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Encyclopedia > National Football League lore

National Football League lore is a collection of information that NFL fans retain and share. NFL redirects here. ...


Since the NFL was founded in 1920, it has grown from an informal network of teams based mostly in small towns and cities into the most popular and successful sports league in the United States. During the interval between its founding and the present, it has competed for attention with other sports and college football, fended off rival leagues, consolidated the marriage between sports and television, and established an extensive and colorful NFL lore. Largely through the efforts of NFL Films and many sportswriters, some events have become extremely famous, even mythical, in the history of the game. See also: 1919 in sports, other events of 1920, 1921 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Baseball (Major League) January 3 - Boston Red Sox owner Harry Frazee sells Babe Ruth to the New York Yankees for $125,000 and a $350,000 loan, beginning the Curse of... This article covers college football played in the United States. ... NFL Films is a Mount Laurel, New Jersey-based company devoted to producing commercials, television programs, feature films, and documentaries on the National Football League, as well as other unrelated major events and awards shows. ...

Contents

Games and plays

The following is a selected list of memorable plays and events that have stood the test of time and are considered common knowledge by NFL fans: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ...


1930s

is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1932 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... The 1932 NFL Playoff Game was the first ever playoff game held by the National Football League (NFL), the major professional American football sports league in the United States. ... The Chicago Stadium was a famed and historic indoor sports arena in Chicago, Illinois. ... The 1934 NFL Championship Game, also known as The Sneakers Game, was played at the Polo Grounds in New York City on December 9, 1934. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... The Polo Grounds was the name given to four different stadiums in Manhattan, New York City used by baseballs New York Giants from 1883 until 1957, New York Metropolitans from 1883 until 1885, the New York Yankees from 1912 until 1922, and by the New York Mets in their...

1940s

  • December 8, 1940, Chicago Bears vs. Washington Redskins, 1940 NFL Championship Game
    Sparked by a comment made by Redskins owner George Preston Marshall, who had said three weeks earlier that the Bears were crybabies and quitters when the going got tough, Chicago crushed Washington, 73-0. This game currently stands as the most onesided victory in NFL history.
  • December 16, 1945, Washington Redskins vs. Cleveland Rams, 1945 NFL Championship Game
    The Rams scored a safety when Redskins quarterback Sammy Baugh, throwing the ball from his own end zone, hit the goal posts (which were on the goal line between 1933 and 1973). The two points was the margin of victory as the Rams won 15-14. After the game, the rules were changed so that when a forward pass thrown from one's own end zone hits the goal posts, it is instead ruled incomplete.

is the 342nd day of the year (343rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... The 1940 National Football League Championship Game, was played at Griffith Stadium in Washington, D.C. on December 8, 1940. ... is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1945 NFL season was the 26th regular season of the National Football League. ... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... City St. ... In the 1945 National Football League Championship Game, the Cleveland Rams defeated the Washington Redskins, 15–14, at Cleveland Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, Ohio on December 16, 1945. ... Samuel Adrian Baugh (born March 17, 1914) is a retired American football player born in Temple, Texas, the second son of James and Lucy Baugh. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ...

1950s

The 1958 National Football League Championship Game was played on December 28, 1958 at Yankee Stadium in New York City. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ... City Indianapolis, Indiana Other nicknames The Horseshoes Team colors Blue and White Head Coach Tony Dungy Owner Jim Irsay General manager Bill Polian Mascot Blue League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... For other uses, see Sudden death (disambiguation). ... Lino Dante Alan Ameche (March 1, 1933 — August 8, 1988), nicknamed The Horse, was an American football player who played six seasons with the Baltimore Colts in the National Football League after winning the Heisman Trophy in college at the University of Wisconsin. ... The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ...

1960s

  • The Wrong Way Run (October 25, 1964, Minnesota Vikings vs. San Francisco 49ers)[2]
    Vikings defensive end Jim Marshall picks up a fumble and accidentally runs 66 yards the wrong way, scoring a safety for the 49ers before he realizes his mistake. Fortunately for Marshall, the Vikings prevailed, 27-22.
  • The Ice Bowl (December 31, 1967, Dallas Cowboys vs. Green Bay Packers, NFL Championship game)
    At Lambeau Field, the temperature was reported at -13 degrees Fahrenheit (-25 °C). The NFL Films presentation of this event in which the playing surface was referred to as "the frozen tundra of Lambeau Field" has been the source of endless imitation and parody. The Packers won 21-17 on a Bart Starr Quarterback sneak.
  • The Heidi Game (November 17, 1968, New York Jets vs. Oakland Raiders)
    With its nationally-televised game running late, NBC begins to show the movie Heidi just moments after the Jets' Jim Turner kicked what appears to be the game-winning field goal with 1:05 remaining. While millions of irate fans, missing the finale, jammed NBC's phone lines, the Raiders scored 2 touchdowns in eight seconds during the final minute to win 43-32. Resulting from the backlash, networks establish the policy of broadcasting sporting events to its conclusion.
  • The Guarantee (January 12, 1969, American Football League New York Jets vs. NFL Baltimore Colts, Super Bowl III)
    The 18-point favorite Colts, are beaten 16-7 by Joe Namath, and the New York Jets. Namath "guaranteed" a win for the Jets at The Miami Touchdown Club just a few days before the game.[3] After the Packers won the first two Super Bowls, the doubts on the AFL's ability to compete with the NFL increased. This victory by the Jets helped quell those doubts, and thus helping cement the NFL-AFL merger.

is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1964 NFL season was the 45th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... Defensive end is the name of a defensive position in the sport of American football. ... Jim Marshall (born December 30, 1937 Danville, Kentucky) played college football at Ohio State University. ... Umpire Joe Connell signals a touchdown after quarterback Bart Starr sneaks in for the game-winning score in The Ice Bowl. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Packers redirects here. ... Lambeau Field is an outdoor football stadium in Green Bay, Wisconsin, the home of the NFLs Green Bay Packers. ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Bryan Bartlett Starr (born January 9, 1934 in Montgomery, Alabama) is a former professional American football player and coach. ... A quarterback sneak is a play in American football in which the quarterback, upon taking the center snap, dives ahead behind the offensive line. ... In American football, the Heidi Game (also sometimes called the Heidi Bowl) refers to a famous 1968 American Football League (AFL) game between the New York Jets and the Oakland Raiders, played on November 17 in Oakland, California. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... This article is about motion pictures. ... For the pop singer, see Heidi Range. ... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... City Indianapolis, Indiana Other nicknames The Horseshoes Team colors Blue and White Head Coach Tony Dungy Owner Jim Irsay General manager Bill Polian Mascot Blue League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001... Date January 12, 1969 Stadium Miami Orange Bowl City Miami, Florida MVP Joe Namath, Quarterback Favorite Colts by 18 National anthem Anita Bryant Coin toss Tom Bell Referee Tom Bell Halftime show America Thanks with Florida A&M University Attendance 75,389 TV in the United States Network NBC Announcers... Joseph William Namath (born May 31, 1943), also known as Broadway Joe, was an American football Hall of Fame quarterback in the American Football League and National Football League during the 1960s and 1970s. ... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ...

