian Sinclair For the British writer, see Iain Sinclair. ... Charles Blunt Charles William Blunt (born 19 January Australian politician, was born in Sydney, New South Wales, and graduated from the University of Sydney with a degree in economics. ... Timothy Andrew Fischer AC FTSE (born 3 May 1946), is a former Australian politician. ... Hon John Anderson John Duncan Anderson (born 14 November 1956) is an Australian politician. ... Hon Mark Vaile Eric William Day (born 18 April 1956), Australian politician, is the leader of the Nationals and Deputy Prime Minister of Australia. ...

Current National Party State Parliamentary Leaders

The coalition at a state level exists in Queensland and New South Wales, and to a lesser extent Victoria. As the Nationals hold more seats than the Liberals in Queensland, Seeney is the opposition leader for the coalition. South Australia and Western Australia do not have any form of coalition. The National Party does not stand candidates in Tasmania or the Australian Capital Territory, and supports Country Liberal Party candidates in the Northern Territory. Brendon Grylls, Australian Politician, is the Member for Merredin in the Legislative Assembly and the current Leader of The National Party in Western Australia. ... Karlene Maywald, Australian politician, is the current South Australian Minister for the River Murray, Minister for Regional Development, Minister for Small Business, Minister for Consumer Affairs and Minister for Science and Information Economy. ... Peter Ryan (born 30 October 1950) is an Australian politician and leader of the National Party of Australia in Victoria. ... Jeff Seeney Jeff Seeney (born 2 February 1957 in Brisbane, Queensland) is the Leader of the Queensland National Party and member for the seat of Callide in the state parliament of Queensland. ... Andrew John Stoner, BBus, MBA MP (b. ... The Coalition in Australian politics refers to the grouping of two political parties that has existed in the form of a coalition agreement since 1922, with only brief breaks (e. ... In Australian politics, the Country Liberal Party (CLP) is the Northern Territory equivalent to the Liberal and National parties. ...


Past Premiers

Queensland

Sir George Francis Reuben Nicklin (1895-1978) was Premier of Queensland from 1957 to 1963, the first Country Party Premier since 1932. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jack Charles Allan Pizzey (1911-1968 was Premier of Queensland from 17 January 1968 until his death on 31 July. ... is the 212th day of the year (213th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Johannes Joh Bjelke-Petersen, KCMG (13 January 1911 – 23 April 2005), New Zealand-born Australian politician, was the longest-serving and longest-lived Premier of the state of Queensland. ... is the 220th day of the year (221st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael John Ahern (born 2 January 1942) is a former Queensland National Party politician who was Premier of Queensland from December 1987 to September 1989. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... The Hon Theo Russell Cooper (born 4 February 1941) is a former Australian National Party politician. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Hon Rob Borbidge Robert Edward Borbidge AO, (born 12 August 1954), Australian politician, was the 35th Premier of Queensland, and leader of the Queensland branch of the National Party. ... [[Media:Italic text]]{| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

Victoria

John Allan John Allan (27 March 1866 - 22 February 1936), Australian politician, was the 29th Premier of Victoria. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... is the 140th day of the year (141st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Albert Dunstan holding a mineral, possibly Quartz Sir Albert Arthur Dunstan (1882–1950) was an Australian politician. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... John Gladstone Black McDonald (1898–1977) was Premier of Victoria (leading the Country Party) from 27 June 1950 to 17 December 1952, except for a few days in October 1952 when Thomas Hollway served as acting Premier. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Electoral Results

Federal results in the Lower House since 1919
Year 1919 1922 1925 1928 1929 1931 1934 1937 1940 1943
% 9.26 12.56 10.74 10.47 10.27 12.25 12.61 15.55 13.71 6.96
House Seats 11 of 75 14 of 75 14 of 75 13 of 75 10 of 75 16 of 75 14 of 74 16 of 74 14 of 74 7 of 74
Year 1946 1949 1951 1954 1955 1958 1961 1963 1966 1969
% 10.7 10.87 9.72 8.52 7.9 9.32 8.51 8.94 9.84 8.56
House Seats 11 of 74 19 of 121 17 of 121 17 of 121 18 of 122 19 of 122 17 of 122 20 of 122 21 of 124 20 of 125
Year 1972 1974 1975 1977 1980 1983 1984 1987 1990 1993
% 9.44 9.96 11.25 10.01 8.97 9.21 10.63 11.5 8.42 7.17
House Seats 20 of 125 21 of 127 23 of 127 19 of 124 20 of 125 17 of 125 21 of 148 19 of 147 14 of 148 16 of 148
Year 1996 1998 2001 2004
% 8.21 5.29 5.61 5.89
House Seats 19 of 148 16 of 148 13 of 150 12 of 150

Type Lower house Speaker of the House David Hawker, Liberal since November 16, 2004 Members 150 Political groups Liberal Party (74) ALP (60) National Party (12) Country Liberal Party (1) Last elections 9 October 2004 Meeting place Parliament House, Canberra, ACT Web site House of Representatives Entrance to the House...

See also

  • Young Nationals (Australia)

The Young Nationals, is the youth-division of the National Party of Australia, and membership is open to those between 16 and 30 years of age. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.theage.com.au/news/National/Nelson-Turnbull-Abbott-eye-Liberal-job/2007/11/26/1196036770961.html
  2. ^ Neilson, W. (1986) 'McWilliams, William James (1856 - 1929)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
  3. ^ Neilson, W. (1986) 'McWilliams, William James (1856 - 1929)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 10, Melbourne University Press, Melbourne.
  4. ^ Libs 'involved' in McGauran defection, The Age, 30 January 2006

This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

External links

  • Official website

 
 

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