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Encyclopedia > National Parliament of Papua New Guinea

The National Parliament of Papua New Guinea is the unicameral national legislature in Papua New Guinea. It was first created in 1972 as the House of Assembly, but gained its current name with the granting of independence in 1975. Unicameralism is the practice of having only one legislative or parliamentary chamber. ... 1972 was a leap year that started on a Saturday. ... 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ...

The 109 members of the parliament all serve five-year terms. 89 members are elected from single-member electorates, which are sometimes referred to as "seats" but are officially known as constituencies. The remaining 20 are elected from provinces and the national capital district in Port Moresby. The first past the post system has always been used to elect members, but this will change from the next election in 2007, due to electoral reforms introduced by former Prime Minister Mekere Morauta which replaced the old system with the Limited Preferential Vote. There has also been a recent proposal to abolish the provincial electorates, though this has been somewhat contentious and its future is unclear. Port Moresby, population 193,242 (1990), is the capital of Papua New Guinea. ... The first-past-the-post electoral system is a voting system for single-member districts, variously called first-past-the-post (FPTP or FPP), winner-take-all, plurality voting, or relative majority. ... 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sir Mekere Morauta (b. ...

As in other Commonwealth countries, the party or coalition with the most seats in the parliament is invited by the Governor-General to form government, and their leader subsequently becomes Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea, with the Prime Minister then appointing his cabinet from fellow members of the parliament. Flag of the Commonwealth of Nations The Commonwealth of Nations is an association of independent sovereign states, most of which are former colonies once governed by the United Kingdom as part of the British Empire. ... The Governor-General of Papua New Guinea is the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, known in Tok Pisin as Missis Kwin, Papua New Guineas head of state, performing the same duties as the Queen in the United Kingdom. ... List of Prime Ministers of Papua New Guinea Sir Michael Somare (1975-1980) Sir Julius Chan (1980-1982) Sir Michael Somare (1982-1985) Paias Wingti (1985-1988) Sir Rabbie Namaliu (1988-1992) Paias Wingti (1992-1994) Sir Julius Chan (1994-1997) Bill Skate (1997-1999) Sir Mekere Morauta (1999-2002...

Papua New Guinea has a fractious political culture and no party in the history of the parliament has yet won minority government. This has meant that negotiations between several parties have been necessary for governments to be formed. New governments are protected by law from votes of no confidence for the first 18 months of their term and in the last 12 months before a national election. More recently, in a move aimed at further minimising no-confidence motions, then-Prime Minister Mekere Morauta introduced changes that prevented members of the government of the day from voting in favour of such a motion. Sir Mekere Morauta (b. ...

There is universal franchise for all citizens over the age of 18, although voting is not compulsory.

See also

  • Members of the National Parliament of Papua New Guinea, 2002-2007



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