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Encyclopedia > National Hockey Association
This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series.

The National Hockey Association (December 2, 1909 - December 11, 1918) was a professional ice hockey organization with teams in Ontario and Quebec, Canada. This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... The Federal Amateur Hockey League is a defunct Canadian ice hockey league that played three seasons from 1903 to 1906. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... The classic NHL shield logo, used until the end of the 2004 lockout. ... The Western Canada Hockey League (WCHL), founded in 1921, was a major professional ice hockey league originally based in the prairies of Canada. ... World Hockey Association logo The World Hockey Association (French: Association Mondiale de Hockey) was a professional ice hockey league that operated in North America from 1972 to 1979. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English (de facto) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 106 24 Area Total  - Land  - Water  (% of total)  Ranked 4th 1,076... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

Contents

History

At the time of the league's founding in 1910, the Eastern Canada Hockey Association which dated from 1906 and was itself the successor of the first recognized major hockey league, the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada, was in the midst of a political battle. In an effort to freeze out the Montreal Wanderers franchise, the ECHA disbanded and a new league formed to be called the Canadian Hockey Association, deliberately designed to exclude the Wanderers. After numerous rejections and snubs from the ECHA, Ambrose O'Brien and his father, Michael J. O'Brien, created their own league, calling it the National Hockey Association (NHA). The O'Briens financed four teams in the league: the Renfrew Creamery Kings which became the Renfrew Millionaires, Cobalt, Haileybury and Les Canadiens of Montreal. Within a month, the Montreal Wanderers also joined to became the fifth team. This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... This article is part of the Evolution of the NHL series. ... Montreal Wanderers The Montreal Wanderers were a professional hockey team that played in Montreal, Quebec and one of the founding franchises of the National Hockey League in the 1917-18 NHL season. ... John Ambrose OBrien (May 27, 1885 – April 25, 1968), was an owner in the National Hockey Association, the forerunner to the National Hockey League. ...


A bidding war for players immediately started, and Frank Patrick and Lester Patrick were each signed by the Renfrew Millionaires for $3,000 apiece, the highest salaries recorded to that time. It became readily apparent that two leagues could not be sustained -- there were five teams in Montreal alone -- and after eight games the CHA folded, the Ottawa Senators and Montreal Shamrocks being admitted to the NHA. Frank Patrick can be Frank Patrick the American football player Frank Patrick the Ice hockey player This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Lester Patrick (December 30, 1883-June 1, 1960) born in Drummondville, Quebec, Canada. ... This article is about the current National Hockey League team. ... Montreal Shamrocks were a professional ice hockey team which played in the Amateur Hockey Association from 1896 to 1898, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League 1898-1905, the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association 1905-1909 and both the Canadian Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association 1909-1910. ...


Labour unrest was a hallmark of the league, the 1910-1911 season almost foundering because of widespread dissatisfaction amongst the players at the salaries on offer, and players' unions were rumored to be on the verge of creation at several points. However, the league put forth several innovations, among them the abolition of the rover position in 1912, the inclusion of numbers on jerseys, the institution of match penalties and allowing line changes on the fly.


The championship trophy of the NHA was the O'Brien Trophy, donated by the O'Brien family and which survived to become the championship trophy of the NHL. However, as the Ottawa Senators joined the league as the reigning Stanley Cup champions, the first five seasons of the league had the Cup awarded to the league champions, which then defended it against outside challenges. The OBrien Trophy was a National Hockey League trophy, retired following the 1949-50 NHL season. ... This article is about the current National Hockey League team. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ...


In the 1914-1915 season the league championship was decided by a two-game total goal playoff between the Wanderers and the Senators. Ottawa won the championship, and the right to defend the Cup against Vancouver of the Pacific Coast Hockey Association in a three game series in which Vancouver won in dominating fashion. The notion of a league champion being awarded the Cup to defend ceased with that season, as the Portland Rosebuds were the PCHA champions in 1915-1916 but were not automatically accorded the Cup. Instead, they played the Montreal Canadiens for the trophy (and became the first American team to do so), which the Canadiens won in a five game series. The Vancouver Millionaires were a professional ice hockey team in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada from 1911 to 1926. ... The Pacific Coast Hockey Association was a professional ice hockey league in western Canada, operating from 1911 to 1924 when it merged with the Western Canada Hockey League. ... The Portland Rosebuds were an ice hockey team based in Portland, Oregon which played in the Pacific Coast Hockey Association from 1914 to 1918. ...