1970s

  • The Immaculate Reception , or the Immaculate Deception for Raider fans (December 23, 1972, Oakland Raiders vs. Pittsburgh Steelers, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    With Pittsburgh trailing Oakland 7-6 and facing fourth-and-ten on their own 40-yard line with 22 seconds remaining in the game, Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw threw the ball toward fullback Frenchy Fuqua. However, the ball bounced into the air as Fuqua collided with Raiders safety Jack Tatum. It was then caught by Steelers running back Franco Harris, who then ran the rest of the way downfield to score a touchdown that gave the Steelers a 12-7 lead with five seconds remaining in the game. The catch is considered questionable because it could not be determined by available camera angles whether the ball had been touched by Fuqua, Tatum, or both. The NFL rules at the time dictated that two offensive players could not touch a forward pass in succession, therefore if Fuqua did touch the ball before Harris, the play would have been ruled dead as an incomplete pass. Under current rules, the play would be deemed legal.
  • Miami's Perfect Season (1972)
    The Miami Dolphins became the first NFL team to have a perfect season, capped by winning Super Bowl VII. It is a well-travelled urban legend that each year the surviving members of the team had made a ritual of getting together and drinking champagne when the last unbeaten team loses. In actuality, only a small group of ex-players - namely Bob Griese, Nick Buoniconti and Dick Anderson, who all live in Coral Gables, Florida - gathered to uncork the champagne and have a celebratory drink.[4]
  • The Sea of Hands (December 21, 1974, Miami Dolphins vs. Oakland Raiders, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    With 24 seconds left in the game, The Raiders' Clarence Davis somehow caught the winning touchdown pass among "the sea of hands" of three Dolphins defenders. This game eliminated Miami from the playoffs after they had made it to the Super Bowl in each of the last 3 seasons.[5]
  • The Hail Mary (December 28, 1975, Dallas Cowboys vs. Minnesota Vikings, NFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    The term Hail Mary pass first came to national awareness with this game. With 24 seconds left in the game, Cowboys quarterback Roger Staubach, nicknamed "Captain Comeback", threw a desperate 50-yard winning touchdown pass to "Mr. Clutch" Drew Pearson to defeat the Minnesota Vikings. Until this time, a last-second desperation pass had been called several names, most notably the Alley-Oop.
  • The Ben Dreith Game (December 18, 1976, AFC Divisional Playoff, New England Patriots vs. Oakland Raiders
    One of the most controversial playoff games in history. Officiating was a running controversy with numerous questionable hits including a running mugging of Patriots tight end Russ Francis by Oakland's Phil Villapiano. The decisive moment came in the final minute with the Patriots leading 21-17; Raiders quarterback Ken Stabler threw a desperation heave on third-and-eighteen that was broken up in the endzone, but Raymond Hamilton of the Patriots was flagged by referee Ben Dreith for pass interference, ostenibly for striking Stabler's helmet, though replays showed no interference. The penalty set up a goalline stand and a Raiders rushing touchdown with ten seconds left in a 24-21 Oakland win. The win eventually sent Oakland to Super Bowl XI while the infuriated Patriots would sputter along until getting playoff revenge on the Raiders in the 1985 playoffs and again in the 2001 playoffs. Dreith for his part was so hated in New England that he was not assigned to work another Patriots game until 1987.
  • Ghost to the Post (December 24, 1977, Oakland Raiders vs. Baltimore Colts, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    Raiders tight end Dave Casper, nicknamed "The Ghost" by his teammates, caught a 42-yard reception (on a pass route headed towards the goal posts) to set up the Raiders' tying field goal near the end of regulation. Then Casper caught a 10-yard touchdown pass with 43 seconds into the second overtime period to win the game.
  • The Holy Roller, or the Immaculate Deception for Chargers fans (September 10, 1978, Oakland Raiders vs. San Diego Chargers)
    The Raiders were trailing the Chargers with 10 seconds remaining. Quarterback Ken Stabler fumbled the ball and running back Pete Banaszak swatted it into the end zone where tight end Dave Casper fell on it for a touchdown. After this play, it was made illegal to move the ball forward by deliberately swatting or kicking it after a fumble; and in the final two minutes of each half, plus on fourth down at any time in the game, a forward fumble recovered by any member of the offensive team other than the fumbler is spotted at the point of the fumble, not the point of the recovery.
  • The Miracle at the Meadowlands, or The Fumble for Giants fans (November 19, 1978, Philadelphia Eagles vs. New York Giants)
    Leading 17-12 with 31 seconds left in the game (and the Eagles having no timeouts left), Giants quarterback Joe Pisarcik tried to hand off to running back Larry Csonka instead of simply kneeling with the ball to run out the clock. The exchange was fumbled and the Eagles' Herman Edwards picked up the loose ball and ran it in for the game-winning touchdown. The Eagles won 19-17 and the next day Giants' offensive coordinator Bob Gibson was fired, with head coach John McVay losing his job at the conclusion of the season.

The Immaculate Reception is the nickname given to one of the most controversial plays in the history of American football. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Steelers redirects here. ... The NFL playoffs for the 1972-73 season led up to Super Bowl VII. // Divisional playoff round December 23, 1972 AFC: Pittsburgh Steelers 13, Oakland Raiders 7 at Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Steelers Running back Franco Harris scored the winning touchdown on what became known as the Immaculate Reception. ... Terry Paxton Bradshaw (born September 2, 1948), is a former American football quarterback with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League (NFL). ... John Frenchy Fuqua was a American football running back in the National Football League (NFL) between 1969 and 1976. ... John David Tatum (born November 18, 1948) is a former American football defensive back who played ten seasons from 1971 to 1980 for the Oakland Raiders and Houston Oilers in the National Football League. ... Franco Harris (b. ... In the National Football League, a Perfect Season has only been accomplished by the 1972 Miami Dolphins, who had an undefeated campaign led by coach Don Shula and notable teammates Bob Griese, Earl Morrall and Larry Csonka (among many others). ... The 1972 NFL season was the 53rd regular season of the National Football League. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... Date January 14, 1973 Stadium Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum City Los Angeles, California MVP Jake Scott, Safety Favorite Redskins by 1 National anthem Andy Williams Little Angels of Holy Angels Church, Chicago Coin toss Game referee Referee Tom Bell Halftime show Woody Herman and the University of Michigan Band Attendance... This article is about Champagne, the alcoholic beverage. ... Robert Allen Griese (born February 3, 1945 in Evansville, Indiana) is a former American football quarterback who earned All-American honors with the Purdue Boilermakers before being drafted in 1967 by the American Football Leagues Miami Dolphins. ... Nicholas Anthony Buoniconti is a former AFL and NFL Hall of Fame linebacker, who played for the Boston Patriots and Miami Dolphins. ... Richard Paul Anderson (born February 10, 1946) is a former American Football defensive back for the American Football Leagues and NFLs Miami Dolphins, where he played for his entire ten year career from 1968 to 1977 missing two of those seasons with a major knee injury. ... Nickname: Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida Coordinates: , Country State County Miami-Dade Government  - Mayor Don Slesnick Area  - City 96. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... The NFL playoffs for the 1974-75 season led up to Super Bowl IX. // Divisional playoff round December 21, 1974 AFC: Oakland Raiders 28, Miami Dolphins 26 at Oakland Coliseum, Oakland, California With 24 seconds left in the game, the Raiders Clarence Davis somehow catches the winning touchdown pass among... Clarence Davis (born June 28, 1949 in Birmingham, AL) is a former american football Running Back who played with the National Football League Oakland Raiders from 1971 to 1978. ... In American football, The Hail Mary refers to a play that resulted in the winning score in the 1975 NFC Divisional Playoff Game between the Dallas Cowboys and Minnesota Vikings, played on December 28, 1975 at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington, Minnesota. ... is the 362nd day of the year (363rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division... The NFL playoffs for the 1975-76 season led up to Super Bowl X. // Divisional playoff round December 27, 1975 AFC: Pittsburgh Steelers 28, Baltimore Colts 10 at Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania The Steelers defense forced 4 turnovers and held the Colts to 154 total yards of offense. ... A Hail Mary pass or Hail Mary play in American football is a forward pass made in desperation, with only a very small chance of success. ... Roger Thomas Staubach (born February 5, 1942 in Cincinnati, Ohio) is a businessman, Heisman Trophy winner and former American professional football player where he was the quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys for most of the 1970s during their reign as Americas Team. ... Drew Pearson is a sportscaster and former American football player for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... AFC is an abbreviation that may refer to: In Technology: Atomic force microscope Application Foundation Classes, a graphical framework for building Java-based graphical user interfaces (GUIs), developed by Microsoft Automatic Frequency Control Automatic Fine Tuning Control Alkaline fuel cell, a type of fuel cell In Sports: All-style Fighting... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Russell Ross Francis (born April 3, 1953 in Seattle, Washington), was a former professional football player who was drafted by the New England Patriots in the 1st round (16th pick) of the 1975 NFL Draft. ... Philip James Villapiano (born February 26, 1949 in Long Branch, New Jersey) is a former American football linebacker in the NFL. He played in four Pro Bowls and was a part of the Oakland Raiders Super Bowl XI winning team. ... Kenny The Snake Stabler (born December 25, 1945) is a former National Football League quarterback who played quarterback at the University of Alabama and for the Oakland Raiders (1970-1979); and for the Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints (1980-1984). ... Raymond Elzie Hamilton (born May 21, 1913 in Oklahoma) was only 21 years old when he had accumulated a prison sentence of 362 years. ... Ben Dreith was an American football official. ... Date January 9, 1977 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Fred Biletnikoff, Wide Receiver Favorite Raiders by 4 1/2 National anthem Vikki Carr (America the Beautiful) Coin toss Jim Tunney Referee Jim Tunney Halftime show Disney presents Its A Small World with the Los Angeles Unified... Ghost to the Post is a significant play in NFL history. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... City Indianapolis, Indiana Other nicknames The Horseshoes Team colors Blue and White Head Coach Tony Dungy Owner Jim Irsay General manager Bill Polian Mascot Blue League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001... The NFL playoffs following the 1977 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XII. Due to Christmas, the Divisional playoff games were held in a span of three days. ... David John Casper (born February 2, 1952, Bemidji, Minnesota) played at the University of Notre Dame, earning him All-American in 1972 and 1973. ... In American football, the Holy Roller (known as the Immaculate Deception by San Diego Chargers fans) was an infamous, controversial game-winning play executed by the Oakland Raiders against the Chargers on September 10, 1978 (see 1978 in sports). ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Chargers redirects here. ... Kenny The Snake Stabler (born December 25, 1945) is a former National Football League quarterback who played quarterback at the University of Alabama and for the Oakland Raiders (1970-1979); and for the Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints (1980-1984). ... Pete Andrew Banaszak was a running back in NFL. Category: ... David John Casper (born February 2, 1952, Bemidji, Minnesota) played at the University of Notre Dame, earning him All-American in 1972 and 1973. ... Herman Edwards recovers Joe Pisarciks fumble. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Joe Pisarcik (born 1952 - ) is a former American football quarterback who played for 8 seasons from 1977 to 1984. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Herman Lee Herm Edwards, Jr. ... John McVay (1931-) was an American football coach who rose through the coaching ranks from high school, to college to NFL head coach. ...

