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Encyclopedia > National Labor Relations Board

The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) is an independent agency of the United States Government charged with conducting elections for union representation and with investigating and remedying unfair labor practices. It is governed by a five-person board, whose members are appointed by the President and a presidentiallly-appointed General Counsel. The General Counsel acts as a prosecutor and the Board acts as an appellate judicial body from decisions of administrative law judges. The NLRB was established in 1935 through passage of the National Labor Relations Act (better known as the Wagner Act), which was amended by the Taft-Hartley Act in 1947. The government of the United States, established by the United States Constitution, is a federal republic of 50 states, a few territories and some protectorates. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... The National Labor Relations Board, an agency within the United States government, was created in 1935 as part of the National Labor Relations Act. ... The President of the United States (fully, President of the United States of America; unofficially abbreviated POTUS) is the head of state of the United States and the chief executive of the federal government. ... A General Counsel is the chief lawyer of a legal department, usually in a corporation or government department. ... An appellate court is a court that hears cases in which a lower court -- either a trial court or a lower-level appellate court — has already made some decision, which at least one party to the action wants to challenge based upon some legal grounds that are allowed to be... Administrative law is the body of law that arises from the activities of administrative agencies of government. ... A judge or justice is an official who presides over a court. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: New Deal The New Deal is the name given to the series of programs used by Franklin Delano Roosevelt with the goal of stabilizing, reforming and stimulating the United States economy in the Great Depression. ... The National Labor Relations Act (or Wagner Act) is a 1935 United States federal law that protects the rights of most workers in the private sector to organize labor unions, to engage in collective bargaining, and to take part in strikes and other forms of concerted activity in support of... The Taft-Hartley Act severely restricted the activities and power of labor unions in the United States. ... 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...

The Board's jurisdiction is limited to private sector employers and the United States Postal Service; other than Postal Service employees, it has no authority over labor relations disputes involving governmental employees, railroad and airline employees covered by the Adamson Railway Labor Act, or agricultural employees. In those parts of the private sector it does cover, on the other hand, its jurisdictional standards are low enough to reach almost all employers whose business has any appreciable impact on interstate commerce. In law, jurisdiction refers to the aspect of a any unique legal authority as being localized within boundaries. ... The private sector of a nations economy consists of those entities which are not controlled by the state - i. ... A USPS truck in San Francisco A smaller truck (a Long Life Vehicle or LLV) used in suburban areas This article describes the United States Postal Service. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... A Boeing 747-400 belonging to Virgin Atlantic Airways, one of the UKs largest airlines. ... The Adamson Railway Labor Act of 1916 was passed to avert a railroad strike. ... Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 of the United States Constitution empowers the United States Congress To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes. The Commerce Clause has been the subject of intense constitutional and political disagreement centering on the extent to...

The Taft-Hartley Act also created a formal administrative distinction between the Board and the General Counsel of the NLRB. In broad terms, the General Counsel is responsible for investigating and prosecuting unfair labor practice claims; the Board, on the other hand, is the adjudicative body that decides the unfair labor practice cases brought to it. While the General Counsel has limited independence to argue for a change in the law in presenting cases to the Board, once the Board has decided the issue it is the General Counsel's responsibility to defend the Board's decision, even if it is contrary to the position he advocated when presenting the case to the Board. The Board is also responsible for the administration of the Act's provisions governing the holding of elections and resolution of jurisdictional disputes.

The Board has more than thirty regional offices, which conduct elections, investigate unfair labor practice charges and make the initial determination whether to dismiss, and settle or issue complaints on those charges. The Board has jurisdiction to hold elections and prosecute violations of the Act in Puerto Rico and American Samoa.

A predecessor organization, the National Labor Board, was established by the National Industrial Recovery Act in 1933, an act that was subsequently struck down by the Supreme Court. The National Labor Board was the predecessor to the National Labor Relations Board. ... NRA Blue Eagle poster. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... Judicial review is the power of a court to review a law or an official act of a government employee or agent for constitutionality or for the violation of basic principles of justice. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States...

Election procedures

See NLRB election procedures. The National Labor Relations Board, an agency within the United States government, was created in 1935 as part of the National Labor Relations Act. ...

External links


How To Take A Case Before The NLRB by the Bureau of National Affairs (Seventh Edition) ISBN 1570181837



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