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Encyclopedia > National Institute of Justice

The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) is the research, development and evaluation agency of the United States Department of Justice. NIJ, along with the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), and other program offices, comprises the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) branch of the Department of Justice. Research is often described as an active, diligent, and systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting and revising facts. ... Justice Department redirects here. ... The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) is a department of the US Department of Justice which is responsible for maintaining criminal justice data and statistics. ... The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (or OJJDP) is an office of the United States Department of Justice and a component of the Office of Justice Programs. ... The Office of Justice Programs (OJP) is the branch of the United States Department of Justice that focuses on crime prevention through research & technology development, assistance to state and local law enforcement and criminal justice agencies through grants, and assistance to crime victims. ...

NIJ is focused on advancing law enforcement and corrections technology, as well as criminology, criminal justice, and related social science research. For the band, see The Police. ... Corrections refers to one of the components of the criminal justice system. ... Criminology is the study of crime as a social phenomenon, including the causes and consequences of crime, criminal behavior, as well as the development of, and impact of laws. ... The study of criminal justice traditionally revolves around three main components of the criminal justice system: police, courts, corrections. ...

Research areas include:

Much of this research is facilitated by providing grants to academic institutions, non-profit research organizations, and other entities, as well as collaborating with state and local governments. At Disney World, biometric measurements are taken from the fingers of multi-day pass users to ensure that the pass is used by the same person from day to day. ... Interoperability is the ability of products, systems, or business processes to work together to accomplish a common task. ... Crime mapping is a key component of crime analysis and the CompStat policing strategy. ... Corrections refers to one of the components of the criminal justice system. ... Forensic science (often shortened to forensics) is the application of a broad spectrum of sciences to answer questions of interest to the legal system. ... The general structure of a section of DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid —usually in the form of a double helix— that contains the genetic instructions specifying the biological development of all cellular forms of life, and most viruses. ... Summary An electroshock gun or stun gun, is a weapon used for subduing a person by administering an electric shock. ... A bulletproof vest – also called body armour (U.S. body armor) – is an article of protective clothing that works as a form of armour to minimize injury from being hit by a fired bullet. ...

NIJ is notable among U.S. governmental research organizations because it is headed by a political appointee of the President rather than by a scientist or a member of the civil service. Politics is the process and method of decision-making for groups of human beings. ... The physicist Albert Einstein is probably historys most widely recognized scientist. ... A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ...

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