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Encyclopedia > National Mall
Facing east across the Mall with one's back towards the Lincoln Memorial. The Reflecting Pool, National World War II Memorial, Washington Monument, and United States Capitol are visible in the background.
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Facing east across the Mall with one's back towards the Lincoln Memorial. The Reflecting Pool, National World War II Memorial, Washington Monument, and United States Capitol are visible in the background.
Washington's annual Fourth of July fireworks, as viewed from the Martin (Federal Reserve) building.
Washington's annual Fourth of July fireworks, as viewed from the Martin (Federal Reserve) building.

The National Mall is an open-area national park in downtown Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. It is the site of gardens and other greenery along with many Smithsonian museums, national monuments and memorials. The National Mall refers specifically to the land stretching from the grounds of the Washington Monument to the United States Capitol directly to the east. However, the term commonly includes the areas that are officially part of West Potomac Park and Constitution Gardens to the west, and often is taken to refer to the entire area between the Lincoln Memorial and the Capitol, with the Washington Monument providing a division slightly west of the center. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1535, 660 KB) Facing east across the Washington Mall, with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2016x1535, 660 KB) Facing east across the Washington Mall, with ones back towards the Lincoln Memorial. ... The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ... This page is about the general memorial; for the one in Washington, D.C. see Reflecting Pool. ... The National World War II Memorial is a national memorial to Americans who served and died in World War II. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on the former site of the Rainbow Pool at the eastern end of the Reflecting Pool, between the Lincoln... The Washington Monument at dusk For other Washington Monuments, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Dc_fireworks_martin_building. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Dc_fireworks_martin_building. ... The Federal Reserve System is headquartered in the Eccles Building on Constitution Avenue in Washington, DC. The Federal Reserve System (also the Federal Reserve; informally The Fed) is the central banking system of the United States. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... Nickname: DC, The District Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has a second meaning based on an alternative sense of capital) is the principal city or town associated with a countrys government. ... A garden is a planned space, usually outdoors, set aside for the display, cultivation, and enjoyment of plants and other forms of nature. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... The National Gallery in London, a famous museum. ... The Taj Mahal, commissioned by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, as a mausoleum for his wife, Arjumand Banu Begum. ... The memorial at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Hawaii commemorates American dead from wars in the Pacific. ... The Washington Monument at dusk For other Washington Monuments, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... Looking north from West Potomac Park across the Tidal Basin, showing cherry trees in flower West Potomac Park adjoins the National Mall in Washington, DC. It includes the parkland that extends south of the Reflecting Pool, from the Lincoln Memorial to the grounds of the Washington Monument. ... Constitution Gardens is part of the National Mall in Washington, DC. The 50 acre (200,000 m²) park is located in between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument, bounded on the north by Constitution Avenue and on the south by the Reflecting Pool. ... The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ...


The idea for the National Mall was originally conceived by Pierre Charles L'Enfant in his plans for the city of Washington, D.C., created in 1791. However, his ideas were not realized until the beginning of the 20th century, with the McMillan Commission plan, which was also inspired by the City Beautiful Movement. Among other things, the McMillan plan called for moving the main railroad station, from a site on the National Mall, to its present location at Union Station. Today, the Mall is one of the most popular places in the city for tourism. As well, the mall is the site of many protests and demonstrations, including very large marches and rallies, such as the March on Washington in 1963, and the Million Man March in 1995. Annually on July 4th, the Capitol Fourth celebration takes place at the U.S. Capitol end of the mall, with a fireworks display. It is also used as a reference to give Americans an idea of the area of extremely small countries, such as Monaco and Vatican City. Pierre Charles LEnfant Pierre Charles LEnfant (2 August 1754, Paris, France, – 14 June 1825, Prince Georges County, Maryland) was a French-born American architect and urban planner. ... The National Mall was the centerpiece of the McMillan Plan. ... The City Beautiful movement was a Progressive reform movement in North American architecture and urban planning that flourished in the 1890s and 1900s with the intent of using beautification and monumental grandeur in cities to counteract the perceived moral decay of poverty-stricken urban environments. ... Union Station is the grand ceremonial train station designed to be the entrance to Washington, D.C. when it opened in 1907. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Demonstrators march in the street while protesting the World Bank and International Monetary Fund on April 16, 2005. ... A man carries a sign at the September 24, 2005 anti-war protest, a demonstration in Washington, D.C. American Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963. ... Demonstrator at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... The Million Man March was a Black march of protest and unity convened by Nation of Islam leader Louis Farrakhan in Washington, DC on October 16, 1995. ... In the United States, Independence Day (commonly known as the Fourth of July or simply the Fourth) is a federal holiday celebrating the adoption of the Declaration of Independence on 4 July 1776, declaring independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain. ... The Sydney Harbour Bridge and the Sydney Opera House illuminated under New Years Eve Fireworks 2005 Fireworks in Kraków, Poland for the 100th anniversary of Wisła Kraków FC. A fireworks event (also called a fireworks display or fireworks show) is a spectacular display of the effects...