1980s

  • Red Right 88 (January 4, 1981, Oakland Raiders vs. Cleveland Browns, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    Trailing 14-12, the Browns choose to attempt an end zone pass play (Red Right 88) instead of trying for a game-winning field goal in the final minute, but the pass was intercepted by Raiders safety Mike Davis. With that interception, the Raiders held on to eventually advance to and win Super Bowl XV. The air temperature was 4 degrees Fahrenheit, but wind chill was -37 °F.
  • The Epic in Miami (January 2, 1982, San Diego Chargers vs. Miami Dolphins, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    The temperature was 85°F (29.4°C) at the Miami Orange Bowl, but it did not stop either team's offense. This game set playoff records for the most points scored in a playoff game (79), the most total yards by both teams (1,036), and most passing yards by both teams (809). By the end of the first quarter the Chargers stormed to a 24-0 lead, but the Dolphins cut their deficit to 24-17 by halftime and took a 38-31 lead on the first play of the fourth quarter. Regulation ended with a 38-38 tie. In overtime, San Diego beat Miami, 41-38.
  • Freezer Bowl (January 10, 1982, San Diego Chargers vs. Cincinnati Bengals, AFC Championship Game)
    One week after their victory over the Dolphins in "The Epic in Miami" in Florida's scorching heat, the Chargers travelled to Cincinnati to face the Bengals in the coldest game in NFL history based on the wind chill. The air temperature was -9 degrees Fahrenheit (-23 °C), but wind chill was -59 °F (-51 °C). In an attempt to intimidate the Chargers, several Bengals players went without long sleeved uniforms. Cincinnati won the game 27-7 and advanced to their first Super Bowl in franchise history.
  • The Catch (January 10, 1982, Dallas Cowboys vs. San Francisco 49ers, NFC Championship Game)[6]
    With 58 seconds left and the 49ers down by 6, Joe Montana threw a very high pass into the endzone. Dwight Clark leapt and completed a fingertip catch for a touchdown. The 49ers won 28-27 and went on to win Super Bowl XVI.
  • The Snow Plow Game (December 12, 1982, Miami Dolphins vs. New England Patriots)
    After a snowstorm held both teams scoreless, Patriots head coach Ron Meyer ordered the area where the ball was to be spotted for a field goal attempt cleared by a snow plow. Mark Henderson, a convict on work release, cleared the path for John Smith's attempt. It won the game for the Patriots, 3-0, and the practice of using snow plows during games was later banned.[7]
  • 70 Chip (January 30, 1983, Super Bowl XVII, Miami Dolphins vs. Washington Redskins)
    Trailing 17-13 in the fourth quarter, the Redskins were facing 4th and 1 in Miami territory. Washington running back John Riggins was the obvious choice to drive through the line for a first down. The play "70 Chip" was called in by offensive coordinator Joe Bugel. The play was designed for The Hogs to clear what appeared to be a path straight through the defensive line, but had a wing back, Clint Didier run across the formation, fake and come back to the left side and block the strong safety, opening up a hole on the left for John Riggins to run through. Riggins was usually known for straight ahead, line busting runs, taking several opponents to bring him down, not necessarily a long distance runner. John ran through the last defender from Miami, Don McNeal, brushing him aside to run 43 yards for the touchdown and put the Redskins ahead 20 to 17. The run was immortalized by NFL Films showing John's strength and determination all the way to the end zone.
  • The Drive (January 11, 1987, Denver Broncos vs. Cleveland Browns, AFC Championship Game)
    After a muffed kickoff return, and trailing 20-13, the Broncos were positioned at their own two-yard line with 5:32 remaining in the game. In 15 plays, Denver quarterback John Elway drove his team 98 yards for a touchdown to tie the game, which the Broncos won in overtime to advance to Super Bowl XXI.
  • The Fumble (January 17, 1988, Cleveland Browns vs. Denver Broncos, AFC Championship Game)
    Trailing 38-31 with 1:12 remaining in the game, the Browns' Earnest Byner appeared to be on his way to score the game tying touchdown. But he fumbled the ball at the 3-yard line. The Broncos recovered the ball, gave the Browns an intentional safety, and went on to win 38-33, sending the Broncos to their second consecutive Super Bowl appearance (Super Bowl XXII).
  • The Fog Bowl (December 31, 1988, Philadelphia Eagles vs. Chicago Bears, NFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    A heavy, dense fog rolled over the stadium (Soldier Field) during the second quarter, cutting visibility to about 15-20 yards for the rest of the game. The fog was so thick that TV and radio announcers had trouble seeing what was happening on the field. The Bears ended up winning 20-12.
  • The Instant Replay Game (November 5, 1989, Chicago Bears vs Green Bay Packers)[8] [9]
    On the final play of the game, Green Bay quarterback Don "Magic" Majkowski rifled a desperation pass into the endzone which was caught by receiver Sterling Sharpe, a TD that with the extra point would give the Packers a 14-13 victory. A penalty flag was down, and it charged that Majkowski had thrown an illegal pass after he stepped over the line of scrimmage. After review, the play was ultimately ruled a touchdown for Green Bay. The Bears organization protested, and to this day, it is marked in their media guide as "The Instant Replay Game."
  • Bounty Bowl (November 23, 1989, Philadelphia Eagles vs. Dallas Cowboys)
    In the Cowboys' annual Thanksgiving game, the Eagles won 27-0, in the only Thanksgiving shutout Dallas has suffered to date. The game was ill-tempered, with several scuffles between opposing players, and Cowboys (and former Eagles) kicker Luis Zendejas was knocked out of the game with a concussion thanks to a hard hit during a kickoff. After the game, Cowboys coach Jimmy Johnson accused Eagles coach Buddy Ryan of placing bounties on Zendejas and Dallas quarterback Troy Aikman.
  • Bounty Bowl II (December 10, 1989, Dallas Cowboys vs. Philadelphia Eagles)
    The equally ill-tempered rematch, won 20-10 by the Eagles, was played in a Veterans Stadium that was not cleaned of snow that had fallen for several days in Philadelphia. The notoriously rowdy Eagles crowd, lubricated by considerable amounts of beer, threw snowballs, iceballs, batteries, and other objects at anyone in sight. One game official was knocked to the ground by a barrage of snowballs, Johnson had to be escorted from the field by Philadelphia police through a hail of debris, and CBS broadcasters Verne Lundquist and Terry Bradshaw had to dodge snowballs aimed at the broadcast booth. Even Eagles star Jerome Brown became a target when he stood on the players' bench pleading with fans to stop throwing debris on the field. Future Governor of Pennsylvania Ed Rendell, an avowed Eagles fanatic, later admitted to having participated in the bedlam.

