FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > National Hockey League rules

While the National Hockey League follows the general rules of Ice hockey, it differs slightly from those used in international games organized by the International Ice Hockey Federation such as the Olympics. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) was founded in 1908 and is the worldwide governing body for ice hockey and in-line hockey. ... Ice hockey tournaments have been competed at the Olympic Games since the 1920 Summer Olympics. ...

Contents

Game timing

In the National Hockey League, between stoppages of play, teams have 18 seconds (5 seconds for the visiting team, 8 seconds for the home team, 5 seconds to line up at the faceoff location) to substitute their players, except during TV timeouts. TV timeouts are two minutes long, and occur three times per period: during normal game stoppages after the 6, 10, and 14 minute marks of the period, unless there is a power play or a goal has just been scored. Each team may also take one 30 second time-out which may only be taken during a normal stoppage of play. NHL redirects here. ...


Hockey rink

Main article: Hockey rink

The hockey rink is an ice rink which is rectangular with rounded corners and surrounded by a wall. It measures 25.91 by 60.92 metres (85 by 200 feet) in the NHL, while international standards call for a rink measuring 60-61 meters long by 29-30 meters wide (196.85-200.13 feet by 95.14-98.43 feet). The centre line divides the ice in half lengthwise. The centre line is used to judge icing violations. There are two blue lines that divide the rink roughly into thirds. They divide the ice into zones. Near each end of the rink, there is a thin red goal line spanning the width of the ice. It is used to judge goals and icing calls. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (392x647, 18 KB) Summary New NHL rink for 2005-2006 season with new rink markings. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... Rockefeller Centre ice rink An ice rink is a frozen body of water where people can ice skate or play winter sports. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... The puck dents the top of the net for a goal as the goaltender fails to block the shot A goal in ice hockey provides a team with one point. ...


New in the 2005-06 season, after testing in the American Hockey League, is a trapezoid behind each goalie net. The goalie can only play the puck within that area or in front of the goal line. If he plays the puck behind the goal line and not in the trapezoid, a 2 minute minor penalty for delay of game will be assessed by the referees. The modernized NHL shield logo was introduced for the 2005-06 season. ... The American Hockey League (AHL) is regarded as the top professional hockey league in North America outside the National Hockey League (NHL). ...


Scoring and winning

A goal is scored when the puck completely crosses the goal line and enters the net. A goal may be disallowed under the following circuistances:

  • the scoring team takes a penalty during the play;
  • the puck is directed in by an attacker's high stick (above the crossbar), glove, or skate (with a kicking motion);
  • or if it is deemed to have gone in after a stoppage in play.

The team with the most goals at the end of regulation time wins the game. If the game is tied at the end of regulation, the game goes into a 5-minute 4 vs. 4 sudden-death overtime. If nothing is resolved during this time a shootout takes place. Three players from each team are picked by their respective coaches and shoot. If no team comes out victorious 1 by 1 sudden death shootout continues. No player may shoot twice until everyone on the bench has taken a shot.


Offside

Main article: Offside (ice hockey)

In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. When an offside violation occurs, the linesman blows the play dead, and a faceoff is conducted in the neutral zone. During the '04-'05 lockout, the league removed the offside pass or two-line pass rule, which required a stoppage in play if a pass originating from inside a team's defending zone was completed on the offensive side of the centre line, unless the puck crossed the line before the player. The removal of the two-line offside was one of several rule changes intended to increase overall scoring, which had been in decline since the early 1990's. In ice hockey, play is said to be offside if a player on the attacking team enters the attacking zone before the puck. ... Two standard hockey pucks. ... American Hockey League referee Dean Morton In ice hockey, an official is a person who has some responsibility in enforcing the rules or maintaining the order of the game. ... A typical faceoff at centre ice A faceoff is the method used to begin play in ice hockey. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ...


Icing

Main article: Icing (ice hockey)

Icing occurs when a player shoots the puck across both the centre line and the opposing team's goal line without the puck going into the net. When icing occurs, a linesman stops play if a defending player (other than the goaltender) touches the puck before an attacking player is able to. Play is resumed with a faceoff in the defending zone of the team that committed the infraction. Icing is not enforced for a team that is short-handed. If the goaltender makes a move from his net to play the puck, the icing is immediately waved off. Icing can also be waved off if, in the officials' opinion, the defending team had a viable opportunity to play the puck before crossing the goal line. Example A is not icing; Example B is icing. ... Two standard hockey pucks. ... A hockey rink is an ice rink specifically designed for the game of ice hockey. ... American Hockey League referee Dean Morton In ice hockey, an official is a person who has some responsibility in enforcing the rules or maintaining the order of the game. ... A typical faceoff at centre ice A faceoff is the method used to begin play in ice hockey. ...


Under the rules following the 2004-2005 lockout if a team is guilty of icing the puck they are not allowed to make a line change before the following faceoff. A typical faceoff at centre ice A faceoff is the method used to begin play in ice hockey. ...


Penalties

Main article: Penalty (ice hockey)

A penalty is a punishment for infractions of the rules. A referee makes all penalty calls while the linesmen may call only obvious technical infractions such as too many men on the ice. In the NHL, the linesman may also call major intent-to-injure penalties that the referee may have missed. A penalty in ice hockey is a punishment for inappropriate behavior, or the inappropriate behavior itself (whether called or not). ... Look up Punishment in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... American Hockey League referee Dean Morton In ice hockey, an official is a person who has some responsibility in enforcing the rules or maintaining the order of the game. ... American Hockey League referee Dean Morton In ice hockey, an official is a person who has some responsibility in enforcing the rules or maintaining the order of the game. ...


During a penalty, the player who committed the infraction is sent to the penalty box. Small infractions are deemed minor penalties, and the player is kept off the ice for two minutes of gameplay. More dangerous infractions, such as fighting, are deemed major penalties and have a duration of five minutes. The penalized team cannot replace the player on the ice and is thus shorthanded for the duration of the penalty. Normally, hockey teams have five skaters on the ice (excluding the goaltender), so if a minor or major penalty is called, play becomes five-on-four. The penalty boxes in this ice hockey game are shown here. ... Shorthanded in hockey terms refers to having one less skater on the ice during play. ... This article is about the goaltender in ice hockey. ...


This situation is called a power play for the non-offending team and a penalty kill for the offending team. A team is far more likely to score on a power play than during normal play. If the penalized team is scored on during a minor penalty, the penalty immediately terminates. Unlike minor penalties, major penalties must be served to their full completion, regardless of number of goals scored during the power play. Power play is a sporting term used in various games. ...


There are exceptions to the rule where a team cannot replace a player on the ice after a penalty: mutual majors for fighting, where there are two participants in a fight, will result in each person receiving five minutes, but the penalties will not affect the on-ice strength of either team (play remains five-on-five), unless if a player is deemed to be the instigator of the fight, that player will receive a two minute minor. There are also "coincidental" minors in which the penalties called against both teams are simultaneous and equal in length, so that neither team receives a power play.


There also exist game- and 10-minute-misconducts which are reserved for infractions such as continued disputing of a call with an official or for intent to injure penalties. Misconducts do not affect the on-ice strength of the offending team, though they are usually accompanied with a minor, double minor, or five-minute major.


External links

  • Official NHL Rulebook

 
 

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