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The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ... A mile is the name of a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... The Washington Monument at dusk For other Washington Monuments, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ... An acre is an English unit of area, which is also frequently used in the United States and some Commonwealth countries. ...


Landmarks of the National Mall

This USGS satellite image of the National Mall (proper) was taken April 26, 2002. The Capitol and surrounding grounds on the right were pixellated before release, presumably for security reasons.

Original image source: USGS satellite image of the National Mall in Washington, DC. Color modifications from original image and labels made by User:Postdlf; to the extent these are independently copyrightable, these have been released under the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... Original image source: USGS satellite image of the National Mall in Washington, DC. Color modifications from original image and labels made by User:Postdlf; to the extent these are independently copyrightable, these have been released under the GFDL. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Major Sites on the National Mall

1. Washington Monument
2. National Museum of American History
3. National Museum of Natural History
4. National Gallery of Art sculpture garden
5. West Building of the National Gallery of Art
6. East Building of the National Gallery of Art
7. United States Capitol
8. Ulysses S. Grant Memorial
9. United States Botanic Garden
The Washington Monument at dusk For other Washington Monuments, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The National Museum of American History is a museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution and located in Washington, D.C., on the National Mall. ... The museum as seen from the National Mall, the Old Post Office Building visible in the distance National Mall museum entrance The National Museum of Natural History is a museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museums collections total over... The East Building of the National Gallery of Art The National Gallery of Art is an art museum managed by the government of the United States but privately owned, although it functions as a public institution. ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... The Ulysses S. Grant Memorial is a monument in Washington, D.C., honoring American Civil War General and United States President Ulysses S. Grant. ... The United States Botanic Garden (USBG) is a botanic garden run by the Congress of the United States. ...

10. National Museum of the American Indian (under construction at time satellite image was taken)
11. National Air and Space Museum
12. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
13. Arts and Industries Building
14. Smithsonian Institution Building ("The Castle")
15. Freer Gallery of Art
16. Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
17. National Museum of African Art
National Museum of the American Indian in Washington D.C., viewed from the northeast Interior view looking down toward the entrance. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The exterior of the Hirshhorn Museum The Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden is an art museum located in Washington, DC on the National Mall and designed by architect Gordon Bunshaft. ... The Arts and Industries Building is the second oldest of the Smithsonian museums. ... The Castle The Smithsonian Institution Building, located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, houses the Smithsonian Institutions administrative offices and information center. ... The entrance to the Freer Gallery. ... Entrance to the Sackler Gallery. ... The National Museum of African Art is a museum that is part of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.. Located on the National Mall, the museum specializes in African art and culture. ...

As popularly understood, the National Mall also includes the following west of the Washington Monument: the Lincoln Memorial and Reflecting Pool, the National World War II Memorial, the Korean War Veterans Memorial, and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial. The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ... This page is about the general memorial; for the one in Washington, D.C. see Reflecting Pool. ... The National World War II Memorial is a national memorial to Americans who served and died in World War II. It is located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., on the former site of the Rainbow Pool at the eastern end of the Reflecting Pool, between the Lincoln... The Korean War Veterans Memorial is located in Washington, D.C.s West Potomac Park, southeast of the Lincoln Memorial and just south of the reflecting pool on the National Mall. ... The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a national war memorial located in Washington, D.C. that honors members of the U.S. armed forces who served in the Vietnam War. ...