Red Right 88 was the designation of a Cleveland Browns passing play that was most prominently called during the January 4, 1981 American Football Conference playoff game against the Oakland Raiders. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1980 NFL season was the 61st regular season of the National Football League. ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... Browns redirects here. ... The NFL playoffs following the 1980 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XV. Note: The San Diego Chargers (the AFC 1 seed) did not play the Oakland Raiders (the 4 seed) in the Divisional playoff round because both teams were in the same division. ... Mike Davis, 1999 (Photo by Anne Fishbein) Mike Davis is an American social commentator, urban theorist, and sociographer. ... Date January 25, 1981 Stadium Louisiana Superdome City New Orleans, Louisiana MVP Jim Plunkett, Quarterback Favorite Eagles by 3 National anthem Helen OConnell Coin toss Marie Lombardi Referee Ben Dreith Halftime show Jim Skinner Productions presents Mardi Gras Festival Attendance 76,135 TV in the United States Network NBC... The Epic In Miami is the name given to a National Football League AFC divisional playoff game between the San Diego Chargers and the Miami Dolphins that took place on January 2, 1982 in the Miami Orange Bowl. ... is the 2nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1981 NFL season was the 62th regular season of the National Football League. ... Chargers redirects here. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... The NFL playoffs following the 1981 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XVI. // at Shea Stadium, Flushing, Queens, New York TV: NBC Starting Quarterbacks: Buffalo Bills - Joe Ferguson 12 New York Jets - Richard Todd 14 Bills defensive back Bill Simpson interception at the Buffalo 1-yard line with 2... The Miami Orange Bowl is a stadium in the City of Miami, Florida, west of Downtown in Little Havana. ... The Freezer Bowl was the 1982 AFC Championship Game between the San Diego Chargers and Cincinnati Bengals. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1981 NFL season was the 62th regular season of the National Football League. ... Chargers redirects here. ... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... The NFL playoffs following the 1981 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XVI. // at Shea Stadium, Flushing, Queens, New York TV: NBC Starting Quarterbacks: Buffalo Bills - Joe Ferguson 12 New York Jets - Richard Todd 14 Bills defensive back Bill Simpson interception at the Buffalo 1-yard line with 2... Wind chill is the apparent temperature felt on the exposed human (or animal) body due to the combination of air temperature and wind speed. ... For other uses of The Catch, see The Catch (disambiguation). ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1981 NFL season was the 62th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... The NFL playoffs following the 1981 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XVI. // at Shea Stadium, Flushing, Queens, New York TV: NBC Starting Quarterbacks: Buffalo Bills - Joe Ferguson 12 New York Jets - Richard Todd 14 Bills defensive back Bill Simpson interception at the Buffalo 1-yard line with 2... Joseph Clifford Joe Montana, Jr. ... Dwight Edward Clark, b. ... Date January 24, 1982 Stadium Pontiac Silverdome City Pontiac, Michigan MVP Joe Montana, Quarterback Favorite 49ers by 1 National anthem Diana Ross Coin toss Bobby Layne Referee Pat Haggerty Halftime show Up with People presents Salute to the 1960s and Motown Attendance 81,270 TV in the United States Network... During the Snowplow Game, a snow plow was used to clear an area where the ball was to be spotted for a field goal attempt. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1982 NFL season was the 63th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Ron Meyer is a former College and Professional Football Coach. ... John Michael Smith (born December 30, 1949, in Leafield, England) is a retired American football placekicker. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Date January 30, 1983 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP John Riggins, Running back Favorite Dolphins by 3 National anthem Leslie Easterbrook Coin toss Elroy Hirsch Referee Jerry Markbreit Halftime show Bob Jani Productions presents KaleidoSUPERscope with the Los Angeles Super Drill Team Attendance 103,667 TV in... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... John Riggins (born August 4, 1949, in Seneca, Kansas) is a former American Football running back, playing from 1971-1985. ... Joe Bugel is the current assistant head coach-offense for the Washington Redskins. ... The Hogs was the nickname for the offensive line of the Washington Redskins of the National Football League during the 1980s and early 1990s. ... Clint Didier (born April 4, 1959 in Connell, Washington) is a former American football tight end in the NFL. He played for the Washington Redskins from 1982 to 1987 and for the Green Bay Packers from 1988 to 1989. ... Don McNeal (born May 6, 1958) is a former American professional football player who played defensive back for the Miami Dolphins in the 1980s. ... The Drive refers to the January 11, 1987 AFC Championship Game between the Denver Broncos and the Cleveland Browns. ... is the 11th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... City Denver, Colorado Other nicknames Orange Crush (1977-1979 defense) Team colors Orange, Broncos Navy Blue, and White[1] Head Coach Mike Shanahan Owner Pat Bowlen General manager Ted Sundquist Mascot Miles League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Browns redirects here. ... The NFL playoffs following the 1986 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXI. Note: The New York Giants (the NFC 1 seed) did not play the Washington Redskins (the 4 seed) in the Divisional playoff round because both teams were in the same division. ... Navy quarterback Aaron Polanco sets up to throw. ... John Albert Elway, Jr. ... Date January 25, 1987 Stadium Rose Bowl Stadium City Pasadena, California MVP Phil Simms, Quarterback Favorite Giants by 9 1/2 National Anthem Neil Diamond Coin toss Willie Davis Halftime show Salute to Hollywoods 100th Anniversary with Southern California high school drill teams and dancers Attendance 101,063 U... The Fumble refers to a specific incident in the January 17, 1988 AFC Championship Game between the Cleveland Browns and the Denver Broncos. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1987 NFL season was the 68th regular season of the National Football League. ... Browns redirects here. ... City Denver, Colorado Other nicknames Orange Crush (1977-1979 defense) Team colors Orange, Broncos Navy Blue, and White[1] Head Coach Mike Shanahan Owner Pat Bowlen General manager Ted Sundquist Mascot Miles League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... The NFL playoffs following the 1987 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXII. // Wild Card playoffs January 3, 1988 NFC: Minnesota Vikings 44, New Orleans Saints 10 at Louisiana Superdome, New Orleans, Louisiana Game time: 12:30 p. ... Look up fumble in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Date January 31, 1988 Stadium Jack Murphy Stadium City San Diego, California MVP Doug Williams, Quarterback Favorite Broncos by 3 National anthem Herb Alpert Coin toss Don Hutson Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Chubby Checker and The Rockettes Attendance 73,302 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al... The Fog Bowl was the name given to the December 31, 1988 NFL playoff game between the Philadelphia Eagles and the Chicago Bears. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1988 NFL season was the 69th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... The NFL playoffs following the 1988 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXIII. Due to Christmas, the two wild card playoff games were held in a span of three days. ... For other uses, see Fog (disambiguation). ... Soldier Field (formerly Municipal Grant Park Stadium) is located on Lake Shore Drive in Chicago, Illinois, and is currently home to the NFLs Chicago Bears. ... is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Bounty Bowl, the infamous NFL Thanksgiving Day game in Dallas when the Philadelphia Eagles supposedly put a $200 bounty on Dallas Cowboys kicker Luis Zendejas, cut by Philladelphia earlier that season. ... is the 327th day of the year (328th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1989 NFL season was the 70th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... Luis Zendejas (born October 22, 1961) was an American football player. ... “Cerebral Concussion” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jimmy Johnson. ... Buddy Ryan (born James David Ryan on February 17, 1934) is a former American football coach. ... Troy Kenneth Aikman (born November 21, 1966 in West Covina, California) is a former American football quarterback for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League, and currently a television sportscaster for the Fox network. ... Bounty Bowl II, the snowball-riddled rematch of the infamous NFL Thanksgiving Day Bounty Bowl game in Dallas when the Philadelphia Eagles supposedly put a $200 bounty on Dallas Cowboys kicker Luis Zendejas. ... is the 344th day of the year (345th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1989 NFL season was the 70th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... For the stadium in New Britain, Connecticut, see Veterans Stadium. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ... CBS Sports is a division of CBS which airs many of the sports telecasts in the United States. ... Verne Lundquist (born July 17, 1940 in Duluth, Minnesota) is an American sportscaster, currently employed by the CBS television network. ... Terry Paxton Bradshaw (born September 2, 1948), is a former American football quarterback with the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League (NFL). ... Jerome Brown (February 4, 1965 - June 25, 1992) was an American football player who played defensive tackle for the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League. ... Edward Gene Ed Rendell (born January 5, 1944) is an American politician and member of the Democratic Party. ...

