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Encyclopedia > National Intelligence Service (Albania)

The National Intelligence Service (SHIK) is the primary intelligence agency of Albania. In November 1999, SHIK was re-named the State Intelligence Service (SHISH). An intelligence agency is a governmental organization devoted to gathering of information by means of espionage (spying), communication interception, cryptoanalysis, cooperation with other institutions, and evaluation of public sources. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) is a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Created by the Albanian parliament in 1992, most of SHIK's officers came from the same northeastern region of the country as President Sali Berisha. The agency has been used to manage internal dissent and protect the interests of the individual members of the regime. 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Sali Ram Berisha (born October 15, 1944) is the Prime Minister of the Republic of Albania. ...


On April 1, 1997 the prime minister, Bashkim Fino, announced theat SHIK activity would be suspended effective from March 31. SHIK Director Bashkim Gazidede and his deputy, Bujar Rama, resigned. On May 30, the President named Arben Karkini as the new head of SHIK. He was succeeded by Fatos Klosi after the Socialists won the July 1997 parliamentary elections. In October 1997, the United States Central Intelligence Agency sent a team of experts to assist the government in restructuring the SHIK. April 1 is the 91st day of the year (92nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 274 days remaining. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... List of Prime Ministers of Albania Ismail Qemali (1912-1913) Myfit Libohova (1913-1914) Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1914) Esat Pashë Toptani (1914) Abdullah Rushdi (1914-1918) Turhan Pasha Përmeti (1918-1920) Sulejman Bej Delvina (1920) Ilias Bej Vrioni (1920-1921) Pandeli Evangjeli (1921) Hasan Bej Prishtina (1921) Omer... Bashkim Fino is a previous Prime Minister of Albania. ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (91st in Leap years), with 275 days remaining, as the final day of March. ... May 30 is the 150th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (151st in leap years). ... The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is an American intelligence agency, responsible for obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and individuals, and reporting such information to the various branches of the U.S. Government. ...


On the evening of September 22, 1997, the former chairman of SHIK, Shkëlqim Agolli, was found stabbed to death in his home in Athens. It was alleged in Jane’s Intelligence Review that this was a killing by professional assassins. According to Albanian newspaper Gazeta Albania, a group called Komiteti Shpëtimit (Commission of Salvation), formed after the 1997 riots in Vlorë, was responsible for his death. September 22 is the 265th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (266th in leap years). ... The Acropolis in central Athens, one of the most important landmarks in world history. ... Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ... Vlora (Photo by Marc Morell) Vlorë (Albanian: Vlorë or Vlora; Greek: Αυλών/Aulōn (ancient), Αυλώνα/Avlóna (modern); Italian: Valona) is the second largest port city of Albania, after Durrës, with a population of about 85,000 (2003 estimate). ...


Albania has only recently emerged from decades of totalitarian rule and while tentative steps have been taken towards establishing a democracy the country's political situation remains chaotic and unstable. Corruption within government and the country's security and intelligence agencies is endemic. Albania suffered major political crises in 1997 and 2003, bringing the country to a state of near anarchy. New elections held in the summer of 2005 decisively returned a majority government under Sali Berisha and his Democratic Party. 2003 (MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


SHISH is operating within this context and while it has been identified as being "generally under effective civilian control" (U.S. Department of State, 2004) the agency has still been associated with various abuses within the country and continues to play a significant role in domestic politics. While the Albanian government has received support from the U.S. and European countries in working to establish or reform national institutions including it's intelligence and security services, SHISH, police and other security forces have been cited as untrained, ill-paid and often unprofessional. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Reference

  • Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services
  • Country Reports on Human Rights Practices (2004) Albania, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, February 28, 2005 U.S. Department of State

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