The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial, scheduled for completion in 2008, will be located on a 4-acre site that borders the Tidal Basin and within the sightline of the Jefferson and Lincoln memorials. The winning design for the Martin Luther King Jr. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Tidal Basin is a partially man-made inlet adjacent to the Potomac River in Washington, D.C. It is part of West Potomac Park and is surrounded by the Jefferson Memorial and the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial. ...


Minor Sites on the National Mall

Further information: Constitution Gardens and West Potomac Park

The National Sylvan Theater, more commonly simply “The Sylvan Theater”, is a sylvan theater on the grounds of the Washington Monument, National Mall, Washington, DC, USA. The Sylvan Theater is located within the northwest corner of the 15th Street and Independence Avenue intersection, about 400 ft (120 m) southeast of... Constitution Gardens is part of the National Mall in Washington, DC. The 50 acre (200,000 m²) park is located in between the Lincoln Memorial and the Washington Monument, bounded on the north by Constitution Avenue and on the south by the Reflecting Pool. ... Looking north from West Potomac Park across the Tidal Basin, showing cherry trees in flower West Potomac Park adjoins the National Mall in Washington, DC. It includes the parkland that extends south of the Reflecting Pool, from the Lincoln Memorial to the grounds of the Washington Monument. ...

Other nearby attractions

Facing west across the Mall, with one's back towards the United States Capitol. Directly in front is the equestrian statute of the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, with the Washington Monument behind, and, partially visible beyond, the Lincoln Memorial. Reaching above the trees are the green dome of the National Museum of Natural History to the right, and the towers of the Smithsonian Institution Building to the left.
Facing west across the Mall, with one's back towards the United States Capitol. Directly in front is the equestrian statute of the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial, with the Washington Monument behind, and, partially visible beyond, the Lincoln Memorial. Reaching above the trees are the green dome of the National Museum of Natural History to the right, and the towers of the Smithsonian Institution Building to the left.

Other attractions within walking distance of the Mall include the Library of Congress and the United States Supreme Court building to the east behind the Capitol; the White House (on a line directly north of the Jefferson Memorial), the National Archives, the Old Post Office, the National Theatre, Ford's Theater, and the Albert Einstein Memorial to the north; the National Postal Museum, and Union Station to the northeast; and the Jefferson Memorial (on a line directly south of the White House), the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial, the George Mason Memorial, the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, and the Bureau of Engraving and Printing to the south. Download high resolution version (2016x951, 171 KB)Facing West across the Washington Mall, with ones back towards the United States Capitol. ... Download high resolution version (2016x951, 171 KB)Facing West across the Washington Mall, with ones back towards the United States Capitol. ... The United States Capitol is the capitol building that serves as the location for the Congress of the United States, the legislative branch of the U.S. federal government. ... The Ulysses S. Grant Memorial is a monument in Washington, D.C., honoring American Civil War General and United States President Ulysses S. Grant. ... The Washington Monument at dusk For other Washington Monuments, see Washington Monuments (world). ... The Lincoln Memorial, built 1915 - 1922. ... The museum as seen from the National Mall, the Old Post Office Building visible in the distance National Mall museum entrance The National Museum of Natural History is a museum administered by the Smithsonian Institution, located on the National Mall in Washington, D.C. The museums collections total over... The Castle The Smithsonian Institution Building, located on the National Mall in Washington, DC, houses the Smithsonian Institutions administrative offices and information center. ... The Great Hall interior. ... The Supreme Court building is the seat of the Supreme Court of the United States. ... North façade of the White House, seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. ... The National Archives building in Washington, DC The United States National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) is an independent agency of the United States federal government charged with preserving and documenting government and historical records. ... The Old Post Office Pavilion is located the intersection of 12th Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW, in Washington, DC. When completed in 1899, it was thought that the Post Office Building would stimulate revitalization of one of the worst neighborhoods in Washington, DC. It became evident that the hoped-for... The National Theatre is located in Washington, D.C. and is a venue for a variety of live stage productions with seating for 1,676. ... Fords Theatre in the 19th century Fords Theatre in Washington, D.C. was the site of the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865. ... The Albert Einstein Memorial is a monumental bronze statue depicting Albert Einstein seated with manuscript papers in hand. ... The National Postal Museum in Washington, D.C. is located across the street from Union Station and houses many interactive displays about the history of the United States Postal Service and of mail service around the world. ... Burnhams Union Station: the central block of the immense front façade of Union Station Union Station is the grand ceremonial train station designed to be the entrance to Washington, DC when it opened in 1907. ... Jefferson Memorial at dusk, illuminated Rudolph Evans statue with the Declaration of Independence preamble to the right The front steps of the Jefferson Memorial The Jefferson Memorial at night, reflected on the Potomac River. ... The Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial is a United States Presidential Memorial built not only to the memory of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but also to the era he represents. ... The George Mason Memorial, located in East Potomac Park in Washington, D.C., commemorates the often neglected contributions of an important Founding Father of the United States. ... Exterior of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum viewed from 14th St. ... BEP Annual Production Figures Categories: U.S. Dept. ...