1990s

  • Wide Right (January 27, 1991, Buffalo Bills vs. New York Giants, Super Bowl XXV)
    With eight seconds remaining, Scott Norwood was called in to kick a 47-yard field goal for the Bills, who were down 20-19 against the Giants. The kick had plenty of distance, but sailed wide right, beginning the Bills' streak of four consecutive Super Bowl losses.
  • The Comeback (January 3, 1993, Houston Oilers vs. Buffalo Bills, AFC Wild Card Playoff Game)
    With quarterback Jim Kelly, running back Thurman Thomas, and linebacker Cornelius Bennett out injured, Frank Reich led the Bills back from a 32-point deficit, to defeat the Oilers 41-38 in overtime in a wild card playoff game, the greatest comeback ever in pro football history. Incidentally, Frank Reich had quarterbacked the University of Maryland team to what was then the greatest comeback in college football history, during a 1984 game versus the University of Miami.
  • The Dive (January 25, 1998, Green Bay Packers vs. Denver Broncos, Super Bowl XXXII)
    On a third down play in the third quarter, Denver Quarterback John Elway ran eight yards for a first down. Before the play was downed, he was hit by two Packers defenders while trying to dive for the first down and was spun halfway around in midair, which many have compared to a helicopter motion. Elway and the Broncos would go on to win Super Bowl XXXII by a score of 31-24, giving both Elway and the franchise an elusive Super Bowl win.
  • The Catch II (January 3, 1999, Green Bay Packers vs. San Francisco 49ers, NFC Wild Card Playoff Game)
    The Packers held a 27-23 lead with just eight seconds to go, when Terrell Owens of the 49ers caught a 25-yard pass by quarterback Steve Young in the end zone. Owens was hit by two defenders when the ball reached him, but he was still able to hang on. Before the game winning catch, Owens was having one of the worst games of his career due to many dropped passes and a fumble.

This does not cite its references or sources. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1991 NFL season was the 72nd regular season of the National Football League. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... Date January 27, 1991 Stadium Tampa Stadium City Tampa, Florida MVP Ottis Anderson, Running back Favorite Bills by 6 National anthem Whitney Houston Coin toss Pete Rozelle Referee Jerry Seeman Halftime show New Kids on the Block Attendance 73,813 TV in the United States Network ABC Announcers Al Michaels... Scott Allan Norwood (born July 17, 1960 in Alexandria, Virginia) is a former National Football League kicker who played predominately for the NFLs Buffalo Bills. ... In American football, The Comeback refers to the January 3, 1993 NFL playoff game between the Buffalo Bills and the Houston Oilers, one of the most memorable NFL games ever played. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1993 NFL season was the 74th regular season of the National Football League. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Jim Kelly, see Jim Kelly (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with explosives forensic expert Thomas Thurman. ... Cornelius Bennett (born August 25, 1965) is a former American football linebacker who played for the Buffalo Bills from 1987 to 1995, Atlanta Falcons from 1996 to 1998, and the Indianapolis Colts from 1999 to 2000. ... Frank Michael Reich (born December 4, 1961 in Freeport, New York) is a former NFL quarterback for the Buffalo Bills, the Carolina Panthers, the New York Jets, and the Detroit Lions. ... Head coach Ralph Friedgen 6th year, 50–24 Home stadium Byrd Stadium Capacity 51,055 - Grass Conference ACC - Atlantic First year 1892 Athletic director Deborah A. Yow Website UMTerps. ... Head coach Randy Shannon 1st year, 4–2–0 Home stadium Miami Orange Bowl Capacity 72,319 - Grass Conference ACC - Coastal First year 1926 Athletic director Paul Dee Website HurricaneSports. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1997 NFL season was the 78th regular season of the National Football League. ... Packers redirects here. ... City Denver, Colorado Other nicknames Orange Crush (1977-1979 defense) Team colors Orange, Broncos Navy Blue, and White[1] Head Coach Mike Shanahan Owner Pat Bowlen General manager Ted Sundquist Mascot Miles League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Date January 25, 1998 Stadium Qualcomm Stadium City San Diego MVP Terrell Davis, Running back Favorite Packers by 11 1/2 National anthem Jewel Coin toss Joe Gibbs, Doug Williams, Eddie Robinson Referee Ed Hochuli Halftime show Boyz II Men, Smokey Robinson, The Temptations, and The Four Tops Attendance 68... John Albert Elway, Jr. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1998 NFL season was the 79th regular season of the National Football League. ... Packers redirects here. ... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... The NFL playoffs following the 1998 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXXIII. // at Pro Player Stadium, Miami, Florida Game time: 12:30 p. ... Terrell Eldorado Owens (born December 7, 1973) is an American football wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ... Jon Steven Young (born October 11, 1961 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA), is a former quarterback for the National Football Leagues San Francisco 49ers and Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and the Los Angeles Express of the short-lived United States Football League. ...

2000s

  • Music City Miracle (January 8, 2000, Buffalo Bills vs. Tennessee Titans, AFC Wild Card Playoff Game)
    With 16 seconds left in the game, the Titans received a kickoff. The Titans' Lorenzo Neal handed the ball to Frank Wycheck, who then lateraled the ball across the width of the field to his teammate, Kevin Dyson, who in turn ran the length of the field down the sideline for the game-winning touchdown (22-16).
  • The Tackle (January 30, 2000, St. Louis Rams vs. Tennessee Titans, Super Bowl XXXIV)
    Trailing 23-16 with six seconds remaining in the game, the Titans, who had no timeouts left and possession of the ball on the Rams' 10-yard line, had one final chance to tie the game. Titans quarterback Steve McNair passed the ball to Kevin Dyson on a slant, but Rams linebacker Mike Jones came across the field and tackled Dyson perpendicular to the end zone. Dyson stretched out towards the goal line, but was only able to reach the one-yard line before being ruled down.
  • The Monday Night Miracle (October 23, 2000, Miami Dolphins at New York Jets, Monday Night Football)
    Down by a score of 30-7 at the end of the third quarter, the New York Jets pulled together a rapid and improbable comeback of several touchdowns in the fourth quarter, including a tackle-eligible play to John "Jumbo" Elliott, to win the game 40-37.
  • Tuck Rule Game (January 19, 2002, Oakland Raiders vs. New England Patriots, AFC Divisional Playoff Game)
    This is also known as Snowjob for Raiders fans, and as the Snow Bowl for Patriots fans. With less than two minutes to play in regulation, the Patriots trailed the Raiders, 13-10, in a game played mostly under a driving snowstorm. Oakland defensive back Charles Woodson blitzed Patriots quarterback Tom Brady and sacked him, causing what appeared to be a fumble. The ball was recovered by the Raiders' Greg Biekert at the Oakland 42-yard-line. When referee Walt Coleman reviewed the play, he ruled it an incomplete pass because of the Tuck Rule (NFL Rule 3, Section 21, Article 2, Note 2) which states that "even if the player loses possession of the ball as he is attempting to tuck it back toward his body" it is still a forward pass. The Patriots retained possession, and later tied the game on a dramatic, 45 yard Adam Vinatieri field goal that barely cleared the crossbar with 27 seconds left in regulation — regarded as one of the greatest kicks of all time, given the conditions. They won the game in overtime on a 23-yard field goal. The rule has since been altered.
  • River City Relay (December 21, 2003, New Orleans Saints vs. Jacksonville Jaguars)
    With the Saints needing a victory to keep their postseason hopes alive, the Jaguars held a 20-13 lead with seven seconds left in regulation, and the Saints had possession on their own 25. In a scene evoking memories of one of the most famous college football plays of all-time, Aaron Brooks passed to Donté Stallworth for 42 yards, who then lateraled to Michael Lewis for 7 yards. Lewis lateraled to Deuce McAllister for 5 yards, and McAllister lateraled to Jerome Pathon for 21 yards and a touchdown. With the score 20-19, an extra point would have capped the miracle play and forced overtime. However, in an ironic twist, John Carney missed the extra point wide right, ending the game, and causing the Saints to miss the playoffs for yet another season.