A historical oddity was the admission for the 1916-1917 season of the 228th Battalion, which had a number of hockey players enlisting with World War I. Also known as the Northern Fusiliers, the team played wearing khaki military uniforms and was the league's most popular and highest scoring club until the regiment was ordered overseas in February 1917 and the team was forced to withdraw. A scandal ensued when several stars were subsequently discharged and alleged they had been promised commissions solely to play hockey. Combatants Allied Powers: Russian Empire France British Empire Italy United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary German Empire Ottoman Empire Bulgaria Commanders Nikolay II Aleksey Brusilov Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Ferdinand Foch Robert Nivelle Herbert H. Asquith D. Lloyd George Sir Douglas Haig Sir John Jellicoe Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna...


That season would prove the NHA's last, as in a power play to oust unpopular Toronto owner Eddie Livingstone, the remaining clubs met in November of 1917 to form the National Hockey League, using the exact constitution and playing rules of the NHA. The Wanderers' owner was quoted as saying, "We didn't throw Livingstone out; he's still got his franchise in the old National Hockey Association. He has his team, and we wish him well. The only problem is he's playing in a one-team league." Edward J. Livingstone (September 12, 1884 - September 11, 1945) was the founder of the Toronto Blueshirts, a predecessor of the Toronto Maple Leafs of the NHL. Livingstone was born in Toronto, Ontario as the youngest of three children. ... “NHL” redirects here. ...


The NHA's officials met nearly a year later, on September 20, 1918, when a vote was taken to permanently suspend operations over Livingstone's objections. The final meeting of the NHA took place on December 11 where Livingstone tried unsuccessfully to get the league's shareholders to resume operations. September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Teams

The Cobalt Silver Kings are a defunct ice hockey club which played in Cobalt, Ontario, Canada, only during the 1909-10 NHA season. ... This article is on the ice hockey team. ... The Haileybury Hockey Club are a defunct ice hockey club which played in Haileybury, Ontario only during the 1909-10 NHA season before they were taken over and moved to Montreal, Quebec by the Club Antique-Canadien, to became the Montreal Canadiens. ... The Montreal Canadiens are a professional ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Toronto Blueshirts was a National Hockey Association team which played in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Montreal Wanderers The Montreal Wanderers were a professional hockey team that played in Montreal, Quebec and one of the founding franchises of the National Hockey League in the 1917-18 NHL season. ... Montreal Shamrocks were a professional ice hockey team which played in the Amateur Hockey Association from 1896 to 1898, the Canadian Amateur Hockey League 1898-1905, the Eastern Canada Amateur Hockey Association 1905-1909 and both the Canadian Hockey Association and the National Hockey Association 1909-1910. ... The Ottawa Senators (aka. ... The Renfrew Creamery Kings was a founding franchise in 1909 of the National Hockey Association, the precursor to the National Hockey League. ... The Toronto Hockey Club, known as the Torontos and the Toronto Blue Shirts were a professional National Hockey Association team that played in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Toronto Tecumsehs (officially the Tecumseh Hockey Club) were a team in the National Hockey Association in 1912-13. ... The Toronto Ontarios were a team in the National Hockey Association. ... The Toronto Shamrocks was the name of the Toronto Ontarios hockey team for the latter part of the 1914-15 season. ... The 228th (Northern Fusiliers) Battalion, CEF was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the First World War. ...

NHA champions

  • 1909-10: Montreal Wanderers
  • 1910-11: Ottawa Senators
  • 1911-12: Quebec Bulldogs
  • 1912-13: Quebec Bulldogs
  • 1913-14: Toronto Blue Shirts
  • 1914-15: Ottawa Senators
  • 1915-16: Montreal Canadiens
  • 1916-17: Montreal Canadiens

The 1909-10 NHA season was the first season of the now defunct National Hockey Association. ... The 1910-11 NHA season was the second season of the now defunct National Hockey Association. ... The 1911-12 NHA season was the third season of the now defunct National Hockey Association. ... The 1912-13 NHA season was the fourth season of the now defunct National Hockey Association. ... The 1915-16 season was the 7th season of the National Hockey Association. ... The 1916-17 NHA season was the 8th and final season of the National Hockey Association. ...

References

  • Charles Coleman, Trail of the Stanley Cup, Vol I., NHL, 1966.
  • Neil Issacs, Checking Back, W.W. Norton & Co., 1977.

See also


 
 

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