The Mall, in combination with the other attractions in the Washington metropolitan area, makes the nation's capital city one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. The Smithsonian (Washington Metro) stop can be used to get to the Mall. Parking is also available south of the mall, accessible directly south of the Lincoln Memorial. Smithsonian is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Blue and Orange Lines. ...


Protests and rallies on the Mall

The Mall's status as a wide, open expanse at the heart of the capital makes it an attractive site for protests and rallies of all types. One notable example is the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, a massive rally for African-American civil rights, at which Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. gave his famous "I have a dream" speech. The largest officially recorded rally was the Vietnam War Moratorium Rally on October 15, 1969. Although larger rallies may have occurred since that time, the United States Park Police no longer release official estimates of crowd sizes on the Mall. One later rally that is claimed to have been the largest rally on the Mall was the 2004 March for Women's Lives. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1271x1902, 511 KB) Crowds surrounding the Reflecting Pool, during the 1963 March on Washington. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1271x1902, 511 KB) Crowds surrounding the Reflecting Pool, during the 1963 March on Washington. ... Demonstrator at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ... Demonstrator at the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom The March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom was a large political rally that took place in Washington, D.C. on August 28, 1963. ... Note: This page is 84 kilobytes long. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Martin Luther King Jr. ... Martin Luther King, Jr. ... The Moratorium to End the War in Vietnam was a large demonstration against United States involvement in the Vietnam War that took place across the United States on October 15, 1969. ... October 15 is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years). ... 1969 (MCMLXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1969 calendar). ... The United States Park Police is the oldest uniformed federal law enforcement agency in the United States. ... Marchers on the National Mall Participants leaving the Washington Metro at Stadium-Armory after the march The March for Womens Lives was a demonstration for abortion rights and womens rights, held April 25, 2004 on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., and possibly the largest protest ever...


Transportation

The National Mall is accessible via Washington Metro, with the Smithsonian station located on the south side of the mall, near the Smithsonian Institution Building and between the Washington Monument and Capitol Hill. The Federal Triangle, Archives-Navy Memorial-Penn Quarter, and Union Station metro stations are also located near the mall, to the north. L'Enfant Plaza, Federal Center Southwest and Capitol South metro stations are located a few blocks south of the mall. The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the public transportation system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... Smithsonian is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Blue and Orange Lines. ... Federal Triangle is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Blue and Orange Lines. ... Archives-Navy Meml-Penn Quarter is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Green and Yellow Lines. ... Union Station is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Red Line. ... Station entrance pylon at LEnfant Plaza. ... Federal Center SW station. ... Capitol South is a Washington Metro station in Washington, DC on the Blue and Orange Lines. ...


The Metro bus and DC Circulator travel and stop around the National Mall. A Flxible Metro-D operates on Metrobus route 66. ... The DC Circulator is a downtown circulator bus system in Washington, D.C., U.S.A.. It is operated by a public-private partnership including the District of Columbia Department of Transportation and the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority, which also operates the Metrobus system in the capital and its...


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