The Music City Miracle is a famous play in the NFL Wild Card Playoffs involving the Tennessee Titans and Buffalo Bills that took place on January 8, 2000 (following the 1999 regular season) at Adelphia Coliseum in Nashville, Tennessee. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... The NFL playoffs following the 1999 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXXIV. // at Adelphia Coliseum, Nashville, Tennessee Game time: 12:30 p. ... Lorenzo LaVonne Neal (born December 27, 1970 in Hanford, California) is an American football fullback that currently plays for the San Diego Chargers. ... Former NFL tight end Frank Wycheck Frank Wycheck is a former NFL and University of Maryland, College Park tight end. ... In American football a lateral pass or lateral, officially referred to as a backward pass, and an onside pass in Canadian football; is a sideways or rearward throwing of the football to a teammate. ... Kevin Tyree Dyson (born June 23, 1975 in Logan, Utah) is an NFL wide receiver most recently with the Washington Redskins and is also known as The Music City Miracle Man. ... In this famous image, Kevin Dyson tries to extend the ball into the end zone as Mike Jones brings him down. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... City St. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... Date January 30, 2000 Stadium Georgia Dome City Atlanta, Georgia MVP Kurt Warner, Quarterback Favorite Rams by 7 National anthem Faith Hill Coin toss Super Bowl IV participants: Bud Grant, Lamar Hunt, Bobby Bell, Paul Krause, Willie Lanier, Alan Page, and Jan Stenerud Referee Bob McElwee Halftime show Phil Collins... Steve LaTreal McNair (born February 14, 1973), nicknamed Air McNair, is an American professional football player who spent 11 years as a quarterback for the Tennessee Titans (formerly Houston Oilers), until he was traded in June 2006 to the Baltimore Ravens. ... Kevin Tyree Dyson (born June 23, 1975 in Logan, Utah) is an NFL wide receiver most recently with the Washington Redskins and is also known as The Music City Miracle Man. ... Mike A. Jones (born April 15, 1969, in Kansas City, Missouri) is an American football linebacker in the National Football League. ... is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... MNF redirects here. ... In American football, the tackle-eligible play is one in which coaches will attempt to create mismatches against a defense by inserting an offensive tackle (who is not normally allowed more than five yards down field), into an offensive formation as an eligible receiver, usually as a tight end or... John Jumbo Elliott (born April 1, 1965) is a former American Football player who played in the National Football League with the New York Giants and New York Jets. ... The Tuck is the nickname given to the AFC divisional playoff game between the New England Patriots and the Oakland Raiders played on January 19, 2002 at Foxboro Stadium in Foxborough, Massachusetts, the then-home stadium of the Patriots. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... The NFL playoffs following the 2001 NFL season led up to Super Bowl XXXVI. For the first time, the NFL scheduled prime time playoff games for the first two rounds in an attempt to attract more television viewers. ... Charles Woodson (born on October 7, 1976 in Fremont, Ohio) is an American football cornerback for the Green Bay Packers. ... Thomas Edward Brady, Jr. ... Greg Biekert (born March 14, 1969) was a linebacker in the NFL. Category: ... Walt Coleman is an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) since the 1989 NFL season. ... The tuck rule is a rule in American professional football, currently used only by the National Football League (NFL). ... Adam Matthew Vinatieri (born December 28, 1972 in Yankton, South Dakota) is an American football placekicker currently playing for the Indianapolis Colts. ... The River City Relay is a famous play in a National Football League game involving the New Orleans Saints and Jacksonville Jaguars that took place on December 21, 2003 in Jacksonville, Florida. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... The Play refers to a last-second kickoff return during a college football game between the University of California, Berkeley (California or Cal) Golden Bears and the Stanford University Cardinal on November 20, 1982. ... Aaron Lafette Brooks (born March 24, 1976 in Newport News, Virginia) is an American football quarterback in the NFL, who currently is a free agent. ... Donté Lamar Stallworth (born November 10, 1980) is an American football wide receiver for the New England Patriots of the National Football League. ... Michael Lee Beer Man Lewis (born November 14, 1971 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is an American football wide receiver and kick returner. ... Dulymus Jenod (Deuce) McAllister (born December 27, 1978 in Lena, Mississippi) is an American football player, currently playing as a running back for the New Orleans Saints of the NFL. // The most decorated player from the University of Mississippi since the days of former Saints quarterback Archie Manning at the... Jerome Pathon (born December 16, 1975 in Cape Town, South Africa) is an American football wide receiver for the Seattle Seahawks of the NFL. He was originally drafted in the secound round of the 1998 NFL Draft by the Indianapolis Colts. ... John Michael Carney (born April 4, 1964 in Hartford, Connecticut) is an American football placekicker. ...

Rules named after players

Throughout the league's history, a number of rules have been enacted largely because of a single player's exploits on the field. The following is a partial list of such rule changes:

  • Bert Emanuel rule[10] -- the ball can touch the ground during a completed pass as long as the receiver maintains control of the ball. Enacted due to a play in the 1999 NFC championship game, where Emanuel, playing for the Tampa Bay Buccaneers, had a catch ruled incomplete since the ball touched the ground.
  • Bronko Nagurski rule[11] -- forward passing made legal from anywhere behind the line of scrimmage. Enacted in 1933. Prior to this rule, a player had to be five yards behind the line of scrimmage to throw a forward pass.
  • Chad Johnson rule[citation needed] -- players may no longer use a prop or do any act while on the ground during a touchdown celebration. Enacted in 2006.
  • Deion Sanders rule[12] -- Player salary rule which correlates a contract's signing bonus with its yearly salary. Enacted after Deion Sanders signed with the Dallas Cowboys in 1995 for a minimum salary and a $13 million signing bonus. (There is also a college football rule with this nickname.)
  • Emmitt Smith rule[11] -- A player cannot remove his helmet while on the field of play, except in the case of obvious medical difficulty. Enacted in 1997.
  • Erik Williams rule[citation needed] -- no hands to the facemask by offensive linemen.
  • Fran Tarkenton rule[11] -- a line judge was added as the sixth official to ensure that a back was indeed behind the line of scrimmage before throwing a forward pass. Enacted in 1965.
  • Greg Pruitt rule[13] -- tear-away jerseys are now illegal. Pruitt purposely wore flimsy jerseys that ripped apart in the hands of would-be tacklers. Such a jersey was most infamously seen in a game between the Rams and Oilers where Earl Campbell's jersey ripped apart after several missed tackles.
  • Ken Stabler rule[11] -- on fourth down at any time in the game, or any down in the final two minutes of play, if a player fumbles, only the fumbling player can recover and/or advance the ball. If that player's teammate recovers the ball, it is placed back at the spot of the fumble. A defensive player can recover and advance at any time of play. Enacted in 1979 in response to the 1978 "Holy Roller" play.
  • Lou Groza rule[11] -- no artificial medium to assist in the execution of a kick. Enacted in 1956.
  • Mel Blount rule[14] -- Officially known as illegal use of hands, defensive backs can only make contact with receivers within five yards of the line of scrimmage. Enacted in current form in 1978.
  • Mel Renfro rule[11] -- allows a second player on the offense to catch a tipped ball, without a defender subsequently touching it. Enacted in 1978.
  • Neil Smith rule[15][16] -- prevents a defensive lineman from flinching to induce a false start penalty on the offense. Enacted in 1998.
  • Tom Dempsey rule[18][19] -- any shoe that is worn by a player with an artificial limb on his kicking leg must have a kicking surface that conforms to that of a normal kicking shoe.
  • Tony Romo rule[23] -- teams will now be given 45 minutes - 25 extra minutes than in years past - to prepare the balls for the game; and 12 sequentially numbered "K" balls will be used in the game, monitored by an official, instead of the ball boys.

Bert Tyrone Emanuel (born 10/27/1970) was a wide receiver in the National Football League. ... City Tampa, Florida Other nicknames The Bucs, Pewter Pirates Team colors Buccaneer Red, Black, Pewter, and Orange Head Coach Jon Gruden Owner Malcolm Glazer General manager Bruce Allen Mascot Captain Fear League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977... Bronislau Bronko Nagurski (November 3, 1908 - January 7, 1990) was an American football player. ... For the American football cornerback, see Chad Johnson (cornerback). ... David D. Deacon Jones (born December 9, 1938) nicknamed Secretary of Defense is an American athlete and actor. ... Deion Luwynn Sanders aka Neon Deion aka Primetime, born August 9, 1967 in Fort Myers, Florida, is a former National Football League cornerback, Major League Baseball outfielder, and is currently an NFL Network commentator. ... Emmitt James Smith III (born May 15, 1969 in Pensacola, Florida) is a former American football player, who played for the Dallas Cowboys and Arizona Cardinals. ... Erik Williams (born September 7, 1968) is a former American football Offensive Tackle who played most of his career with the Dallas Cowboys (1991-2000). ... Francis Asbury Tarkenton (born February 3, 1940) is a former American football player, TV personality, and computer software executive. ... Gregory Donald Pruitt (born August 18, 1951 in Houston, Texas) was a National Football League running back from 1973 through 1984. ... City St. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... This article is about the American football player. ... Kenny The Snake Stabler (born December 25, 1945) is a former National Football League quarterback who played quarterback at the University of Alabama and for the Oakland Raiders (1970-1979); and for the Houston Oilers and New Orleans Saints (1980-1984). ... Lester Hayes played for the Oakland/LA Raiders. ... Stickum is any kind of substance used in football to help assist a reciever catch the football. ... Louis Roy Groza (January 25, 1924 - November 29, 2000) was an American football placekicker who played his entire career for the Cleveland Browns. ... Melvin Cornell Blount (born April 10, 1948 in Vidalia, Georgia) was a five-time All Pro-Bowl with the Pittsburgh Steelers and is considered one of the greatest defensive backs to ever play in the NFL. His physical style of play made him one of the most feared defensive backs... Melvin Lacy Mel Renfro (born December 30, 1941 in Houston, Texas) is a former American football cornerback and safety who spent his entire career with the Dallas Cowboys. ... Michael Jerome Irvin (born March 5, 1966 in Fort Lauderdale, Florida) is a former American football player for the Dallas Cowboys, he was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame on August 4th, 2007. ... In American Football pass interference is when a player interferes with an eligible receivers ability to make a fair attempt to catch a forward pass. ... Neil Smith (born April 10, 1966 in New Orleans, Louisiana) is a former defensive end in the NFL who played for the Kansas City Chiefs from 1988 to 1996, Denver Broncos from 1997 to 1999, and the San Diego Chargers in 2000. ... Terrell Eldorado Owens (born December 7, 1973) is an American football wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ... Sharpie Twin Tip Marker Sharpie is a brand name for a line of permanent markers manufactured by Sanford sold in the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about Thomas John Dempsey, American football player. ... Tajuan Ty Law (born February 10, 1974 in Aliquippa, Pennsylvania) is an American football cornerback who currently plays with the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League. ... Rodney Scott Harrison (born December 15, 1972 in Markham, Illinois) is an American football safety for the New England Patriots of the National Football League. ... Melvin Cornell Blount (born April 10, 1948 in Vidalia, Georgia) was a five-time All Pro-Bowl with the Pittsburgh Steelers and is considered one of the greatest defensive backs to ever play in the NFL. His physical style of play made him one of the most feared defensive backs... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... City Indianapolis, Indiana Other nicknames The Horseshoes Team colors Blue and White Head Coach Tony Dungy Owner Jim Irsay General manager Bill Polian Mascot Blue League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001... For others of the same name, see Roy Williams. ... The horse-collar tackle is an American football tackle in which a defender grabs the back inside of an opponents shoulder pads and yanks the ball-carrier downwards, a technique which has been used for decades. ... Terrell Eldorado Owens (born December 7, 1973) is an American football wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ... Musa Smith is a running back for the Baltimore Ravens of the NFL. He went to the University of Georgia. ... Shawne Merriman (born May 25, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an American football outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers of the NFL. // He was selected with the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... The 2007 season of the National Football League (NFL) is the 88th season played by the major professional American football league in the United States. ... Chargers redirects here. ... This article relates to sports. ... Shawne Merriman (born May 25, 1984 in Washington, D.C.) is an American football outside linebacker for the San Diego Chargers of the NFL. // He was selected with the 12th overall pick in the 2005 NFL Draft out of the University of Maryland, College Park. ... The 2007 AFC-NFC Pro Bowl is scheduled to take place on February 10, 2007, at 1:00 p. ... Antonio Tony Ramiro Romo (born April 21, 1980 in San Diego, California) is an American football quarterback who plays for the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. ...

References

  1. ^ a b General History - Chronology (1869 to 1939). NFL. Retrieved on 2007-10-16.
  2. ^ Jim Marshall's Wrong Way Run Recreated. Twin Cities, Minnesota (2007-06-10). Retrieved on 2008-01-29.
  3. ^ Super Bowl Recaps- Super Bowl III. Retrieved on 2006-10-05.
  4. ^ Snopes entry on the '72 Miami team's champagne tradition. Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  5. ^ Raiders Drown Dolphins 28-26 in ‘Sea of Hands’. Retrieved on 2006-10-05.
  6. ^ Lowitt, Bruce (1999-11-19). 'The Catch' lands a spot in NFL lore. St. Petersburg Times Online. Retrieved on 2007-09-26.
  7. ^ http://www.nfl.com/history/date/1207-1213
  8. ^ Old School Packers. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  9. ^ Roy Taylor. 1989 Chicago Bears. BearsHistory.com. Retrieved on 2006-11-30.
  10. ^ Buccaneers.com - The Answer Man, Series 3, Vol. 7 (2006-01-16). Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h Rules of the Name, or How The Emmitt Rule Became the Emmitt Rule. Professional Football Researchers Association. Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  12. ^ Pasquarelli, Len (2001-07-20). CBA inertia? It's a first-rounder's main problem. ESPN.com. Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  13. ^ Raider Rules. raidershistory.net (2007-02-21). Retrieved on 2007-10-13.
  14. ^ DeFazio, Tony (2007-01-27). Up Close with Mel Blount. Pittsburgh Sports Report. Retrieved on 2007-02-03.
  15. ^ Goldberg, Dave (1998-03-26). Upon further review, replay is dead --again. SouthCoastToday.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  16. ^ Freeman, Mike (1998-03-29). PRO FOOTBALL: NOTEBOOK; Now They All Want To Be in Cleveland. NYTimes.com. Retrieved on 2006-10-02.
  17. ^ GTAForums trivia questions post by "King Kapone" (2006-02-06). Retrieved on 2007-11-11.
  18. ^ "Rules of the Name, or How the Emmitt Rule Became the Emmitt Rule,". Professional Football Researchers Association
  19. ^ Official NFL Rulebook 2006. See Rule 5, Section 3, Article 3 Paragraph (g)
  20. ^ NFL.com - Laying down the Law in New England. Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  21. ^ Gosselin, Rick (2005-05-26). 'Roy Williams Rule' passed by NFL owners. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved on 2006-07-07.
  22. ^ Chargers LB supports the "Merriman Rule". Denver Post (2007-02-07). Retrieved on 2007-02-28.
  23. ^ Few Surprises Come Out Of NFL Owners' Meetings. DallasCowboys.com (2007-03-28). Retrieved on 2007-04-23.
  • NFL History
  • Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (common) era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... This article is about the year. ... is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel is a daily morning broadsheet printed in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 37th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 315th day of the year (316th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Dallas Morning News is the major daily newspaper serving the Dallas, Texas area. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Denver Post is a daily newspaper published in Denver, Colorado. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... Before 1974, the National Football Leagues rules only provided for sudden death overtime in playoff games; as a result, tied games were a common occurence in regular season. ... As with all sports leagues, there are a number of significant rivalries in the National Football League (NFL). ...

External links

  • CBS SportsLine: NFL History
  • Super Bowl
NFL redirects here. ... This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... The American Football Conference (AFC) is one of the two conferences of the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFC East is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC North is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC South is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... The AFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues American Football Conference. ... For other uses, see Buffalo Bills (disambiguation). ... City Baltimore, Maryland Team colors Purple, Black, and Gold Head Coach Brian Billick Owner Steve Bisciotti General manager Ozzie Newsome Mascot The Ravens: Edgar, Allan, & Poe League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1996–present) American Football Conference (1996-present) AFC Central (1996-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team history Baltimore... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City Denver, Colorado Other nicknames Orange Crush (1977-1979 defense) Team colors Orange, Broncos Navy Blue, and White[1] Head Coach Mike Shanahan Owner Pat Bowlen General manager Ted Sundquist Mascot Miles League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... City Miami Gardens, Florida Other nicknames The Fins Team colors Aqua, Coral, White and Navy Head Coach liljimjim Owner Wayne Huizenga General manager Randy Mueller Mascot T.D. League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1966-1969) Eastern Division (1966-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present... City Cincinnati, Ohio Team colors Black, Orange and White Head Coach Marvin Lewis Owner Mike Brown Mascot Who Dey League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1968-1969) Western Division (1968-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC Central (1970-2001) AFC North (2002-present) Team... City Indianapolis, Indiana Other nicknames The Horseshoes Team colors Blue and White Head Coach Tony Dungy Owner Jim Irsay General manager Bill Polian Mascot Blue League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1953–present) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC East (1970-2001... City Kansas City, Missouri Team colors Red, white and yellow Head Coach Herman Edwards Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt, chairman)[1] General manager Carl Peterson Mascot K.C. Wolf (1989-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League... City Foxborough, Massachusetts Other nicknames The Pats Team colors Nautical Blue, New Century Silver, Red, and White Head Coach Bill Belichick Owner Robert Kraft General manager Bill Belichick (de facto) Mascot Pat Patriot League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–69) Eastern Division (1960–69) National Football League (1970–present... Browns redirects here. ... City Jacksonville, Florida Other nicknames The Jags Team colors Teal, Black, White, and Gold Head Coach Jack Del Rio Owner Wayne Weaver General manager James Harris Mascot Jaxson de Ville League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) American Football Conference (1995-present) AFC Central (1995-2001) AFC South (2002... City Oakland, California Other nicknames The Silver and Black Team colors Silver and Black Head Coach Lane Kiffin Owner Al Davis General manager Al Davis League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Western Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC West (1970... City East Rutherford, New Jersey Other nicknames Gang Green, the Green and White, Jersey Jets Team colors Hunter green and white Head Coach Eric Mangini Owner Woody Johnson General manager Mike Tannenbaum League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Eastern Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American... Steelers redirects here. ... City Nashville, Tennessee Team colors Navy, Titan Blue, White, and Red Head Coach Jeff Fisher Owner Bud Adams General manager Mike Reinfeldt Mascot T-Rac League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960–1969) Eastern Division (1960–1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970–present) AFC Central (1970... Chargers redirects here. ... National Football Conference logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The NFC North is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... The NFC South is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... The NFC West is a division of the National Football Leagues National Football Conference. ... City Irving, Texas Other nicknames Americas Team, The Boys, The Pokes Team colors White, Silver, Silver-Green, Royal Blue, Navy Blue Head Coach Wade Phillips Owner Jerry Jones General manager Jerry Jones League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1960–present) Western Conference (1960) Eastern Conference (1961-1969) Capitol Division... City Chicago, Illinois Other nicknames Da Bears, The Monsters of the Midway Team colors Navy Blue and Orange Head Coach Lovie Smith Owner Virginia Halas McCaskey Chairman Michael McCaskey General manager Jerry Angelo Fight song Bear Down, Chicago Bears Mascot Staley Da Bear League/Conference affiliations Independent (1919) National Football... City Atlanta, Georgia Team colors Black, Red, Silver and White Head Coach Bobby Petrino Owner Arthur Blank General manager Rich McKay Mascot Freddie Falcon League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1966–present) Eastern Conference (1966) Western Conference (1967-69) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... This article is about the current National Football League team. ... City Detroit, Michigan Team colors Honolulu Blue, Silver, and Black Head Coach Rod Marinelli Owner William Clay Ford, Sr. ... City Charlotte, North Carolina Other nicknames The Cardiac Cats Team colors Black, Carolina Blue, and Silver Head Coach John Fox Owner Jerry Richardson General manager Marty Hurney Mascot Sir Purr League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1995–present) National Football Conference (1995-present) NFC West (1995-2001) NFC South (2002... City St. ... City Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Team colors Midnight Green, Black, White, and Silver Head Coach Andy Reid Owner Jeffrey Lurie General manager Tom Heckert Fight song Fly, Eagles Fly Mascot Swoop League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1933–present) Eastern Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952) Eastern Conference (1953-1969) Capitol... Packers redirects here. ... City New Orleans, Louisiana Team colors Gold and black Head Coach Sean Payton Owner Tom Benson and Rita Benson LeBlanc General manager Mickey Loomis Mascot Gumbo the dog League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1967–present) Eastern Conference (1967-1969) Capitol Division (1967; 1969) Century Division (1968) National Football Conference... City San Francisco, California Other nicknames Niners, The Red And Gold, Bay Bombers Team colors Cardinal red, metallic gold and black Head Coach Mike Nolan Owner Denise DeBartolo York and John York General manager Lal Heneghan Mascot Sourdough Sam League/Conference affiliations All-America Football Conference (1946-1949) Western Division... For other uses, see Redskins (disambiguation). ... City Minneapolis, Minnesota Other nicknames The Vikes, The Purple People Eaters Team colors Purple, Gold, and White Head Coach Brad Childress Owner Zygi Wilf General manager Rob Brzezinski Fight song Skol, Vikings Mascot Viktor the Viking League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1961–present) Western Conference (1961-1969) Central Division... City Tampa, Florida Other nicknames The Bucs, Pewter Pirates Team colors Buccaneer Red, Black, Pewter, and Orange Head Coach Jon Gruden Owner Malcolm Glazer General manager Bruce Allen Mascot Captain Fear League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1976) AFC West (1976) National Football Conference (1977... City Seattle, Washington Team colors Pacific Blue, Navy Blue, Neon Green, White Head Coach Mike Holmgren Owner Paul Allen General manager Tim Ruskell Mascot Blitz, and Taima the hawk League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1976–present) American Football Conference (1977-2001) AFC West (1977-2001) National Football Conference (1976... This is a list of seasons of the National Football League. ... This is a list of National Football League team season lists. ... The National Football League (NFL) playoffs is a single-elimination tournament held at the end of the 16-game regular season to determine the NFL champion. ... The AFC Championship Game is one of the two semi-final matches of the National Football League, the largest professional American football league in the United States. ... NFC Championship Game is an American football game played every year to determine the champion of the National Football Conference of the National Football League. ... The winning Super Bowl team receives the Vince Lombardi Trophy. ... // This is a list of Super Bowl champions, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship game of the National Football League. ... In professional American football, the Pro Bowl is the all-star game of the National Football League (NFL). ... Throughout its history, the National Football League and other leagues have used several different formats to determine their league champion, including a period of interleague match-ups determining a true world champion. ... From 1960 to 1968, the American Football League determined its champion via a single playoff game between the winners of its two divisions (although ties in the standings during the 1963 and 1968 seasons necessitated a divisional playoff game). ... This is a list of National Football League champions prior to the 1970 AFL-NFL Merger, that is, all the franchises that have won the championship of the National Football League. ... A one-game playoff or pennant playoff is a tiebreaker in certain American professional sports, to determine which of two teams, tied in the final standings, will qualify for a post-season tournament. ... The Playoff Bowl was the colloquial name for a post-season game for third place in the NFL, played following the 1960-1969 seasons. ... The following is a list and brief history of American football franchises that at one time played in the National Football League (NFL). ... The following is a list of current National Football League franchise owners. ... McAfee Coliseum Monster Park Qwest Field Qualcomm Stadium University of Phoenix Stadium Paul Brown Stadium Soldier Field RCA Dome Edward Jones Dome Arrowhead Stadium Invesco Field [at Mile High] Ford Field Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome Lambeau Field Ralph Wilson Stadium Gillette Stadium Giants Stadium Reliant Stadium Louisiana Superdome Georgia Dome... The following is a list of past National Football League stadiums, that is, all past home stadiums used by teams playing in the National Football League (NFL), and their locations and capacities. ... This is a list of individual National Football League records. ... This is a list of team NFL records. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame is the hall of fame of the National Football League (NFL). ... The American Football League (AFL) was a professional football league that operated from 1960 until 1969, when all of its teams were absorbed into the National Football League (NFL). ... The AFL-NFL Merger of 1970 involved the merger of the two major professional American football leagues in the United States during the time: the National Football League (NFL) and the American Football League (AFL). ... The lack of a National Football League (NFL) team in Los Angeles, the second-largest media market in the United States, is a large issue the league has been working on to resolve since both the Raiders and the Rams left the area after the 1994 season. ... NFL Europa is an American football league which operates in Europe. ... The World Bowl is the American football Championship game of the NFL Europe, similar to the Super Bowl of the NFL. When the NFL Europe was founded in 1991 as World League of American Football (WLAF), with teams in North America and Europe as well as expansion plans for Asia... The television rights to broadcast National Football League (NFL) games are the most lucrative and expensive rights of any sport. ... The National Football League Players Association, or NFLPA, is the labor union of players in footballs National Football League. ... Commissioner Goodell frequently emphasizes the protection of the NFLs public image, including the shield. ... The NFL Draft (officially the NFL Annual Player Selection Meeting[1]) is an annual sports draft in which National Football League (NFL) teams take turns, through seven rounds[2], selecting amateur college American football players and other first-time eligible players. ... In the National Football League, NFL Training Camp refers to the time before the season commences. ... The National Football League exhibition season refers to the NFLs pre-season games before the NFL regular season starts. ... The Pro Football Hall of Fame Game is an annual National Football League pre-season exhibition game that is held a few days after the Pro Football Hall of Fames induction ceremonies. ... For the championship game of the American Indoor Football League, see American Bowl (AIFL). ... The China Bowl is the name of an upcoming National Football League (NFL) pre-season exhibition game scheduled to take place in August 2009 between the New England Patriots and the Seattle Seahawks at the National Stadium in Beijing. ... The logo for the 2002 concert event before the Kickoff Game The NFL Kickoff game, and related festivities, mark the start of the National Football League season. ... MNF redirects here. ... NFL Thanksgiving 2006 logo. ...

 
 

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